Zossen

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Zossen
Church of the Holy Trinity
Church of the Holy Trinity
Coat of arms of Zossen
Coat of arms
Zossen   is located in Germany
Zossen
Zossen
Location of Zossen within Teltow-Fläming district
Zossen in TF.png
Coordinates: 52°13′00″N 13°26′59″E / 52.21667°N 13.44972°E / 52.21667; 13.44972Coordinates: 52°13′00″N 13°26′59″E / 52.21667°N 13.44972°E / 52.21667; 13.44972
Country Germany
State Brandenburg
District Teltow-Fläming
Government
 • Mayor Michaela Schreiber (Ind.)
Area
 • Total 179.57 km2 (69.33 sq mi)
Elevation 38 m (125 ft)
Population (2016-12-31)[1]
 • Total 18,115
 • Density 100/km2 (260/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 15806
Dialling codes 03377
Vehicle registration TF
Website www.zossen.de
Church in Nunsdorf

Zossen (Upper Sorbian: Sosny) is a German town in the district of Teltow-Fläming in Brandenburg, approximately 20 miles (30 km) south of Berlin, and next to the B96 highway. Zossen consists of several smaller municipalities, which were grouped together in 2003 to form the city.

Geography

Since the 2003 municipal reform, Zossen consists of the following districts and municipalities:

  • Glienick
  • Horstfelde
  • Schünow
  • Werben
  • Kallinchen
  • Nächst Neuendorf
  • Nunsdorf
  • Schöneiche
  • Wünsdorf
  • Funkenmühle
  • Lindenbrück
  • Neuhof
  • Waldstadt
  • Zesch am See
  • Zossen
  • Dabendorf

History

Zossen, like most places in Brandenburg, was originally a Slavic settlement. Its name may derive from Sosna meaning pine, a tree quite common in the region.

In 1875 Zossen station opened at the railway line from Berlin to Dresden and the Prussian military railway to the artillery range at Kummersdorf-Gut in present-day Am Mellensee. Between 1901 and 1904, Zossen adopted the use of different high-speed vehicles, such as electric locomotives and trams, for transportation to and from Berlin-Marienfelde. These vehicles were powered by an alternating current of 15kV and used a variable frequency. The power was transmitted by three vertical overhead lines.

In 1910 a proving ground and a garrison of the Imperial German Army was established at the Waldstadt section of the Wünsdorf community and also until now it is still established. In World War I it was the site of several prisoner-of-war camps, including the "crescent camp" (Halbmondlager) for Muslim fighters of the Triple Entente, where the first wooden mosque in Germany was erected. From 1939 to 1945, Wünsdorf hosted the underground headquarters of the German Wehrmacht (OKW) and Army's High Command (OKH). After World War II the area was the site of a Soviet military camp, the largest outside Russia, until 1990.[2] Since then has been returned to civilian use as the Wünsdorf-Waldstadt book town.

Zossen station
Church in Schünow

Timeline

  • 1809/1810: Kietz and the vineyards of Zossen are suburbanised
  • 1885: Monument to the fallen soldiers of the 1864, 1866, and 1870 wars is erected in Kietz
  • 1906: School on Kirchplatz is expanded
  • 1910: Military area between Zossen and Wünsdorf is developed
  • 1932: Flyers of the town councillor and deacon Emil Phillip (de) regarding the threatening change in the Protestant community and the city Zossen
  • 1933: As a result of the Nazis' rise to power, Socialists and Communists in Zossen are arrested by SS troops and mistreated in the school on Kirchplatz. Emil Phillip is removed from his post, upon the order of Pastor Eckerts
  • 1934: Expansion of the town hall
  • 1939: The military zone in Zossen is developed into military headquarters
  • 1956: The city park is created
  • 1992: The "Alter Krug" Zossen society is founded
  • 1994: Formation of the administrative district of Teltow-Fläming from the old districts of Jüterbog, Luckenwalde, and Zossen
  • 1996: 450th anniversary of Prince Elector Joachim II's awarding of rights and privileges to Zossen

Demography

Zossen:
Population development within the current boundaries (2013)
[3]
Year Population
1875 7 335
1890 8 549
1910 10 611
1925 13 012
1933 14 231
1939 18 173
1946 17 000
1950 16 507
1964 13 834
1971 13 368
Year Population
1981 12 879
1985 12 795
1989 12 502
1990 12 282
1991 12 241
1992 12 193
1993 12 108
1994 12 441
1995 13 087
1996 13 612
Year Population
1997 14 289
1998 15 108
1999 15 750
2000 16 310
2001 16 414
2002 16 772
2003 16 958
2004 17 063
2005 17 183
2006 17 321
Year Population
2007 17 441
2008 17 477
2009 17 590
2010 17 606
2011 17 392
2012 17 465
2013 17 600
2014 17 657
2015 17 905
2016 18 115

Mayors

  • Hans-Jürgen Lüders (SPD) 1993-2003
  • Michaela Schreiber: since 2003

Notable people

Walter Budeus

See also

References

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2016 (Fortgeschriebene amtliche Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)". Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). 2016. 
  2. ^ The Forbidden City: inside the abandoned Soviet camp of Wünsdorf, The Guardian, Ciarán Fahey, 11 January 2017
  3. ^ Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.Population Projection Brandenburg at Wikimedia Commons

External links

  • Zossen Home page — in German only
  • Military Ground Zossen Wuensdorf
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