Wilhelm Jordan (geodesist)
Wilhelm Jordan  

Born 
Ellwangen,Germany

1 March 1842
Died  17 April 1899 Hanover

(aged 57)
Nationality  German 
Known for  Gauss–Jordan elimination 
Scientific career  
Fields  Geodesy Geometry 
Institutions  Technical University of Hannover 
Wilhelm Jordan (1 March 1842, Ellwangen, Württemberg – 17 April 1899, Hanover) was a German geodesist who conducted surveys in Germany and Africa and founded the German geodesy journal.
Biography
Jordan was born in Ellwangen, a small town in southern Germany. He studied at the polytechnic institute in Stuttgart and after working for two years as an engineering assistant on the preliminary stages of railway construction he returned there as an assistant in geodesy. In 1868, when he was 26 years old, he was appointed a full professor at Karlsruhe. In 1874 Jordan took part in the expedition of Friedrich Gerhard Rohlfs to Libya. From 1881 until his death he was professor of geodesy and practical geometry at the Technical University of Hannover. He was a prolific writer and his best known work was his Handbuch der Vermessungskunde (Handbook of Geodesy).
He is remembered among mathematicians for the Gauss–Jordan elimination algorithm, with Jordan improving the stability of the algorithm so it could be applied to minimizing the squared error in the sum of a series of surveying observations. This algebraic technique appeared in the third edition (1888) of his Textbook of Geodesy.
Wilhelm Jordan is not to be confused with the French mathematician Camille Jordan (Jordan curve theorem), nor with the German physicist Pascual Jordan (Jordan algebras).
Gauss–Jordan elimination
Evidence suggests that B.I. Clasen also developed the Gauss–Jordan elimination method (independently from Jordan), and both published the method in 1888.^{[1]} Carl Friedrich Gauss did not directly contribute to either derivation.
Notes
External links
 English translation of Handbuch der Vermessungskunde, 8th edition, Vol. 1
 English translation of Handbuch der Vermessungskunde, 8th edition, Vol. 3, 1st half
 English translation of Handbuch der Vermessungskunde, 8th edition, Vol. 3, 2nd half