Sistema Público de Radiodifusión del Estado Mexicano

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The Sistema Público de Radiodifusión del Estado Mexicano (SPR, English: Mexican State Public Broadcasting System), known as Organismo Promotor de Medios Audiovisuales (OPMA, English: Broadcast Media Promotion Organization) until 2014, is an independent Mexican government agency. Its mission is to support the development of public television in the country and increase its national reach; it carries this goal out through ownership of a nationwide network of transmitters and the operation of its own public television channel, Canal Catorce. The agency was established by a decree published on March 31, 2010.

History

By 2010, two major public television stations existed in Mexico: the Instituto Politécnico Nacional's Canal Once, Conaculta's Canal 22. In addition, the low-powered test signal XHUNAM-TDT channel 20 and the teveunam pay TV network, owned by the largest public university in Mexico, UNAM, had been in operation since 2000 and 2005, respectively. However, not all of these stations, especially Canal 22 and teveunam, had national coverage outside of pay television services. None of them had a general national reach above 30%. Even then, major cities, including Guadalajara and Monterrey, were not in Canal Once's signal footprint.

OPMA was established with the mission of ensuring that more Mexicans could receive a wider range of public television signals. Indeed, when the first four OPMA transmitters took to the air on July 12, 2010, national coverage for Canal Once (then known as Once TV México) jumped from 28 to 42%; it is now at 66%.

The 2014 Mexican telecommunications reform transformed OPMA into SPR, effective August 13, 2014. At the same time, the system became an independent agency no longer under the auspices of the Secretariat of the Interior (SEGOB).

On August 26, 2015, the IFT awarded the SPR concessions for seven new TV stations and two radio stations.[1] In 2016, the SPR received another package of seven TV stations, all on VHF, as well as three radio stations. A sixth radio station in Colima was approved in 2018.

Television network

SPR's flagship television network, Canal Catorce (Channel 14), broadcasts documentaries and other programs. Its programming is designed to strengthen the democratic values of Mexican society.

Television transmitters

SPR's transmitter network currently covers 66% of the Mexican population. The flagship station is XHSPR-TDT in Mexico City. Ten transmitters, denoted with asterisks, carry Canal del Congreso.[2][3]

In 2018, in order to facilitate the repacking of TV services out of the 600 MHz band (channels 38-51), 12 SPR transmitters were assigned new channels.

Transmitters on the air

Physical channel Callsign City
43 (20) XHOPGA Guadalajara, Jalisco
35 XHOPXA Xalapa/Las Lajas, Veracruz
44 (19) XHOPMO Morelia, Michoacán
46 (26) XHOPCA Coatzacoalcos, Veracruz
51 (15) XHOPMT Monterrey, Nuevo León
23 XHOPME Mérida, Yucatán
35 XHOPOA Oaxaca, Oaxaca
34 XHOPLA León, Guanajuato
20 XHOPCE Celaya, Guanajuato
27 XHOPHA Hermosillo, Sonora
31 XHOPOS* Ciudad Obregón, Sonora
35 XHOPTA Tampico, Tamaulipas
47 (15) XHOPAG* Aguascalientes, Aguascalientes
30 XHSPR Mexico City
30 XHOPEM Toluca, México
30 XHOPMQ Querétaro, Querétaro
42 (26) XHOPTP Tapachula, Chiapas
30 XHOPPA Puebla, Puebla
38 (25) XHOPVT* Villahermosa, Tabasco
32 XHOPCC* Campeche, Campeche
51 (18) XHOPSC* San Cristobal de las Casas, Chiapas
31 XHOPTC* Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Chiapas
41 (21) XHOPCO* Colima, Colima
44 (14) XHOPUM* Uruapan, Michoacán
41 (29) XHOPMS* Mazatlán, Sinaloa
47 (15) XHOPZC* Zacatecas, Zacatecas

Transmitters under construction

These transmitters were part of the 2015 concession package:

Physical channel Callsign City
34 XHSPY-TDT Tepic, Nayarit
31 XHSPB-TDT La Paz, Baja California Sur
30 XHSPG-TDT Acapulco, Guerrero
25 XHSPJ-TDT Chetumal, Quintana Roo
29 XHSPQ-TDT Cancún, Quintana Roo
22 XHSPO-TDT Torreón, Coahuila
23 XHSPS-TDT San Luis Potosí, San Luis Potosí

A further seven were awarded in 2016, all on VHF:

Physical channel Callsign City
13 XHPBDR-TDT Durango, Durango
13 XHPBPA-TDT Pachuca, Hidalgo
13 XHPBPV-TDT Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco
13 XHPBMR-TDT Matías Romero, Oaxaca
13 XHPBTH-TDT Tehuacán, Puebla
13 XHPBCL-TDT Culiacán, Sinaloa
13 XHPBGY-TDT Guaymas, Sonora

Other SPR relay transmitters

In October 2015, SPR signed a contract with Grupo Intermedia, owner of XHILA-TDT and XHIJ-TDT, in order to expand the coverage of Una Voz con Todos into Mexicali and Ciudad Juárez, neither of which had ever had national public television service.[4] While the SPR prefers to build its own transmitters, the length of time needed to obtain a concession, as well as spectrum availability in the border markets, makes a subchannel plan more effective.

Subchannel City
XHILA-TDT 66.2 Mexicali, Baja California
XHIJ-TDT 44.3 Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua

One IPN-operated Canal Once transmitter also carries Canal Catorce:

Subchannel City
XHCIP-TDT 14.1 Cuernavaca, Morelos

Radio stations

The SPR received its first radio concessions in 2015 and added three transmitters in 2016. A sixth station, in Colima, was awarded in 2018.

Two stations are on the air, carrying Radio México Internacional:

Callsign Frequency City
XHSPRT-FM 101.1 MHz Tapachula, Chiapas
XHSPRM-FM 103.5 MHz Mazatlán, Sinaloa

Stations to be built:

Callsign Frequency City
XHTHP-FM 88.7 MHz Tehuacán, Puebla
XHMRO-FM 104.7 MHz Matías Romero, Oaxaca
XHTZA-FM 104.3 MHz Coatzacoalcos, Veracruz
XHSPRC-FM 102.9 MHz Colima, Colima

Digital multiplex

SPR stations carry a multiplex of five or six channels. The established Canal Once, Once Niños, Canal 22 and tv•unam are joined by Canal Catorce and also by Ingenio Tv, an educational service of the Secretariat of Public Education. Third-wave SPR transmitters also have Canal del Congreso:

Subchannel Programming
11.1 Canal Once
14.1 Canal Catorce
14.2 Ingenio Tv
20.1 tv•unam
22.1 Canal 22
45.1 Canal del Congreso (some stations only)

SPR stations use the channel numbers of the networks they carry; thus, they map to virtual channels 11 (Canal Once), 14 (Canal Catorce), 20 (tv•unam), 22 (Canal 22) and 45 (Canal del Congreso, where available).[3]

As XEIPN and XEIMT have their own digital channels in Mexico City, XHSPR only carries Canal Catorce, Ingenio Tv and tv•unam, using the same virtual channels.

References

  1. ^ IFT Comunicado: El Pleno del IFT resolvió otorgar concesiones de uso público al sistema de radiodifusión del Estado mexicano para los servicios de radio y televisión en varias ciudades del país, 26 August 2015
  2. ^ Instituto Federal de Telecomunicaciones. Infraestructura de Estaciones de TDT. Last modified 2018-05-16. Retrieved 2017-01-08. Technical information from the IFT Coverage Viewer.
  3. ^ a b Instituto Federal de Telecomunicaciones. Listado de Canales Virtuales. Last modified 2018-05-31. Retrieved 2017-01-08.
  4. ^ Lucas, Nicolás (2015-10-20). "TV pública llega a frontera de la mano de privados". El Economista. Retrieved 2015-10-20.

External links

  • Official website
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