Workington (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 54°38′35″N 3°32′56″W / 54.643°N 3.549°W / 54.643; -3.549

Workington
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Workington in Cumbria.
Outline map
Location of Cumbria within England.
County Cumbria
Electorate 59,361 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Workington, Cockermouth, Maryport and Aspatria
Current constituency
Created 1918
Member of parliament Sue Hayman (Labour)
Number of members One
Created from Cockermouth and Eskdale
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency North West England

Workington is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first-past-the-post system of election.

Boundaries

The constituency covers much of the north-west of Cumbria, corresponding largely to the Allerdale borough, except for the areas around Wigton and Keswick. As well as Workington itself, the constituency contains the towns of Cockermouth, Maryport, Aspatria and Silloth.

Boundary review

1918-1950: The Municipal Borough of Workington, the Urban Districts of Arlecdon and Frizington, Aspatria, Harrington, and Maryport, and parts of the Rural Districts of Cockermouth, Whitehaven, and Wigton.

1950-1983: The Municipal Borough of Workington, the Urban Districts of Cockermouth, Keswick, and Maryport, and the Rural District of Cockermouth.

1983-1997: The District of Allerdale wards of All Saints, Binsey, Broughton, Castle, Clifton, Crummock, Dalton, Dearham, Derwent Valley, Ellen, Ellenborough, Ewanrigg, Flimby, Harrington, Keswick, Moorclose, Netherhall, Northside, St Bridget's, St John's, St Michael's, Salterbeck, Seaton Moor, Stainburn, and Westfield.

1997-2010: All the wards of the District of Allerdale except the Marsh, Wampool, Warnell and Wigton wards.

2010-present: The Borough of Allerdale wards of All Saints, Aspatria, Boltons, Broughton St Bridget's, Christchurch, Clifton, Ellen, Ellenborough, Ewanrigg, Flimby, Harrington, Holme, Marsh, Moorclose, Moss Bay, Netherhall, St John's, St Michael's, Seaton, Silloth, Solway, Stainburn, Wampool, Waver, and Wharrels.

History

The constituency was created by the Representation of the People Act 1918, which also abolished the seat of Cockermouth. Traditionally, the constituency has supported the Labour Party, although a by-election in 1976 (forced by the elevation of Fred Peart to the House of Lords) was won by Richard Page of the Conservatives. However, the constituency reverted to type in the 1979 general election, when it was regained by Labour, who have held it ever since.

Members of Parliament

Election Member[2] Party
1918 Thomas Cape Labour
1945 Fred Peart Labour
1976 by-election Richard Page Conservative
1979 Dale Campbell-Savours Labour
2001 Sir Tony Cunningham Labour
2015 Sue Hayman Labour

Elections

Elections in the 2010s

General Election 2017: Workington[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Sue Hayman 21,317 51.1 +8.8
Conservative Clark Vasey 17,392 41.7 +11.6
UKIP George Kemp 1,556 3.7 -15.9
Liberal Democrat Phill Roberts 1,133 2.7 -1.7
Independent Roy Ivinson 278 0.7 N/A
Majority 3,925 9.4 -2.8
Turnout 41,676 69.2 +3.6
Labour hold Swing -1.4
General Election 2015: Workington[4][5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Sue Hayman 16,282 42.3 −3.2
Conservative Rozila Kana 11,596 30.1 −3.7
UKIP Mark Jenkinson 7,538 19.6 +17.4
Liberal Democrat Phill Roberts 1,708 4.4 −4.1
Green Jill Perry 1,149 3.0 +3.0
Independent Roy Ivinson 190 0.5 +0.5
Majority 4,686 12.2
Turnout 38,463 65.6
Labour hold Swing
General Election 2010: Workington[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Tony Cunningham 17,865 45.5 −6.5
Conservative Judith Pattinson 13,290 33.9 +4.8
Liberal Democrat Stan Collins 5,318 13.5 −0.9
BNP Martin Wingfield 1,496 3.8 +3.8
UKIP Steve Lee 876 2.2 −1.2
English Democrat Rob Logan 414 1.1 +1.1
Majority 4,575 11.7
Turnout 39,259 65.9 +3.4
Labour hold Swing −5.7

Elections in the 2000s

General Election 2005: Workington[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Tony Cunningham 19,554 50.5 −5.0
Conservative Judith Pattinson 11,659 30.1 +0.5
Liberal Democrat Kate Clarkson 5,815 15.0 +2.5
UKIP Mark Richardson 1,328 3.4 N/A
Legalise Cannabis John Peacock 381 1.0 −1.5
Majority 7,895 20.4
Turnout 38,737 64.7 +1.3
Labour hold Swing -2.8
General Election 2001: Workington[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Tony Cunningham 23,209 55.5 −8.7
Conservative Timothy Stoddart 12,359 29.6 +5.1
Liberal Democrat Ian Francis 5,214 12.5 +4.4
Legalise Cannabis John Peacock 1,040 2.5 N/A
Majority 10,850 25.9
Turnout 41,822 63.4
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s

General Election 1997: Workington[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Dale Campbell-Savours 31,717 64.2 +7.3
Conservative Robert Blunden 12,061 24.4 −10.2
Liberal Democrat Philip Roberts 3,967 8.0 +1.6
Referendum George Donnan 1,412 2.9 N/A
Independent Chris Austin 217 0.4 N/A
Majority 19,656 39.8
Turnout 49,374 75.1 +0.9
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1992: Workington[10][11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Dale Campbell-Savours 26,719 56.9 +4.5
Conservative Stuart E. Sexton 16,270 34.7 −2.4
Liberal Democrat Christine A. Neale 3,028 6.5 N/A
Monster Raving Loony David Langstaff 755 1.6 N/A
Natural Law Nicola M. Escott 183 0.4 N/A
Majority 10,449 22.3 +7.0
Turnout 46,955 81.5 +0.9
Labour hold Swing +3.5

Elections in the 1980s

General Election 1987: Workington[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Dale Campbell-Savours 24,019 52.4 +0.3
Conservative Anne McIntosh 17,000 37.1 +1.0
Liberal Greville Badger 4,853 10.6 −1.3
Majority 7,019 15.3 −0.7
Turnout 45,872 80.6
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1983: Workington[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Dale Campbell-Savours 23,239 52.0 −1.2
Conservative M. Smith 16,111 36.1 −4.6
Liberal N. Blackshaw 5,311 11.8 +5.8
Majority 7,128 16.0 +3.5
Turnout 44,661 79.6
Labour hold Swing +1.7

Elections in the 1970s

General Election 1979: Workington
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Dale Campbell-Savours 24,523 53.2 −2.2
Conservative Richard Page 18,767 40.7 +8.4
Liberal N Blackshaw 2,819 6.1 −5.6
Majority 5,756 12.5 −11.3
Turnout 46,109 83.8
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
Workington by-election, 1976
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Richard Page 19,396 48.2 +15.9
Labour Dale Campbell-Savours 18,331 45.6 −10.4
Liberal Bernard Wates 2,480 6.2 −5.6
Majority 1,065 2.6 N/A
Turnout 40,207
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +13.2
General Election October 1974: Workington
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Fred Peart 22,539 56.0 −3.7
Conservative Richard Page 12,988 32.3 −8.1
Liberal J. Burns 4,728 11.8 N/A
Majority 9,551 23.7 +4.4
Turnout 40,255 75.8
Labour hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Workington
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Fred Peart 24,000 60.0 −2.0
Conservative Richard Page 16,230 40.3 +2.0
Majority 7,770 19.3 −4.0
Turnout 40,230 76.4
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1970: Workington[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Fred Peart 24,975 61.7 -1.6
Conservative Michael Fernley Turner-Bridger 15,532 38.3 +1.6
Majority 9,443 23.3 -3.3
Turnout 40,507 77.4
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s

General Election 1966: Workington[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Fred Peart 24,981 63.3
Conservative Michael Fernley Turner-Bridger 14,475 36.7
Majority 10,506 26.6
Turnout 80.4
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1964: Workington[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Fred Peart 25,522 62.1
Conservative Harold Denman 15,565 37.9
Majority 9,957 24.2
Turnout 83.48
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s

General Election 1959: Workington[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Fred Peart 25,537 60.18
Conservative T Martin Brannan 16,894 39.82
Majority 8,643 20.37
Turnout 85.89
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1955: Workington[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Fred Peart 25,110 59.4
Conservative T Martin Brannan 17,182 40.6
Majority 7,982 18.8
Turnout 86.14
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1951: Workington[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Fred Peart 25,893 60.02
Conservative Helen Fox 17,249 39.98
Majority 8,644 20.04
Turnout 87.53
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1950: Workington
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Fred Peart 25,104 57.61
Conservative Helen Fox 14,009 32.15
Liberal David Cedric Gwynne Sibley 4,460 10.24
Majority 11,095 25.46
Turnout 89.44
Labour hold Swing

Election in the 1940s

General Election 1945: Workington
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Fred Peart 24,876 72.5
Conservative G.C. White 9,438 27.5
Majority 15,438 45.0
Turnout 80.7
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s

General Election 1935: Workington
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Thomas Cape Unopposed
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1931: Workington
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Thomas Cape 18,469 54.91
Conservative Christopher Lowther 15,165 45.09
Majority 3,304 9.82
Turnout 85.91
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1920s

General Election 1929: Workington [20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Thomas Cape 20,591 65.2 +9.6
Unionist John Mellor 10,995 34.8 −9.6
Majority 9,596 30.4 +19.2
Turnout 31,586 81.2 −3.2
Registered electors 38,915
Labour hold Swing +9.6
General Election 1924: Workington [21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Thomas Cape 15,353 55.6 −0.9
Unionist E. Davies 12,243 44.4 +0.9
Majority 3,110 11.2 −1.8
Turnout 27,596 84.4 +0.9
Registered electors 32,690
Labour hold Swing −0.9
General Election 1923: Workington [22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Thomas Cape 15,296 56.5 +1.8
Unionist Lancelot Evelyn Gaunt 11,781 43.5 −1.8
Majority 3,515 13.0 +3.6
Turnout 27,077 83.5 −0.2
Registered electors 32,425
Labour hold Swing +1.8
General Election 1922: Workington [23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Thomas Cape 14,546 54.7 +3.2
Unionist Lancelot Evelyn Gaunt 12,064 45.3 +16.0
Majority 2,482 9.4 −12.8
Turnout 26,610 83.7 +13.0
Registered electors 31,789
Labour hold Swing −6.4

Election in the 1910s

General Election 1918: Workington [24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Thomas Cape 10,441 51.5 N/A
Unionist D.J. Mason 5,946 29.3 N/A
Liberal Robert Strother Stewart* 2,968 14.6 N/A
Independent R. Millican 943 4.6 N/A
Majority 4,495 22.2 N/A
Turnout 20,298 70.7 N/A
Registered electors 28,691
Labour win (new seat)

* Stewart was endorsed by the Coalition Government but repudiated it.

See also

Notes and references

  1. ^ "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on November 6, 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 5)
  3. ^ "General election 2017: Full list of candidates". ITV News. 12 May 2017. 
  4. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  5. ^ "Workington". BBC News. Retrieved 11 May 2015. 
  6. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  7. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  8. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  9. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  10. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  11. ^ "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  12. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  13. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  14. ^ [1]
  15. ^ [2]
  16. ^ [3]
  17. ^ [4]
  18. ^ [5]
  19. ^ [6]
  20. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949, FWS Craig
  21. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949, FWS Craig
  22. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949, FWS Craig
  23. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949, FWS Craig
  24. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949, FWS Craig
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