Yuzuru Hanyu

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Yuzuru Hanyu
Yuzuru Hanyu-Sochi 2014.jpg
Yuzuru Hanyu at the 2014 Winter Olympics
Personal information
Native name 羽生結弦[1]
Country represented  Japan
Born (1994-12-07) December 7, 1994 (age 23)
Sendai, Miyagi, Japan
Home town Sendai
Residence Sendai
Height 172 cm (5 ft 8 in) [2]
Coach Brian Orser
Tracy Wilson
Former coach Nanami Abe
Shoichiro Tsuzuki
Choreographer Jeffrey Buttle
Shae-Lynn Bourne
David Wilson
Former choreographer Kenji Miyamoto
Kurt Browning
Nanami Abe
Skating club ANA Minato Tokyo
Toronto Cricket, Skating and Curling Club
Former skating club Miyagi FSC
Training locations Toronto
Sendai
Began skating 1998
World standing 1 (As of 8 May 2017)[3]
Season's bests 1 (2016–17)[4]
1 (2015–16)[5]
2 (2014–15)[6]
2 (2013–14)[7]
5 (2012–13)[8]
4 (2011–12)[9]
10 (2010–11)[10]
21 (2009–10)[11]
ISU personal best scores
Combined total 330.43 (WR)
2015–16 Grand Prix Final
Short program 112.72 (WR)
2017 CS Autumn Classic International
Free skate 223.20 (WR)
2017 World Championships
Japanese name
Kanji 羽生 結弦
Hiragana はにゅう ゆづる

Yuzuru Hanyu (羽生結弦, Hanyū Yuzuru, born 7 December 1994) is a Japanese figure skater who competes in the men's singles discipline. He is the 2014 Olympic champion, a two-time World champion (2014, 2017), a four-time Grand Prix Final champion (2013–2016), a three-time Four Continents silver medalist (2011, 2013, 2017), the 2010 World Junior champion, the 2009–10 Junior Grand Prix Final champion, and a four-time Japanese national champion (2012–2015). He has also medaled at three other World Championships, taking bronze in 2012, and silver in 2015 and 2016.

Hanyu has broken world records twelve times, and currently holds the world records for the highest short program, free skating, and combined total scores.[12][13][14] He is the first man to have broken the 100-point barrier in the men's short program, the 200-point barrier in the men's free skating, and the 300-point barrier in the combined total score, as well as being the first Asian figure skater competing in men's singles to win the Olympic gold. At the age of nineteen, he was the youngest male skater to win the Olympic title since Dick Button in 1948. At the 2015–2016 Grand Prix Final, he broke the record for the largest victory margin, with 37.48 points.[15] At the 2016 CS Autumn Classic International, Hanyu became the first skater in history to successfully land a quadruple loop in competition.[16] He is the first men's singles skater from Asia to win multiple World Championships. He also became the first skater to complete three quadruple jumps in the second half of a free skating program, at the 2017 World Team Trophy.

Personal life

Hanyu was born and raised in Sendai, and has an older sister named Saya.[17][18] His name means a bowstring which is pulled tight, symbolizing confidence, strength, and straightness. His father named him, wishing him to be as hardworking and with strong mind. His parents wanted him to live a simple life, but be dignified, powerful and graceful.[19]

Hanyu has asthma.[18] He attended Tohoku High School, where famous Japanese figure skaters Takeshi Honda and Shizuka Arakawa also attended.[18] His house was damaged by the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami, but remained habitable.[18] He is currently a student at Waseda University,[20] studying human informatics and cognitive sciences.

Hanyu is fond of Winnie the Pooh, and is frequently given stuffed Poohs as gifts by spectators after finishing his programs.[21]

Career

Early career

Hanyu began skating at the age of four, following his older sister to the rink.[18][22] His figure skating idol growing up was Evgeni Plushenko.[1] He first competed nationally as a novice skater in the 2004–05 season; he skated at the 2004 Japan Novice Championships in the Novice B category, which is the lower of the two categories at the novice level, and won the gold medal in this competition.[23] His home rink then closed due to financial problems, reducing his training time.[22] Nanami Abe became his coach around that time.[22] In the 2006–07 season, Hanyu competed at the 2006 Japan Novice Championships in the Novice A category and won the bronze medal.[24] This placement earned him an invitation to compete at the 2006–07 Japan Junior Championships, where he placed 7th.[25]

Hanyu's home rink reopened in 2007.[22] He competed at the 2007 Japan Novice Championships in the Novice A category and won the event.[26] He was invited to compete in the 2007–08 Japan Junior Championships, where he won the bronze medal.[27]

2008–09 season: Junior international debut

Hanyu moved up to the junior level and debuted at the ISU Junior Grand Prix. He placed 6th in the short program and 4th in the free skating to finish 5th overall at the event in Merano, Italy.[28] Following his Junior Grand Prix event, Hanyu placed 4th in the short program with 57.25 points and 1st in his free skating with 124.92 points, giving him a total of 182.17 points to win the gold medal overall at the 2008–09 Japan Junior Championships.[29] He is the youngest male skater to win Japan Junior Championship, at the age of 13. This competition served both as the junior national championships and the World Junior Championships qualifier, so Hanyu was also qualified by this placement for the 2009 World Junior Championships.

The medal also earned him an invitation to compete on the senior level at the 2008–09 Japan Championships, where he placed 8th.[30] At the 2009 World Junior Championships in February, Hanyu placed 11th in the short program with 58.18 points and 13th in his free skating with 103.59 points, giving him a total of 161.77 points to finish 12th overall.[31]

2009–10 season

In the 2009–10 season, Hanyu won both of his Junior Grand Prix events, in Croatia and Poland, and finished as the top qualifier for the Junior Grand Final. At the 2009–10 Japan Junior Championships, he won the short program and placed 2nd in the free skating to win the title overall.[32] This earned Hanyu an invitation to compete on the senior level at the 2009–10 Japan Championships. He then competed at and won the 2009–10 Junior Grand Prix Final, achieving a new personal best score.[33] At the 2009–10 Japan Junior Championships, he placed first on the junior level. He also competed at the senior level, where he came in sixth. Based on his results, Hanyu was chosen to compete at the 2010 World Junior Championships. He won the competition after placing third in the short program and first in the free skating to earn a new personal best of 216.10 points, and became the fourth, and the youngest, Japanese man to win the junior world title.[34]

2010–11 season: Senior international debut

For the 2010–11 season, Hanyu moved up to the senior level at the age of 15. His assignments for the 2010–11 Grand Prix series were the 2010 NHK Trophy and the 2010 Cup of Russia.[35] In his senior debut at the 2010 NHK Trophy, Hanyu placed 5th in the short program with 69.31 points; in his free skating, he landed his first quadruple toe loop jump in an ISU competition and came in 4th with 138.41 points, giving him a total of 207.72 points to finish 4th overall.[36] Hanyu finished in seventh place at the Cup of Russia.[37] At the 2010–11 Japan Championships, Hanyu was in second place after the short program, but faltered in the free skating and finished fourth overall. As the result, he was selected to compete at the 2011 Four Continents Championships, where he won the silver medal with a new personal best score.[38]

Hanyu was skating at his home rink in Sendai when the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami struck his hometown and the region. Water pipes under the ice at his home rink burst as a result of the April 2011 Miyagi earthquake.[39][40] He trained in Yokohama and Hachinohe, Aomori until his home rink reopened on July 24, 2011.[18][39][41] He also skated in 60 ice shows, using them as an opportunity to train.[22] In April, he and other skaters took part in an ice show to raise money for the victims.[18][41]

2011–12 season

Hanyu performing a Biellmann spin at the 2011 Cup of China

Hanyu began the 2011–12 season with a win at the Nebelhorn Trophy. He placed first in both the short program and the free skating, for a combined total score of 226.26 points.[42] For the 2011–12 Grand Prix series, he was assigned to the 2011 Cup of China and the 2011 Rostelecom Cup.[43] He finished 4th at the Cup of China,[44] then won the Rostelecom Cup with a new personal best score[45] to qualify for his first senior Grand Prix Final, where he placed fourth.[46]

Hanyu then won the bronze medal at the 2011–12 Japan Championships, earning a spot on the Japanese team for the 2012 World Championships. In his senior Worlds debut, Hanyu was seventh in the short program but placed second in the free skating. He won the bronze medal overall with a total score of 251.06 points, behind gold medalist Patrick Chan of Canada and silver medalist, his teammate, Daisuke Takahashi of Japan.[47]

In April 2012, Hanyu switched coaches to Brian Orser in Toronto, Canada.[48][49] It was reported he would make frequent trips to Toronto and continue to attend high school in Sendai.[48] After moving to Canada, Hanyu increased his on-ice training to 3–4 hours a day, up from 1–2 hours which had been due to a combination of limited ice time in Sendai, schooling, and asthma.[18][22]

2012–13 season

Hanyu began his season at the 2012 Finlandia Trophy, where he won the gold medal. He landed two quadruple jumps, a quad toe loop and a quad salchow, in his free skating; it was the first time he had a landed the latter jump in competition.[49][50] Hanyu won the silver medal at his first Grand Prix event of the season, the 2012 Skate America. His short program score at Skate America, 95.07 points, was a new world record.[12][51] At his second event, the 2012 NHK Trophy, he scored 95.32 in the short program, beating his own world record,[52][53] and went on to win the gold medal in his hometown.[54][55] Hanyu qualified for the 2012–13 Grand Prix Final in Sochi, where he finished second.[56]

In December 2012, Hanyu claimed his first national title at the 2012–13 Japan Championships after placing first in the short program and second in the free skating.[57] He took silver at the 2013 Four Continents Championships, having placed first in the short program and third in the free skating.[58] At the 2013 World Championships, he was ninth in the short program and third in the free skating, finishing fourth overall.[59]

2013–14 season: Olympic and world titles

Hanyu with Mao Asada at the 2013–14 Grand Prix Final Banquet

Hanyu began his season at the 2013 Finlandia Trophy, where he won the gold medal after placing first in both the short program and free skating.[60] He won silver in both of his 2013–14 Grand Prix events, the 2013 Skate Canada International and 2013 Trophée Eric Bompard, qualifying him for the 2013–14 Grand Prix Final. At the Grand Prix Final in Fukuoka, Hanyu placed first in the short program with 99.84 points and set a new world record.[12] He also won the free skating with a personal best of 193.41 despite falling on the quadruple Salchow and won the title with a total score of 293.25 points.[61]

In December 2013, Hanyu competed at the 2013–14 Japan Championships where he went on to win a second Japanese national title after placing first in both programs. He earned 103.10 points in the short program and 194.70 in the free skating.[62] He was subsequently named in Japan's teams to the Olympics and World Championships.

At the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi, Hanyu competed for Team Japan at the Figure Skating Team Event. He took part only in the men's short program, where he scored 97.98 points, winning that segment of the event and giving Team Japan 10 points.[63] They finished 5th at the end of the competition.

Hanyu broke his own world record in the men's short program individual event, scoring 101.45 points. He is the first skater to score over 100 in the short program.[64] Hanyu obtained 178.64 points in the free skating and won the first Olympic gold medal for Japan in men's figure skating event, and only the second for the nation, his following Shizuka Arakawa's gold medal in the women's event in 2006 in Turin. His win also marked the first time any Asian country has won gold in the men's event. He is the youngest winner of the Olympic men's title since American Dick Button in 1948.[65][66][67] Hanyu was also the only Japanese athlete to win gold in Sochi.[68] After winning the gold medal, he returned to Sendai, where a parade attended by 92,000 people was held in celebration.[69]

Hanyu completed the season with a victory at the 2014 World Championships in Saitama, Japan. Following a fall in a Quad toe loop in the short program, Hanyu sat in 3rd place coming into the final with a score of 91.24, 6.97 points behind compatriot Tatsuki Machida. He came back with a free skating earning 191.35 points to win that segment of the competition and claiming his first World title scoring 282.59 points overall. His total score was 0.33 points ahead of silver medalist Machida.[70]

Hanyu became the first skater since Alexei Yagudin (in 2002) to win the Olympics, World Championships, and Grand Prix Final in the same season.[71] His free skating costume was designed by American figure skater Johnny Weir.[72]

2014–15 season

Hanyu withdrew from the 2014 Finlandia Trophy due to back injury.[73][74] For the 2014–15 Grand Prix season, he was selected to compete at the 2014 Cup of China and 2014 NHK Trophy.[75] At the Cup of China, Hanyu was second in the short program.[74] The next day, during the free skating warm-up, Hanyu had a collision with China's Yan Han. Hanyu was visibly injured, but decided to compete. He fell five times in the free skating, but scored second and won the silver medal. After the competition, he received stitches on his head and chin.[76][77][78] He flew to Japan for further treatment. He had bruising to his chin and head, hurt his midriff and left thigh, and sprained his right ankle.[79][80][81][82] A few days before the NHK Trophy, he announced that he will compete but stated that he wasn't in top form.[83][84] He struggled in the short program, placing fifth.[85][86] The next day, he continued to have difficulties but placed third in the free skating, fourth overall. The score just barely, by a 0.15 point margin, earned him a spot to the Grand Prix Final.[87][88] At the Final, he was first in both the short program (94.08 points) and free skating (194.08 points, a new personal best score and the overall highest free skating score of the season),[89] earning the gold medal. His total score was 34.26 points higher than silver medalist Javier Fernández.[90]

In December 2014, Hanyu competed in the 2014–15 Japan Championships. He placed first in both the short program and free skating with a total score of 286.86 points, earning him his third consecutive Japan National Championships title and the first spot for Japan at the 2015 World Championships.[91] He withdrew from the gala following the competition due to abdominal pain.[92] Hanyu was diagnosed with a bladder problem related to the urachus and had surgery. He was hospitalized for two weeks, and was expected to resume training a month afterwards. But in the middle of February, he sprained his right ankle and once again, suspended on-ice training for two weeks. In March, his training restarted in Japan without his coach, Brian Orser.[93]

He competed at the 2015 World Championships, where he scored a season's best in the short program. He entered as 1st into the free skating, and scored 175.88, for a total of 271.08. He finished second behind Spain's Javier Fernández by less than 3 points, and over bronze medalist Denis Ten.[94]

He competed for the first time at the 2015 World Team Trophy, in Tokyo, Japan. He scored first on both the short program (with a new season's best) and the free skating, receiving 24 points to help Team Japan win the bronze medal, behind Team USA and Team Russia. He was the only skater to win both segments in that competition.[95]

2015–16 season: Breaking world records

For the 2015–16 season, Hanyu decided to skate to a Japanese theme for his free skate, with music from the film soundtrack of Onmyoji where he would try portraying 10th century Natural Philosopher and Astrologer, Abe no Seimei.[96] He also met up with Mansai Nomura, the actor who portrayed Seimei in the film to get advice on how to portray him.[97]

Hanyu started his season by winning gold at 2015 Skate Canada Autumn Classic, finishing 36 points ahead of silver medalist, Nam Nguyen.[98] For the 2015–16 Grand Prix series, Hanyu was selected to compete at Skate Canada and NHK Trophy.[99]

At 2015 Skate Canada International, he placed sixth in the short program with the score of 73.25 points after invalidating his popped quadruple toe loop into a double and breaking the Zayak Rule by executing a triple lutz-double toe loop instead of a planned triple lutz-triple toe loop.[100] In the free skate, he pulled up to second with a score of 186.29, after executing three quadruple jumps including the quadruple Salchow and toe loop in the first half, and quadruple toe loop-double toe loop in the second.[101] He finished second overall behind Patrick Chan and above Daisuke Murakami with a total score of 259.54.[102][103]

At the 2015 NHK Trophy, Hanyu placed first in the short program with a world record score of 106.33.[104] He cleanly executed a quadruple Salchow, a quadruple toe loop-triple toe loop combination, and a triple Axel.[105] In the free skating, Hanyu landed three clean quadruple jumps, two clean triple Axels, and five clean triple jumps to receive 216.07 and combined total of 322.40, breaking both world records. With this result, he qualified for the Grand Prix Final in second place with 28 ranking points.[106][107]

At the 2015–16 Grand Prix Final in Barcelona, Hanyu broke his short program record, totaling a score of 110.95 points. He landed a clean quadruple Salchow, a quadruple toe loop-triple toe loop combination and a triple Axel, puttting him in the lead, 19.43 points ahead of Javier Fernandez.[108][109] In the free skate, Hanyu broke his record, scoring 219.48 points, giving him a combined total of 330.43, which was also a new world record, and his third Grand Prix Final title in a row. Hanyu is the first man to have won Grand Prix Final for three consecutive seasons.[110] He won with a margin of 37.48 points, breaking the previous record held by Evgeni Plushenko in 2004, where he had a 35.1 point victory margin.

On December 26, 2015, Hanyu won his fourth consecutive title at the 2015–16 Japan Championships, leading in both the short program and the free skating.[111] Following that event, Hanyu announced that he would not compete at the 2016 Four Continents Championships because he planned to focus on training for the 2016 World Championships.[112]

At the 2016 World Championships, Hanyu skated another clean short program, scoring 110.56 points. He won that segment of the competition and had a 12.04-point lead over second place Javier Fernández. In the free skate, Hanyu put a hand down on a quadruple Salchow, fell on a second attempt without putting it into combination, stepped out of a triple Axel, popped a triple Salchow into a double, and had another hand down on the triple Lutz. He finished the competition in 2nd place, behind Javier Fernandez.[113][114]

On April 26, the Japan Skating Federation announced that Hanyu will be taking two months off the ice to heal from injury. He had been dealing with pain in his left foot since the beginning of the season, which got worse in January. The pain was the reason why Hanyu elected to do two quadruple Salchows at Worlds in his free skate, instead of two quadruple toe loops. Hanyu was diagnosed with Lisfranc ligament damage in his left foot.[115][116]

2016–17 season: Second world title

Hanyu and fellow Japanese figure skater Shoma Uno at the 2017 World Championships.

For the 2016–17 Grand Prix, Hanyu's assignments were Skate Canada and NHK Trophy. His short program music is "Let's Go Crazy" by Prince and the free skating music is from "Asian Dream Song" & "View of Silence" by Joe Hisaishi, with the program's name titled as "Hope and Legacy".

Hanyu competed at the Autumn Classic International, where he won the gold medal and became the first skater in history to successfully land a quadruple Loop in competition.[117][118]

At the 2016 Skate Canada, he placed fourth in the short program, after landing his first jump on one knee, nearly putting his hand on the ice on a second and not doing a combination.[119] In the free skating, he pulled up to first with a score of 183.41. Overall he finished second behind Patrick Chan, and ahead of Kevin Reynolds.

Following this, at the NHK Trophy, Hanyu scored 103.89 in the short program after landing the quadruple Salchow-triple toe combination, triple Axel and a quadruple loop, which he stepped out of. Hanyu led this segment of the competition by almost 16 points over Nathan Chen. In his free skate, Hanyu landed three quadruple jumps: loop, Salchow and a toe loop, but missed the second quad Salchow and popped a planned triple Salchow in combination into a double. He broke the three-hundred barrier again, scoring 301.47 and winning the gold medal.[120]

At the 2016–17 Grand Prix Final in Marseille, Hanyu placed first in the short program with of 106.53 points. He landed a quadruple loop with negative GOE, a quadruple Salchow-triple toe loop combination and triple Axel. On the free skating, Hanyu started strong with clean quadruple loop, followed by an quadruple Salchow, but fell on the second quadruple Salchow attempt, had an unsecure landing on a quadruple toe loop, and popped his final triple Lutz into a single. He was came third in the free skate segment of the competition, but finished first overall and became the first man to win four consecutive Grand Prix finals.[121]

After developing the flu, Hanyu withdrew from the Japanese National Championships.[122] Despite this, he was selected to compete at the 2017 Four Continents Championships and 2017 World Championships.

At the 2017 Four Continents Championships, Hanyu placed third in the short program with a score of 97.04 points, due to popping his quadruple Salchow-triple toe loop combination to a double Salchow-triple toe loop combination.[123] He finished the short program 6 points behind Nathan Chen who placed first, and around 3.5 points behind Shoma Uno, who was second. During his free skating, he started strong with a quadruple loop and a quadruple Salchow, followed by a triple flip, but then popped his second quadruple Salchow-triple toe loop combination attempt to a double Salchow-half loop. Hanyu then improvised his layout for the second half of his program, changing a planned triple Axel-double toe to a triple Axel-triple toe combination, a planned triple Axel-half loop-triple Salchow combination to a quadruple toe loop-double toe loop combination and performed a triple Axel as his last jumping pass, in place of a planned triple Lutz. He placed first in the free skate with a score of 206.67, but overall finished second behind Nathan Chen by about four points.

At the 2017 World Championships Hanyu was fifth after the short program after an invalidating the second part of his quadruple Salchow-double toe loop combination and receiving a time deduction. In the free skate, Hanyu landed all of his jumps cleanly with high grades of execution, including two triple Axels and four quadruple jumps, as well as executing level four footwork and spins. He scored 223.20 in the free skate and set a new world record and personal best, finishing the competition with 321.59 points in first place, winning his second World title.[124] Second was Japan's Shoma Uno (319.31), while China's Boyang Jin (303.58) took bronze.[125]

At the 2017 World Team Trophy Hanyu came in seventh place in the men's short program. He popped his quadruple loop to a single loop and invalidated the element, as well as putting his hand down on a quadruple Salchow and failing to perform a combination.[126] In his free skating Hanyu placed first after receiving 200.49 points for a routine that featured four quadruple jumps, three with positive grades of execution. He performed three of his quads in the second half of the program including a quadruple toe loop-half loop-triple Salchow combination. However, he singled a planned quadruple Salchow and also singled a triple Axel attempt.[126][127] Overall he added 18 points to the team score, and took gold with Team Japan.

2017–18 season: Olympic season

For the 2017–18 season, Hanyu returned to Chopin’s “Ballade No. 1” for his short program, the same music he used two seasons ago for his world record breaking short program. He also decided to repeat his free skate to the soundtrack from the film “Onmyoji”, with an upgraded layout compared to the one he performed in the 2015-16 season.[128]

His assignments for the 2017–18 Grand Prix series were the 2017 Rostelecom Cup and the 2017 NHK Trophy.[129]

At his first competition of the season, Skate Canada Autumn Classic International, he received 112.72 points for his short program. Hanyu cleanly executed the quadruple Salchow, the triple Axel and the quadruple toe loop-triple toe loop combination, breaking the world record he had set previously at the 2015-16 Grand Prix Final (110.95). He received full grade of execution on his quadruple Salchow, his triple Axel and his change foot sit spin. Due to a pain in his right knee, he elected to not perform a quadruple loop in this competition.[130] During the free skate, Hanyu popped his opening jump into a single Lutz and uncharacteristically fell on a triple Axel. He also popped three planned jumps into doubles and landed forward on a quadruple toe loop attempt, receiving a downgrade. He got scored 155.52 points, and won the silver medal overall behind Fernández.[131]

At the 2017 Rostelecom Cup Hanyu was second after the short program. He under-rotated his opening quadruple loop jump and slightly lost balance after a poor landing. He also fell after his final jump, a quadruple toe loop-triple toe loop combination.[132][133] The next day, Hanyu landed his first quadruple Lutz in competition and received +1.14 GOE for the jumping pass. He then popped his quadruple loop jump into a triple, and his quadruple toe loop jump into a double. His performance pulled him to first in the free, with a score of 195.92. Overall, he finished second behind Nathan Chen by around three points.

Hanyu injured a lateral ligament in his right ankle while practicing the quadruple Lutz on November 9, 2017. As a result, he decided to withdraw from the 2017 NHK Trophy, which automatically prevented him from competing for his fifth consecutive Grand Prix Final title.[134][135][136] Due to his recovery taking longer than expected, Hanyu withdrew from the 2017 Japanese National Championships. Despite missing the event serving as an Olympic qualifier for Japanese skaters, he would be assured of a spot on the Olympic team, given his top world standing and position as the reigning world champion.[137]

On December 24, 2017 it was announced Hanyu would represent Japan at the 2018 Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang, South Korea and the 2018 World Figure Skating Championships in Milan, Italy.[138][139]

Skating technique

His skating techniques include the Biellmann spin and the doughnut spin. Both are known for their difficulty, for male skaters especially, due to the flexibility required.[1][140] Other signature moves include the layback Ina Bauer, hydroblading and side lunge.[89] His jumps are praised for their precision, flow and extraordinary ice coverage.[141] Hanyu is known for his difficult triple Axel entries,[142] usually from a back counter or spread eagle.[143] He stated his preference for edge jumps, and notably featured all three edge jumps in his short program for the 2016-17 season.[144] Hanyu is credited as the first figure skater to succeed in a quadruple loop in a ISU sanctioned competition in September 2016.[145] Currently, Hanyu is able to execute four different types of quadruple jumps during competitions, with the newest being quadruple lutz which he landed during 2017 Rostelecom Cup.[146]

Coaches and choreographers

Hanyu with coach Brian Orser in 2015

Before the 2011–12 season, most of Hanyu's career was guided by Nanami Abe in Sendai.[48] However, after winning bronze at the 2012 World Figure Skating Championships, Hanyu switched coaches to Brian Orser, who is known for guiding Kim Yuna to gold in the 2010 Winter Olympics. In switching, Hanyu continued to go to high school in Sendai, but also made frequent trips to Toronto Cricket, Skating and Curling club, where Orser works as a skating instructor.[147] Hidehito Ito, the figure skating director at the Japanese Skating Federation, said the change was necessary to "challenge" Hanyu and "raise the level [of his skating] more".[48]

In Hanyu's junior career, all of his programs were choreographed by Nanami Abe.[148] Starting from his 2012-2013 season, his programs were choreographed by others, such as David Wilson[149], Shae-Lynn Bourne[150], and Jeffrey Buttle[151] . Choreographers for his exhibitions include Kurt Browning, Kenji Miyamoto, and former coach Nanami Abe as well.[150]

Public life

Hanyu in an interview during 2012 NHK Trophy

Hanyu has appeared in a number of commercials and advertising campaigns. From December 2013, Hanyu, alongside fellow Japanese figure skater Daisuke Takahashi, became the 2014 Sochi Winter Olympics campaign ambassador for P&G's global "Proud sponsor of moms" campaign.[152] From February 8 to 23, 2014, Hanyu endorsed All Nippon Airways' new line of flight attendant outfits, which were designed by Prabal Gurung.[153]

On September 2, 2014, Hanyu endorsed Lotte's Ghana milk chocolates with Mao Asada, singer Airi Matsui, and actresses Suzu Hirose and Tao Tsuchiya, as well as XYLITOL whites.[154][155][156] Later that month, he starred in a TV commercial for Capcom's new video game "Monster Hunter 4G".[157] In October 2014, Hanyu also endorsed sport nutritional products Amino Vital as well as Bathclin in February 2015.[158] Since December 13, 2014, Hanyu has partnered up with Phiten for their line of RAKUWA nylon coated necklace models.[159][160][161] He also signed an endorsement contract with Nishikawa Sangyo co. since March 2015.[162] For Olympic Day 2015, Hanyu appeared in its promotional video as a boxer.[163] He became the spokesperson for the Red Cross' Hatachi blood donation campaign, where he starred in the promotional video with patients.[164] On December 31, 2015, Hanyu served as a judge on Japan's popular New Year's Eve music show, Kōhaku Uta Gassen.[112]

Since the 2011 Japan earthquake and tsunami, Hanyu has been an active spokesperson and supporter for various campaigns to help the earthquake victims, as he himself was directly affected by the disaster.[18] Shortly after the disaster, he and other skaters skated ice shows to raise money for the victims, raising a total of more than $150,000. He also sold his personal belongings at the show, fundraising an additional ¥2,954,323 ($35,387).[18] His autobiography, Blue Flames, was published in Japan in April 2012, with the royalties and part of the proceeds going to the Sendai ice rink, which was rendered unusable after the disaster.[22] It was revealed, in 2017, that a total of ¥11,638,660 was donated to Sendai ice rink from the royalties of Blue Flames.[165] His second autobiography, Blue Flames II, was released in 2016. Like its predecessor, the royalties went to Sendai ice rink for its reconstruction. A total of ¥13,674,115 from Blue Flames II 's royalties was donated.[166] In 2014, Hanyu held a one night ice show, which was broadcast on 24Hour TV, to bring in donations.[167] Since February 2015, he is the spokesperson for reconstruction efforts led by the Japanese Red Cross Society.[168] As part of his efforts, Hanyu also visited earthquake affected areas in Fukushima and Ishinomaki, interviewing the victims as part of the 24Hour TV segment.[169][170] In July 2015, he and Hey! Say! JUMP member Yuri Chinen designed "CHARI-T-shirts" for 24Hour TV annual event under the slogan: "to connect ~ a smile beyond time~". The shirts were to be sold, with the profits given to charity.[171]

Hanyu's first DVD/Blu-ray album, Time of Awakening, was released on May 21, 2014,[172] selling 21,000 copies.[173] It was the first DVD from an athlete to top Oricon's DVD ranking since its establishment in 1999. The album also peaked at number 3 on the chart's Blu-ray ranking.[174] His first photo book, YUZURU, was released on October 4 of the same year, selling over 23,000 copies. It ranked first in Oricon's weekly charts for photos and sport-related categories, as well as second in the chart's general books category.[175] On September 25, 2015, Yuzuru Hanyu Goroku was released containing pictures and quotes by the athlete. The book topped Amazon's reservation sales rankings.[176][177] On December 18, 2015, NHK Enterprises released the DVD, Flowers bloom ON ICE, featuring behind-the-scenes and interviews with Shizuka Arakawa and Yuzuru Hanyu as they skate an ice show together to support reconstruction after the 2011 Japan earthquake.[178]

A survey conducted by The Japan News from mid-January through mid-February 2016 named Hanyu the second most popular athlete in Japan behind tennis player Kei Nishikori.[179]

Hanyu made his on-screen debut as Date Shigemura, a samurai lord, in the 2016 movie, The Magnificent Nine.[180][181]

Awards and honors

Japan Medals of Honor

Japanese Olympic Committee

  • JOC Sports Award- Newcomer Award (2009), Best Award (2013),[185] Special Achievement Award (2015)[186]

Japan Skating Federation

Media

Municipality

World records and achievements

Hanyu has broken world records 12 times in his career:

Combined total records [14]
Date Score Event Note
12 December 2015 330.43 2015-16 Grand Prix Final Current World record score.
Hanyu became the first and only male skater in history to score above 330 points.
28 November 2015 322.40 2015 NHK Trophy Hanyu broke Patrick Chan's record which had lasted since November 2013
and become the first male skater in history to score above 300 and 320 points.
Short program records [12]
Date Score Event Note
22 September 2017 112.72 2017 CS Autumn Classic International Current World record score.
10 December 2015 110.95 2015-16 Grand Prix Final Hanyu became the first and only male skater to score above 110 points.
27 November 2015 106.33 2015 NHK Trophy
13 February 2014 101.45 2014 Winter Olympics Hanyu became the first male skater in history to score above 100 points.
5 December 2013 99.84 2013-14 Grand Prix Final Hanyu broke Patrick Chan's record which had lasted since November 2013.
23 November 2012 95.32 2012 NHK Trophy
19 October 2012 95.07 2012 Skate America Hanyu broke Daisuke Takahashi's record which had lasted since April 2012.
Free skating records [13]
Date Score Event Note
1 April 2017 223.20 2017 World Championships Current World record score.
Hanyu became the first and only male skater in history to score above 220 points.
12 December 2015 219.48 2015-16 Grand Prix Final
28 November 2015 216.07 2015 NHK Trophy Hanyu broke Patrick Chan's record which had lasted since November 2013
and became the first male skater in history to score above 200 points.

Other notable achievements

  • The first Asian figure skater competing in men's singles to win the Olympic Gold, also the youngest to win the Olympic title (at the age of nineteen) since Dick Button in 1948.
  • The first skater from Asia to win the Grand Prix Final, Olympic, and World Championship titles in the same season (2013-14) and the only skater to do so since Alexei Yagudin (in 2002).
  • Holds the record for the largest victory margin at an Olympics, Worlds or Grand Prix Final (37.48 points, 2015–2016 Grand Prix Final)[15].
  • The first skater in history to successfully land a quadruple loop in competition[118].
  • The first and only singles skater in history to win 4 consecutive Grand Prix Final titles (2013-2016).
  • The first men's singles skater from Asia to win multiple World Championships.
  • The first skater to successfully land 3 quadruple jumps in the second half of a free skating program (2017 World Team Trophy)

Programs

Hanyu (center) on the podium at the 2014 Winter Olympics
Hanyu at the 2017 World Championships podium
Hanyu at the 2015 World Championships podium
Hanyu at the 2014 World Championships podium
Hanyu and his fellow medalists at the 2012 World Championships
Hanyu at the 2010 World Junior Championships medal ceremony
Season Short program Free skating Exhibition
2017–2018
[217]
2016–2017
[17][218]

Hope and Legacy:

2015–2016
[96][220][221][222]

  • Hana wa Saku
    by Fumiya Sashida
    choreo. by Nanami Abe

  • Requiem of Heaven and Earth
    (from Requiem for the Great East Japan Earthquake 3.11)
    by Yasunobu Matsuo
    choreo. by Kenji Miyamoto
2014–2015
[150]




  • The Final Time Traveler
    by Sarah Alainn
    choreo. by Kenji Miyamoto

  • Hana wa Saku
    by Fumiya Sashida
    choreo. by Nanami Abe
2013–2014
[149][223]



  • Story
    by AI
    choreo. by Kenji Miyamoto


2012–2013
[22][224]
  • Parisienne Walkways
    by Gary Moore
    choreo. by Jeffrey Buttle

2011–2012
[148]

2010–2011
[225]
2009–2010
[226]
2008–2009
[227]
  • Bolero
    (from Moulin Rouge!)
    by Steve Sharples
    choreo. by Nanami Abe
  • Change
    by Monkey Majik + Yoshida Brothers
2007–2008
2006–2007
  • Storm
  • Kismet
    by Bond
    choreo. by Nanami Abe

Competitive highlights

Hanyu at the 2013–14 Grand Prix Final podium
Hanyu at the 2012 NHK Trophy
Hanyu and his fellow medalists at the 2011 Four Continents Championships

GP: Grand Prix; CS: Challenger Series; JGP: Junior Grand Prix

2008–present

International[228]
Event 08–09 09–10 10–11 11–12 12–13 13–14 14–15 15–16 16–17 17–18
Olympics 1st TBD
Worlds 3rd 4th 1st 2nd 2nd 1st TBD
Four Continents 2nd 2nd 2nd
GP Final 4th 2nd 1st 1st 1st 1st
GP Bompard 2nd
GP Cup of China 4th 2nd
GP NHK Trophy 4th 1st 4th 1st 1st WD
GP Rostelecom 7th 1st 2nd
GP Skate America 2nd
GP Skate Canada 2nd 2nd 2nd
CS Autumn Classic 1st 2nd
Finlandia 1st 1st
Nebelhorn 1st
Autumn Classic 1st
International: Junior[228]
Junior Worlds 12th 1st
JGP Final 1st
JGP Croatia 1st
JGP Italy 5th
JGP Poland 1st
National[2]
Japan Champ. 8th 6th 4th 3rd 1st 1st 1st 1st WD WD
Japan Junior 1st 1st
Team events
Olympics 5th T
1st P
World Team Trophy 3rd T
1st P
1st T
3rd P
TBD = Assigned, WD = Withdrew
T = Team result; P = Personal result; Medals awarded for team result only.

2004–2008

International
Event 2004–05 2005–06 2006–07 2007–08
Mladost Trophy 1st N.
Skate Copenhagen 1st N.
National
Japan Junior Champ. 7th 3rd
Japan Novice Champ. 1st B. 2nd B. 3rd A. 1st A.
Levels: N. = Novice; A. = Novice A; B. = Novice B

Detailed results

Small medals for short programs and free skating awarded only at ISU Championships.

  • ^team event – This is a team event; medals are awarded for the team results only.
    • ^T – team result
    • ^P – personal/individual result
  • World records highlighted in bold and italic[12]
Hanyu at the 2011 Cup of China
2017–18 season
Date Event SP FS Total
October 20-22, 2017 2017 Rostelecom Cup 2
94.85
1
195.92
2
290.77
September 20–23, 2017 2017 Autumn Classic International 1
112.72
5
155.52
2
268.24
2016–17 season
April 20–23, 2017 2017 World Team Trophy team event 7
83.51
1
200.49
1T (3P)
284.00
March 29 – April 2, 2017 2017 World Championships 5
98.39
1
223.20
1
321.59
February 14–19, 2017 2017 Four Continents Championships 3
97.04
1
206.67
2
303.71
December 7–11, 2016 2016–17 Grand Prix Final 1
106.53
3
187.37
1
293.90
November 25–27, 2016 2016 NHK Trophy 1
103.89
1
197.58
1
301.47
October 28–30, 2016 2016 Skate Canada International 4
79.65
1
183.41
2
263.06
Sept. 29 – Oct. 1, 2016 2016 Autumn Classic International 1
88.30
1
172.27
1
260.57
2015–16 season
Date Event SP FS Total
March 28 – April 3, 2016 2016 World Championships 1
110.56
2
184.61
2
295.17
December 24–27, 2015 2015–16 Japan Championships 1
102.63
1
183.73
1
286.36
December 10–13, 2015 2015–16 Grand Prix Final 1
110.95
1
219.48
1
330.43
November 27–29, 2015 2015 NHK Trophy 1
106.33
1
216.07
1
322.40
Oct. 30 – Nov. 1, 2015 2015 Skate Canada International 6
73.25
2
186.29
2
259.54
October 13–15, 2015 2015 Autumn Classic International 1
93.14
1
184.05
1
277.19
2014–15 season
Date Event SP FS Total
April 16–19, 2015 2015 World Team Trophy team event 1
96.27
1
192.31
3T (1P)
288.58
March 23–29, 2015 2015 World Championships 1
95.20
3
175.88
2
271.08
December 26–28, 2014 2014–15 Japan Championships 1
94.36
1
192.50
1
286.86
December 11–14, 2014 2014–15 Grand Prix Final 1
94.08
1
194.08
1
288.16
November 28–30, 2014 2014 NHK Trophy 5
78.01
3
151.79
4
229.80
November 7–9, 2014 2014 Cup of China 2
82.95
2
154.60
2
237.55
2013–14 season
Date Event SP FS Total
March 24–30, 2014 2014 World Championships 3
91.24
1
191.35
1
282.59
February 13–14, 2014 2014 Winter Olympics 1
101.45
1
178.64
1
280.09
February 6–9, 2014 2014 Winter Olympics team event 1
97.98
5T
December 20–23, 2013 2013–14 Japan Championships 1
103.10
1
194.70
1
297.80
December 5–8, 2013 2013–14 Grand Prix Final 1
99.84
1
193.41
1
293.25
November 15–17, 2013 2013 Trophée Éric Bompard 2
95.37
2
168.22
2
263.59
October 25–27, 2013 2013 Skate Canada International 3
80.40
2
154.40
2
234.80
October 4–6, 2013 2013 Finlandia Trophy 1
84.66
1
180.93
1
265.59
2012–13 season
Date Event SP FS Total
March 10–17, 2013 2013 World Championships 9
75.94
3
169.05
4
244.99
February 8–11, 2013 2013 Four Continents Championships 1
87.65
3
158.73
2
246.38
December 20–24, 2012 2012–13 Japan Championships 1
97.68
2
187.55
1
285.23
December 6–9, 2012 2012–13 Grand Prix Final 3
87.17
2
177.12
2
264.29
November 23–25, 2012 2012 NHK Trophy 1
95.32
1
165.71
1
261.03
October 19–21, 2012 2012 Skate America 1
95.07
3
148.67
2
243.74
October 4–7, 2012 2012 Finlandia Trophy 2
75.57
1
172.56
1
248.13
2011–12 season
Date Event SP FS Total
March 26 – April 1, 2012 2012 World Championships 7
77.07
2
173.99
3
251.06
December 22–26, 2011 2011–12 Japan Championships 4
74.32
1
167.59
3
241.91
December 8–11, 2011 2011–12 Grand Prix Final 4
79.33
3
166.49
4
245.82
November 25–27, 2011 2011 Rostelecom Cup 2
82.78
2
158.88
1
241.66
November 4–6, 2011 2011 Cup of China 2
81.37
4
145.16
4
226.53
September 21–24, 2011 2011 Nebelhorn Trophy 1
75.26
1
151.00
1
226.26
2010–11 season
Date Event SP FS Total
February 15–20, 2011 2011 Four Continents Championships 3
76.43
3
151.58
2
228.01
December 24–27, 2010 2010–11 Japan Championships 2
78.94
4
141.12
4
220.06
November 18–21, 2010 2010 Cup of Russia 6
70.24
6
132.42
7
202.66
October 21–24, 2010 2010 NHK Trophy 5
69.31
4
138.41
4
207.72
2009–10 season
Date Event Level SP FS Total
March 8–14, 2010 2010 World Junior Championships Junior 3
68.75
1
147.35
1
216.10
December 24–27, 2009 2009–10 Japan Championships Senior 13
57.99
5
137.23
6
195.22
December 3–6, 2009 2009–10 Junior Grand Prix Final Junior 3
69.85
1
136.92
1
206.77
November 22–23, 2009 2009–10 Japan Junior Championships Junior 1
76.00
2
118.15
1
194.15
October 7–11, 2009 2009 JGP Croatia Cup Junior 1
70.78
1
130.37
1
201.15
September 9–13, 2009 2009 JGP Toruń Cup Junior 1
66.77
1
131.88
1
198.65
2008–09 season
Date Event Level SP FS Total
February 23 – March 1, 2009 2009 World Junior Championships Junior 11
58.18
13
103.59
12
161.77
December 25–27, 2008 2008–09 Japan Championships Senior 8
64.50
5
117.15
8
181.65
November 23–24, 2008 2008–09 Japan Junior Championships Junior 4
57.25
1
124.92
1
182.17
September 3–7, 2008 2008 JGP Merano Cup Junior 6
51.06
4
95.62
5
146.68

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External links

  • Yuzuru Hanyu at the International Skating Union
  • Yuzuru Hanyu(Japanese)
  • Yuzuru Hanyu : All Nippon Airways's athlete(Japanese)
  • Mao Asada and Yuzuru Hanyu (JPN) on the road to Sochi Olympic Winter Games 2014-ISC on YouTube
World Records Holder
Preceded by
Japan Daisuke Takahashi
Canada Patrick Chan
Men's Short Program
19 October 2012 – 13 March 2013
5 December 2013 – present
Succeeded by
Canada Patrick Chan
Incumbent
Preceded by
Canada Patrick Chan
Men's Free Skating
28 November 2015 – present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by
Canada Patrick Chan
Men's Total Score
28 November 2015 – present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Yuzuru_Hanyu&oldid=820533207"
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