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The Wongkamala are an indigenous Australian people of the Northern Territory.


In Norman Tindale's estimate, the Wongkamala's tribal lands covered some 20,000 square miles (52,000 km2) of territory.[1] They roamed northwest of Annandale, at Kalidawarry and around the lower Field and Hay rivers, along the Plenty river, and on the eastern margins of the Simpson Desert.[1] River waters were ephemeral and they dug native wells (mikari).


The Wongkamala lived in areas where the pituri narcotic grew, and, aside from using it themselves, they employed it as a valuable trading resource.[1]

Alternative names

  • Wonkamala
  • Wonkamudla[1]



  1. ^ a b c d Tindale 1974, p. 238.


  • "AIATSIS map of Indigenous Australia". AIATSIS.
  • Howitt, Alfred William (1904). The native tribes of south-east Australia (PDF). Macmillan.
  • Howitt, Alfred William; Siebert, Otto (January–June 1904). "Legends of the Dieri and Kindred Tribes of Central Australia". Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland. Adelaide. 34: 100–129. JSTOR 2843089.
  • Mathews, R. H. (January 1900). "Divisions of the South Australian Aborigines". Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society. 39 (161): 78–91+93. JSTOR 983545.
  • Mathews, R. H. (October–December 1900). "Phallic Rites and Initiation Ceremonies of the South Australian Aborigines". Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society. 39 (164): 622–638. JSTOR 983778.
  • Tindale, Norman Barnett (1974). "Wongkamala (NT)". Aboriginal Tribes of Australia: Their Terrain, Environmental Controls, Distribution, Limits, and Proper Names. Australian National University Press. ISBN 978-0-708-10741-6.
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