William C. Hayes

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William Christopher Hayes
Born (1903-03-21)March 21, 1903
Died July 10, 1963(1963-07-10) (aged 60)
Occupation Egyptology
Known for The Scepter of Egypt

William Christopher Hayes (March 21, 1903 – July 10, 1963) was an American Egyptologist.[1] His main fields of study were history of Egyptian art and translation/interpretation of texts.[2]


A pupil of Sir Alan Gardiner, Hayes attended the Princeton University where he graduated in 1935 with a dissertation on the royal sarcophagi of the 18th Dynasty. For most of his life he was involved with the Metropolitan Museum of Art: first as a member of the museum's Egyptian Expedition (since 1926), then as an assistant curator (1936) and later as curator of the museum's Egyptian Department, from 1952 until his death[2] occurred on July 10, 1963.[1]
In 1956, he was involved as a consultant in the production of the film The Ten Commandments.[3] His best-known work, The Scepter of Egypt, is still considered by many Egyptologists as one of the standard works in their field.[2][3]

Significant works

  • 1961-1962. Chronology: Egypt – To End Of The Twentieth Dynasty. In The Cambridge Ancient History
  • 1956. Most ancient Egypt. University of Chicago Press (as editor)
  • 1953-1959. The Scepter of Egypt, a Background for the Study of the Egyptian Antiquities in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. part I, New York 1953; part II, New York 1959
  • 1942. Daily life in Ancient Egypt. National Geographic Society
  • 1935. Royal Sarcophagi of the XVIII Dynasty (dissertation)


  1. ^ a b "William C. Hayes, Museum Curator. Egyptian Art Chief at the Metropolitan Is Dead". New York Times. July 11, 1963. Retrieved 2014-07-27. Dr. William C. Hayes, curator of Egyptian art at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, died yesterday at his home, 31 East 12th Street. He was 60 years old. ...
  2. ^ a b c W. C. Hayes, The Scepter of Egypt, part II, 4th printing, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Abrams, inc., New York, 1990, ISBN 0-87099-191-4, (back cover).
  3. ^ a b M. L. Bierbrier (1995). Who was Who in Egyptology 3rd ed. London. pp. 195–196 of 256. ISBN 9780856981258.

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