Zlatna

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Zlatna
Town
Skyline of Zlatna
Coat of arms of Zlatna
Coat of arms
Zlatna is located in Romania
Zlatna
Zlatna
Location of Zlatna
Coordinates: 46°09′32″N 23°13′16″E / 46.15889°N 23.22111°E / 46.15889; 23.22111Coordinates: 46°09′32″N 23°13′16″E / 46.15889°N 23.22111°E / 46.15889; 23.22111
Country  Romania
County Alba County
Status Town
Government
 • Mayor Silviu Ponoran (National Liberal Party)
Area
 • Total 254.26 km2 (98.17 sq mi)
Population (2002)
 • Total 8,607
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)

Zlatna (German: Klein-Schlatten, Kleinschlatten, Goldenmarkt; Hungarian: Zalatna; Latin: Ampellum) is a town in Alba County, central Transylvania, Romania. It has a population of 8,607.

Administration

The town administers eighteen villages: Botești (Golddorf; Botesbánya), Budeni (Higendorf), Dealu Roatei (Rotberg), Dobrot, Dumbrava, Feneș (Wildendorf; Fenes), Galați (Galz; Ompolygalac), Izvoru Ampoiului (Gross-Ompeil; Nagyompoly), Pârău Gruiului (Gruybach), Pătrângeni (Peters; Ompolykövesd ), Pirita (Pfirth), Podu lui Paul (Pauls), Runc (Goldrücken), Ruși (Rusch), Suseni (Oberdorf), Trâmpoiele (Trempojel; Kénesd), Valea Mică (Kleinwasser) and Vâltori (Waldrücken; Vultur).

Geography

Located 36 km north-west of Alba Iulia, in the Zlatna depression, the town lies at the confluence of Ampoi River with Valea Morilor creek.

Points of interest

  • 220 metres high chimney, interconnected with a smoke duct with a copper smelter (not in use any more) in the town.

History

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1977 10,027 —    
1992 9,391 −6.3%
2002 9,254 −1.5%
2011 7,182 −22.4%
Source: Census data

A gold mining settlement has existed in the area since Roman times, when it was known as a municipium under the name of Ampellum. The name Zlatna (derived from the Slavic term for gold) was first recorded in a 1347 document. In 1387, it was awarded town status. During 1619-1620 Gabriel Bethlen, brought to Zlatna a few hundred German and Slovak settlers for mining work. Tellurium was first discovered in a Zlatna mine in 1782 by Austrian mineralogist Franz-Joseph Müller von Reichenstein. Zlatna regained its town status in 1968, after a time when it was officially a commune.

References

Media related to Zlatna at Wikimedia Commons

  • spiked-online.com
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