Windows Nashville

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Windows Nashville
A version of the Windows 9x operating system
Nashville desktop.jpg
Windows "Nashville" 4.10.999 desktop.
Developer Microsoft
Working state Historic, Outdated
Source model Closed source
License Commercial software

Windows Nashville (previously Cleveland) was the codename for a cancelled release of Microsoft Windows scheduled to be released in 1996, between "Chicago" (Windows 95) and "Memphis" (Windows 98, at the time scheduled for release in 1997),[1] causing it to be referred to as Windows 96 by the public. The release intended to focus on a tighter integration between Windows and Internet Explorer, in order to better compete with Netscape Navigator.[2]

Microsoft claimed that Nashville would add Internet integration features to the Windows 95 and NT 4.0 desktop, building on the new features in the Internet Explorer 3.0 web browser (due for release a few months before Nashville). Touted features included a combined file manager and web browser, the ability to seamlessly open Microsoft Office documents from within Internet Explorer using ActiveX technology and a way to place dynamic web pages directly on the desktop in place of the regular static wallpaper.

A leaked build had version number 4.10.999 (compare to Windows 95's 4.00.950, Windows 95 OSR2's 4.00.1111, Windows 98's 4.10.1998, Windows 98 Second Edition's 4.10.2222 A, and Windows ME's 4.90.3000). The project was eventually cancelled as a full release of Windows, Windows 95 OSR2 being shipped as an interim release instead. The codename "Nashville" was reused for the Windows Desktop Update that shipped with Internet Explorer 4.0 and delivered most of the features promised for Nashville. The Athena PIM application would be released as Microsoft Internet Mail and News, later renamed to Outlook Express.

"Cleveland" was an earlier codename for "Nashville".[1]

See also


  1. ^ a b Comes v. Microsoft 3208
  2. ^ Comes v. Microsoft 5735


Microsoft confidential
  • Comes v. Microsoft. Plaintiff's Exhibit 2013: "Desktop Operating Systems Mission—Draft". Microsoft Confidential (February 4, 1994).
  • Comes v. Microsoft. Plaintiff's Exhibit 3208: "Desktop Operating Systems Mission Memo". Microsoft Confidential.
  • Comes v. Microsoft. Plaintiff's Exhibit 5648: "Systems Three Year Plan". Microsoft Confidential (April 1994).
  • Comes v. Microsoft. Plaintiff's Exhibit 2247: "Personal Systems Division 3 Yr Outlook". Microsoft Confidential (February 28, 1995).
  • Comes v. Microsoft. Plaintiff's Exhibit 5735. Microsoft Confidential (October 25, 1995).
  • Comes v. Microsoft. Plaintiff's Exhibit 2667.
  • Miller, Michael J. (24 October 1995). "Beyond Windows 95". PC Magazine. pp. 75–76.
  • Honeyball, Jon (June 1996). "The Road to Cairo Goes Through Nashville". Windows IT Pro.
  • Schnoll, Scott. "The History of Microsoft Internet Explorer".
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