William Jesse Ramey

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William Jesse Ramey and Gertie - 1963.jpg

William "Jesse" Ramey (January 28, 1891 – May 26, 1963)[1] is considered a vintage Master Carver of Fish decoys.[2] Occasionally you will see his work entitled to "Jess Ramey" however all that knew him called him "Jesse" (which really was his middle name). His work, along with Oscar W. Peterson's, formed the basis of what is now considered the "Cadillac style".[2]

Ramey primarily carved decoys for himself and some friends. His output was very limited and therefore his pieces are considered fairly rare, even in highly used condition.[3]

His pieces have been seen in the following museum exhibits:

  • “Fishing for Art, an Exhibition of the Implements and Art of Angling” American Museum of Fly Fishing at the Addison Gallery of American Art, 3/17/1984 - 4/15/1984
  • “Gone Fishin ... an Exhibition of the Art & Artifacts of Angling” - Leelanau Historical Museum 6/11/1989-1/29/1990.
  • “Hooked on Wood, The Allure of the Fish Decoy” The Center for Art in Wood, Philadelphia PA 5/12/2012 - 7/21/2012.

Early life

William Jesse Ramey was born January 28, 1891 to Fleming Ramey and Latisha E Musser Ramey in Greenup County, Kentucky.[1] They moved to Michigan during his childhood[3] and he married Gertrude May Yager in Antrim County on August 11, 1910.[1]

Carving

Jesse was considered a master woodworker and even taught carving classes at the nearby CCC Camp Wellston where his son (Charlie Ramey) was enrolled.[3] Not only did Jesse make fish decoys, for which he is remembered, he also carved plaques for family members and a few duck decoys.

Even though he continued to carve until his death on May 26, 1963[1] of a ruptured appendix, his works are still fairly scarce.[3] His production was mainly for personal usage and for friends and that is possibly why his work is noted for the high level of detail including carving of the gills under the body and the complete painting of all the fins.[3]

William Jesse Ramey Perch.jpg

Influence

Ramey's fish carvings were primarily carved in the "Cadillac style", although there is a fine example of a large decorative piece on fishdecoy.com which employs an inserted tail. The Cadillac style is one in which a decoy is carved from a single piece of wood in a cradle or "U" shape. The tail is curved, either left or right, so that when attached to a line the fish decoy will "swim" in circles like a wounded fish. Metal fins and line ties are inserted into the wood and are held by the cast lead weights. These metal fins allow the fisherman to bend them so that the swim pattern can be modified. Multiple holes in the line ties allow the fish to swim differently as well since the head may float higher or lower depending upon the position the line is tied. Oscar W. Peterson and Jesse Ramey were among the first to employ this design which became a standard style of the many fish decoy makers in the Cadillac Michigan area.[1] Jim & Al Nelson, Jim Pullen, George Aho, Don Johnson, Dilbert Edwards, Arnold "Hook" Peterson, Al Williams, Ken Hill, Tom Richards, Dale Goodrich, and Jerry Finch are just a few of the carvers who have employed the "Cadillac Style".[3]

A number of transitional and contemporary fish decoy carvers have directly attributed Jesse Ramey's work as being an influence on their style. CB Lewis goes so far as to call out Jesse Ramey's influence on his website (goldenagedecoys.com). Jim Nelson, Al Nelson, Dan Nelson,[4] and Delbert Edwards [5] are all related to Jesse so his influence was probably unavoidable.

It has been said that Jesse Ramey may have been influential to Oscar W. Peterson's work.[2] In describing some of the Ramey decoys in his book, Steven Michaan states:

Produced in the mid 1930's, these sleek, beautifully painted pieces may well have influenced Peterson, since both Ramey and Jim Nelson were considered master carvers by the group.

— Steven Michaan, American Fish Decoys, Page 177

Regardless of the amount of influence, there is no doubt that Jesse Ramey was critical in the development of the "Cadillac Style" of fish decoy carving.[2]

Reference books

Books that reference some of "Jesse" Ramey's work and may contain minor details about his life:

Title Author Contains ISBN number
The Fish Decoy Art, Brad & Scott Kimball (1986) Pictures and Info ISBN 978-0-9604906-3-9
The Fish Decoy Volume II Art, Brad & Scott Kimball (1987) Pictures ISBN 978-0-9604906-5-3
The Fish Decoy Volume III Art, Brad & Scott Kimball (1993) Pictures ISBN 978-1-877771-00-2
American Fish Decoys Steven Michaan Pictures and Info ISBN 978-0-9748721-0-0
Fish and Fowl Decoys of the Great Lakes Donna Tonelli Pictures ISBN 978-0-7643-1643-2
Hooked on Wood - The Allure of the Fish Decoy Richard "Dick" Walters and Gene Kangas Pictures Exhibition catalog for "Hooked on Wood" exhibit May 12-July 21, 2012. The Center For Art in Wood, Philadelphia PA (limited printing)

Articles that deal with Fish Decoys and Mention Jesse Ramey

Title Magazine Author (if known)
Oscar Peterson Fish Hunting & Fishing Collectibles Magazine Volume 15, Number 4 (July-Aug 2015),
Hooked on Fish Decoys Kovels, On Antiques and Collectibles, Newsletter, Vol. 14, No. 8, (April, 1988),
A very special auction Woods-N-Waters Dec 2010 Terry McBurney

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Hunting & Fishing Collectibles Magazine (July-Aug 2015 Page 18-19)
  2. ^ a b c d American Fish Decoys by Steven Michaan
  3. ^ a b c d e f The Fish Decoy (1986) by Art, Brad, and Scott Kimball
  4. ^ Wayside Chapel - Al Nelson's page
  5. ^ Wayside Chapel - Delbert Edwards' page

External links

  • Wayside Chapel (Jesse Ramey's page)
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