Yekusiel Yehuda Teitelbaum (I)

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Yekusiel Yehuda Teitelbaum
Sigeter Rebbe
Teie3.jpg
The headstones over the graves of Rabbi Yekusiel Yehuda Teitelbaum and his wife in Sighet
Term 1858–1883
Full name Yekusiel Yehuda Teitelbaum
Main work Yetev Lev
Buried Sighet
Predecessor Elozor Nison Teitelbaum
Successor Chananya Yom Tov Lipa Teitelbaum
Father Elozor Nison Teitelbaum
Wife Ruchl Ashkenazi
Children Avrohom Aharon
Chananya Yomtov Lipa
Moshe Yosef
Elya Btzalel
three daughters

Rabbi Yekusiel Yehuda Teitelbaum (1808–1883), known as the Yetev Lev (Hebrew: ייטב לב‎) pronounced Yitev Lev by many, based on the two Yuds of his initials),[1][2] was a Hasidic Rebbe in Austria-Hungary.

Early life and education

He was the son of Rabbi Elazar Nison Teitelbaum, rabbi of Drubitsh, who was the son of the Yismach Moshe (Moshe Teitelbaum).

Career

After his studies, Yekusiel Yehuda, also known by his Yiddish equivalent names as Zalman Leib, was appointed as the rabbi of Stropkov (1833). He moved to Ujhely (1841) and then to Drubitsh (1856). When the Jewish community in the city of Sighet, Hungary, was looking for a new rabbi, he was invited by the heads of the community[3] and was appointed to that post in 1858. He also served as a hasidic rebbe and became known as the rebbe of Siget.

Family life

Yekusiel Yehuda Tetelbaum married Ruchl, a daughter of Rabbi Moshe Dovid Ashkenazi of Toltsva and his wife. Their sons were Chananya Yomtov Lipa, author of Kedishas Yomtov, who succeeded his father in Siget; Avrohom Aharon, who became the rabbi of Kolbasov; Moshe Yosef, the rabbi of Ujhel; and Eliyohu Betsalel, rabbi of Tetsh (Tyachiv, Ukraine) (see: Tetsh (Hasidic dynasty)). Yekusiel and Ruchl Teitelbaum also had three daughters.

Among the descendants of Yekusiel and Ruchl was their grandson Rabbi Joel Teitelbaum, the rebbe of Satmar, who emigrated to the United States after the Holocaust.

Reb Boruch of Gorlitz, son of the Divrei Chaim of Sanz, married one of their daughters. A great-grandson of Teitelbaum's from that marriage was Rabbi Yekusiel Yehudah Halberstam of Klausenberg.

Teachings and published works

Yekusiel Yehuda was the author of Yetev Lev, a Hasidic commentary on the Torah, which he originally published anonymously; Yetev Ponim on the Jewish holidays, and the responsa Avnei Tsedek[4] and Rav Tuv.

Sources

Levi Grossman (1943). שם ושארית Shem uSheirith. Jerusalem. 

  1. ^ torah.stamtorah.info/2015/07/parshas-pinchas-5775.html
  2. ^ http://www.shemayisrael.co.il/parsha/jersey/archives/matos_masei60.htm
  3. ^ בית סיגט ואוהל. HebrewBooks.org (in Hebrew). Retrieved 2013-02-14. 
  4. ^ "Avnei Tzedek". HebrewBooks.org. Lvov. 1885. Retrieved 2013-02-14. 


Preceded by
Moshe Schonfeld
Chief Rabbi of Stropkov
1833–1841
Succeeded by
Chayim Yosef Gottlieb
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