Yuri Ovchinnikov (biochemist)

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Yuri Anatolievich Ovchinnikov (Russian: Юрий Анатольевич Овчинников; 2 August 1934 – 17 February 1988) was a Soviet bioorganic chemist. He was the youngest vice president of the Soviet Academy of Sciences (1971-1988) and a member of the Central Committee of CPSU. He was a leading proponent of using molecular biology and genetics for creating new types of biological weapons.[1] Ovchinnikov was director of the Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry in Moscow.

He contributed to the field of biophysics and biochemistry through research in rhodopsin[2] and structural biology.[3]


  1. ^ Birstein, Vadim J. (2004), The Perversion Of Knowledge: The True Story of Soviet Science, Westview Press ISBN 0-8133-4280-5.
  2. ^ Ovchinnikov YuA, null; Abdulaev, N. G.; Zolotarev, A. S.; Artamonov, I. D.; Bespalov, I. A.; Dergachev, A. E.; Tsuda, M. (1988-05-09). "Octopus rhodopsin. Amino acid sequence deduced from cDNA". FEBS Letters. 232 (1): 69–72. doi:10.1016/0014-5793(88)80388-0. ISSN 0014-5793. PMID 3366250.
  3. ^ Ovchinnikov, Yu.A.; Lipkin, V.m.; Modyanov, N.n.; Chertov, O.Yu.; Smirnov, Yu.V. (1977-04-01). "Primary structure of α-subunit of DNA-dependent RNA polymerase from Escherichia coli". FEBS Letters. 76 (1): 108–111. doi:10.1016/0014-5793(77)80131-2. ISSN 1873-3468.

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