Williams Lake, British Columbia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Williams Lake
City
City of Williams Lake
Williams Lake's welcome sign
Williams Lake's welcome sign
Nickname(s): BC's Stampede Capital, Mural Capital of the Cariboo Chilcotin
Williams Lake is located in British Columbia
Williams Lake
Williams Lake
Location in British Columbia
Coordinates: 52°07′46″N 122°08′18″W / 52.12944°N 122.13833°W / 52.12944; -122.13833Coordinates: 52°07′46″N 122°08′18″W / 52.12944°N 122.13833°W / 52.12944; -122.13833
Country Canada
Province British Columbia
Region Cariboo
Regional district Cariboo Regional District
Incorporated 1929
Government
 • Governing body Williams Lake City Council
 • Mayor Walt Cobb
 • City Manager CAO Darrell Garceau
Area[1]
 • Land 33.13 km2 (12.79 sq mi)
 • Census agglomeration 2,656.73 km2 (1,025.77 sq mi)
 • Population centre 40.36 km2 (15.58 sq mi)
Elevation[2] 586 m (1,923 ft)
Population (2011)[1][3][4]
 • Total 10,832
 • Density 327.0/km2 (847/sq mi)
 • Census agglomeration 18,490
 • Census agglomeration density 7.0/km2 (18/sq mi)
 • Population centre 12,408
 • Population centre density 307.4/km2 (796/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC– 08:00)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC– 07:00)
Forward sortation area V2G
Area code(s) 250 / 778 / 236
Highways Hwy 97
Hwy 20
Website williamslake.ca

Williams Lake is a city in the Central Interior of British Columbia, Canada. Located in the central part of a region known as the Cariboo, it is the largest urban centre between Kamloops and Prince George, with a population of 10,832 in city limits.[1]

Williams Lake hosts the annual Williams Lake Stampede, which takes place over the Canada Day long weekend. It is the home town of Rick Hansen, the Canadian paraplegic athlete and activist for people with spinal cord injuries, who became famous during his fundraising Man in Motion world tour.

History

Williams Lake is named in honour of Secwepemc chief William, whose counsel prevented the Shuswap from joining the Tsilhqot'in in their uprising against the settler population.[5]

The story of Williams Lake began in 1860 during the Cariboo Gold Rush when Gold Commissioner Philip Henry Nind and William Pinchbeck, a constable with the British Columbia Provincial Police, arrived from Victoria to organize a local government and maintain law and order.

At the time, two pack trails led to the goldfields, one from the Douglas Road and the other through the Fraser Canyon. They met at Williams Lake, which made it a good choice for settlers and merchants. By 1861, Commissioner Nind had built a government house and had requested the funds to build a jail. With the centre of local government being at Williams Lake, the miners and businessmen all had to travel there to conduct their business and soon the town had a post office, a courthouse, a roadhouse and the jail that Nind had requested. Meanwhile, William Pinchbeck had not been idle and had built his own roadhouse, saloon and store. Eventually he would own most of the valley.[6]

In 1863, the town was excited by the news of the construction of Cariboo Road, believing it would pass through their already established and important trading centre. However, the roadbuilder Gustavus Blin Wright rerouted the original trail so that it bypassed Williams Lake and went through 150 Mile House instead.[7]

The Williams Lake by-pass doomed the city and accusations flew that Gustavus Blin Wright had changed the route for his own personal benefit as he owned a roadhouse at Deep Creek along the new route. Regardless of Wright's motives, Williams Lake was forgotten and wouldn't be reborn until nearly half a century later with the construction of the Pacific Great Eastern Railway, later BC Rail and now CN Rail.[8]

In July 2017, the province of British Columbia declared a state of emergency with more than 200 fires burning, mostly in the central region of the province. Residents from Williams Lake along with other communities in central British Columbia such as Ashcroft and 100 Mile House were given evacuation orders and most of those affected went to either Prince George or Kamloops. [9]

Demographics

Below is the ethnic origin of people from Williams Lake. Note that percentages total more than 100% due to multiple responses e.g. German-East Indian, Norwegian-Irish-Polish.[10]

Canada 2016 Census Population  % of Total Population
Visible minority group
Source:[13]
South Asian 405 3.9%
Chinese 20 0.2%
Black 40 0.4%
Filipino 80 0.8%
Latin American 10 0.1%
Arab 0 0%
Southeast Asian 20 0.2%
West Asian 0 0%
Korean 60 0.6%
Japanese 30 0.3%
Other visible minority 20 0.2%
Mixed visible minority 55 0.5%
Total visible minority population 745 7.2%
Aboriginal group
Source:[14]
First Nations 1,595 15.4%
Métis 430 4.2%
Inuit 0 0%
Total Aboriginal population 2,045 19.8%
White 7,535 73%
Total population 10,325 100%

Economy

The primary industries in Williams Lake are forestry, logging, milling, mining and ranching.

Climate

Williams Lake has a humid continental climate with warm summers. Spring is the driest time of year, and summer and winter are the wettest seasons respectively. Williams Lake receives about 2,000 hours of bright sunshine per year, which is more than most of the province.

The lowest temperature ever recorded in Williams Lake was −42.8 °C (−45 °F) on 22 January 1943,[15] and the highest temperature ever recorded was 41.1 °C (106 °F) on 16 & 17 July 1941.[16] Williams Lake – along with Billings,[17] and nearby McLeese Lake[18] – holds the record for the highest maximum temperature ever recorded in the province during the month of September. This occurred on September 4, 1988.

The Williams Lake Airport weather station is at an elevation of 939.7 m (3,083 ft) while the Williams Lake River weather station is at 585.2 m (1,920 ft), a difference of 354.5 m (1,163 ft). Thus the average temperature is significantly warmer in the city proper than the table below displays.

Climate data for Williams Lake (Williams Lake River), 1981–2010 normals, extremes 1939–2002[a]
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 16.0
(60.8)
16.0
(60.8)
22.5
(72.5)
31.7
(89.1)
38.0
(100.4)
37.2
(99)
41.1
(106)
37.5
(99.5)
39.0
(102.2)
30.0
(86)
18.0
(64.4)
17.2
(63)
41.1
(106)
Average high °C (°F) −1.9
(28.6)
2.6
(36.7)
9.2
(48.6)
14.7
(58.5)
19.7
(67.5)
23.0
(73.4)
25.8
(78.4)
25.9
(78.6)
21.0
(69.8)
12.6
(54.7)
3.5
(38.3)
−2.2
(28)
12.8
(55)
Daily mean °C (°F) −5.9
(21.4)
−2.5
(27.5)
2.6
(36.7)
7.3
(45.1)
12.1
(53.8)
15.6
(60.1)
17.9
(64.2)
17.5
(63.5)
13.1
(55.6)
6.7
(44.1)
−0.2
(31.6)
−6.0
(21.2)
6.5
(43.7)
Average low °C (°F) −9.9
(14.2)
−7.5
(18.5)
−4.0
(24.8)
−0.2
(31.6)
4.3
(39.7)
8.1
(46.6)
10.0
(50)
9.2
(48.6)
5.2
(41.4)
0.8
(33.4)
−3.9
(25)
−9.7
(14.5)
0.2
(32.4)
Record low °C (°F) −42.8
(−45)
−38.3
(−36.9)
−30.0
(−22)
−17.8
(0)
−5.0
(23)
−1.7
(28.9)
2.0
(35.6)
−2.2
(28)
−7.0
(19.4)
−25.0
(−13)
−37.0
(−34.6)
−41.7
(−43.1)
−42.8
(−45)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 31.7
(1.248)
12.9
(0.508)
15.3
(0.602)
20.7
(0.815)
35.6
(1.402)
57.6
(2.268)
60.5
(2.382)
46.6
(1.835)
37.5
(1.476)
36.6
(1.441)
36.7
(1.445)
34.3
(1.35)
425.9
(16.768)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 7.9
(0.311)
3.7
(0.146)
9.6
(0.378)
18.5
(0.728)
35.5
(1.398)
57.6
(2.268)
60.5
(2.382)
46.6
(1.835)
37.4
(1.472)
34.9
(1.374)
19.2
(0.756)
3.9
(0.154)
335.3
(13.201)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 23.8
(9.37)
9.2
(3.62)
5.7
(2.24)
2.2
(0.87)
0.1
(0.04)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.1
(0.04)
1.7
(0.67)
17.5
(6.89)
30.4
(11.97)
90.6
(35.67)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 8.4 5.6 6.6 8.4 12.1 15.0 13.6 11.8 9.9 12.5 10.2 9.4 123.4
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 2.2 2.2 4.8 7.9 12.1 15.0 13.6 11.8 9.9 12.2 6.6 1.9 100.2
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 7.2 3.7 2.2 1.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.7 4.9 8.1 27.9
Source: Environment Canada[19][20]



Climate data for Williams Lake Airport, 1981–2010 normals, extremes 1960–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high humidex 12.2 19.6 18.2 28.0 33.9 32.2 36.2 36.4 35.6 26.8 16.1 10.6 36.4
Record high °C (°F) 12.8
(55)
12.8
(55)
18.9
(66)
28.8
(83.8)
34.5
(94.1)
33.5
(92.3)
34.4
(93.9)
33.3
(91.9)
35.8
(96.4)
27.1
(80.8)
16.7
(62.1)
12.2
(54)
35.8
(96.4)
Average high °C (°F) −2.7
(27.1)
0.8
(33.4)
5.8
(42.4)
11.0
(51.8)
16.0
(60.8)
19.5
(67.1)
22.5
(72.5)
22.2
(72)
17.2
(63)
9.7
(49.5)
1.4
(34.5)
−3.5
(25.7)
10.0
(50)
Daily mean °C (°F) −6.7
(19.9)
−4.1
(24.6)
0.3
(32.5)
4.9
(40.8)
9.6
(49.3)
13.3
(55.9)
16.0
(60.8)
15.3
(59.5)
10.6
(51.1)
4.6
(40.3)
−2.3
(27.9)
−7.3
(18.9)
4.5
(40.1)
Average low °C (°F) −10.7
(12.7)
−8.9
(16)
−5.2
(22.6)
−1.3
(29.7)
3.2
(37.8)
7.0
(44.6)
9.3
(48.7)
8.3
(46.9)
4.0
(39.2)
−0.6
(30.9)
−5.9
(21.4)
−11.0
(12.2)
−1.0
(30.2)
Record low °C (°F) −42.2
(−44)
−34.6
(−30.3)
−31.7
(−25.1)
−16.7
(1.9)
−5.8
(21.6)
−4.0
(24.8)
0.0
(32)
−1.7
(28.9)
−8.9
(16)
−28.6
(−19.5)
−41.6
(−42.9)
−42.8
(−45)
−42.8
(−45)
Record low wind chill −46.8 −45.3 −39.9 −21.8 −12.0 −4.1 0.0 −2.8 −11.0 −35.2 −49.6 −52.2 −52.2
Average precipitation mm (inches) 33.1
(1.303)
18.6
(0.732)
17.9
(0.705)
22.2
(0.874)
39.1
(1.539)
58.6
(2.307)
52.7
(2.075)
46.1
(1.815)
41.8
(1.646)
41.0
(1.614)
42.2
(1.661)
37.6
(1.48)
450.7
(17.744)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 4.6
(0.181)
2.0
(0.079)
3.9
(0.154)
13.2
(0.52)
36.0
(1.417)
58.3
(2.295)
52.7
(2.075)
46.1
(1.815)
41.2
(1.622)
32.6
(1.283)
14.2
(0.559)
2.9
(0.114)
307.6
(12.11)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 36.9
(14.53)
21.1
(8.31)
17.5
(6.89)
10.2
(4.02)
3.3
(1.3)
0.3
(0.12)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.6
(0.24)
9.4
(3.7)
33.0
(12.99)
44.5
(17.52)
176.8
(69.61)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 12.0 8.7 8.7 9.1 12.6 14.8 13.1 10.8 10.5 11.9 12.5 12.8 137.4
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 1.8 1.4 2.7 6.2 12.0 14.8 13.0 10.8 10.5 10.2 4.6 1.5 89.4
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 11.1 8.0 6.8 4.4 1.8 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 3.4 9.7 12.3 58.0
Average relative humidity (%) 75.1 62.1 47.2 41.0 40.8 44.0 41.6 41.1 45.6 56.7 72.8 77.4 53.8
Mean monthly sunshine hours 58.6 97.4 154.6 198.0 248.8 242.4 283.5 273.4 199.2 123.8 60.3 45.8 1,985.8
Percent possible sunshine 22.8 34.9 42.1 47.5 51.2 48.5 56.3 60.1 52.3 37.4 22.8 18.9 41.2
Source: Environment Canada[21]

Education

Williams Lake is served by Cariboo-Chilcotin School District 27. It has five public elementary schools teaching up to grade 6 and three StrongStart BC centres. These are Cataline Elementary (Cataline Strong Start Centre), Chilcotin Road Elementary, Marie Sharpe Elementary (Marie Sharpe StrongStart Centre), Mountview Elementary (Mountview StrongStart Centre), Nesika Elementary. There is also SD 27 OR#1 Wildwood, a StrongStart Outreach Centre. One secondary school, Lake City Secondary School, which was formed by an merger of Columneetza Secondary School and Williams Lake Secondary School in 2013, teaches grade 7 to 12 students. Alternative education provision is met by the Graduation Routes Other Ways centre and the Skyline Alternate School program. The GROW Continuing Education Centre offers grades 10–12 for adults.[22][23] Anne Stevenson Secondary School was closed in 2003 due to falling numbers of students.[23]

There are four independent schools in Williams Lake, West Coast Adventist DL School (K-12), Sacred Heart Catholic School (K-7), Maranatha Christian School (K-12) and Cariboo Adventist Academy (K-12).[22]

Colleges and universities

Thompson Rivers University has a campus in Williams Lake and offers a wide variety of programs and courses including university transfers, certificate and diploma programs, health and safety certification, trades and technology, and university and career preparation. The Elder College is another local division of Thompson Rivers University, and offers programs and opportunities for people who are 50+ and are interested in participating in the programs, courses and special events.

Sports and recreation

Arts and culture

  • The Central Cariboo Arts and Culture Society[24] was formed in 2010 as a BC registered non-profit society, with a mandate not only to administer this function, but also to serve the many existing independent cultural organizations and events and to facilitate the development of arts and culture in the central part of the region.
  • The Station House Studio and Gallery Society,[25] a non-profit organization, was formed in 1981 to preserve and restore the BC Rail Station at No. 1 Mackenzie Avenue North, and to provide studio and gallery space. Each month, the Gallery exhibits a variety of contemporary works in many mediums by local, regional, and touring artists. The Society also operates a gift shop that features the work of local artisans and crafts people.
  • The Museum of the Cariboo-Chilcotin[26] offers a glimpse into the Central Cariboo's history and is home to the BC Cowboy Hall of Fame.
  • Williams Lake Studio Theatre Society[27] has now operated for more than fifty years.
  • The Williams Lake Community Band meets on Thursday evenings at 7:30 pm in the band room at WLSS under the directorship of Michael Butterfield. This band performs at local community events such as the Remembrance Day Ceremony, the Stampede Parade, and at anniversary or opening ceremonies such as the Tourism Centre.
  • The Williams Lake Pipe Band was founded in 2006 and practices at the Royal Canadian Legion in Williams Lake on Tuesdays.
  • Author Mark Leiren-Young wrote a comic memoir (Never Shoot a Stampede Queen: A Rookie Reporter in the Cariboo Country) about his experiences with The Williams Lake Tribune, which won the 2009 Stephen Leacock Memorial Medal for Humour.
  • Williams Lake is referenced in the Swedish movie Skills[28] during the scene in which various characters from around the world are seen betting on online underground parkour-skateboard-breakdance-martial arts battles.

Transportation

Williams Lake is located on the junction of Highway 97 and Highway 20. Greyhound Lines provides bus service south to Vancouver and Kamloops, north to Prince George. CN Rail offers freight service north and south of Williams Lake. Local public transportation consists of the BC Transit and HandyDART bus service.

The Williams Lake Airport is located 4.2 nautical miles (7.8 km; 4.8 mi)[29] northeast of the city and was opened in 1956 by Transport Canada and on January 1, 1997 the ownership of the airport was transferred to the City of Williams Lake. The airport is served by both Pacific Coastal Airlines, and Central Mountain Air with daily flights to Vancouver. There was a small seaplane base at Williams Lake Water Aerodrome but it is no longer in operation.

Local attractions

Williams Lake Stampede

Held annually, on the Canada Day long weekend, the Williams Lake Stampede features Canadian Professional Rodeo Association[30] action including bull riding, barrel racing, Bareback riding, tie-down roping, steer wrestling, team roping and chuckwagon races. The Williams Lake Stampede plays host to many top cowboys and international rodeo competitors from Canada and the United States, most of which continue on the circuit to the Calgary Stampede, the following weekend.

The Stampede festivities also include a parade of floats from local organizations, such as 4-H groups, native bands, community service groups, the stampede royalty and local merchants. There is also a carnival with rides and games located near the stampede grounds.

Scout Island

Scout Island, which is 9.69 ha (23.9 acres) in size, is both a park and a nature area. It consists of a beach, picnic area, boat launch and several trails through mainly natural environment. Scout Island is actually two islands that are connected to the west end of Williams Lake by a causeway.

Located on the island is the Nature House, which provides a view of the marsh next to the island. It is run by the Williams Lake Field Naturalists and provides information, displays and programs dealing with the local environment.

The island is leased to Williams Lake by the owners, the Nature Trust of British Columbia.[31]

Media

Television

Radio

Other radio services

There was a Loran-C station at Williams Lake.

Publications

Notable people

  • Rick Hansen - Canadian paraplegic athlete and activist for people with spinal cord injuries, who became well-known during his fundraising Man in Motion world tour
  • Trevor Mack - Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) filmmaker
  • Carey Price - Montreal Canadiens starting goalie regularly attended organised hockey in Williams Lake as a child, traveling from Anahim Lake, British Columbia by plane.
  • Kayla Moleschi - Canadian Olympian and current member of the Canadian women rugby sevens team

Surrounding communities

Bibliography

References

  1. ^ a b c Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "Statistics Canada: 2011 Census Profile". www12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved January 8, 2018. 
  2. ^ "Facts & Figures - Williams Lake, BC - Official Website". www.williamslake.ca. Retrieved January 8, 2018. 
  3. ^ Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "Statistics Canada: 2011 Census Profile". www12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved January 8, 2018. 
  4. ^ Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "Statistics Canada: 2011 Census Profile". www12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved January 8, 2018. 
  5. ^ Stangoe, Irene (1994). Cariboo Chilcotin Pioneer People and Places. Heritage House. p. 32. ISBN 1-895811-12-0. 
  6. ^ Stangoe, Irene (1994). Cariboo Chilcotin Pioneer People and Places. Heritage House. pp. 10–14. ISBN 1-895811-12-0. 
  7. ^ "The Colonial Period 1858–1871". Royal BC Museum. Archived from the original on May 20, 2013. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  8. ^ "RootsWeb.com Home Page". www.rootsweb.com. Retrieved January 8, 2018. 
  9. ^ [1][dead link]
  10. ^ "File Not Found". www12.statcan.ca. Retrieved January 8, 2018. 
  11. ^ Not including Frisians or Flemish
  12. ^ May include Sami and Kven
  13. ^ "Community Profiles from the 2011 Census, Statistics Canada – Census Subdivision". 2.statcan.gc.ca. December 6, 2010. Archived from the original on July 7, 2014. Retrieved 2013-04-13. 
  14. ^ "Aboriginal Peoples – Data table". 2.statcan.ca. October 6, 2010. Archived from the original on September 28, 2013. Retrieved 2013-04-13. 
  15. ^ "January 1943". Environment Canada. Retrieved 23 April 2016. 
  16. ^ "July 1941". Environment Canada. Retrieved 23 April 2016. 
  17. ^ Canada, Environment and Climate Change. "Canadian Climate Normals 1981-2010 Station Data - Climate - Environment and Climate Change Canada". climate.weather.gc.ca. Retrieved January 8, 2018. 
  18. ^ Canada, Environment and Climate Change. "Canadian Climate Normals 1981-2010 Station Data - Climate - Environment and Climate Change Canada". climate.weather.gc.ca. Retrieved January 8, 2018. 
  19. ^ "Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010 Station Data – Williams Lake River". Environment Canada. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  20. ^ "Williams Lake". Environment Canada. Retrieved 23 April 2016. 
  21. ^ "Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010 Station Data – Williams Lake Airport". Environment Canada. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  22. ^ a b School information – District 027 – Cariboo-Chilcotin, British Columbia Ministry of Education, 2011-09-30. Retrieved 2012-05-07.
  23. ^ a b School district profile, British Columbia Ministry of Education. Retrieved 2012-05-07.
  24. ^ "- Central Cariboo Arts and Culture". Retrieved January 8, 2018. 
  25. ^ "Home - The Station House Gallery". The Station House Gallery. Retrieved January 8, 2018. 
  26. ^ "Cowboy, Ranching, Rodeo Museum in Williams Lake, British Columbia, Canada". www.cowboy-museum.com. Retrieved January 8, 2018. 
  27. ^ "Williams Lake Studio Theatre". www.wlstudiotheatre.com. Retrieved January 8, 2018. 
  28. ^ "SKILLS the movie". www.skillsthemovie.com. Retrieved January 8, 2018. 
  29. ^ Canada Flight Supplement. Effective 0901Z 17 August 2017 to 0901Z 12 October 2017.
  30. ^ "Rodeo Canada - Official Home of the Canadian Professional Rodeo Association". www.rodeocanada.com. Retrieved January 8, 2018. 
  31. ^ "Scout Island - Williams Lake, BC - Official Website". www.williamslake.ca. Retrieved January 8, 2018. 
  32. ^ (CRTC), Government of Canada, Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission. "ARCHIVED - Developmental community radio station in Williams Lake". www.crtc.gc.ca. Retrieved January 8, 2018. 
  33. ^ "Home - Williams Lake Tribune". Williams Lake Tribune. Retrieved January 8, 2018. 
  34. ^ "Home - Williams Lake Tribune". Williams Lake Tribune. Retrieved January 8, 2018. 
  35. ^ marketing, Williams Lake web design and social media. "Social media marketing and web design Williams Lake". www.welcometowilliamslake.ca. Retrieved January 8, 2018. 

Notes

  1. ^ Extreme high and low temperatures are from the Williams Lake climate station (January 1939 to August 1947), and Williams Lake River (August 1980 to June 2002).

External links

  • City of Williams Lake
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