North Wiltshire (UK Parliament constituency)

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North Wiltshire
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of North Wiltshire in Wiltshire for the 2010 general election.
Outline map
Location of Wiltshire within England.
County Wiltshire
Electorate 67,154 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Calne, Royal Wootton Bassett, Cricklade, Malmesbury
Current constituency
Created 1983
Member of parliament James Gray (Conservative)
Number of members One
Created from Chippenham
18321885
Replaced by Cricklade
Chippenhamm
Devizes
Westbury
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency South West England

North Wiltshire is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1997 by James Gray, a Conservative.[n 2] In the period 1832–1983, this was an alternative name for Chippenham or the Northern Division of Wiltshire and as Chippenham dates to the original countrywide Parliament, the Model Parliament, this period is covered in more detail in that article. In 2016 it was announced that the North Wiltshire constituency would be scrapped as part of the planned 2018 Constituency Reforms.[citation needed]

Boundaries

1983-1997: The District of North Wiltshire.

1997-2010: The District of North Wiltshire wards of Allington, Ashton Keynes, Audley, Avon, Box, Bremhill, Brinkworth, Colerne, Corsham, Crudwell, Hill Rise, Hilmarton, Kington Langley, Kington St Michael, Lacock, Lyneham, Malmesbury, Malmesbury Road, Minety, Monkton Park, Neston and Gastard, Nettleton, Park, Pickwick, Purton, Queen's, Redland, St Paul Malmesbury Without, Sherston, Somerford, The Lydiards, Town, Westcroft, Wootton Bassett North, and Wootton Bassett South.

2010–present: The District of North Wiltshire wards of Ashton Keynes and Minety, Box, Bremhill, Brinkworth and The Somerfords, Calne Abberd, Calne Chilvester, Calne Lickhill, Calne Marden, Calne Priestley, Calne Quemerford, Calne Without, Colerne, Cricklade, Hilmarton, Kington Langley, Kington St Michael, Lyneham, Malmesbury, Nettleton, Purton, St Paul Malmesbury Without and Sherston, The Lydiards and Broad Town, Wootton Bassett North, and Wootton Bassett South.

The constituency covers most of the northern third of Wiltshire. However it excludes the eastern town of Swindon which is represented as North Swindon and South Swindon.

North Wiltshire constituency was formed by a renaming for the 1983 general election, with boundaries identical to the former Chippenham constituency (1885–1983).[2] The constituency sits between the Cotswolds and Swindon. Its main towns are Calne, Royal Wootton Bassett (a town which was a borough constituency until abolished as a 'rotten borough' in 1832), Cricklade and Malmesbury, and it also contains a number of villages, both small and large, spread over a large area of farming countryside, including the well-known (often-painted and photographed) village of Castle Combe.

An outline of Wiltshire shows the boundaries (4) for the 2010 general election

For the 2010 general election the North Wiltshire constituency changed radically as a result of boundary change recommendations. The constituency now covers a northern swathe of the previous version retaining the towns of Malmesbury, Cricklade, Royal Wootton Bassett and Calne[n 3] while the largest southern town of Chippenham was given its own seat (which was previously abolished in 1983) that brought in the nearby market towns of Bradford on Avon and Melksham including parts of other seats.[3]

While North Wiltshire has a long history of returning Conservative candidates, its district council (created in 1973 and abolished in 2009) was closely contested between the Conservatives and the Liberal Democrats with many electoral wards being marginal.

Members of Parliament

MPs 1832–1885 - Summary, See Chippenham instead

Election 1st Member[4] 1st Party 2nd Member[4] 2nd Party
1832 Paul Methuen Sir John Astley, Bt
1835 Walter Long
1837 Francis Burdett
Feb 1844 T. H. S. Sotheron-Estcourt Conservative
Mar. 1865 Lord Charles Bruce Liberal
1865 Richard Penruddocke Long Conservative
1868 George Jenkinson Conservative
1874 George Sotheron-Estcourt Conservative
1880 Walter Long Conservative
1885 Redistribution of Seats Act: constituency abolished

MPs since 1983

Election Member[4] Party
1983 Richard Needham Conservative
1997 James Gray Conservative

Election results

Elections of the 2010s

General Election 2017: North Wiltshire[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative James Gray 32,398 60.3 +3.1
Liberal Democrat Brian Mathew 9,521 17.7 +2.1
Labour Peter Baldrey 9,399 17.5 +7.7
Green Phil Chamberlain 1,141 2.1 -2.5
UKIP Paddy Singh 871 1.6 -9.9
Independent Lisa Tweedie 376 0.7 +0.7
Majority 22,877 42.6 Increase 1.0
Turnout 53,797 75.34 Increase 0.84
Conservative hold Swing Increase 0.5
General Election 2015: North Wiltshire[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative James Gray[7] 28,938 57.2 +5.7
Liberal Democrat Brian Mathew[7] 7,892 15.6 −20.6
UKIP Pat Bryant[8] 5,813 11.5 +7.6
Labour Peter Baldrey 4,930 9.8 +3.1
Green Phil Chamberlain[9] 2,350 4.6 +3.4
Independent Simon Killane[7] 390 0.8 N/A
Independent Giles Wareham 243 0.5 N/A
Majority 21,046 41.6 +26.2
Turnout 50,556 74.5 +1.2
Conservative hold Swing +13.15
General Election 2010: North Wiltshire[10][11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative James Gray 25,114 51.6 +1.9
Liberal Democrat Michael Evemy 17,631 36.2 +1.8
Labour Jason Hughes 3,239 6.7 −5.3
UKIP Charles Bennett 1,908 3.9 +1.2
Green Philip Chamberlain 599 1.2 +1.2
Independent Philip Allnatt 208 0.4 −0.6
Majority 7,483 15.4 +5.9
Turnout 48,699 73.4 +3.9
Conservative hold Swing +0.05

Elections in the 2000s

General Election 2005: North Wiltshire[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative James Gray 26,282 46.9 +1.4
Liberal Democrat Paul Fox 20,979 37.4 −0.8
Labour David Nash 6,794 12.1 −2.2
UKIP Neil Dowdney 1,428 2.5 +0.4
Independent Philip Allnatt 578 1.0 N/A
Majority 5,303 9.5
Turnout 56,061 69.3 +2.0
Conservative hold Swing +1.1
General Election 2001: North Wiltshire[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative James Gray 24,090 45.5 +1.7
Liberal Democrat Hugh Pym 20,212 38.2 +0.4
Labour Joanne Garton 7,556 14.3 +0.1
UKIP Neil Dowdney 1,090 2.1 +1.4
Majority 3,878 7.3
Turnout 52,948 67.3 −7.6
Conservative hold Swing +0.7

Elections in the 1990s

General Election 1997: North Wiltshire[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative James Gray 25,390 43.8 −12.4
Liberal Democrat Simon Cordon 21,915 37.8 +6.3
Labour Nigel Knowles 8,261 14.2 +4.1
Referendum Margaret Purves 1,774 3.1 N/A
UKIP Alan Wood 410 0.7 N/A
Natural Law Joan Forsyth 263 0.4 N/A
Majority 3,475 6.0
Turnout 58,013 74.9
Conservative hold Swing −9.3
General Election 1992: North Wiltshire[15][16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Richard Needham 39,028 55.6 +0.5
Liberal Democrat Christine Napier 22,640 32.3 −5.8
Labour Christine Reid 6,945 9.9 +3.1
Green Lydia Howitt 850 1.2 N/A
Liberal George Hawkins 622 0.9 −37.2
Independent David Martienssen 66 0.1 N/A
Majority 16,388 23.4 +6.3
Turnout 70,151 81.7 +2.4
Conservative hold Swing +3.1

Elections in the 1980s

General Election 1987: North Wiltshire[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Richard Needham 35,309 55.1 +2.1
Liberal Christopher Graham 24,370 38.1 −2.5
Labour Christine Reid 4,343 6.8 +1.8
Majority 10,939 17.0
Turnout 64,022 79.3
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1983: North Wiltshire[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Richard Needham 30,924 53.0 +3.9
Liberal Christopher Graham 23,692 40.6 -0.7
Labour Stephen Allsop 2,888 5.0 -3.7
Ecology Edward Barham 678 1.2 N/A
Justice for Divorced Fathers Henri de la Perriere 113 0.2 N/A
Majority 7,232 12.4 N/A
Turnout 58,295 76.6 4.5
Conservative win (new seat)

Elections in the 1880s

General Election 1880: North Wiltshire (2 seats)[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Walter Long 3,090 35.5 −0.5
Conservative George Sotheron-Estcourt 2,836 32.6 −4.2
Liberal George Fuller 2,784 32.0 +4.8
Majority 52 0.6 −8.3
Turnout 5,747 (est) 79.3 (est) +2.1
Registered electors 7,249
Conservative hold Swing −1.5
Conservative hold Swing −3.3

Elections in the 1870s

General Election 1874: North Wiltshire (2 seats)[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative George Bucknall-Estcourt 3,195 36.8 +18.0
Conservative George Jenkinson 3,129 36.0 +17.2
Liberal Charles Bruce 2,358 27.2 −35.3
Majority 771 8.9 +6.6
Turnout 5,520 (est) 77.2 (est) +3.2
Registered electors 7,152
Conservative hold Swing +17.8
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +17.4

Elections in the 1860s

General Election 1868: North Wiltshire (2 seats)[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative George Jenkinson 2,769 37.5 −23.0
Liberal Charles Bruce 2,600 35.2 +15.4
Liberal Joseph Trigge Schomberg 2,016 27.3 +7.5
Majority 169 2.3 N/A
Turnout 5,077 (est) 74.0 (est) +0.3
Registered electors 6,857
Conservative hold Swing −17.2
Liberal hold Swing +13.5
General Election 1865: North Wiltshire (2 seats)[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Charles Bruce 2,151 39.6 N/A
Conservative Richard Penruddocke Long 1,911 35.2 N/A
Conservative George Jenkinson 1,373 25.3 N/A
Majority 240 4.4 N/A
Turnout 3,793 (est) 73.7 (est) N/A
Registered electors 5,146
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing N/A
Conservative hold Swing N/A
By-election, 20 March 1865: North Wiltshire[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Charles Bruce Unopposed
Liberal gain from Conservative

See also

Notes and references

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ Since 2010 Calne is the furthest south
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ "About North Wiltshire" from the website of James Gray MP. Retrieved on October 18, 2006.
  3. ^ Fifth periodical report – Volume 4 Mapping for the Non-Metropolitan Counties and the Unitary Authorities, The Stationery Office, 26 February 2007, ISBN 0-10-170322-8 
  4. ^ a b c Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 4)
  5. ^ "Parliamentary elections 2017". Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 13 May 2017. 
  6. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  7. ^ a b c Cass, Elliot (2 January 2015). "North Wiltshire MP denies rivals are ahead in election battle". Wilts and Gloss Standard. Retrieved 25 January 2015. 
  8. ^ "UK Polling Report". ukpollingreport.co.uk. 
  9. ^ "General Election 2015". southwest.greenparty.org.uk. 
  10. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  11. ^ Kerr, Andrew (20 April 2010). "Statement of Persons Nominated and Notice of Poll" (PDF). Electoral Services. Wiltshire County Council. Retrieved 21 April 2010. 
  12. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  13. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  14. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  15. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  16. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  17. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  18. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  19. ^ a b c d e Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. pp. 480–481. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3. 
  20. ^ Stephens, H.M. (2004). "Estcourt, Thomas Henry Sutton Sotheron". Oxford University Press (subscription needed). Retrieved 23 November 2008. 
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