Yvonne De Carlo

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Yvonne De Carlo
Yvonne De Carlo on the cover of Screenland.jpg
De Carlo on the cover of Screenland, August 1948
Born Margaret Yvonne Middleton
(1922-09-01)September 1, 1922
Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
Died January 8, 2007(2007-01-08) (aged 84)
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Cause of death Heart failure[1]
Education Lord Roberts School
King Edward High School
Occupation Actress, dancer, singer
Years active 1939–1995
Notable work Sephora from Cecil B. DeMille's The Ten Commandments (1956)
Television The Munsters (1964–1966)
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Robert Drew Morgan
(m. 1955; div. 1973)
Children Bruce Morgan (b. 1956)
Michael Morgan (1957–1997)
Parent(s) William Middleton (father)
Marie De Carlo (mother)
Musical career
Genres
Instruments Vocals
Labels

Yvonne De Carlo (born Margaret Yvonne Middleton; September 1, 1922 – January 8, 2007) was a Canadian-American actress, dancer, and singer. A brunette with blue-gray eyes, she became an internationally famous Hollywood film star in the 1940s and 1950s, made several recordings, and later acted on television and stage.

Born in Vancouver, British Columbia, De Carlo was raised in the home of her Presbyterian maternal grandparents. Her mother enrolled her in a local dance school when she was three. By the early 1940s, she and her mother had moved to Los Angeles, where De Carlo participated in beauty contests and worked as a dancer in nightclubs. In 1942, she signed a three-year contract with Paramount Pictures, where she was given uncredited bit parts in important films and was intended to replace Dorothy Lamour. Paramount loaned her out to Republic Pictures for her first credited role in a feature film, Wah-Tah in the independent production Deerslayer (1943).

She obtained her breakthrough role in Salome, Where She Danced (1945), a Universal Pictures release produced by Walter Wanger, who described her as "the most beautiful girl in the world."[2][3][4] The film's publicity and success turned her into a star, and she signed a five-year contract with Universal. From then on, Universal starred her in its lavish Technicolor productions, such as Frontier Gal (1945), Song of Scheherazade (1947), and Slave Girl (1947). Cameramen voted her "Queen of Technicolor" three years in a row.[5] Tired of being typecast as exotic women, her first serious dramatic performances were featured in two films noir, Brute Force (1947) and Criss Cross (1949).

The first American film star to visit Israel, De Carlo received further recognition as an actress for her work in the British comedies Hotel Sahara (1951) and The Captain's Paradise (1953). Her career reached its peak when eminent producer-director Cecil B. DeMille cast her as Moses' Midianite wife, Sephora, her most prominent role, in his biblical epic The Ten Commandments (1956),[6] which was immensely successful at the box office and remains an annual tradition on television. Her success continued with starring roles in Flame of the Islands (1956), Death of a Scoundrel (1956), Band of Angels (1957), and The Sword and the Cross (1958), in which she portrayed Mary Magdalene. She also accepted supporting roles in McLintock! (1963) and A Global Affair (1964).

She gained a new generation of fans as a star of the CBS sitcom The Munsters (1964–1966),[7] playing Herman Munster's glamorous vampire wife, Lily, a role she reprised in the feature film Munster, Go Home! (1966) and the television film The Munsters' Revenge (1981). In 1971, she played Carlotta Campion and introduced the popular song "I'm Still Here" in the Broadway production of the Stephen Sondheim musical Follies. Yvonne, her best-selling autobiography, was published in 1987. A stroke survivor, De Carlo died of heart failure in 2007. She was awarded two stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for her contributions to motion pictures and television.

Early life

"On the evening of August 31 that year [1922], three days after her own birthday, Marie was having five-minute contractions. She was taken to the public ward of St. Paul's Hospital, where she went through a difficult labor. I was born the following morning amid the tumult of the season's worst thunderstorm. Marie's doctor hadn't arrived, and the delivery was made by a pair of floor nurses. They confirmed afterward that as she was being shifted to the delivery table, she was shouting, "I want a girl. It must be a girl. I want a dancer!"

Yvonne De Carlo, Yvonne: An Autobiography[8]

De Carlo was born Margaret Yvonne Middleton on September 1, 1922, at St. Paul's Hospital[8] in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. Her nickname was "Peggy" because she was named after the silent film star Baby Peggy.[9] Her mother, Marie De Carlo (August 28, 1903 – December 19, 1993),[10] was born in France to a Sicilian father and a Scottish mother. Marie, a "wayward and rebellious" teenager, had aspired to become a dancer and worked as a milliner's apprentice until she met Peggy's father, William Shelto Middleton,[8] a salesman from New Zealand[11] with "piercing eyes of pale blue, and a wealth of straight black hair."[8] Marie and William had married in Alberta, where they lived for a couple of months before returning to Vancouver.[8] They moved in with Marie's parents, but the marriage was troubled.[12] Peggy had only two memories of her father: climbing up to his knee and crawling towards his feet.[12] By the time Peggy was three,[13] William was involved in various swindles and fled Canada aboard a schooner, promising to send for his wife and child.[8] Marie and Peggy never heard from him again; rumors said that he remarried twice and had more children, worked as an actor in silent films, or died aboard a ship.[9] Peggy later wrote, "My own assumption is that he died before he had the chance to discover that his Baby Peggy had become a Hollywood actress, or I think he would have tried to contact me."[9]

After William's departure, Marie left her parents' home and found work in a shop.[9] Marie and Peggy lived in a succession of apartments in Vancouver, including one that had no furniture or stove,[9] and periodically returned to the De Carlo home, "a huge white frame house", at 1728 Comox Street in Vancouver's West End neighborhood.[14] Marie's parents, Michele "Papa" De Carlo (c. 1873 – July 1, 1954)[15] and Margaret Purvis De Carlo (December 30, 1874 – October 26, 1949),[16] were religious, attended church regularly, and held services in the parlor.[17] Michele, a native of the city of Messina,[18] had met Margaret in Nice, France. They married in 1897, had four children, and settled in Canada in 1912.[19]

De Carlo attended Lord Roberts Elementary School,[20] located a block away from her grandparents' home.

De Carlo originally wanted to be a writer.[21] She was seven when a school assignment, a poem she wrote titled "A Little Boy", was entered in a contest run by The Vancouver Sun.[14] She won and received a prize of five dollars, which according to De Carlo, meant as much to her at that time as if she had won the Nobel Peace Prize.[22] She also wrote short plays, which she usually staged in her grandparents' house, and even adapted Charles Dickens' A Christmas Carol for a neighborhood performance.[22]

Marie wanted her daughter to have a career in show business and made sure Peggy received the necessary singing and dancing lessons. Peggy joined the choir of St. Paul's Anglican Church to strengthen her voice,[23] and when she was ten (or three, according to a 1982 interview[14]), her mother enrolled her in the June Roper School of the Dance in Vancouver.[24] In May 1939, a Variety news item listed "Yvonne de Carlo" as one of the performers at the opening of Hy Singer's Palomar ballroom (also known as Palomar Supper Club) in Vancouver.[25]

Career

Beginnings in Hollywood (1940–1942)

De Carlo's first film role in Harvard, Here I Come! (1941), starring boxer Maxie Rosenbloom (center)

De Carlo and her mother made several trips to Los Angeles. In 1940, she won second place in the Miss Venice beauty contest.[26] She also came in fifth in a 1940s Miss California competition.[27] At the Miss Venice contest, she was noticed by a booking agent who told her to audition for an opening in the chorus line at the Earl Carroll Theatre on Sunset Boulevard in Hollywood.[26] De Carlo and her mother arrived at Earl Carroll's for the audition, but after learning that Carroll would have to examine her "upper assets" before hiring her,[28] De Carlo and her mother searched for work at another popular Hollywood nightclub, the Florentine Gardens.[29] They met Nils Granlund, the proprietor of the Florentine Gardens, who introduced De Carlo to the audience before she tap danced to "Tea for Two".[30] Granlund then asked, "Well, folks . . . is she in or out?"[31] The audience responded with "a rousing round of applause, with whistles and cheers," and De Carlo got the job.[32] She started in the back of the chorus line, but after months of practice and hard work,[33] Granlund featured her in a "King Kong number." In it, she danced and cast off several chiffon veils before being carried away by a gorilla.[34] She was given more solo routines and also appeared in her first soundie.[34] She had been dancing at the Florentine Gardens only a few months when she was arrested by immigration officials and deported to Canada in late 1940.[35] In January 1941, Granlund sent a telegram to immigration officials pledging his sponsorship of De Carlo in the U.S., and affirmed his offer of steady employment, both requirements to reenter the country.[36]

In May 1941, she appeared in a revue, Hollywood Revels, at the Orpheum Theatre. A critic from the Los Angeles Times reviewed it saying that the "dancing of Yvonne de Carlo is especially notable."[37] She made her radio debut with Edmund Lowe and Victor McLaglen who were performing extracts from a series based on their Flagg-Quint performances.[38]

De Carlo wanted to act. At the encouragement of Artie Shaw who offered to pay her wage for a month,[39] she quit the Florentine Gardens and a hired a talent agent, Jack Pomeroy.[40] Pomeroy got De Carlo an uncredited role as a bathing beauty in a Columbia Pictures B film, Harvard, Here I Come (1941). She had one line, "Nowadays a girl must show a front", in a scene with the film's star, Maxie Rosenbloom. Her salary was $25 and her work in the film got her into the Screen Actors Guild.[40] Other roles were slow to follow, and De Carlo took a job in the chorus line of Earl Carroll.

While working for Carroll De Carlo got a one-line part in This Gun for Hire (1942) at Paramount. Carroll found out and fired her. De Carlo managed to get her job back at the Florentine Gardens.[41]

Other early screen appearances at Columbia Pictures included the two-reeler comedy Kink of the Campus (1942).[citation needed] She was also in the short I Look at You (1941).

In December 1941, she was dancing in the revue Glamour Over Hollywood at Florentine Gardens.[42][43] America's entry into World War Two saw De Carlo and other Florentine dancers busy entertaining troops at USO shows.[44][45]

A skilled horserider, she appeared in a number of West Coast rodeos.[24]

De Carlo sang and danced in a three-minute Soundies musical, The Lamp of Memory (1942),[46] shown in coin-operated movie jukeboxes, and later released for 16mm home movie showings and television by Official Films.

Paramount Pictures (1942–1944)

De Carlo as Wah-Tah in Deerslayer (1943)

De Carlo was cast as an island girl in The Road to Morocco (1942) at Paramount. She was given a screen test for a role in The Moon and Sixpence, but lost the part to Elena Verdugo. Paramount called her back for a small part in Lucky Jordan (also 1942) and she was cast in film for Republic, Youth on Parade (again 1942), which she called a "dreadful... bomb".[47]

Paramount then offered De Carlo a six-month contract, possibly going up to seven years, starting at $60 a week. The studio promptly loaned her out to poverty row studio Monogram for Rhythm Parade, playing (ironically) a Florentine Garden dancer. She served as an extra in Paramount's The Crystal Ball (1943) of which she wrote "only my left shoulder survived after editing".[48]

Her scenes in Lucky Jordan (1942) were deleted but she had a small role in For Whom the Bell Tolls (1943). She could also be seen in Let's Face It (1943), So Proudly We Hail! (1943) and Salute for Three (1943), She was also kept busy in small roles and helping other actors shoot tests. "I was the test queen at Paramount," she said later.[24] But De Carlo was ambitious and wanted more. "I'm not going to be just one of the girls," she said.[49]

Cecil B. DeMille saw De Carlo in So Proudly We Hail!, and arranged for her to be screen-tested and interviewed for the role of Tremartini in his film The Story of Dr. Wassell (1943); it was announced she would play a key role.[50][51] He ended up choosing Carol Thurston for the role and casting De Carlo in an uncredited part as a native girl, but promised to "make it up" to De Carlo on another film "in the future."[52]

Paramount loaned her out to Republic again for the part of Wah-Tah, the young Native American maiden, in the Deerslayer (1943), an adaptation of the 1841 novel by James Fenimore Cooper. An important supporting role, it was her first credited appearance in a feature film. She returned to Paramount for an unbilled bit in True to Life (1943) and Standing Room Only (1944). De Carlo was billed in a short, Fun Time (1944) and went to MGM to play another "native" part (unbilled) in Kismet (1944).

The New York Times later dubbed De Carlo "threat girl" for Dorothy Lamour "when Dotty wanted to break away from saronging."[52][53] This had its origin when De Carlo was set to replace Dorothy Lamour in the lead of Rainbow Island (1944); however Lamour changed her mind about playing the role.[49] De Carlo was given a bit part in the final movie.

De Carlo played further unbilled roles in Here Come the Waves (1944), Practically Yours (1944), and Bring on the Girls (1945). Paramount then decided not to renew her contract option.[54]

Salome, Where She Danced (1944–1945)

De Carlo as Anna Maria, an Austrian dancer, in Salome, Where She Danced (1945)

De Carlo was screen tested by Universal, who were looking at a back up star for Acquanetta, who was their back up star to Maria Montez. [55] The test was seen by Walter Wanger who was making an adventure film in technicolor, Salome, Where She Danced (1945). Wanger would later claim he discovered De Carlo when looking at footage for another actor in which De Carlo also happened to appear (Milburn Stone).[56]

Wanger tested De Carlo several times and Universal signed her to a long term contract at $150 a week. In September 1944, it was announced De Carlo was cast in the lead of Salome over a reported 20,000 other young women.[4][57]

Another source says 21 Royal Canadian Air Force bombardier students who loved her as a pinup star campaigned to get her the role.[58] De Carlo later said this was done at her behest; she took several pictures of herself in a revealing costume and persuaded two childhood friends from Vancouver, Reginald Reid and Kenneth Ross McKenzie, who had become pilots, to arrange their friends to lobby on her behalf.[24] (De Carlo wrote in his memoirs that the whole thing was Wagner's idea.[59])

Though not a critical success, Salome was a box office favorite, and the heavily promoted De Carlo was hailed as an up-and-coming star. In his review for the film, Bosley Crowther of The New York Times wrote:

"Miss De Carlo has an agreeable mezzo-soprano singing voice, all the 'looks' one girl could ask for, and, moreover, she dances with a sensuousness which must have caused the Hays office some anguish. The script, however, does not give her much chance to prove her acting talents."[60]

Universal-International (1945–1950)

De Carlo in the trailer for Song of Scheherazade (1947)

Salome, Where She Danced was released by Universal who signed de Carlo to a long-term contract. She was used by the studio as a backup star to Maria Montez, and her second movie for the studio saw her step into a role rejected by Montez: the Western Frontier Gal (1946) alongside Rod Cameron.[49] In 1946, exhibitors voted De Carlo the ninth-most promising "star of tomorrow."[61] Like Salome, it was shot in Technicolor.

De Carlo followed Frontier Gal with a top-billed role in Walter Reisch's Technicolor musical Song of Scheherazade (1947), co-starring Brian Donlevy and Jean-Pierre Aumont. Tilly Losch, an Austrian dancer and friend of Reisch, coached De Carlo in her three dancing solos.[62] The film was a hit, making over $2 million.

De Carlo wanted to act in different types of movies. She applied to play the part of a waitress in A Double Life (1947) but lost out to Shelley Winters.[63] Instead, Universal put her back in Technicolor for Slave Girl (1947), made with the producers of Frontier Gal. It was another solid commercial success. De Carlo was given a small role in Brute Force (1947), a prison movie starring Burt Lancaster and produced by Mark Hellinger. It was her first movie in black and white since becoming a star and her first to get good reviews.

She played Lola Montez in Black Bart (1948), a Technicolor Western with Dan Duryea for director George Sherman. Duryea and Sherman worked with her again on River Lady (1948). De Carlo called these films "physically taxing but not creatively inspiring."[64]

She romanced Tony Martin in Casbah (1948), a musical remake of Algiers (1938) made for Martin's own production company but released through Universal. De Carlo was reluctant to be in it because, although she would receive top billing over Martin, she was not given the female lead—that part went to Swedish newcomer Märta Torén—but studio head William Goetz insisted.[65] De Carlo played Inez, the role played by Sigrid Gurie in the 1938 version, and sang the film's song "For Every Man There's a Woman", which was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Original Song. It flopped at the box office, de Carlo's first flop since becoming a star.

De Carlo in the trailer for Criss Cross (1949)

De Carlo then received an offer from Mark Hellinger to make another film with Burt Lancaster: the film noir Criss Cross (1949). This time De Carlo had a larger role, as a femme fetale, Anna. Bosley Crowther noted that De Carlo was "trying something different as Anna. The change is welcome, even though Miss de Carlo's performance is uneven. In that respect, she is right in step with most everything else about Criss Cross."[66] The film has become regarded as a classic and De Carlo considered the role the highlight of her career to date.[67] Tony Curtis made his debut in the movie, in a scene dancing with De Carlo.

De Carlo was keen to make more movies along this line but Universal put her back in Technicolor Westerns with Calamity Jane and Sam Bass (1949), playing Calamity Jane, directed by Sherman, alongside Howard Duff.

She played a role intended for Deanna Durbin in The Gal Who Took the West (1950), for director Fred de Cordova. The movie gave her a chance to show off her singing voice. Trained in opera and a former child chorister at St Paul's Anglican Church, Vancouver, De Carlo possessed a large vocal range.[68] She was meant to be in Bagdad (1949) but suffered a miscarriage and was ill; the studio cast Maureen O'Hara.[69]

De Cordova directed de Carlo in Buccaneer's Girl (1950), a pirate movie set in 1810s New Orlean opposite Philip Friend. The director later called De Carlo "a doll...underrated as an actress. She was most professional, worked hard, was very good at her craft, possibly was not a first class star but came in on schedule. She knew her lines, she danced and sang rather well, and she wanted very much to be a bigger star than she ever became."[70]

She toured US army bases singing, then was in The Desert Hawk (1950), an "Eastern" with Richard Greene. She made a Western with Sherman, Tomahawk (1951), opposite Van Heflin, which was popular.

De Carlo toured extensively to promote her films and entertained US troops in Europe. She also began singing on television.[71]

She received an offer from England to make a comedy, Hotel Sahara (1951) with Peter Ustinov. While in England, she asked Universal to be released from her contract although it still had three months to go; the studio agreed.[72] Two months later she signed a new contract with Universal to make one film a year for three years[73]

Post-Universal (1951–1954)

De Carlo and fellow Vancouverite John Ireland in Hurricane Smith (1952), a Paramount Pictures release

De Carlo went to Paramount to make a Western, Silver City (1951) with Edmond O'Brien for a fee of $50,000.[74]

In 1951,[75][5][76] De Carlo accepted an offer to open the thirtieth season of the Hollywood Bowl singing the breeches role of Prince Orlovsky in five performances of the opera Die Fledermaus (The Bat), from July 10 to July 14.[77][78] The performances were conducted by noted film composer Franz Waxman. In her autobiography she described her participation in Die Fledermaus as "a rewarding experience, the aesthetic highlight of my life."[78]

In August 1951, De Carlo became the first American film star to visit the State of Israel, giving concerts in Haifa, Ramat Gan, Jerusalem, Tel Aviv, and Jaffa.[79][80] She drew capacity audiences and was "royally received" by the Israeli government and the public.[81] Her performances consisted of singing and dancing routines from her films.[82] Furthermore, she found that her films were extremely popular there, saying, "Every time I played a concert, someone would yell, 'Sing something from Casbah.'"[82] About the warm reception she received in Israel, she told columnist Louella Parsons:

"Everyone in Israel was so wonderful to me, and I'll never forget the speech the Mayor of Jerusalem, Rabbi S. Z. Shragar, made. It had to be translated because he spoke in Hebrew. He is an orthodox Jew and lives up to his religion. He received me in his office and served me Turkish coffee, and I was told no woman had ever been invited to have coffee in his office before. He welcomed me to Israel in a gracious, kindly manner that I shall never forget. He gave me what they call a special blessing, not only for myself, but for all artists who were to come later."[83]

De Carlo returned early from Tel Aviv to make The San Francisco Story (1952) with Joel McCrea. It was the first of a two-picture deal with Fidelity Pictures; the second was to be The Scarlet Flame about Brazil's battle for independence, which was never made.[84]

She made her live TV debut in "Another Country" for Lights Out (1952). De Carlo wanted to make a film for Sydney Box called Queen of Sheba with Peter Ustinov as Solomon but it was never made.[85]

She went back to Universal for the first movie under her new contract, Scarlet Angel (1952) with Rock Hudson. At Paramount she did Hurricane Smith (1952) then she appeared in "Madame 44" for The Ford Television Theatre (1952). She announced plans to form her own production company with her agent, Vancouver Productions.[86] However, as she later wrote "absolutely nothing" came of this.[87]

De Carlo went to MGM to make Sombrero (1953). She was reunited with Hudson for Sea Devils (1953), a Napoleonic adventure tale shot in Britain and France released through RKO.

Back in the US she an adventure film set in the desert, Fort Algiers (1953), for United Artists, starring Carlos Thompson, whom de Carlo had recommended.

De Carlo with Alec Guinness in The Captain's Paradise (1953)

She made her third film in Britain with the comedy The Captain's Paradise (1953), as one of two wives a ship captain (played by Alec Guinness) keeps in separate ports. De Carlo played Nita, the sensual wife who lives in Morocco, while Celia Johnson played Maud, the demure wife who lives in Gibraltar. The film was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Story, and The New York Times critic Bosley Crowther commended her performance by writing, "And Miss De Carlo, as the siren, 'the mate of the tiger' in Mr. G. [Guinness], is wonderfully candid and suggestive of the hausfrau in every dame."[88]

De Carlo made a fourth film in England, Happy Ever After (1954) with David Niven, then was called back to the US do to a contemporary comedy on TV, The Backbone of America (1953) with Wendell Corey. In 1954, after the success of The Captain's Paradise, she expressed a desire to do more comedy:

"I've had my share of sirens and am happy to get away from them, no matter what the part. Just to look pretty on the screen as a romantic lead is probably all right, but – so what? I'd much rather do something in a good Western provided there's plenty of action. Action is what I like."[89]

De Carlo went back to Universal to make a Western with McCrea, Border River (1954), directed by Sherman. She went to Italy for The Contessa's Secret (1954) and returned to Hollywood for the independently produced Passion (1954). She wrote a 42-page treatment for a science-fiction film Operation Sram, which was not made.[90] De Carlo made the Western Shotgun (1955) with Sterling Hayden for Allied Artists. She did "Hot Cargo" for Screen Director's Playhouse (1956) with Rory Calhoun directed by Tay Garnett.[91]

De Carlo made her third film for Universal under her new contract in Raw Edge (1956). Republic starred her as Minna Wagner in a biopic of Richard Wagner, Magic Fire (1956). On TV she was in "The Sainted General" for Star Stage (1956). Republic reunited her with Duff in Flame of the Islands (1956), shot in the Bahamas.

The Ten Commandments and last notable film roles (1954–1963)

De Carlo as Sephora in The Ten Commandments (1956)

In September 1954,[92] producer-director Cecil B. DeMille cast her as Sephora, the wife of Moses (played by Charlton Heston), in his biblical epic The Ten Commandments, a Paramount Pictures production which premiered in November 1956. In his autobiography, DeMille explained he decided to cast De Carlo as Moses' wife after his casting director, Bert McKay, called his attention to one scene she played in Sombrero. Even though the film "was a picture far removed in theme from The Ten Commandments," wrote DeMille, "I sensed in her a depth, an emotional power, a womanly strength which the part of Sephora needed and which she gave it."[93]

She prepared extensively for the role, taking weaving lessons at the University of California, Los Angeles, and shepherding lessons in the San Fernando Valley.[94] Months before filming began, she had worked on the part with a drama coach.[95] Her scenes were shot on Paramount's sound stages in 1955. Her performance received praise from critics. Crowther, the New York Times critic, was impressed: "Yvonne DeCarlo as the Midianite shepherdess to whom Moses is wed is notably good in a severe role."[96] The Hollywood Reporter wrote that she "is very fine as the simple Sephora,"[97] and New York Daily News noticed that she "plays the wife of Moses with conviction."[98]

She fell in love with stuntman Bob Morgan while visiting the filming of The Ten Commandments in Egypt in 1954.[99] They married in 1955, and their first son, Bruce, was born in 1956. DeMille became Bruce's godfather.[94] Her second pregnancy meant she had to turn down the role of the female pirate DeMille had given her in his next production, The Buccaneer (1958).[94]

It was announced she would team with Vittorio De Sica in an adaptation of The Baker's Wife to be shot in English and Italian[100] but the film was never made. Instead De Carlo co-starred with George Sanders and Zsa Zsa Gabor in Death of a Scoundrel (1956). The New York Times commended her performance as Bridget Kelly: "Yvonne De Carlo does a solid and professional job as the adoring petty thief who rises to eminence with him [Sanders' character]."[101] On the small screen she was in "Skits & Sketches" for Shower of Stars (1957). She was also in Schlitz Playhouse (1957)

De Carlo released an LP record of standards called Yvonne De Carlo Sings on Masterseal Records, a subsidiary label of Remington Records, in 1957. Orchestrated by future film composer John Williams under the pseudonym "John Towner," the album contains ten tracks, "End of a Love Affair", "In the Blue of Evening", "I Got It Bad (and That Ain't Good)", "Am I Blue?", "Little Girl Blue", "Blue Moon", "But Not for Me", "My Blue Heaven", "Mood Indigo", "One for My Baby (and One More for the Road)".

With Clark Gable in Band of Angels (1957)

As a result of the great success and positive reviews of The Ten Commandments, De Carlo was offered the lead roles in two Warner Bros. films which were being shot at the same time: The Helen Morgan Story and Band of Angels, based on Robert Penn Warren's novel. De Carlo chose the latter because her co-star would be Clark Gable, one of her favorite actors.[102] The title refers to the short life expectancy of the black soldiers who fought with the Union troops in the Civil War, but the story is mainly about Amantha "Manty" Starr, a mixed-race Southern belle who is sold as a slave after her father's death and discovers that her deceased mother was a black slave on her father's plantation. Amantha is then taken to New Orleans where she is bought by plantation owner Hamish Bond (Gable), who falls in love with her. The film was both a critical and financial disappointment at the time of release.[103][104]

De Carlo was in "Verdict of Three" for Playhouse 90 (1958). She made a French Foreign Legion movie with Victor Mature, Timbuktu (1958). She unsuccessfully auditioned for the Broadway musical Destry Rides Again losing out to Dolores Gray.[105]

In May 1958,[106] De Carlo was signed to play Mary Magdalene in the Italian biblical epic The Sword and the Cross (tentatively titled The Great Sinner and released in the United States as Mary Magdalene), with Jorge Mistral as her love interest, the Roman Gaius Marcellus, and Rossana Podestà as her sister, Martha. The film's director, Carlo Ludovico Bragaglia, later remembered that "producer, Ottavio Poggi, had sent the provisional script to America, so Yvonne De Carlo could read it and decide on her participation in the film. She read it and got very excited, agreeing to play the role of Magdalene."[107] The film was shot in English and later dubbed in Italian.[95]

De Carlo put together a nightclub act and toured with in South America. She guest starred on Bonanza ("A Rose for Lotta", 1959), Adventures in Paradise ("Isle of Eden", 1960), Death Valley Days ("The Lady Was an M.D", 1961), Follow the Sun ("The Longest Crap Game in History" [1961] and "Annie Beeler's Place" [1962]) and Burke's Law ("Who Killed Beau Sparrow?", 1963). She also played Destry Rides Again in summer stock.

With John Wayne in McLintock! (1963)

De Carlo's husband had been permanently crippled while working as a stunt man on How the West Was Won (1963), eventually losing his leg. De Carlo took any job going, appearing in night club acts across the country as well as a play in stock, Third Best Sport.

To help out, John Wayne offered her the supporting role of Louise Warren, the title character's cook in McLintock! (1963), with Wayne and Maureen O'Hara. She was second billed in a Western Law of the Lawless (1964) and played the Spanish dancer Dolores in the Bob Hope comedy A Global Affair (1964).

De Carlo was in "The Night the Monkey Died" for The Greatest Show on Earth (1964). She took over a role on Enter Laughing on Broadway for a week, and played in it when the production went on tour.

The Munsters (1964–1966)

Publicity photo of De Carlo as Lily Munster

She was in debt by 1964 when she signed a contract with Universal Studios to perform the female lead role in The Munsters opposite Fred Gwynne. She was also the producers' choice to play Lily Munster when Joan Marshall, who played the character (originally called "Phoebe"), was dropped from consideration for the role. When De Carlo was asked how a glamorous actress could succeed as a ghoulish matriarch of a haunted house, she replied simply, "I follow the directions I received on the first day of shooting: 'Play her just like Donna Reed.'"[108] She sang and played the harp in at least one episode ("Far Out Munsters") of The Munsters.

After the show's cancellation, she reprised the role as Lily Munster in the Technicolor film Munster, Go Home! (1966), partially in hopes of renewing interest in the sitcom. Despite the attempt, The Munsters was cancelled after 70 episodes. Of the sitcom and its cast and crew, she said: "It was a happy show with audience appeal for both children and adults. It was a happy show behind the scenes, too; we all enjoy working with each other."[109] Years later, in 1987, she said: "I think Yvonne De Carlo was more famous than Lily, but I gained the younger audience through The Munsters. And it was a steady job."[110]

Butch Patrick, who played Herman and Lily Munster's son, Eddie. The on- and off-screen chemistry of De Carlo and Patrick was a success story of 1960s television. After the show's cancelation, like everybody else (in the cast), he also distanced himself from her, to form his own rock band Eddie and The Munsters, years before he either kept in touch or have visited her, during De Carlo's final years, who also said in a 2013 interview with Rockcellar magazine: "Yvonne would be a maternal influence. She'd be a mom because my mom wasn't around so she'd be a matriarch, not only on the show but when I'd see her outside of the makeup on Mondays and Tuesdays. Once in a while she'd bring her kids down to the set."[111] Then, in a 2017 interview with ComingSoon.net, he also said about the director, who had ever recalled if his TV mother was hiding tiny portions of dialogue, around the set, attaching to props to help jog her memory, where it was added to her performance: "No, not in The Munsters she wasn’t doing that. Maybe later in life. Because sometimes your memory starts slipping on you. But that’s a great idea, actually! I’ll have to remember that!" He also had said if he had ever kept in touch with his on-screen family, after The Munsters was canceled, esp. DeCarlo herself, was: "No, after the show ended, everyone went their own ways. But in the early ’80s, I contacted Al Lewis and we became friends and I started attaching myself to the Munster name and brand. And then 10 years after that I started talking to Yvonne. I was actually a guest on The Vicki Lawrence Show where I was this surprise guest brought out for Yvonne and after that we became friends. I started going up and visiting her and she was somewhat of a recluse, living in North Los Angeles and I introduced her to this guy in Hollywood who would send her care packages, movies to watch and sort of get her back in the loop of Hollywood."[112]

Stage work and Follies (1967–1973)

After The Munsters, she guest starred in "The Moulin Ruse Affair" in The Girl from UNCLE (1967) and "The Raiders" for Custer (1967) and episodes of The Virginian.

She starred in Hostile Guns (1967) and Arizona Bushwhackers (1968), a pair of low-budget westerns produced by A. C. Lyles and released by Paramount Pictures. During this time, she also had a supporting role in the 1968 thriller The Power.

After 1967, De Carlo became increasingly active in musicals, appearing in off-Broadway productions of Pal Joey and Catch Me If You Can. In early 1968 she joined Donald O'Connor in a 15-week run of Little Me staged between Lake Tahoe and Las Vegas and she did a five-month tour in Hello Dolly. Later she toured in Cactus Flower.[113]

De Carlo continued to appear in films such as The Delta Factor (1970) and had a notable part in Russ Meyer's The Seven Minutes (1971). The Los Angeles Times said about the latter that De Carlo featured in "an improbable sequence pulled off with verve by the still glamorous star."[114]

Her defining stage role was as "Carlotta Campion" in Harold Prince's production of the Stephen Sondheim musical Follies in 1971-72.[113] Playing a washed-up star at a reunion of old theater colleagues, she introduced the song "I'm Still Here".[115] De Carlo says she was told the part was written especially for her.[116]

In October 1972, De Carlo arrived in Australia to replace Cyd Charisse in Michael Edgley's production of No, No, Nanette.[117] Her opening night was on November 6, 1972 at Her Majesty's Theatre in Melbourne.[11] The show moved on to Adelaide,[118] Sydney, and then to several New Zealand cities.[119] It closed in the fall of 1973, and De Carlo returned to the United States.

In late 1973 and early 1974, she starred in a production of Ben Bagley's Decline and Fall of the Entire World as Seen Through the Eyes of Cole Porter in San Diego.

In May 1975, she starred in the San Bernardino Civic Light Opera's production of Applause at the California Theatre of the Performing Arts.[120] The San Bernardino Sun described her performance as "brilliant" and wrote, "a packed house watched Yvonne De Carlo give a new dimension to Margo Channing, a part she was playing for the first time, but nonetheless, a part she was very well suited for."[121]

Later career (1974–1995)

De Carlo at the National Film Society convention, May 1979

De Carlo appeared in The Girl on the Late, Late Show (1974), The Mark of Zorro (1974), Arizona Slim (1974), The Intruder (1975), Blazing Stewardesses (1975), It Seemed Like a Good Idea at the Time (1975), Black Fire (1975), and La casa de las sombras (1976).

She continued to appear on stage, notably in Dames at Sea, Barefoot in the Park and The Sound of Music.

She had a role in the mini series Roots (1977) and was also seen on Satan's Cheerleaders (1977), Nocturna (1979), Guyana: Cult of the Damned (1979), Fuego negro (1979), The Silent Scream (1979) and The Man with Bogart's Face (1980). She guest starred on shows like Fantasy Island.

De Carlo was in The Munsters' Revenge (1981), then Liar's Moon (1982), Play Dead (1982), Vultures (1984), Flesh and Bullets (1985), and A Masterpiece of Murder (1986) (with Bob Hope). She was in a revival of The Munsters.

De Carlo's later films included American Gothic (1988), for which she won the Best Actress Award from International Science Fiction and Fantasy Film Show (Fantafestival); Cellar Dweller (1988); and Mirror Mirror (1990). She had a supporting role as the title character's Aunt Rosa in the Sylvester Stallone comedy Oscar (1991). Aunt Rosa is present when Oscar's father, played by Kirk Douglas, extracts "a deathbed promise" from his son. Of her role, De Carlo said, "Mine is a small part—but funny."[122]

She was in The Naked Truth (1992), Seasons of the Heart (1993), and "Death of Some Salesmen" in Tales from the Crypt (1993). She had a small cameo role in Here Come the Munsters, a 1995 television film remake of The Munsters. De Carlo, along with Al Lewis, Pat Priest, and Butch Patrick, did not have to wear costumes "because the Munsters have several lives."[123] Her final performance was as Norma, "an eccentric Norma Desmond lookalike," in the 1995 television film The Barefoot Executive, a Disney Channel remake of the 1971 film of the same title.[123] Norma, a former stand-in for film actors, "monkey-sits" the title character, a chimpanzee named Archie who is able to predict top-rated television series. "She has these outrageous costumes—six of them—and it's just a small part," De Carlo told Los Angeles Times. "But I like to do small things now."[123] In 2007, her son Bruce revealed that, before her death, she played supporting roles in two independent films that have yet to be released.[124]

Personal life

De Carlo's name was linked with a number of famous men through her career, including Howard Hughes,[1] and Robert Stack. In 1947, she announced her engagement to actor Howard Duff,[125] her co-star in Brute Force (1947) and Calamity Jane and Sam Bass (1949), but they never married. She was engaged three more times—to American stuntman Jock Mahoney, English photographer Cornel Lucas, and Scottish actor Richard Urquhart—but felt "trapped" whenever she looked at the engagement ring on her finger.[126] While engaged to Mahoney, De Carlo became pregnant and also discovered she had a large ovarian cyst. The tumor was surgically removed and, as a result, she lost the baby.[127] Her relationship with Mahoney ended when De Carlo found out he was seeing another woman, actress Margaret Field.[128]

In 1950, De Carlo purchased an eleven-room ranch house on five-and-a-half acres of "hilly woodland" on Coldwater Canyon Drive[129] in Studio City, Los Angeles, above Beverly Hills. De Carlo described it as her "dream home" and hired an architect to help her design "an English-style dining room, with paneling and stained-glass windows." She also built stables for her horses[99] and a large swimming pool.[130] She sold the property in 1975.[131]

In 1954, she told a journalist:

"I think it is wonderful to work. I dedicate more time now than ever to study. I really like to delve deeply into the characters and the stories in order to make the most of each part I play. It seems best to remain free of any serious romantic attachments under these circumstances. I will have to meet an exceptional and understanding person, indeed, before I think of marriage. I haven't met such a person yet."[89]

De Carlo with her husband, Robert Morgan, at the New York premiere of The Ten Commandments (1956)

De Carlo met stuntman Robert Drew "Bob" Morgan (1915–1999) on the set of Shotgun in 1955, but he was married and had a child, daughter Bari Lee (b. 1947),[132] and De Carlo had "no intention of causing that marriage to break up."[133] However, they met again, after the death of Morgan's wife, on the set of The Ten Commandments in Egypt,[134] where they "seemed immediately attracted to each other."[99] They were married on November 21, 1955, at St. Stephen's Episcopal Church in Reno, Nevada.[135][136] De Carlo raised Bari as her own and had two sons with Morgan, Bruce Ross (b. 1956), whose godfather was Cecil B. DeMille,[94][137] and Michael (1957–1997).

Morgan lost his left leg after being run over by a train while filming How the West Was Won (1962). However, his contract with MGM assumed no responsibility for the accident. De Carlo and Morgan filed a $1.4 million lawsuit against the studio, claiming her husband was permanently disabled. They divorced in July 1973.[138]

De Carlo, a naturalized citizen of the United States, was an active Republican who campaigned for Richard Nixon,[139] Ronald Reagan,[140] and Gerald Ford.[141] A conservative, she stated in a 1976 television interview: "I'm all for men and I think they ought to stay up there and be the bosses and have women wait on them hand and foot and put their slippers on and hand them the pipe and serve seven course meals, as long as they open the door, support the woman, and do their duty in the bedroom, etcetera."[142]

In 1981, she moved to a ranch in the Santa Ynez Valley,[143] near Solvang, California.

In her autobiography, De Carlo wrote about her faith in God: "God has saved me and mine from some pretty sticky situations. For me, religion is a little like being a Republican or a Democrat. It's not the party that counts, it's the man. Therefore, I care not what house of worship I enter, be it Moslem, Catholic, Presbyterian, or Baptist. I elected God a long time ago and I'll stick with Him, because I don't think His term will ever be up."[143]

Death

De Carlo suffered a minor stroke in 1998. She later became a resident of the Motion Picture & Television Country House and Hospital, in Woodland Hills, where she spent her last years.[144] She died from heart failure on January 8, 2007, and was cremated.[1]

Awards and honors

Filmography

Discography

Singles

  • "I Love a Man" / "Say Goodbye" (Columbia, 1950)[155]
  • "Take It Or Leave It" / "Three Little Stars" (Capitol, 1955)[156]
  • "That's Love" / "The Secret of Love" (Imperial, 1957)[157]
  • "I Would Give My Heart" / "Rockin' In The Orbit" (Imperial, 1958)[157]

Albums

  • Yvonne De Carlo Sings (Masterseal, 1957)

Duets

References

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  150. ^ a b "Recipients of Two or More Awards From March 1932, Through August 1965 Are Herein Cited". Astor Theater. Retrieved April 5, 2018. 
  151. ^ "Yvonne De Carlo - Hollywood Star Walk - Los Angeles Times". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 1, 2015. 
  152. ^ "In Hollywood - Yvonne Honored". Desert Sun. UPI. May 21, 1966. Retrieved April 6, 2018. 
  153. ^ Grazzini, Giovanni (1987). Cinema. Ed. Laterza. p. 213. ISBN 9788842030300. 
  154. ^ "America's Greatest Legends – A compendium of the 500 stars nominated for top 50 "Greatest Screen Legends" status" (PDF). American Film Institute. Retrieved April 30, 2014. 
  155. ^ "78 RPM - Yvonne De Carlo - Say Goodbye / I Love A Man - Columbia - UK - DB.2850". 45worlds. Retrieved 5 January 2018. 
  156. ^ "Yvonne De Carlo - Take It Or Leave It / Three Little Stars - Capitol - USA - F3206". 45cat. Retrieved 5 January 2018. 
  157. ^ a b "Recordings by 'Yvonne De Carlo'". The Honking Duck. Retrieved 5 January 2018. 
  158. ^ "That's Entertainment! The Ultimate Anthology of M-G-M Musicals [Rhino Box Set]". AllMusic. Retrieved 5 January 2018. 
  159. ^ "The Frank Sinatra Duets". Rate Your Music. Retrieved 5 January 2018. 

Bibliography

External links

  • Official website at Archive.is (archived January 4, 2013)
  • Yvonne De Carlo on IMDb
  • 95961 Yvonne De Carlo at the Internet Broadway Database
  • "Lamp Of Memory" (Video clip). Soundie. 1944. Retrieved Sep 16, 2016.  "Prelinger Archive". 

Obituaries:

  • "Yvonne De Carlo, Who Played Lily on 'The Munsters,' Dies at 84". NY Times. Obituary. Jan 11, 2007. Retrieved Sep 16, 2016. 
  • "Munsters' Television Star Yvonne de Carlo Dies at 84". Press release. Media Newswire. Jan 11, 2007. Retrieved Sep 16, 2016. 
  • "Yvonne de Carlo". The Daily Telegraph. Obituary. London, UK. Jan 12, 2007. Archived from the original on February 13, 2009. 
  • "Yvonne De Carlo". Virtual History. Retrieved Sep 16, 2016. 
  • Yvonne De Carlo at Find a Grave
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