Macrozamia riedlei

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Macrozamia riedlei
Macrozamia riedlei 1.jpg
Macrozamiariedlii30092086122 6b4ef50e3d o.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Cycadophyta
Class: Cycadopsida
Order: Cycadales
Family: Zamiaceae
Genus: Macrozamia
Species: M. riedlei
Binomial name
Macrozamia riedlei
(Gaudich.) C.A.Gardner

Macrozamia riedlei, commonly known as zamia or zamia palm, is a species of plant in the Zamiaceae family. The Noongar names for the plant are baian, djiriji, koondagoor and quinning.[2]

Found on lateritic soils and in Jarrah forests, it is endemic to Western Australia. The nuts from this plant have been successfully used as food by Indigenous Australians after proper processing - however eaten raw by European explorers incurred poisoning:-

Reported cases of poisoning from this cycad are perhaps the earliest for any local plant. Macrozamia riedlei is mentioned as causing sickness in men eating the seeds by Vlaming in 1697, La Perouse in 1788, Flinders in 1801, and Sir George Grey in 1839. (Gardner and Bennetts p.5.)

References

  1. ^ Hill, K.D. 2003. Macrozamia riedlei. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 22 August 2007.
  2. ^ "Noongar names for plants". kippleonline.net. Archived from the original on 20 November 2016. Retrieved 11 December 2016. 

Gardner, C.A. and Bennetts, H.W. (1956) The Toxic Plants of Western Australia Perth, West Australian Newspapers.


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