Zafarullah Khan Jamali

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Zafarullah Khan Jamali
Zafarullah Khan Jamali.jpg
Prime Minister of Pakistan
In office
23 November 2002 – 26 June 2004
President Pervez Musharraf
Preceded by Pervez Musharaf (as Chief Executive)
Nawaz Sharif (as Prime Minister)
Succeeded by Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain
Chief Minister of Balochistan
In office
9 November 1996 – 22 February 1997
Acting
Governor Imran Ullah Khan
Preceded by Zulfikar Ali Magsi
Succeeded by Akhtar Mengal
In office
23 June 1988 – 24 December 1988
Governor Muhammad Musa
Preceded by Ghulam Qadir Khan
Succeeded by Bux Marie (acting)
Personal details
Born (1944-01-01) January 1, 1944 (age 73)[1]
Dera Murad Jamali, Baluchistan Agency, British India
(now in Balochistan, Pakistan)
Political party Pakistan Muslim League (Q) (2002 – Present)
Other political
affiliations
Pakistan Peoples Party (before 1977)
Independent (1977–1985)
Pakistan Muslim League (1985–1988)
Islami Jamhoori Ittehad (1988–1993)
Pakistan Muslim League (N) (1993–2002)
Relatives A.R. Jamali (brother)
Alma mater Government College University
Punjab University

Mir Zafarullah Khan Jamali (Urdu: میر ظفراللہ خان جمالی‎; born 1 January 1944) is a Pakistani politician and currently a member of the National Assembly of Pakistan who was Prime Minister of Pakistan from 2002 until his resignation in 2004.

Originally a supporter of the Pakistan Peoples Party, Jamali emerged from the politics of Balochistan Province under military governor Rahimuddin Khan during the 1970s. He became a national figure as part of the government of Nawaz Sharif, and was Chief Minister of Balochistan for two non-consecutive terms (from June–December 1988 and November 1996 –February 1997). Although he was a senior leader in the Pakistan Muslim League (PML) and Sharif's confidant, relations between Jamali and Sharif cooled and Jamali joined the Pakistan Muslim League (Q) after the 1999 coup led by General Pervez Musharraf. In the 2002 general election, Jamali won his bid for the office of Prime Minister after his supporters and colleagues crossed party lines to support him. On 21 November 2002 Jamali was appointed the 13th Prime Minister of Pakistan-designate. He toke the oath on 23 November 2002, until he unexpectedly announced his resignation in 2004.

Early life and education

Jamali was born on 1 January 1944[1] to a political, religious[2] and landlord family in Rowjhan village of Commissariat Baluchistan of the British Indian Empire,[3] now Nasirabad District in Balochistan, Pakistan.[4]

Jamali received his early education at Lawrence College, Murree and A levels from Aitchison College, Lahore. He then studied in a government college for a bachelor's degree. He received his master's degree in political science at the University of the Punjab in 1965.[3][2][4]

Jamali was a sportsman during his student days and was a member of his school and then university’s hockey team.[4]

Political career

Jamali began his political career in 1970 and joined PPP.[3] Jamali took part in Pakistani general election, 1970 for the first time, but lost it.[4]

He was elected to the Provincial Assembly of Balochistan for the first time in Pakistani general election, 1977 on a PPP ticket.[4]

He was appointed a provincial minister in the provincial cabinet of Balochistan.[2] As part of the new government in 1972, Jamali was appointed provincial home minister and Minister of Food, Information and Parliamentary Affairs in the Balochistan provisional cabinet.

In Pakistani general elections, 1977 Jamali was re-elected as the member of the Provincial Assembly of Balochistan for the second time. He briefly held portfolios for the departments of Food, Information, Law and Parliamentary Affairs.

Jamali left the PPP in 1977.

After the imposition of martial law in Pakistan by General Zia-ul-Haq, he allied with Zia-ul-Haq.[4]

Jamali was appointed as a state minister in the federal cabinet by General Zia-ul-Haq.[2][4]

Jamali was elected as the member of the National Assembly of Pakistan in Pakistani general election, 1985 from Naseerabad constituency and was inducted into the federal cabinet of Junejo and given the portfolio of Federal Minister of water and power.[4]

Jamali was appointed as the caretaker chief minister of Balochistan in 1988 after General Zia-ul-Haq dismissed the government of Junejo.[4][3]

Jamali was re-elected as the member of the provincial assembly of Balochistan in Pakistani general election, 1988 and became the chief minister of Balochistan.[4]

He was elected as the member of the Senate of Pakistan[3] in 1994 and again in 1997.[5]

Jamali ran for the seat of National Assembly in the Pakistani general elections, 1990, but was defeated by a PPP candidate.[4]

He was re-elected as the member of the Provincial Assembly in Pakistani general elections, 1993 on the PML ticket and defeated a PPP nominee. Jamali was re-appointed caretaker as the chief minister of Balochistan in 1997.[4]

Prime Minister of Pakistan

Two seated men, shaking hands in front of a fireplace
Prime Minister Jamali shaking hands with President George W. Bush, 2003

In July 2002, Jamali joined the Pakistan Muslim League's breakaway Q Group as senior executive president.

He was re-elected as the member of the National Assembly of Pakistan in Pakistani general election, 2002.

In November 2002, Jamali became the 13th Prime Minister of Pakistan by a simple majority for five years for the first time after securing 188 votes out of 342 seats in the National Assembly of Pakistan.[6] He was the first politician from Balochistan to become prime minister of Pakistan.[2][4][3]

Since no party had an exclusive mandate, his election as Prime Minister followed weeks of negotiation.[6] He formed a coalition government with MQM, MMA, PPPP and the splinter group of the Pakistan Muslim League.[6] He oversaw Pakistan's transition from two-party to multi-party democracy.[6]

Foreign policy

Two men walking between lines of armed soldiers in dress uniforms
Prime Minister Jamali with Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld at the Pentagon

In 2004, Jamali visited Afghanistan which was the first highest-level visit from Pakistan since the fall of the Taliban government in 2001 which was an ally of Pakistan. Jamali supported Hamid Karzai as President of Afghanistan and assured him of cooperation between the government of both countries in everything, from trade to terrorism.[7] Jamali announced donations of 300 buses and trucks, scholarships for Afghan students and aid for improvement of road, railway and hospital projects in Afghanistan.[7]

In October 2003 Jamali visited the United States, meeting with President George W. Bush and vowing to support the U.S. in the war on terror.[8]

Jamali vowed to improve relations with India immediately after assuming office[9][10][11][6] and procuring a peace agreement and cease-fire in the disputed Kashmir region.[12] He appointed a special envoy to improve relations and lessen tensions between the two countries which had arisen during the 1990s and early 2000s.[12][13]

Resignation

In 2004, Jamali abruptly announced his resignation on television after a three-hour meeting with Musharraf. There had been rumours of Jamali's strained relationship with Musharraf on the execution of government policies.[14] According to media reports, resignation became inevitable when Musharraf became unhappy with Jamali's performance and his failure to strongly endorse Musharraf's policies.[15][15]

The Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal was initially surprised;[16] the mainstream parties saw Jamali's resignation as "forced and [a] humiliation for democracy"[17] and "bad for the future".[18] With his surprise announcement, Jamali dissolved the cabinet and nominated his party's president Shujaat Hussain as interim prime minister.[17] Weeks after his resignation, it was learned that it came as the result of deteriorating relations with Hussain.[17]

Post-prime ministership

After resigning, Jamali pursued his passion for field hockey. In 2004, he became president of the Pakistan Hockey Federation and vowed to solve the problems facing by the Pakistan Hockey Federation and revive the Pakistan men's national field hockey team. He previously played for Punjab province, acted as Chief-de-Mission for the 1984 Summer Olympics and has been chief selector for the national team.[19][20][21]

In 2008, he resigned as its president after the national hockey team performed poorly at the Olympic Games.[22]

References

  1. ^ a b "Detail Information". 21 April 2014. Archived from the original on 21 April 2014. Retrieved 11 July 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "Profile: New Pakistani Prime Minister Mir Zafarullah Khan Jamali – 2002-11-22". VOA. 29 October 2009. Archived from the original on 5 March 2017. Retrieved 5 March 2017. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Profile: Zafarullah Jamali". BBC Pakistan. 26 June 2004. Archived from the original on 16 December 2013. Retrieved 25 May 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "The Prime of Mr Jamali". Newsline. 1 December 2002. Archived from the original on 5 March 2017. Retrieved 5 March 2017. 
  5. ^ "Senator Mir Zafarullah Khan Jamal". Senate Secretariat of Government of Pakistan. Senate of Pakistan. Archived from the original on 9 December 2007. Retrieved 25 May 2012. 
  6. ^ a b c d e "Pakistan Prime Minister Wins Parliamentary Vote of Confidence". The New York Times. APP. 31 December 2002. p. 1. Archived from the original on 5 March 2014. Retrieved 25 May 2012. 
  7. ^ a b Carlotta, Gall (13 January 2004). "Pakistan's Premier Visits Afghanistan and Pledges Cooperation". The New York Times. p. 1. Archived from the original on 5 March 2014. Retrieved 25 May 2012. 
  8. ^ "Bush, Jamali vow to fight terrorism: Kashmir, Afghanistan discussed". DAWN.COM. 2 October 2003. Archived from the original on 6 March 2017. Retrieved 5 March 2017. 
  9. ^ "Pakistan sincere in talks with India: Jamali". DAWN.COM. 28 April 2004. Archived from the original on 6 March 2017. Retrieved 5 March 2017. 
  10. ^ "Measures helping normalize relations, says Jamali". DAWN.COM. 31 October 2003. Archived from the original on 6 March 2017. Retrieved 5 March 2017. 
  11. ^ "Relations with India to improve: Jamali – Exchange of delegations". DAWN.COM. 14 January 2004. Archived from the original on 6 March 2017. Retrieved 5 March 2017. 
  12. ^ a b APP (24 November 2003). "Pakistan to Begin Cease-Fire in Kashmir". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 5 March 2014. Retrieved 25 May 2012. 
  13. ^ "Envoy to Delhi not yet named: Jamali". DAWN.COM. 23 May 2003. Archived from the original on 6 March 2017. Retrieved 5 March 2017. 
  14. ^ "Jamali resigns as Pak premier – The Economic Times". The Economic Times. Archived from the original on 6 March 2017. Retrieved 5 March 2017. 
  15. ^ a b "Jamali resigns as Pakistan's Prime minister". The Economic Times. Archived from the original on 2 February 2014. Retrieved 25 May 2012. 
  16. ^ Our Correspondent (27 June 2004). "Jamali's resignation shocks MMA". Dawn. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  17. ^ a b c Our Political Bureau (28 June 2004). "Pak parties flay Jamali`s 'forced' resignation". Business Standard. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  18. ^ "Jamali appointed PHF president". www.thenews.com.pk. Archived from the original on 6 March 2017. Retrieved 5 March 2017. 
  19. ^ "Jamali set to be new PHF president". The Nation. Archived from the original on 6 March 2017. Retrieved 5 March 2017. 
  20. ^ "Former PM Jamali named PHF president". The Nation. 11 March 2007. Archived from the original on 11 March 2007. Retrieved 5 March 2017. 
  21. ^ AP, Associate Press. "Pakistan hockey chief quits". Arabnews. Archived from the original on 3 February 2014. Retrieved 25 May 2012. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Ghulam Qadir Khan
Chief Minister of Balochistan
1988
Succeeded by
Khuda Bux Marri
Acting
Preceded by
Zulfikar Ali Magsi
Chief Minister of Balochistan
Acting

1996–1997
Succeeded by
Akhtar Mengal
Preceded by
Pervez Musharraf
as chief executive of Pakistan
Prime Minister of Pakistan
2002–2004
Succeeded by
Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Sher Bahadur Deuba
Chairperson of SAARC
2004
Succeeded by
Khaleda Zia
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