Withnell Fold

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Withnell Fold
Withnell Fold Methodist Church - geograph.org.uk - 490327.jpg
Withnell Fold Methodist Church
Withnell Fold is located in the Borough of Chorley
Withnell Fold
Withnell Fold
Shown within Chorley Borough
Withnell Fold is located in Lancashire
Withnell Fold
Withnell Fold
Withnell Fold shown within Lancashire
OS grid reference SD612231
Civil parish
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CHORLEY
Postcode district PR6
Dialling code 01254
Police Lancashire
Fire Lancashire
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Lancashire
53°42′07″N 2°35′20″W / 53.702°N 2.589°W / 53.702; -2.589Coordinates: 53°42′07″N 2°35′20″W / 53.702°N 2.589°W / 53.702; -2.589

Withnell Fold is a village situated between Blackburn and Chorley, in Lancashire, England.[1]

History

Withnell Fold mill workers c1875: Joseph Blackburn, Peter Brindle, Thomas Blinkhorn Parke, Richard Cranshaw (seated), John Eccles, John Hilston

Withnell Fold, a model village and paper mill were built on a greenfield site in 1843. The owner and builder was Thomas Blinkhorn Parke (1823–1885), the son of Robert Park, a local cotton mill owner.[2] The houses in Withnell Fold had gardens and outside toilets.

The mill was started in 1843 and opened and began production on 15 January 1844, with one machine.[3] Three years later a second machine was installed, and the business was so successful that a third machine was installed in 1855. The machines were known as "74", "66" and "60", the widths of the paper produced. The quality and variety of the paper improved, and in 1849, tissue paper was made, followed in 1856 by coloured tissue.

Writing papers were introduced in 1863 and had a reputation for being of the finest quality. Cartridge paper came in 1878. The mill supplied newsprint for Preston, Bolton and Liverpool newspapers. The firm continued as a family concern until 1890 when it combined with Wiggins Teape & Co., an old established firm of stationers.

Although the merger did not take place until 1890, the mill had supplied paper to Wiggins and Teape from 1847, and in an old diary kept by Mr. T. B. Parke, there is an entry for February of that year, which reads "Am now making double cap ordered by Wiggins & Teape".

Notable dates in the village chronology are:[4]

  • 5 March 1843: Commencement of building work for mill and village cottages.
  • 15 Jan 1844: This was the day on which we commenced making paper.
  • Withnell Fold Paper Mill closed in 1967, and the last batch of paper was made at 13:00 hrs on 23 December 1967.

Education

Withnell Fold School
Withnell Fold County Primary School

Withnell Fold Methodist Church was built by Thomas Blinkhorn Parke in 1852 as a day school and chapel combined.[5] It was opened on 13 June 1852, by Revd Joshua Priestly. Two days later, Miss Dutton of Coventry arrived to take up the post of schoolmistress.

By 1897, the school was too small so Herbert Thomas Parke, son of Thomas, built a new school by the village square. This is now Withnell Fold Primary School.[6] By the entrance to the school is a sculpted tree which represents Thomas Blinkhorn Parke, the villages’ founder.

The date stone to the right of the school’s main entrance door shows HTP 1897, the initials of Herbert Thomas Parke and the date the building was completed. Lessons did not start until 2 May 1898, when the children moved from the old school. The headmistress was Esther Jenkins, who took up her duties on 7 February 1898.[7] She continued to teach at the school until her retirement in 1935.[8]

See also

References

  1. ^ Birtill, George (1982). Over the Five Barred Gate, Chorley Guardian Publishing. ISBN 978-0-9500615-8-0
  2. ^ Parke family papers, file ref: DDX 912, Lancashire Record Office, Bow Lane, Preston, Lancashire, PR1 2RE, United Kingdom
  3. ^ Scott, Florence (1988). Memories of Old Withnell Fold, A Countryside Publication, Brinscall, Chorley. ISBN 0-86157-285-8.
  4. ^ Diaries of Thomas Blinkhorn Parke held by Arjo Wiggins archive
  5. ^ Diaries of Thomas Blinkhorn Parke held by Arjo Wiggins archive
  6. ^ http://www.withnell.lancsngfl.ac.uk
  7. ^ Withnell Fold School diaries held in the school
  8. ^ Scott, Florence (1988). Memories of Old Withnell Fold, A Countryside Publication, Brinscall, Chorley. ISBN 0-86157-285-8.
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