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July 8

Images won't display in Wordpress email notifications

Possibly stupid question, but the email notifications for new posts (which contain the whole post, not just a snippet) for my (private) Wordpress blog refuse to display images that I've included in the post. What is displayed instead is a link to the image and the alt text. I know that embedded videos are generally not displayed in email notifications, but there are other Wordpress blogs I follow whose images are included in the emails I receive for their new posts. What am I doing wrong, and what do I need to change to ensure the images display correctly? Edit: It's a blog. 2A02:A312:C43F:7B00:6121:4A65:207:5929 (talk) 15:56, 8 July 2018 (UTC)

You know who knows a lot about that site? The folks that run it. The support page here seems awfully well developed, with several support forums. Matt Deres (talk) 21:34, 8 July 2018 (UTC)

July 9

Stock price of the top twenty companies of each decade

If a person purchased 100 shares of the top thirty companies starting in 1900, what would be their value today. This NOT the Dow 30 because the companies always change in the Dow index. Most of the original companies would be bankrupt or bought by others, eg horse carriage manufacturers, whale oil products, Kodak film etc. Another way of looking at the question is literally if you "buy and hold" the top thirty companies, what would be the value today and which decade would be most profitable. If it could be plotted in graph form, it would be very interesting. (talk) 00:14, 9 July 2018 (UTC)

Fairly sure the answer will depend significantly on what you do with the cash you'll receive from dividends and also mergers or acquisitions etc. If you just keep it as cash, you're going to end up with a lot less due to the effectively wasted time value of money. Even if you just chuck it in the bank, this still won't do well. If you acquire more shares when possible, you have to decide what you're going to acquire. Equal shares in value or number (as per your original question) of the current at the time top 100 companies as far as possible? This is quite complicated since it may take a while to get enough for 1 share. Keeping equal shares, I presume in number not value, of all the original companies or their current equivalents as far as possible? Remembering that after a while, what you actually own is going to be quite complicated due to M&A, spinoffs etc. Using the cash to reinvest in wherever it came from as far as possible? Again, due to M&A, spin offs etc, this is going to be quite complicated. I mean in some cases you won't even be able to if the company has gone private etc. And you also have to decide on precisely how you'll handle successors. If cash comes from a spinoff, do you reinvest only in that spinoff, or in the original company and any successors? P.S. It's worth remembering that index funds, which are trying to follow an index so in some ways have an easier job and have a lot more money so in some ways, but I guess not all, also have an easier job, these aren't simple tasks [1] although of course you don't have to track the index overtime in general like they do. Nil Einne (talk) 12:26, 9 July 2018 (UTC)

July 10

Brown vs. purple

Why is the color brown so common in nature yet purple is rare? The color brown is seen in many foods, on many animals, poop, dirt/soil, wood, coffee, chocolate, many burnt things, moles on people's skins, etc., etc. There are only few examples of color purple in nature, like on certain flowers. PlanetStar 00:57, 10 July 2018 (UTC)

Tropical soil is often reddish. Hair and moles are melanin, brown poop color is from blood (indirectly, blood blood would make it red or black), perhaps it is brown for a chemically similar reason to oxidized iron and dry blood. Sagittarian Milky Way (talk) 01:53, 10 July 2018 (UTC)
I don't think that poop color is from the blood (if poop is colored by blood, the poop would be red), it's from the bile containing a chemical that makes poop brown. I think the chemicals and pigments found in nature that make things brown are widespread, but the ones that make things purple are rare. Why and how the chemicals produce a chosen color, just the way it is, like why can't melanin itself make the skin or hair green or purple or blue. Or why can't chlorophyll make plant leaves brown or black or grey. And btw, coffee beans are actually green before they were roasted. PlanetStar 02:21, 10 July 2018 (UTC)
Blood in faeces can appear in two colours. It will colour the stool black if it originates from the upper part of the digestive tract and has undergone digestive processes. The blood will be red if it originates from the large intestine or rectum where it has not undergone any digestive processes. This difference is important to clinicians in assisting diagnosis.
Our article confirms that the brown colour of feces is due to "a combination of bile, and bilirubin derivatives of stercobilin and urobilin, from dead red blood cells." And it is supported by a reference. Matt Deres (talk) 13:37, 11 July 2018 (UTC)
Is purple really such a rare colour in nature? You mention flowers, where indeed it's one of the commonest colours, but it's also very common in fruits such as elderberries, bilberries, blackberries, damsons, mulberries, grapes, blackcurrants and plums. In some of those cases the colour of the ripe fruit is so dark as to border on black, but the unripe fruit is more obviously purple. Apparently it's all caused by anthocyanins. --Antiquary (talk) 09:16, 10 July 2018 (UTC) But admittedly, I never saw a purple cow. --Antiquary (talk) 10:33, 10 July 2018 (UTC)
See also purple emperor and violet ground beetle. There are however an awful lot of brown birds and animals; I think the answer may lie in camouflage. Alansplodge (talk) 11:42, 10 July 2018 (UTC)
Just an observation from kindergarten: if you mix various colors together, you eventually and inevitably end up with -- brown. 2606:A000:1126:4CA:0:98F2:CFF6:1782 (talk) 18:01, 13 July 2018 (UTC)
That is my hunch. The result of many color inputs results in brown. A fewer number of color inputs would tend to result in colors other than brown. Bus stop (talk) 18:33, 13 July 2018 (UTC)
Keep adding more colors ... and you'll get brown.  ;)  2606:A000:1126:4CA:0:98F2:CFF6:1782 (talk) 23:07, 13 July 2018 (UTC)

Why is purple so rare in nature? How there are no country in the world have purple on its flag? PlanetStar 00:12, 15 July 2018 (UTC)

Lead singers

This question is mainly about rock/pop groups, but could apply to other musical groups as well. What are the main challenges faced by the lead singer that are different from the other members of the band whose main focus is an instrument? 2001:44B8:20D:5B00:CC6F:58E4:4B07:1926 (talk) 02:00, 10 July 2018 (UTC)

At the very least, the lead singer needs to be able to sing. ←Baseball Bugs What's up, Doc? carrots→ 02:27, 10 July 2018 (UTC)
I don't even think that's true. See Listener.--WaltCip (talk) 12:14, 12 July 2018 (UTC)
They need charisma. Attention is focused on them. A musician can get by without it. Clarityfiend (talk) 09:51, 10 July 2018 (UTC)
Or a notable lack of charisma. See Pet_Shop_Boys#Style_and_image and others. --Dweller (talk) Become old fashioned! 11:52, 11 July 2018 (UTC)
They need to be able to cope with microphones others singers have been using. When one sees how close to their mouths many singers hold the mic, it sure doesn't appeal to me. HiLo48 (talk) 09:56, 10 July 2018 (UTC)
This depends entirely on the difference between a studio band and a performance band. A studio band doesn't need much of a lead singer. As long as the person can sing, he or she is good enough. If it is a Disney production, the person doesn't even need to sing because everything is autotuned. For a performance band, the person needs to have charisma. Singing comes second. David Bowie is a prime example. He seethed charisma, but his singing was average at best. He is perhaps a poor lead singer for a band because he so much overshadows the band (see Tin Machine). Another anecdote from my early years in California: I met Nikki Sixx a few times, long before Motley Crue. He formed a band with a lead singer named Leon. He could sing, but he was about as exciting as watching a stick when he was on stage. They dropped him and got Vince Neil. He was exciting and the rest is history. (talk) 11:49, 10 July 2018 (UTC)
Please provide a reference supporting your claim that David Bowie was not a top-notch singer! Hayttom (talk) 03:28, 11 July 2018 (UTC)
It's complicated: ref1, ref2. Matt Deres (talk) 13:42, 11 July 2018 (UTC)
It's still a matter of opinion, though. You're welcome to your opinion, but we deal in facts here. --Viennese Waltz 14:23, 11 July 2018 (UTC)
Ref2 is a fact. David Bowie factually stated (many times) that he had an average singing voice. It is his opinion that his voice was average, but his opinion should be enough to satisfy the request for a reference that he was not a "top-notch singer." If not, there are similar opinions by those he sang with, such as Mick Jagger and Freddy Mercury. (talk) 19:02, 11 July 2018 (UTC)

My understanding is it's a bit of a myth that autotune is suitable for someone who "doesn't even need to sing" unless you use a very weird definition of sing to mean someone who does sing, but is average rather than someone who can't sing at all. Actually even average is not fair, especially if you are considering the general population. I suspect you have to be in the 1% or something. Auto-Tune is no magic. It works best if the singer is almost on pitch. (Well you could say always on pitch except then it isn't doing anything unless you're using it for effect.) Assuming you aren't talking about live work, you can try to improve things with more manual work and multiple takes but if someone can't sing at all, it's very difficult to auto-tune it into something that sounds correct unless you're intentionally aiming for something weird or unnatural.

See e.g. these examples [2] [3] which while clearly simplistic fooling around, shows what can happen. And frankly despite it saying those people are terrible singers, they seem closer to average and the drummer maybe even above average. And see also these discussions [4] [5].

This shouldn't be completely surprising, AFAIK it's still very common for Disney stuff to use real singers when the actor (whatever their gender) is a very poor singer. That said, this is a lot more common simply for soundtracks etc I believe, and it isn't uncommon for the real actor's singing to be used in the actual show, but this is probably partially reflective of the fact given the various work including theatre actors may be expected to perform, developing some level of singing is a frequent necessity. And as with a lot of skills, lot percentage of people can develop a decent level with training and practice. Especially if their primary job isn't singing, it's perhaps not completely surprising that auto-tune may then be used to do the rest. But if they don't have that good basic level, it's unlikely to work. (Of course as discussed in those sources and others e.g. [6] many who's primary job is singing do use it as well.)

To put it a different way, if you came to a studio and told them I can't sing and your singing prove it, they wouldn't say it's no problem since we can just auto-tune you. They will say either you need to learn to sing good enough so we can auto-tune you; or we will find someone else, at least for the singing parts.

Nil Einne (talk) 16:44, 11 July 2018 (UTC)

Unless the singer is so bad that the "charisma" comes from that. Mrs. Miller, for example. Or Florence Foster Jenkins. Or, something I once saw on TV, Ethel Merman trying to sing "Gentle on My Mind". Or Roseanne Barr trying to sing "The Start-Spangled Banner". ←Baseball Bugs What's up, Doc? carrots→ 16:55, 11 July 2018 (UTC)
Almost as good as trying to use a kiosk at King's Cross where the instruction is "Start to begin". (talk) 17:49, 11 July 2018 (UTC)
Not as bad on a Windows 7 PC or earlier, where you click "Start" to Stop. ←Baseball Bugs What's up, Doc? carrots→ 17:53, 11 July 2018 (UTC)
Which immediately starts me wondering if I would classify Mick Jagger as a great singer. HiLo48 (talk) 08:16, 12 July 2018 (UTC)
A lead singer would have to be extroverted and be able to overcome any shyness as may be present in their personality. Bus stop (talk) 19:16, 11 July 2018 (UTC)

July 11

Ancient inscriptions in masonry

In many walls or steps that were built out of repurposed stone post-antiquity, one can see inscriptions of an emperor’s dedication of a temple or some such. Of course you can only see that bit if the correct facet faces out. Are there deep-imaging methods which could read an inscription that’s faced the other way, similar to how we can find old paintings behind newer ones? If so, are there any antiquarians doing such work? Temerarius (talk) 02:30, 11 July 2018 (UTC)

Short answer: no. What you're referring to would be a combination of Remote sensing (though our article is rather unevenly written) and 3D scanning. The closest thing we have to that is ground-penetrating radar, but current technology is not anywhere close - just check out the pics in that article. What you get with current technologies are "discontinuities" - oddities in the read-out - that an expert uses to interpret what's going on. Maybe it's a feature, maybe it's rock. Current usage is to use it over an extended area to get a "feel" for what might be artificial. Current 3D scanning requires line of sight. Matt Deres (talk) 21:36, 11 July 2018 (UTC)
You can't image it with so many gamma rays that even inscriptions are enough to cause statistically significant transmission increase? Sagittarian Milky Way (talk) 22:57, 11 July 2018 (UTC)
Long answer: any of the many technologies for tomographic imaging may be applicable, limited by access, costs and equipment power. For example, inscriptions on fragments of the Antikythera mechanism have been found by 3-D radiographic scanning, and muon tomography by the Scanpyramids project suggests a previously unknown "Big Void" in the Great Pyramid of Giza. DroneB (talk) 23:38, 11 July 2018 (UTC)
Not seeing the reverse faces, but Laser scan uncovers Stonehenge secrets may be of interest. Alansplodge (talk) 08:35, 14 July 2018 (UTC)
Ultrasonic imaging may be of use to see the reverse side of a stone. Graeme Bartlett (talk) 00:38, 15 July 2018 (UTC)

July 12

Historical Business Listings

Is there a place online that will let me look up historical or defunct businesses? Americanfreedom (talk) 02:41, 12 July 2018 (UTC)

I'm doubtful that there is any place that has a good list of historical or defunct businesses in Somalia. Sorry. Nil Einne (talk) 04:37, 12 July 2018 (UTC)
Grace's Guide is a good site for old companies in the UK, and I've found it useful for my family history research. I'd imagine from your username you're looking for something similar in the USA. The most promising site I've found after a quick bit of googling is the Library of Congress' Business Reference Services. --Nicknack009 (talk) 08:10, 12 July 2018 (UTC)
Perhaps you could consider consulting an old copy of the Yellow pages. There is an Electronic Yellow Pages but I don't know if it would list defunct businesses. Bus stop (talk) 16:05, 12 July 2018 (UTC)
Sorry I guess I meant to specify businesses in the United States. Americanfreedom (talk) 17:17, 12 July 2018 (UTC)
Not a simple task, but this might be a good place to start:
  • "A Guide to Finding Business Information at the Library of Congress: (Business Reference Services, Library of Congress)". Directories.  (e.g.: The Dun & Bradstreet reference book of American business) 2606:A000:1126:4CA:0:98F2:CFF6:1782 (talk) 23:27, 13 July 2018 (UTC) ... oops, didn't notice this was already linked above

July 14

Hi I would like novel recommendations about fiction stories about transgendered parents

I've read three novels about transgendered parents 2 teen novels and 1 adult novel: And She Was by Jessica Verdi, Happy Families by Tanita S. Davis and Moving Forward Sideways Like a Crab by Shani Mootoo. Can anyone recommend any similar books about transgendered parents teen or adult? Thank you. (talk) 23:20, 14 July 2018 (UTC)

I don't have a specific answer for you, but while we wait for someone more informed (or better at searching than I am), there are some Wikipedia articles you might want to peruse for stuff that seems likely to fit your criteria. First up is List of transgender and transsexual fictional characters, which seems to be the most targeted list we have. There is also List of LGBT characters in modern written fiction and List of graphic art works with LGBT characters, though that covers a lot more types of people than just trans- ones. The LGBTQ+ component is specified, at least. Hopefully, that gets you started. Matt Deres (talk) 02:59, 15 July 2018 (UTC)

July 15


Whats the best way to clean out your back passage for maximum hygene?? -- (talk) 21:32, 15 July 2018 (UTC)

Leave it alone and let nature do what it does best. HiLo48 (talk) 22:26, 15 July 2018 (UTC)
Yeah thats ok for normal people, but what if you have irritating substances in your passage that cause trouble at the exit?-- (talk) 00:14, 16 July 2018 (UTC)
Clean it with Light Current. ←Baseball Bugs What's up, Doc? carrots→ 00:15, 16 July 2018 (UTC)
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