Wrigley, Northwest Territories

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Wrigley
Pedzéh Kñ
First Nation (Designated Authority)
Pehdzeh Ki First Nation
Wrigley is located in Northwest Territories
Wrigley
Wrigley
Wrigley is located in Canada
Wrigley
Wrigley
Coordinates: 63°13′41″N 123°28′12″W / 63.22806°N 123.47000°W / 63.22806; -123.47000Coordinates: 63°13′41″N 123°28′12″W / 63.22806°N 123.47000°W / 63.22806; -123.47000
Country Canada
Territory Northwest Territories
Region Dehcho Region
Constituency Nahendeh
Census division Region 4
Settled 1965
Government
 • Chief Maurice Moses
 • Community Officer Sharon Pellissey
 • MLA Shane Thompson
Area[1]
 • Total 55.84 km2 (21.56 sq mi)
Elevation 149 m (489 ft)
Population (2016)[1]
 • Total 119
 • Density 2.1/km2 (5/sq mi)
Time zone UTC−7 (Mountain (MST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC−6 (MDT)
Canadian Postal code X0E 1E0
Telephone exchange 581
- Living cost 152.5A
- Food price index 173.6B
Sources:
Department of Municipal and Community Affairs,[2]
Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre,[3]
Canada Flight Supplement[4]
^A 2013 figure based on Edmonton = 100[5]
^B 2015 figure based on Yellowknife = 100[5]

Wrigley (South Slavey language: Pehdzeh Ki[pronunciation?] "clay place") is a "Designated Authority"[6] in the Dehcho Region of the Northwest Territories, Canada. The Slavey Dene community is located on the east bank of the Mackenzie River, just below its confluence with the Wrigley River and about 466 mi (750 km) northwest of Yellowknife.

Originally situated at Fort Wrigley, 16 km (9.9 mi) downstream. The community relocated to its present location in 1965, in part because it was more easily accessible due to the World War II era, Wrigley Airport, built for the Canol Project and, in part due to the swampy nature of the land around Fort Wrigley.[7][8] Today the community can be reached via the Mackenzie Highway. The population continues to maintain a traditional lifestyle, trapping, hunting, and fishing.

The community was named for Joseph Wrigley who was the Hudson's Bay Company Chief Commissioner for British North America (1884-1891).[7][9]

The Franklin Mountains, which are also on the east bank of the Mackenzie River, overlook the community. Cap Mountain, 1,228 m (4,029 ft), is the highest peak in the range and is within walking distance of the community. Although not as well known as the Rabbitkettle Hot Springs the Roche qui trempe a l’eau sulphur springs are located downstream of Wrigley.[7]

Demographics

Population is 133 according to the 2016 Census, an decrease of 10.5% from the 201 Census The majority of the population (110 people) is First Nations and the predominant languages are North and South Slavey and English.[1]

In 2017 the Government of the Northwest Territories reported that the population was 135 with an average yearly growth rate of 1.1% from 2007.[5]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1996 173 —    
1997 183 +5.8%
1998 185 +1.1%
1999 189 +2.2%
2000 193 +2.1%
2001 189 −2.1%
2002 176 −6.9%
2003 168 −4.5%
2004 140 −16.7%
2005 133 −5.0%
2006 129 −3.0%
Year Pop. ±%
2007 121 −6.2%
2008 128 +5.8%
2009 137 +7.0%
2010 138 +0.7%
2011 138 +0.0%
2012 145 +5.1%
2013 146 +0.7%
2014 149 +2.1%
2015 151 +1.3%
2016 147 −2.6%
2017 135 −8.2%
Sources: NWT Bureau of Statistics (2001 - 2017)[10]

First Nations

The S.S. Mackenzie River and three barges tied up at Fort Wrigley in 1946

The Dene of the community are represented by the Pehdzeh Ki First Nation and belong to the Dehcho First Nations.[11] The last of the Numbered Treaties, Treaty 11, was signed here 13 July 1921. At that time the Headman was paid $22 and $12 for everybody else.[12]

Services

The community has one store, a health centre and a two-person RCMP detachment.[13]

Education

The community has a K-9 school, Chief Julian Yendo School with an enrolment of 24 as of 2018. After completion of grade 9 students go to the Thomas Simpson Secondary School in Fort Simpson.[14]

Climate

Wrigley has an continental subarctic climate. The area combines warm, short summers with long and very cold winters. The differences between the coldest and warmest month are rather extreme even by continental standards, with the January high being −21 °C (−6 °F) and the July high being 23 °C (73 °F) according to Environment Canada. Transitional seasons are rather short.

Climate data for Wrigley Airport
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high humidex 11.2 10.0 12.0 24.0 30.4 38.1 37.9 36.6 29.8 21.3 7.2 0.0 38.1
Record high °C (°F) 6.5
(43.7)
11.1
(52)
12.7
(54.9)
25.0
(77)
34.0
(93.2)
37.0
(98.6)
35.5
(95.9)
33.5
(92.3)
28.3
(82.9)
21.7
(71.1)
8.9
(48)
7.8
(46)
37.0
(98.6)
Average high °C (°F) −21.1
(−6)
−17.1
(1.2)
−7.9
(17.8)
5.0
(41)
14.6
(58.3)
21.7
(71.1)
23.4
(74.1)
19.9
(67.8)
12.5
(54.5)
−0.3
(31.5)
−14.8
(5.4)
−18.6
(−1.5)
1.5
(34.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) −25.4
(−13.7)
−22.1
(−7.8)
−15.0
(5)
−1.7
(28.9)
8.0
(46.4)
15.0
(59)
16.9
(62.4)
13.6
(56.5)
7.1
(44.8)
−3.8
(25.2)
−18.7
(−1.7)
−22.7
(−8.9)
−4.1
(24.6)
Average low °C (°F) −29.7
(−21.5)
−27.2
(−17)
−22.1
(−7.8)
−8.3
(17.1)
1.3
(34.3)
8.2
(46.8)
10.3
(50.5)
7.2
(45)
1.6
(34.9)
−7.4
(18.7)
−22.5
(−8.5)
−26.7
(−16.1)
−9.6
(14.7)
Record low °C (°F) −51.7
(−61.1)
−53.3
(−63.9)
−46.7
(−52.1)
−36.1
(−33)
−20.9
(−5.6)
−3.9
(25)
−1.1
(30)
−6.0
(21.2)
−18.0
(−0.4)
−31.5
(−24.7)
−48.0
(−54.4)
−49.4
(−56.9)
−53.3
(−63.9)
Record low wind chill −60.9 −58.9 −50.3 −37.0 −25.5 0.0 0.0 −2.7 −15.6 −37.6 −52.1 −63.0 −63.0
Average precipitation mm (inches) 16.7
(0.657)
14.6
(0.575)
10.4
(0.409)
8.1
(0.319)
22.0
(0.866)
43.5
(1.713)
64.0
(2.52)
49.5
(1.949)
35.9
(1.413)
29.4
(1.157)
20.5
(0.807)
18.1
(0.713)
332.6
(13.094)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.3
(0.012)
18.4
(0.724)
43.5
(1.713)
64.0
(2.52)
49.5
(1.949)
32.3
(1.272)
7.6
(0.299)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
215.5
(8.484)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 19.1
(7.52)
15.4
(6.06)
10.9
(4.29)
8.9
(3.5)
3.8
(1.5)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
3.4
(1.34)
21.8
(8.58)
22.6
(8.9)
18.9
(7.44)
124.7
(49.09)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 8.0 6.4 5.6 3.3 6.4 8.4 9.7 9.0 9.2 9.7 9.0 7.5 92.1
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 5.6 8.2 9.7 9.0 8.3 2.2 0.1 0.0 43.3
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 8.0 6.4 5.6 2.9 1.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.1 7.9 9.1 7.5 49.4
Source: Environment Canada Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010[15]

References

  1. ^ a b c Census Profile, 2016 Census Wrigley, Settlement (Census subdivision), Northwest Territories and Northwest Territories (Territory)
  2. ^ "NWT Communities - Wrigley". Government of the Northwest Territories: Department of Municipal and Community Affairs. Retrieved 2014-01-29. 
  3. ^ "Northwest Territories Official Community Names and Pronunciation Guide". Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre. Yellowknife: Education, Culture and Employment, Government of the Northwest Territories. Archived from the original on 2016-01-13. Retrieved 2016-01-13. ]
  4. ^ Canada Flight Supplement. Effective 0901Z 19 July 2018 to 0901Z 13 September 2018.
  5. ^ a b c Wrigley - Statistical Profile at the GNWT
  6. ^ Differences in Community Government Structure
  7. ^ a b c Wrigley at Spectacular NWT
  8. ^ Wrigley at the GNWT
  9. ^ Memorable Manitobans: Joseph Wrigley (1839-?)
  10. ^ Population Estimates By Community from the GNWT
  11. ^ Pehdzeh Ki First Nation at the Dehcho First Nations
  12. ^ No. 11 (June 27, 1921) and Adhesion (July 17, 1922) with Reports, etc.
  13. ^ Wrigley Infrastructure Profile
  14. ^ Chief Julian Yendo School
  15. ^ "Wrigley A" (CSV (3069 KB)). Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Climate ID: 2204000. Retrieved 2014-01-09. 
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Wrigley,_Northwest_Territories&oldid=857621381"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wrigley,_Northwest_Territories
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Wrigley, Northwest Territories"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA