XI Corps (United States)

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XI Corps
US XI Corps SSI.svg
Shoulder sleeve insignia of XI Corps
Active 1942-45
Country United States United States
Branch  United States Army
Engagements World War II
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Charles P. Hall
U.S. Corps (1939–present)
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XI Corps was a corps of the United States Army in World War II.

History

XI Corps was constituted in the Organized Reserves as XI Army Corps on 29 July 1921.

World War II

The XI Army Corps was activated on 15 June 1942 at Chicago, Illinois and was redesignated XI Corps on 19 August 1942. On 20 October 1942 Major General (later Lieutenant General) Charles P. Hall assumed command of the Corps. General Hall commanded the Corps until its disbandment. [1]

XI Corps embarked for the Pacific Theater in March 1944 and was assigned to the Alamo Force after arriving at Finschhafen, New Guinea.

After service in New Guinea, XI Corps participated in the liberation of the Philippines and fought in Luzon, and the Southern Philippines. In the Philippines the Corps was under the Eighth United States Army commanded by Lieutenant General (later General) Robert L. Eichelberger.

In the Philippines, XI Corps' subordinate units included the following:

After the Japanese surrender on 2 September 1945, the Corps moved to occupation duty in and around Yokohama, Japan. It was disbanded on 11 March 1946 at Mito, Japan[disambiguation needed]. [1]

A unit history named Paradise Parade was published by the XI Corps Public Relations Office in 1945. [1]

Campaign credit

  • New Guinea
  • Luzon
  • Southern Philippines

References

  1. ^ a b c The Army Almanac. The Stackpole Company. 2nd Ed. 1959. pg. 647.
  • Weigley, Russell F. (1981). Eisenhower's Lieutenants. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. ISBN 0-253-13333-5.
  • Williams, Mary H., compiler (1958). US Army in World War II, Chronology 1941–1945. Washington D.C.: Government Printing Office.
  • Wilson, John B., compiler (1999). Armies, Corps, Divisions, and Separate Brigades. Washington D.C.: Government Printing Office. ISBN 0-16-049994-1.
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