Zhuhai

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Zhuhai
珠海市
Prefecture-level city
Clockwise from the top: The Gongbei Port of Entry and Portas do Cerco at the border of Zhuhai and Macau, Jintai Temple, Meixi Royal Stone Archways, statue of Fisher Girl, & Deyuefang Restaurant on Yeli Dao.
Clockwise from the top: The Gongbei Port of Entry and Portas do Cerco at the border of Zhuhai and Macau, Jintai Temple, Meixi Royal Stone Archways, statue of Fisher Girl, & Deyuefang Restaurant on Yeli Dao.
Nickname(s): City of Romance (浪漫之城); City of hundred islands (百岛之市)
Location of Zhuhai in Guangdong
Location of Zhuhai in Guangdong
Zhuhai is located in China
Zhuhai
Zhuhai
Location in China
Coordinates: 22°16′37″N 113°34′04″E / 22.27694°N 113.56778°E / 22.27694; 113.56778Coordinates: 22°16′37″N 113°34′04″E / 22.27694°N 113.56778°E / 22.27694; 113.56778
Country People's Republic of China
Province Guangdong
Government
 • CPC Committee Secretary Guo Yonghang (zh) (郭永航)
 • Mayor Yao Yisheng (zh) (姚奕生)
Area
 • Prefecture-level city 1,724.32 km2 (665.76 sq mi)
 • Water 690 km2 (270 sq mi)
 • Urban 1,724.32 km2 (665.76 sq mi)
 • Metro 17,572.9 km2 (6,784.9 sq mi)
Elevation 36 m (118 ft)
Population (2010 census[1])
 • Prefecture-level city 1,562,530
 • Density 910/km2 (2,300/sq mi)
 • Urban 1,562,530
 • Urban density 910/km2 (2,300/sq mi)
 • Metro 44,478,513
 • Metro density 2,500/km2 (6,600/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard Time)
Postal code 519000
Area code(s) 0756
ISO 3166 code CN-GD-04
License plate prefixes 粤C
– Total CNY 222.63 billion (2015)[2]
– Per capita CNY 134,500
USD 20,200 (2015) [2]
Website zhuhai.gov.cn (in Chinese)
Zhuhai
Zhuhai name (2).svg
"Zhuhai" in Chinese
Chinese 珠海
Cantonese Yale Jyū-hói
Literal meaning "Pearl Sea"

Zhuhai (/ˈˈh/,[3] Chinese: 珠海; pinyin: Zhūhǎi; Yale: Jyūhói; literally: "Pearl Sea") is a prefecture-level city on the southern coast of Guangdong province in China. Located in the Pearl River Delta, Zhuhai borders Jiangmen to the northwest, Zhongshan to the north, and Macau to the south. Zhuhai was one of the original Special Economic Zones established in the 1980s. Zhuhai is also one of China's premier tourist destinations, being called the Chinese Riviera. While the city is located in the traditionally Cantonese-speaking region of Guangdong Province, a significant portion of population is now made up of Mandarin speaking economic migrants originally from inland provinces.

The core of Zhuhai in the northeastern portion of the administrative division, is part of the Guangzhou-Shenzhen built-up area on the mouth of the river delta, the biggest built-up area in the world with more than 44,478,513 inhabitants at the 2010 census, encompassing Shenzhen, Dongguan, Foshan, Zhongshan, Macao, main part of Guangzhou, and small parts of Jiangmen and Huizhou cities.

According to a report released in 2014 by the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Zhuhai is the most livable city in China.[4]

Geography

Zhuhai borders the Macau Special Administrative Region (north and west), and is 140 kilometres (87 miles) southwest of Guangzhou. Its territory includes 146 islands and a coastline of 690 kilometres (429 miles).

The islands within the prefecture-level city of Zhuhai include a number of near-shore islands, often connected to the mainland by bridges or causeways (such as Hengqin, Qi'ao, or Yeli Islands), as well as some islands in the open South China Sea (the Wanshan Archipelago). Some of the latter are actually geographically closer to Hong Kong than to the Zhuhai mainland. The jurisdiction of Nei Lingding Island, located in the Pearl River estuary was transferred from Zhuhai to Shenzhen in 2009.[5]

Climate

Zhuhai has a humid subtropical climate affected by the East Asian Monsoon (Koppen classification Cwa) and moderated by the South China Sea, with long, hot and humid summers with frequent thunderstorms, and short, mild and dry winters. Average highs in January and July are 18 and 32 °C (64 and 90 °F) respectively. Snowfalls are unknown and a frost has never been recorded in the city centre. Conversely, extreme heat waves do not occur as they do further inland.

Economy

Zhuhai became a city in 1979, a year before it was designated as one of the first Special Economic Zones of China (SEZ). Similarly to neighboring Shenzhen, which became the first Special Economic Zone of China in 1978, the implementation of Zhuhai as an SEZ was largely due to its strategic position facing Macau, a capitalist trading center similar to Shenzhen's position with Hong Kong.

The establishment of Zhuhai as an SEZ allowed the Chinese Central Government and economy to have easier access to the Macau and consequently, global market. As a result, Zhuhai is now a major city in the Pearl River Delta region according to the new general urban plan approved by the State Council. The implementation of Special Economy Zone intended for the city to become a key port city, science and education city, scenic and tourism city, and as a regional hub for transportation.

The outstanding geographic location, a wide range of supporting infrastructure and a deep-water port serve as a major attraction for foreign capital. Utilized foreign investment reached US$10.344 billion in 2008. Among the top 500 enterprises worldwide, 19 of them have investment projects in Zhuhai such as ExxonMobil, BP, Siemens, Carrefour and Matsushita. Hong Kong is the largest overseas investor in Zhuhai, accounting for 22% of total utilized foreign investment in 2002.

Manufacturing industries

Industrial development in Zhuhai focuses on 5 new high-tech and heavy industries including electronics, computer software, biotechnology and pharmacy, machinery and equipment as well as petrochemical industries. Aiming to strengthen the existing industrial base as well as to provide a better environment for the development of new high-tech industries, the local government has taken the initiative in developing five economic zones:

  • Zhuhai High-Tech Industrial Development Zone

As one of the 4 earliest Special Economic Zones (SEZs) in China, Zhuhai SEZ was set up in the year 1980 and granted with a local legislative right. Zhuhai hi-tech zone is located in the north of Zhuhai, which is very close to downtown. Furthermore, technological resources are centralized in our zone; there is also a huge development in hi-tech industries which is leading by software and IC industries. The hi-tech zone is the showcase for Zhuhai's scientific development.[6]. Meizu is one high tech product headquartered in Zhuhai.

  • Zhuhai Free Trade Zone[7]

Zhuhai Free Trade Zone (Zhuhai FTZ) was founded in 1996 with the State Council's approval, occupying 3 km2 (1.2 sq mi). A Zhuhai FTZ Administrative Committee was set up in June 1997. By the end of 2006, there had been over 200 companies registered in the Free Trade Zone, including more than 150 foreign-funded enterprises, and the total investment amount was 1 billion US dollars. Industries encouraged in the zone includes Electronics Assembly & Manufacturing, Telecommunications Equipment, Building/Construction Materials, Instruments & Industrial Equipment Production, Medical Equipment and Supplies, Raw Material Processing, Research and Development, Shipping/Warehousing/Logistics, Heavy Industry.[8]

  • Harbour industrial zone (provincial level)
  • Wanshan ocean development testing zone (provincial level)
  • Hengqin economic development zone (provincial level)

[9]

  • Global printer consumables manufacturing centre

Zhuhai manufactured and supplied 70% of the world's ribbons, 60% of the world's aftermarket inkjet cartridges and 20% of the world's third-party laser toner cartridges. Their combined sales were worth more than 1.3 billion US dollars or 10% of all the sales in the world. Zhuhai owns a comprehensive supply chain and almost any of the raw materials needed by the printer consumables industry can be provided locally.

Administration

The prefecture-level city of Zhuhai administers 3 county-level divisions and 4 special economic districts, all of which are districts.

Administrative divisions of Zhuhai
Division code[10] English name Chinese Pinyin Area in km2[11] Population 2010[12] Seat Postal code Divisions[13]
Subdistricts Towns Residential communities Administrative villages
440400 Zhuhai City 珠海市 Zhūhǎi Shì 1724.32 1,562,530 Xiangzhou District 519000 9 15 189 122
440402 Xiangzhou District * 香洲区 Xiāngzhōu Qū 550.84 892,685 Meihua Subdistrict 519000 8 6 141 7
440403 Doumen District 斗门区 Dǒumén Qū 613.88 415,882 Jing'an Town 519100 1 5 23 101
440404 Jinwan District * 金湾区 Jīnwān Qū 559.60 253,963 Hongqi Town 519100 4 25 14
  Hengqin New Area 横琴新区 Héngqín Xīnqū 106.46 Hengqin Town 519030
  Wanshan Marine
Development Experimental Zone
万山海洋开发试验区 Wànshān Hǎiyáng Kāifā Shìyànqū 80.00 Wanshan Town 519000
  Zhuhai National Hi-Tech
Industrial Development District
珠海国家高新技术产业开发区 Zhūhǎi Guójiā Gāoxīn Jìshù Chǎnyè Kāifāqū 130.00 Tangjiawan Town 519080
  Zhuhai Gaolanggang
Port Economic Zone
珠海经济技术开发区 Zhūhǎi Jīngjì Jìshù Kāifāqū 380.00 Nanshui Town 519050
* — The stats includes the subordinated zones.
All zones are management areas; not administrative divisions registered under the Ministry of Civil Affairs.
* - Hengqin New Area, Wanshan Marine Zone, and Hi-Tech Industrial Development District are subordinate to Xiangzhou
* - Port Economic Zone are subordinate to Jinwan
Jida panorama from Shijing mountain (石景山)

Transportation

Gongbei Port
Zhuhai Railway Station

Airports

  • Zhuhai Jinwan Airport (IATA: ZGSD, ICAO: ZUH), international airport hosting an annual air show and an exhibition hall, with Chinese space rockets located in Jinwan District.
  • Jiuzhou Heliport (九洲机场)[14] (ICAO: ZGUH), is located in Xiangzhou district, near the Jiuzhou harbour, and has short plane runway and a helipad. Its place inside Jiuzhou inner district, permits quick transport of injured people from surrounding islands to the city hospitals.

Macau International Airport has an "Express Link" service in which transiting passengers who go through Gongbei Port of Entry/Posto Fronteiriço das Portas do Cerco are not processed through Macau customs; passengers may also have their baggage taken from Macau Airport to Lótus Bridge in Hengqin Island.[15] Zhuhai also is served by Hong Kong International Airport; ticketed passengers can take ferries from the Zhuhai Ferry Terminal to the HKIA Skypier.[16] Zhuhai residents may also use Shenzhen Bao'an International Airport and travel there by bus.[17]

Railway

Zhuhai Railway Station is located at the western end of Gongbei Port of Entry and Portas do Cerco at the border of Zhuhai and Macau. There are frequent high speed trains to Guangzhou, Guilin, Beijing, Shanghai, Chengdu and other main cities in China. The intercity railway between Zhuhai Gongbei and Zhuhai Jinwan International Airport is under construction. It is expected to be opened to Hengqin in 2019, and the whole project will be completed in 2024. It will take only 30 minutes from urban district to the airport.

A three-line tram network (珠海现代有轨电车) is planned, with the first phase of Line 1 completed in 2014. In 2017, Line 1 was commenced for the public use.

Zhuhai Metro (珠海地铁) is in the planning state. Line 1 is from Jiuzhou Port to the Jinwan Station, of a total length of 36.8 km; Line 2 from Jinding Industrial Area to the Gongbei Port, of a total length of 30.5 km. The construction is expected to start in 2019, and completed in 2024 when the metro starts its service.

Sea

An attractive and clean environment and a good deep-port condition are the advantages of Zhuhai. Endowed by a long coastline, Zhuhai is the only city on the western Pearl River Delta with natural deep-water ports.

Zhuhai has two international seaports: Jiuzhou (九洲港) and Gaolan (高栏港). Gaolan Port is one of the leading ports in Guangdong province, while Jiuzhou Port focuses on heavy passenger sea transport.

Chu Kong Passenger Transport operates a ferry service between Zhuhai's Jiuzhou Port, Hong Kong and Shekou Passenger Terminal, in the Nanshan District of Shenzhen. A service between Jiuzhou Port and Hong Kong International Airport for air passengers using the airport began on 10 July 2007.[18]

Road

At present, there is an expressway linking Zhuhai and Foshan. Heavy traffic between Zhuhai and Macau has led to the construction of a new cross-border corridor, the Lotus Bridge, built in November 1999 to divert traffic away from the congested Gongbei Port of Entry (Portas do Cerco). As part of the Pearl River Delta integration, a Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge is under construction, which is scheduled to open in 2018.

Tourism

Xiangzhou fishing harbor, with the forested Yeli Island in the horizon

Zhuhai's and surrounding landscapes has a reputation within China of being a garden city and having a quality of life. In 2002, the city attracted 1.3 million international tourists and 3.64 million domestic tourists. Following Guangzhou and Shenzhen, Zhuhai has the third largest amount of foreign tourism in the Guangdong province, which amounted to billion in 2002.

Zhuhai hosts the China International Aviation & Aerospace Exhibition biannually in November. It is the largest Air Show in China and a huge tourist attraction.

Realizing the benefits brought by tourism, the local government is expanding tourist destinations and is developing new spots such as Hengqin (横琴岛/橫琴島), Dong'ao (东澳/東澳), Hebao (荷包), Qi'ao (淇澳岛/淇澳島) and Yeli (野狸).

New Yuan Ming Palace

The New Yuan Ming Palace (simplified Chinese: 圆明新园; traditional Chinese: 圓明新園) is a park of 1.39 square kilometres (0.54 square miles), including an 80,000 m2 (861,113 sq ft) lake. It features a partial reconstruction of the Old Summer Palace in Beijing, destroyed in 1860 by French and British troops during the second Opium War, which was never rebuilt on its original site.[19]

Coast of Xianglu Bay—Fisher Girl Statue

Coast of Xianglu Bay is the 'symbol' of Zhuhai. It has a good view of Zhuhai (Pearl River) Delta with brownish water, rocks, beach, fishing people. The famous landmark of the city – Fisher Girl Statue is standing elegantly at Xianglu Bay, the statue drapes a fishnet and holds a pearl high in the air with both hands up to the sky. It symbolizes a vigorous and lively Zhuhai welcoming visitors from all over the world.[20]

Education

Strategic development

Developing a university park is part of Zhuhai's strategy to strengthen its high-tech and IT industries. Compared with Beijing and Shanghai, Zhuhai and other cities in Guangdong province face a serious shortage of talent and professionals. The local government is taking significant initiatives to set up a university park with an area of 20 square kilometres (8 square miles) (the only such plan in the western Pearl River Delta).

Colleges and universities

A number of other colleges and universities are also located in or near Zhuhai. Beijing Normal University Zhuhai Campus was created as a new model university. Besides its high quality of education, it is more internationally oriented than many universities in China. Many students here prepare to go abroad to finish their junior and senior years.

Primary and secondary education

Despite the shortage of higher education, Zhuhai government has been paying a lot of attention to primary and secondary education. From 2007, high school students in Zhuhai needn't pay school fees anymore.[21]

As a result, there are many famous high schools in Zhuhai. Zhuhai No.1 High School (ZH1Z) is one of the most competitive high schools in Guangdong Province, and also a member of the Guangdong "Six Schools Union".

Dulwich International High School Zhuhai, QSI International School of Zhuhai, and Zhuhai International School serve expatriates and/or use foreign educational systems.

Supplementary schools

Zhuhai Japanese Saturday School (珠海日本人補習校) is a supplementary school for overseas Japanese in Zhuhai.[22] It holds classes at QSI School.[23]

Sports facilities

Zhuhai is the first city in China to have constructed a motor racing circuit. The Zhuhai International Circuit (Chinese: 珠海国际赛车场; pinyin: Zhūhǎi Guoji Sàichē Chǎng) was built in 1996 and is located at Jinding, near the border to Zhongshan. ZIC has held the BPR Global GT Endurance Series in 1996, the FIA GT Championship in 1997, 1999, 2004 and 2005. It hosted the championship's 2007 opening round on 24 and 25 March. ZIC had planned to host a round of the Champ Car World Series on 20 May 2007, but agreement was not reached. ZIC held an A1GP race in 2007 for the first time in series' history. ZIC became the first venue in China to host the Intercontinental Le Mans Cup on 7 November 2010 when the 2010 1000 km of Zhuhai was staged.

Zhuhai has also a new excellent tennis center which hosts WTA Elite Trophy, the last tournament of the year for players that are in the top 20 but did not qualify to WTA Finals.

Notable people

People with high social reputation

Mayors and Party secretaries

Names In Office Time of Life
Wu Jianmin November 1980 - June 1984 1921 - 2015
Liang Guangda June 1984 - October 1995 1935 -
Huang Longyun October 1995 - October 2000 1951 -

Sister Cities

See Sister cities of Zhuhai

See also

References

  1. ^ "China: Guăngdōng (Prefectures, Cities, Districts and Counties) - Population Statistics, Charts and Map". www.citypopulation.de. 
  2. ^ a b 2016年珠海市国民经济和社会发展统计公报 (in Chinese). 
  3. ^ "Zhuhai pronunciation". thefreedictionary.com. Retrieved 27 April 2015. 
  4. ^ 社科院:珠海取代香港成为最宜居城市 网易新闻,2014-05-09
  5. ^ (in Chinese) 内伶仃岛归属深圳市管辖, sznews.com, 2009-09-26
  6. ^ Zhuhai High-Tech Industrial Zone. RightSite.asia.
  7. ^ 中国保税区出口加工区协会. Cfea.org.cn.
  8. ^ Zhuhai Free Trade Zone. RightSite.asia.
  9. ^ [1] Archived 8 May 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
  10. ^ 中华人民共和国县以上行政区划代码 (in Chinese). Ministry of Civil Affairs. 
  11. ^ 广东省统计局、国家统计局广东调查总队 (September 2014). 《广东统计年鉴2014》 (in Chinese). China Statistics Press. ISBN 978-7-5037-7174-3. ,数字为第二次全国土地调查数据
  12. ^ shi, Guo wu yuan ren kou pu cha ban gong; council, Guo jia tong ji ju ren kou he jiu ye tong ji si bian = Tabulation on the 2010 population census of the people's republic of China by township / compiled by Population census office under the state; population, Department of; statistics, employment statistics national bureau of (2012). Zhongguo 2010 nian ren kou pu cha fen xiang, zhen, jie dao zi liao (Di 1 ban. ed.). Beijing Shi: Zhongguo tong ji chu ban she. ISBN 978-7-5037-6660-2. 
  13. ^ Ministry of Civil Affairs (August 2014). 《中国民政统计年鉴2014》 (in Chinese). China Statistics Press. ISBN 978-7-5037-7130-9. 
  14. ^ 珠海九州直升机场 _中国民用航空局 Archived 3 March 2014 at the Wayback Machine.. Caac.gov.cn.
  15. ^ "Express Link Service." Macau International Airport. Retrieved on May 9, 2018. "Land to Air" discusses procedures for Gongbei, and at "Air to Sea": "Our professional team will deliver your baggage directly to the Macau Maritime Ferry Terminal/Pac On Pier, or Hengqin Border at Mainland." refers to Lotus Bridge which is at Hengqin.
  16. ^ "Ferry Transfer." Hong Kong International Airport. Retrieved on May 8, 2018.
  17. ^ "HK and Macau Traffic > Bus ." Shenzhen Bao'an International Airport. Retrieved on May 9, 2018. "Ticket price[...]Zhuhai 95"
  18. ^ [2] Archived 12 August 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
  19. ^ New Yuanming Palace at. Travelchinaguide.com.
  20. ^ "Walking along the Coast of Xianglu Bay" Zhuhai Things to Do Tip by MINOSUKE. Members.virtualtourist.com.
  21. ^ "珠海"高中免费教育"十年:补贴6.5亿 55万人次受惠". 
  22. ^ "日本人学校・補習授業校一覧." Consulate-General of Japan in Guangzhou (在広州日本国総領事館/日本国驻广州总领事馆). Retrieved on December 21, 2017. "広東省 珠海市 珠海日本人補習校 519000 広東省珠海市吉大石花西路161号(珠海藤倉電装有限公司内)"
  23. ^ "アジアの補習授業校一覧(平成25年4月15日現在)" (). Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology. Retrieved on February 13, 2015. "珠海 広東省珠海市拱北九州大道西2001号 恒信工業区「QSI International School of Zhuhai」内"
  24. ^ "珠海市历任市委书记、市长". 

External links

  • Website of Zhuhai City (available in English, Portuguese and Spanish)
  • Official government website (available in Chinese and English)
  • Official website for investors (available in Chinese and English)
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