Winooski, Vermont

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Winooski, Vermont
City
Official seal of Winooski, Vermont
Seal
Nickname(s): Onion City
Location in Chittenden County and the state of Vermont.
Location in Chittenden County and the state of Vermont.
Winooski, Vermont is located in the US
Winooski, Vermont
Winooski, Vermont
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 44°29′42″N 73°10′57″W / 44.49500°N 73.18250°W / 44.49500; -73.18250Coordinates: 44°29′42″N 73°10′57″W / 44.49500°N 73.18250°W / 44.49500; -73.18250
Country United States
State Vermont
County Chittenden
Government
 • Mayor Seth Leonard
Area
 • Total 1.5 sq mi (3.9 km2)
 • Land 1.4 sq mi (3.7 km2)
 • Water 0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation 177 ft (54 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 7,267
 • Density 5,190.7/sq mi (1,964.1/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 05404
Area code(s) 802
FIPS code 50-85150[1]
GNIS feature ID 1460302[2]
Website Winooski Vermont Official City Website

Winooski /wɪˈnski/ is a city in Chittenden County, Vermont, United States. Located on the Winooski River, as of the 2010 U.S. Census the municipal population was 7,267.[3] The city is the most densely populated municipality in northern New England, an area comprising the states of Maine, New Hampshire, and Vermont. It is the smallest in area of Vermont's nine incorporated cities. As part of the Burlington, Vermont metropolitan area, it is bordered by Burlington, Colchester, and South Burlington.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.5 square miles (3.9 km2), of which 1.4 square miles (3.7 km2) is land and 0.1 square mile (0.2 km2) (5.30%) is water.

Etymology

As early as 750 AD, the Abenaki tribe lived along the shores of a cascading waterfall in a fertile river valley they called "winoskitegw," meaning “land of the wild onion.”[4][5] Winooski's southern border is formed by the Winooski River, which is alternatively known as the Onion River.[6]

History

Pre-columbian

Five thousand years ago a single family of paleolithic Native Americans came to what is now the city. The prehistoric campground for this transient group is one of Vermont's significant archaeological sites. Other native people came to Winooski in the years that followed.[7]

Colonial

Situated on a main road, Winooski most likely started as a rest stop for travelers. With a set of waterfalls to assist the growth of industry, however, it soon also became a center for wool processing.[7]

In the early 1770s Ira Allen constructed a blockhouse on the Winooski (then "Onion") River which served both as a fort and as general store and office for the land-speculating Onion River Company. Fort Frederick was never used for defense, but its presence increased the value of Onion River property and promoted settlement.[7]

Post-colonial

After the Revolutionary War, Ira Allen built a dam across the river with a sawmill at each end.[7]

In the late 1830s the Burlington Mill Company used the river's power for the manufacture of yarns and cloth.[8]

In 1846, James and Lucinda Stone from Winooski settled in Sheboygan County in the Wisconsin Territory and named their new settlement Winooski, Wisconsin.

Modern times

The American Woolen Company purchased the failing Burlington Mills in 1901 restoring a measure of economic growth to the area.[9] This success eventually led Winooski to incorporate as a city in 1922, breaking away from the town of Colchester.

The mills closed in 1954, resulting in two decades of economic problems for the city.[10] In the 1980s, two old mills were converted into commercial, office, and apartment space, helping to revitalize the area.[10]

In 1979, the city researched the construction of a dome over the entire city of Winooski, to reduce heating costs during the winter. The proposed dome would have been 200 feet (61 m) at the center, and internal combustion engines would have been banned.[11] Though the dome was never built, to this day the city's planner defends the concept, insisting "Economically, it's a slam dunk," and adding "You could have had year-round fly-fishing."[12]

In 2008, the city dismissed their city manager of 11 months, while he was still an at-will employee. His contract had been scheduled for three years.[13]

Government

The mayor of the city is Seth Leonard.[14] Jesse Baker was hired as city manager in 2017, replacing Katherine "Deac" Deccareau.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 2,833
1890 3,659 29.2%
1900 3,659 0.0%
1910 4,520 23.5%
1920 4,932 9.1%
1930 5,308 7.6%
1940 6,036 13.7%
1950 6,734 11.6%
1960 7,420 10.2%
1970 7,309 −1.5%
1980 6,318 −13.6%
1990 6,649 5.2%
2000 6,561 −1.3%
2010 7,267 10.8%
Est. 2016 7,128 [15] −1.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[16]

As of the 2010 U.S. Census,[1] there were 7,267 people and 3,252 households residing in the city. The population density was 5,191 people per square mile (1,964.1/km2). There were 3,393 housing units at an average density of 2,107.5 per square mile (814.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 82.5% white (81.5% non-Hispanic white alone), 6.9% African American, 0.3% Native American, 6.2% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.53% from other races, and 3.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.2% of the population. 36% of the population are of French and French Canadian ancestry, 13% Irish, 8% English, and 5% Italian or German.[17]

There were 3,252 households, of which 24.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.4% were couples living together and joined in either marriage or civil union, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 50.2% were non-families. 36.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.98. 14.4% of the city's total population was born outside of the United States.

In the city, the population was spread out with 21.5% under the age of 18, 12.3% from 18 to 24, 34.8% from 25 to 44, 17.8% from 45 to 64, and 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 94.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.4 males.

Mill and falls in Winooski

Economy

Personal income

The median income for a household in the city was $30,592, and the median income for a family was $38,551. Males had a median income of $30,257 versus $21,168 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,208. About 10.2% of families and 15.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.8% of those under age 18 and 13.1% of those age 65 or over.

St. Francis Xavier Church on St. Peter Street

Transportation

Bus service is provided by Green Mountain Transit.

Notable person

  • Jan Backus, a former Vermont state senator, lives in Winooski.

References

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ [1] City Data
  4. ^ [2]
  5. ^ [3]
  6. ^ Seven Days
  7. ^ a b c d Historical Look at Winooski
  8. ^ About Winooski
  9. ^ Burlington Vt. area
  10. ^ a b Historical look at Winooski
  11. ^ A Dome for Winooski? - TIME Magazine retrieved June 15, 2008
  12. ^ Doomed Dome: The Future That Never Was retrieved November 8, 2009
  13. ^ Sutkoski, Matt (September 24, 2008). Winooski manager's future cloudy. Burlington Free Press. 
  14. ^ Davis, Mark (March 3, 2015). "Seth Leonard Wins Winooski Mayoral Race by Big Margin". Seven Days. Retrieved 2017-11-19. 
  15. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  16. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 16, 2015. 
  17. ^ Winooski - Winooski - Ancestry & family history. ePodunk. Retrieved on 2014-04-12.

External links

  • Official city website
  • History of Winooski Police
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