William Markham (bishop)

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For the noted Atlantan, see William Markham; for the Pennsylvania colonial official, see William Markham (Governor).

The Most Reverend and Right Honourable
William Markham
Archbishop of York
William Markham by Benjamin West.jpg
Contemporary portrait by Benjamin West.
Province Province of York
Diocese Diocese of York
In office 17 January 1777 (conf.)–1807 (death)
Predecessor Robert Hay Drummond
Successor Edward Venables-Vernon-Harcourt
Other posts Lord High Almoner (1777–1807)
Dean of Rochester (20 February 1765 {instit.}–October 1767)
Dean of Christ Church (October 1767 {exch.}–1777)
Bishop of Chester (February 1771 {conf.}–1777)
Personal details
Born 1719
Kinsale, County Cork, Ireland
Died (1807-11-03)3 November 1807 (aged 88)
Mayfair, Middlesex, England
Buried 11 November 1807, Westminster Abbey
Nationality British
Denomination Anglican
Residence South Audley Street, Mayfair (at death)
Parents Major William Markham & Elizabeth née Markham
Sarah Goddard (m. 1759)
Children 6 sons (inc. John, Very Revd George & William) & 7 daughters
Education Westminster School
Alma mater Christ Church, Oxford
Ordination history of
William Markham
Priestly ordination
Ordained by Thomas Secker (Oxford)
Date 17 December 1748
Place Christ Church Cathedral, Oxford
Episcopal consecration
Consecrated by Robert Hay Drummond (York)
Date 17 February 1771
Place Chapel Royal, St James's Palace
Source(s): [1][2]

William Markham (1719 – 3 November 1807), English divine, served as Archbishop of York from 1777 until his death.

Early life

William Markham was born in 1719 to Major William Markham and Elizabeth (née Markham) of Kinsale in Ireland.

He was educated at Westminster School and at Christ Church, Oxford, where he matriculated on 6 June 1738, graduating BA 1742, MA 1745, BCL & DCL 1752.


He was one of the best scholars of his day, and attained to the headship of his old school and college: he served as Headmaster of Westminster 1753–1765, and Dean of Christ Church 1767–1776. Between those headships, he held the deanery of Rochester 1765–1767. He held from time to time a number of livings, and in 1771 was made Bishop of Chester and tutor to the Prince of Wales (later George IV). In 1776 he became Archbishop of York, and also Lord High Almoner and privy councillor.

He was a fierce critic of pamphleteer Richard Price concerning the American rebellion. He was for some time a close friend of Edmund Burke, but his strong championship of Warren Hastings caused a breach. He was accused by Lord Chatham of preaching pernicious doctrines, and was a victim of the Gordon Riots in 1780.

Bishop Markham was also the person who composed the Latin memorial for George Berkeley, the famous philosopher.[3]

Personal life

In 1759, Markham married Sarah Goddard, the daughter of John Goddard, a wealthy English merchant of Rotterdam, with whom he had six sons and seven daughters. The children included:


His granddaughter, Laura Markham, the second daughter of his son William, married William Mure, the Scottish scholar and politician who sat in the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1846–55 as the Conservative MP for Renfrewshire and was Laird of Caldwell in Ayrshire.[4] Their daughter, Emma Mure, (1833–1911) married Thomas Lister, 3rd Baron Ribblesdale (1828–1876) and had Thomas Lister, 4th Baron Ribblesdale.


See also


  1. ^ Ordination Record: Markham, William in "CCEd, the Clergy of the Church of England database" (Accessed online, 31 October 2014)
  2. ^ Appointment Record: Markham, William (at Chester) in "CCEd, the Clergy of the Church of England database" (Accessed online, 31 October 2014)
  3. ^ Collected Works of George Berkeley, 1951, Thomas Nelson Press, editor A.A. Luce, vol. VII p.385
  4. ^ William Mure. Glasgow University (multi-tab page)


  • Markham, David Frederick (1854). A history of the Markham family. London: John Bowyer Nichols and sons.

External links

  • William Markham at the Eighteenth-Century Poetry Archive (ECPA)
Church of England titles
Preceded by
Edmund Keene
Bishop of Chester
Succeeded by
Beilby Porteus
Preceded by
Robert Hay Drummond
Archbishop of York
Succeeded by
Edward Venables-Vernon-Harcourt

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