Wollert Konow (Prime Minister of Norway)

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Wollert Konow
Wollert Konow (SB), Stortinget.jpg
4th Prime Minister of Norway
In office
2 February 1910 – 20 February 1912
Monarch Haakon VII
Preceded by Gunnar Knudsen
Succeeded by Jens Bratlie
Personal details
Born (1845-08-16)16 August 1845
Fana, Norway
Died 15 March 1924(1924-03-15) (aged 78)
Fana, Norway
Political party Free-minded Liberal Party (Frisinnede Venstre)
Stend Manor
Bust by Ambrosia Tønnesen placed at former Fana Council Hall

Wollert Konow (16 August 1845 – 15 March 1924) was Prime Minister of Norway from 1910 to 1912. He was the leader of a coalition cabinet. Konow's time as Prime Minister saw the extension of accident insurance to seamen in 1911. [1] [2] [3]

Background

Konow was born in the borough of Fana in the city of Bergen, Norway. He was the son of Wollert Konow, Ph.D. (1809–1881) and Marie Louise Oehlenschläger (1818–1910). His father was a writer and elected official. In 1842 his parents had purchased the historic Stend Manor in Fana where Wollert Konow was born. Wollert Konow was a grandson of the noted Danish poet and playwright Adam Oehlenschlager (1779–1850).[4]

He was a student at Bergen Cathedral School. After graduating in 1864, Konow went to the Royal Frederick University in Christiania. He began to study law which he never completed. In 1868, he started a school at Halsnøy in Sunnhordland where he was both teacher and head manager until 1872. In 1873 Konow took over operation of the mill at Stend and expanded the estate by acquiring neighboring properties. [5] [6]

Career

Wollert Konow was mayor of Fana most of the time between 1880 and 1901, and was in 1877–1879 Deputy to the Parliament for Søndre Bergenhus amt (now Hordaland). He was Minister of the Interior 1891–1893, Minister of Agriculture 1898–1902, and Minister of Agriculture and Minister of Auditing 1902–1903. He was Odelsting president 1884–1887 and President of the Storting in 1888 and again from 1897 to 1899. He was a central board member of the Liberal Left Party from 1909 to 1912. Wollert Konow served as Prime Minister over a two year period as leader of a coalition which combined elements of two competing parties; Høgre and Frisindede Venstre. Konow's coalition government came to an end in 1912 after he declared his sympathies for the rural language form Landsmål during the height of the Norwegian language conflict causing conflict with Riksmål supporters. After loss in the election in 1912, Konow was out of politics for good, and he spent the remainder of his life at Stend. [7] [8] [9] [10]

He was commonly referred to as Wollert Konow (SB) to differentiate him from Wollert Konow (H) (1847-1932) who was his cousin and contemporary politician from Hedemark. The initials "SB" stood for "Søndre Bergenhus," the now-defunct constituency Konow represented in national politics.[11] [12] [13]

Personal life

In 1875, he married Fredrikke Wilhelmine Kooter (1854-1935), who was the daughter of Jacob Blaauw Kooter (1818-1887) and Marie Frederikke Balchen (1817-1883). Konow was alternate member of the Norwegian Nobel Committee, 1913 to 1922 and Member of the Committee from 1922 until he died at Stend in Fana during 1924.[14]

Stend Manor

Stend Manor (Stend hovedgård) was a historic estate which had belonged to Nonneseter Abbey of Bergen during the Middle Ages. Around 1682, the main building was built in timber as a single-story with three wings. In 1842, Dr. Wollert Konow acquired Stend. In 1861, Stend was bought by Søndre Bergenhus (now Hordaland) county. Since then, it has housed an agricultural school. Under the direction of architect Erlend Tryti (1885-1962) extensive renovation and restoration work was carried out in the years 1921-1922. The main building were restored in the late 1980s and early 1990s. [15] [16]

References

  1. ^ Wollert Konow, Statsminister 1910–1912
  2. ^ Biografier – Samfunnsveven
  3. ^ Foundations of the Welfare State, 2nd Edition by Pat Thane, published 1996
  4. ^ Leiv Mjeldheim. "Wollert Konow". Norsk biografisk leksikon. Retrieved April 1, 2018. 
  5. ^ Stend(Hordaland Fylkeskommune) Archived 2011-07-19 at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ "Adam Oehlenschläger". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark. Retrieved April 1, 2018. 
  7. ^ "Wollert Konows regjering". lokalhistoriewiki. Retrieved April 1, 2018. 
  8. ^ "Høyre". lokalhistoriewiki. Retrieved April 1, 2018. 
  9. ^ "Frisinnede Venstre". lokalhistoriewiki. Retrieved April 1, 2018. 
  10. ^ Carstens, Svein (1987). Det Frisinnede Venstre 1909–1927 (in Norwegian). Trondheim: University of Trondheim. 
  11. ^ Wollert Konow (Norsk samfunnsvitenskapelig datatjeneste AS)
  12. ^ "Wollert Konow (SB)". lokalhistoriewiki. Retrieved April 1, 2018. 
  13. ^ "Wollert Konow (H)". lokalhistoriewiki. Retrieved April 1, 2018. 
  14. ^ Knut Dørum. "Wollert Konow – 1845-1924". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved April 1, 2018. 
  15. ^ "Stend hovedgård". Kunsthistorie. Retrieved April 1, 2018. 
  16. ^ Åse Moe Torvanger. "Erlend Tryti". Norsk kunstnerleksikon. Retrieved April 1, 2018. 

Other sources

  • Garvik, Olav (2001) Wollert Konow, Statsminister og stril (Bergen: Fagbokforlaget) ISBN 82-7674-766-3

Related reading

  • Borgen, Per Otto (1999) Norges statsministre (Oslo: Aschehou) ISBN 82-03-22389-3
  • Forr, Gudleiv; Hegge, Per Egil; Njølstad, Olav (2010) Mellom plikt og lyst. Norske statsministre 1873–2010 (Oslo: Dinamo) ISBN 82-8071-245-3
  • Kaartvedt, Alf (1984) Drømmen om borgerlig samling 1884–1918 (Oslo: Cappelen) ISBN 82-02-049903
Political offices
Preceded by
Gunnar Knudsen
Prime Minister of Norway
1910–1912
Succeeded by
Jens Bratlie
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