Zou Jiahua

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Zou Jiahua
邹家华
Vice Premier of the People's Republic of China
In office
1991–1998
Serving with Zhu Rongji, Qian Qichen, Li Lanqing
Premier Li Peng
Member of the 14th Central Politburo of the Communist Party of China
In office
1992–1997
General Secretary Jiang Zemin
Personal details
Born October 1926 (1926-10) (age 92)
Shanghai, Republic of China
Political party Communist Party of China
Spouse(s) Ye Chumei
Parents Zou Taofen
Alma mater Harbin Institute of Technology
Bauman Moscow State Technical University
Zou Jiahua
Traditional Chinese 鄒家華
Simplified Chinese 邹家华

Zou Jiahua (born October 1926 in Shanghai) is a retired high-ranking politician of the People's Republic of China. He served as China's Vice Premier from 1991 to 1998, Vice-Chairman of the 9th National People's Congress from 1998 to 2003, and was a member of the Politburo of the Communist Party of China from 1992 to 1997.[1]

Early life and career

In 1944, Zou Jiahua joined the New Fourth Army at the age of 18, and joined the Communist Party of China in 1945.[2]

From 1948 to 1955 Zou Jiahua studied first at the Harbin Institute of Technology, then later attended the Bauman Moscow State Technical University School of Mechanical Manufacturing, becoming proficient in Russian.[2] His career, like many others in his generation centred on industry. Upon his return to China in 1955, Zou worked as an engineer in Shenyang, Liaoning Province, where he worked as the chief engineer then director of the Second Machine Tool Plant. Eventually in 1973, Zou became the Director of the First Ministry of Machine-Building Industry.[3]

Later career

After 1973, Zou began serving in increasingly responsible positions in State Council bodies. In 1988, Zou became head of the State Planning Commission, where he made decisions to hold major conferences for the integration of Guangxi Province as well as for initiatives for the establishment of regional economic zones.[4] Zou was widely considered a strong proponent of central planning, and was quoted saying that "market mechanisms must take a backseat to economic planning." However, beginning in early 1992 he publicly echoed Deng Xiaoping's efforts to revive reform; as seen in an early 1992 speech where he praised Guangdong Province's accomplishments in economic reform and high economic growth.[5]

From 1991 to 1998, Zou served as the Vice Premier of the People's Republic of China, and was one of China's point men for negotiations with the west. In 1994, he travelled in Canada and the United States and with then American President Bill Clinton to discuss issues of trade and human rights.[6] As Vice Premier, Zou also visited Japan, the United Kingdom, Italy, Spain, Netherlands, and Germany; and the United States in 1986. He also played an important role in China's early efforts to acquire foreign military technology.[5]

From 1992 to 1997 Zou served as a member of the 14th CPC Central Committee and Politburo of China. He was an alternate member of the 11th Communist Party of China Central Committee, and a member of the 12th, 13th and 14th CPC Central Committees. He was a member of the Politboro of the 14th CPC Central Committee. In March 1998, Zou was elected vice-chairman of the 9th National People's Congress Standing Committee.[7]

Family

Career data

Year(s) Information[12]
1999 Member, Macao SAR Preparatory Committee, Government Delegation, Macao Hand-Over Ceremony
1998–2003 Vice-Chairman, 9th NPC Standing Committee
1997–2002 Delegate, 15th CPC, National Congress
1996–???? Head, State Leading Group for Information
1993–1998 Member, 8th National People's Congress
1992–1997 Member, 14th CPC Central Committee, Politburo
1991–1998 Vice-Premier, State Council
1989–1991 Chairman, National Development and Reform Commission
1988–1989 Minister, Ministry of Machinery and Electronics Industry
1987–1992 Member, 13th CPC Central Committee
1986–1988 Minister-in-Charge, State Machine-Building Industry Commission
1982–1987 Member, 12th CPC Central Committee
1982–1985 Vice-Minister, State Administration for Science, Technology and Industry for National Defence (SASTIND)
1977–1982 Alternate Member, 11th CPC Central Committee
1973–1982 Director, First Ministry of Machine-Building Industry, Machine Tool Research Institute
1973–1982 Secretary, First Ministry of Machine-Building Industry, Machine Tool Research Institute CPC, Party Committee
1973–1982 Deputy Director, Office of National Defense Industry, Director, No.2 Machine Tool Plant Liaoning Province, Shenyang City
1955–???? Chief Engineer, No.2 Machine Tool Plant Liaoning Province, Shenyang City
1945 Joined, Communist Party of China
1944 Joined, People's Liberation Army (New Fourth Army)

References

  1. ^ "Who's Who: Zou Jiahua". China Today. Retrieved 12 July 2013.
  2. ^ a b "邹家华简历". Xinhua. Retrieved 12 July 2013.
  3. ^ "Zou Jiahua". China Vitae. Retrieved 12 July 2013.
  4. ^ China's Provinces in Reform: Class, Community and Political Culture.
  5. ^ a b "DOCUMENTS WITHHELD BY THE CLINTON WHITE HOUSE; Zou Jiahua". Archived from the original on 22 December 2014. Retrieved 13 July 2013.
  6. ^ Mann, Jim (2 May 1994). "Clinton, China Official to Meet as Trade Deadline Nears : Diplomacy: The White House refuses to discuss unannounced meeting with Zou Jiahua. It may be last high-level talk before a decision on trade benefits". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 12 July 2013.
  7. ^ "邹家华". China Vitae. Retrieved 12 July 2013.
  8. ^ 邹韬奋. 患难余生记.
  9. ^ Wen-Hsin Yeh. Shanghai Splendor: Economic Sentiments and the Making of Modern China, 1843-1949. University of California Press. p. 248.
  10. ^ "1999年2月22日 邹竞蒙同志不幸逝世". People's Daily. Retrieved 15 July 2013.
  11. ^ "邹竞蒙". China Meteorological Administration. 15 March 2011. Retrieved 15 July 2013.
  12. ^ "Zou Jiahua (邹家华) Career Data". China Vitae. Retrieved 12 July 2013.
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