Xin dynasty

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Xin dynasty
新朝
9–23
Xin dynasty
Capital Chang'an
Government Monarchy
Emperor
 •  9-23 Wang Mang
History
 •  Wang Mang usurpation 10 January[1] 9
 •  Chang'an captured by Lülin 5 October[2] 23
Currency Chinese coin, gold, silver, tortoise shell, seashell
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Western Han dynasty
Eastern Han dynasty
Today part of  China
 Vietnam
 North Korea

The Xin dynasty (Chinese: 新朝; pinyin: Xīn Cháo; Wade–Giles: Hsin Ch'ao) was a Chinese dynasty (termed so despite having only one emperor) which lasted from 9 to 23 AD.[3] It interrupted the Han dynasty, dividing it into the periods of the Western Han and the Eastern Han.

The sole emperor of the Xin dynasty, Wang Mang, was the nephew of Grand Empress Dowager Wang Zhengjun. After the death of her step-grandson Emperor Ai in 1 BC, Wang Mang rose to power. After several years of cultivating a personality cult, he finally proclaimed himself emperor in 9 AD. However, while a creative scholar and politician, he was an incompetent ruler, and his capital Chang'an was besieged by peasant rebels in 23 AD. He died in the siege, and the Han dynasty was restored by descendants of the former imperial clan.

Personal name Portrait Period of reign Era names and dates
Wang Mang 9–23 AD

Shijianguo (始建國 Shǐ Jìan Guó, "Start to establish a nation") 9–13 AD
Tianfeng (天鳳 Tīan Fèng, "Heavenly Feng") 14–19 AD
Dihuang (地皇 Dì Huáng, "Earthly Emperor") 20–23 AD

Notes

  1. ^ Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 36.
  2. ^ Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 39.
  3. ^ Perkins, Dorothy (2013-11-19). Encyclopedia of China: History and Culture. Routledge. ISBN 9781135935627. 

References

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