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The Yankuntjatjarra, otherwise written Jangkundjara, are an indigenous Australian people of the state of South Australia.


Yankunytjatjara is a Western Desert language belonging to the Wati language family of the Pama-Nyungan languages.


According to the estimation of Norman Tindale, the Yankuntjatjarra's tribal lands covered approximately 22,000 square miles (57,000 km2). These lands took in the areas of the Musgrave Ranges, with their eastern frontier around the Everard Ranges[1]

Social organization

Yankuntjatjarra kinship terminology shares many common terms with the words for kinship in the Pintupi and Pitjantjatjara dialects.[2]

Alternative names

  • Jangkundjadjara
  • Jangundjara, Jankundjadjara, Jankunzazara,[3] Jankuntjatjara, Jankuntjatara, Jankundjindjara.[2]
  • Yankunjara, Yangundjadjara, Janggundjara,Jangwundjara. (typo)
  • Nankundjara (typo?)
  • Ankundjara
  • Everard Range Tribe
  • Alinjera. ('north')
  • Kaltjilandjara. (a Pitjantjatjara exonym, but referring to the most southwestern of the Yankuntjatjarra hordes).
  • Wirtjapakandja[1]



  1. ^ a b Tindale 1974, p. 212.
  2. ^ a b Fry 1934, p. 478.
  3. ^ Tindale & Hackett 1933, p. 102.


  • "Aboriginal South Australia". Government of South Australia.
  • "AIATSIS map of Indigenous Australia". AIATSIS.
  • Berndt, Ronald M. (December 1959). "The Concept of 'The Tribe' in the Western Desert of Australia". Oceania. 30 (2): 81–107. JSTOR 40329194.
  • Black, J. M (1915). "Language of the Everard Range tribes". Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia. Adelaide. 39: 732–735.
  • Black, J. M (1920). "Vocabularies of four South Australian languages, Adelaide, Narrunga, Kukata, and Narrinyeri, with special reference to their speech sounds". Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia. Adelaide. 44: 76–93.
  • Fry, M. K. (June 1934). "Kinship in Western Central Australia". Oceania. 4 (4): 472–478. JSTOR 27976165.
  • Helms, R. (1896). "Anthropology of the Elder Exploring Expedition. 1871-1872". Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia. Adelaide. 16: 237–332.
  • Tindale, Norman Barnett; Hackett, C. J. (September 1933). "Anthropological Expedition to the North-West of South Australia, 1933". Oceania. 4 (1): 99–105. JSTOR 40327448.
  • Tindale, Norman Barnett (1974). "Jangkundjara (SA)". Aboriginal Tribes of Australia: Their Terrain, Environmental Controls, Distribution, Limits, and Proper Names. Australian National University Press. ISBN 978-0-708-10741-6.
  • Wells, L. A. (1893). Journal of the Elder Scientific Expedition, 1891-1892. Adelaide.
  • White, S. A. (1916). In the far north-west; an expedition to the Musgrave and Everard Ranges. Adelaide: W.K. Thomas.
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