Yanshi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Yanshi
偃师市
County-level city
Country China
Province Henan
Prefecture-level city Luoyang
Population (2003)
 • Total 830,000
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)

Yanshi (Chinese: 偃师; pinyin: Yǎnshī) is a county-level city administered by the prefecture-level city of Luoyang in western Henan province in the China. Yanshi lies on the Luo River.

Archaeological sites

There are two important archaeological sites in this area.

Erlitou site

The Erlitou culture (1900–1500 BC) was discovered in Yanshi in 1959.[1] Erlitou is the name of the modern village nearby; the traditional name of the settlement was Zhenxun (斟鄩, Zhēnxún).

Yanshi Shang City

In 1983, a walled city dating from 1600 BC was found 6 km (3.7 mi) north-east of the Erlitou site in Yanshi's Shixianggou Township.[1] This city, now known as Yanshi Shang City (偃师商城, Yǎnshī Shāngchéng), had an area of nearly 200 ha (490 acres) and featured pottery characteristic of the Erligang culture.[2] Some scholars—including the Xia–Shang–Zhou Chronology Project[2]—identify it with the first Shang dynasty capital, Western Bo (西亳, Xībó) which was traditionally credited to King Tang after his defeat of the Xia dynasty.[3]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Liu, Li; Xu, Hong (2007). "Rethinking Erlitou: legend, history and Chinese archaeology". Antiquity. 81 (314): 886–901. 
  2. ^ a b Lee, Yun Kuen (2002). "Building the chronology of early Chinese history". Asian Perspectives. 41 (1): 15–42. doi:10.1353/asi.2002.0006. 
  3. ^ Schinz, Alfred (1996). The magic square: cities in ancient China. Edition Axel Menges. ISBN 978-3-930698-02-8. 

Coordinates: 34°44′N 112°47′E / 34.733°N 112.783°E / 34.733; 112.783


Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Yanshi&oldid=827101446"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yanshi
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Yanshi"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA