William, Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal

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William, Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal
Wilhelm Landgraf von Hessen-Philippsthal, by Gustav Altmöller.jpg
Wilhelm Landgraf von Hessen-Philippsthal, by Gustav Altmöller
Born (1726-08-29)29 August 1726
Philippsthal
Died 8 August 1810(1810-08-08) (aged 83)
Philippsthal
Noble family Hesse
Spouse(s) Ulrika Eleonora of Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld
Father Charles I, Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal
Mother Catherine Christine of Saxe-Eisenach

William of Hesse-Philippsthal (born 29 August 1726 in Philippsthal; died: 8 August 1810, Philippsthal) was a member of the House of Hesse and Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal from 1770 until his death.

Life

William was the eldest son of Landgrave Charles I of Hesse-Philippsthal from his marriage to Catherine Christine (1699–1743), daughter of Duke John William III of Saxe-Eisenach. He succeeded his father in 1770 as Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal.

William served in the Dutch army as General of the Cavalry and Governor of 's-Hertogenbosch. William was also Komtur of the Knights Hospitallers of the Commandry of Łagów.

In 1806, the Landgraviate of Philippsthal was occupied by French troops and annexed to the short-lived Kingdom of Westphalia. William died before his territory could be liberated from the French.

Marriage and issue

William married on 22 June 1755 in Tournai his cousin Ulrika Eleonora (1732–1795), daughter of Landgrave William of Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld, with whom he had the following children:

  • Caroline (1756–1756)
  • Charles (1757–1793), lieutenant colonel in the Guard Regiment of Hesse-Kassel
married in 1791 princess Victoria of Anhalt-Bernburg (1772–1817), daughter of Prince Franz Adolph of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym
  • William (1758–1760)
  • Frederick (1760–1761)
  • Juliane (1761–1799)
married in 1780 Count Philip Ernest of Schaumburg-Lippe (1723–1787)
  • Frederick (1764–1794) Imperial lieutenant colonel in a Russian Guard Regiment Cuirassiers
  • Louis (1766–1816), Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal
married in 1791 Countess Marie Francisca Berghe of Trips (1771–1805)
married firstly in 1796 Princess Louise of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt (1775–1808)
married secondly in 1812 Princess Caroline of Hesse-Philippsthal (1793–1872)

Ancestors

References and sources

  • Carl Eduard Vehse: Geschichte der deutschen Höfe seit der Reformation, p. 319
  • Georg Hassel: Allg. Europäisches Staats u. Address…, p. 247
William, Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal
Born: 29 August 1726 Died: 8 August 1810
Preceded by
Charles I
Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal
1770–1806
Dormant
Hesse-Philippsthal annexed
by the Kingdom of Westphalia
Title next held by
Louis
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