Wikipedia:Picture of the day/March 2017

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These featured pictures previously appeared (or shall appear) as Picture of the day as scheduled below. You can add the automatically updating Picture of the day to your userpage or talk page using {{pic of the day}} (text version) or {{POTD}} (short version). For instructions on how to make custom POTD layouts, see Wikipedia:Picture of the day.


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March 1 - Wed

Robert Cornelius
Robert Cornelius (1809–1893) was an American photography pioneer and lamp manufacturer. Cornelius began working with his father in silver plating and metal polishing in 1832. A meeting with Joseph Saxton drew him to photography. Cornelius used his knowledge of chemistry and metallurgy to perfect the daguerreotype. Around October 1839, Cornelius took this portrait of himself, the oldest known existing photographic portrait of a human in America.Photograph: Robert Cornelius

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March 2 - Thu

The Magdalen Reading
The Magdalen Reading is one of three surviving fragments of a large mid-15th-century oil on panel altarpiece by the Early Netherlandish painter Rogier van der Weyden. The panel, originally oak, was completed some time between 1435 and 1438 and has been in the National Gallery, London since 1860. It shows a woman with pale skin, high cheek bones, and oval eyelids who is identifiable as Mary Magdalene from the jar of ointment placed in the foreground, which is her traditional attribute in Christian art.Painting: Rogier van der Weyden

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March 3 - Fri

Gloriette
A gloriette is a building in a garden erected on a site that is elevated with respect to its surroundings. The structural execution and shape can vary greatly, often in the form of a pavilion or tempietto, more or less open on the sides. Shown here is the gloriette of Schönbrunn Palace in Vienna, Austria.Photograph: Thomas Wolf

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March 4 - Sat

Japanese occupation of the Dutch East Indies registration card
A registration card for Louis Wijnhamer (1904–1975), an ethnic Dutch humanitarian who was captured soon after the Empire of Japan occupied the Dutch East Indies in March 1942. Prior to the occupation, many ethnic Europeans had refused to leave, expecting the Japanese occupation government to keep a Dutch administration in place. When Japanese troops took control of government infrastructure and services such as ports and postal services, 100,000 European (and some Chinese) civilians were interned in prisoner-of-war camps where the death rates were between 13 and 30 per cent. Wijnhamer was interned in a series of camps throughout Southeast Asia and, after the surrender of Japan, returned to what was now Indonesia, where he lived until his death.Document: Japanese occupation government; scan by the National Archives of the Netherlands

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March 5 - Sun

European Parliament
The hemicycle of the European Parliament in Strasbourg, France, during a plenary session in 2014. Based on the Common Assembly of the European Coal and Steel Community, the European Parliament serves together with the Council of the European Union and the European Commission to exercise the legislative function of the European Union. Members have been directly elected since 1979.Photograph: David Iliff

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March 6 - Mon

Fatata te Miti
Fatata te Miti is an oil painting on canvas completed by the French artist Paul Gauguin in 1892. Painted during the artist's first trip to Tahiti, it depicts two Tahitian women jumping into the sea while a man spearfishes in the background. Fatata te Miti has been identified as a genre painting that epitomizes a romantic and exotic view of Tahitians. The painting is now held by the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C.Painting: Paul Gauguin

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March 7 - Tue

Marriott Henry Brosius
Marriott Henry Brosius (1843–1901) was a Republican member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania. A Civil War veteran, in 1868 he was admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Lancaster, Pennsylvania. He was elected to the 51st United States Congress, serving from March 4, 1889, until his death.Engraving: Bureau of Engraving and Printing; restoration: Andrew Shiva

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March 8 - Wed

Ntozake Shange
A 1978 portrait of Ntozake Shange (born 1948), an American playwright and poet. A black feminist, her writings frequently address issues of race and feminism. This includes her Obie Award-winning for colored girls who have considered suicide / when the rainbow is enuf, a collection of poetic monologues to be accompanied by dance movements and music that debuted on Broadway in 1976.Photograph: Barnard College; restoration: Chris Woodrich

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March 9 - Thu

Marie-Suzanne Giroust
Marie-Suzanne Giroust (1734–1772) was a French painter, miniaturist and pastellist. The orphaned daughter of a royal jeweler, Giroust's wealth enabled her to study painting from a young age. She was active as an artist from the 1750s, and in 1770 she became a member of the Académie de peinture et de sculpture. This portrait was completed by her husband, the Swedish painter Alexander Roslin.Painting: Alexander Roslin

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March 10 - Fri

Micrometer
A micrometer is a device incorporating a calibrated screw, widely used for precise measurement of components in mechanical engineering and machining. Micrometers are usually, but not always, in the form of calipers (opposing ends joined by a frame). The spindle is a very accurately machined screw and the object to be measured is placed between the spindle and the anvil. The spindle is moved by turning the ratchet knob or thimble until the object to be measured is lightly touched by both the spindle and the anvil.Photograph: Lucasbosch

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March 11 - Sat

Wivenhoe Park
Wivenhoe Park is an oil painting on canvas completed by the English Romantic painter John Constable in 1816. It depicts Wivenhoe Park, an English landscape garden on the eastern edge of Colchester. It is now held by the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C.Painting: John Constable

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March 12 - Sun

Chapel of the Gate of Dawn
The Chapel of the Gate of Dawn is a Catholic chapel and pilgrimage site on the city gates of the Lithuanian city of Vilnius. It is home to Our Lady of the Gate of Dawn, a painting of the Blessed Virgin Mary in the Northern Renaissance style. In this image, the painting is covered in expensive and elaborate silver and gold clothes, leaving only the face and hands visible.

Legend tells that in 1702, when Vilnius was captured by the Swedish army during the Great Northern War, Our Lady of the Gate of Dawn rescued the city: at dawn, the heavy iron city gates of the gate fell, killing four Swedish soldiers and promoting a successful Lithuanian counter-attack near the gate.Photograph: David Iliff

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March 13 - Mon

Johan Zoffany
Self-portrait as David with the head of Goliath, a c. 1756 self-portrait by the German artist Johan Zoffany (1733–1810). Born in Frankfurt, Zoffany trained in Italy under Agostino Masucci but found success mostly in England. Early in his career he painted portraits of the royal family, as well as leading actors and members of high society. He later made huge paintings with large casts of people and works of art, such as Tribuna of the Uffizi.Painting: Johan Zoffany

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March 14 - Tue

Albert Einstein
Albert Einstein (1879–1955) was a German-born theoretical physicist who developed the theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics (alongside quantum mechanics). Although relativity is his most widely remembered achievement, he published more than 300 scientific papers (along with over 150 non-scientific works), and the Nobel Prize in Physics he received in 1921 was "for his services to Theoretical Physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect"—a pivotal step in the evolution of quantum theory.Photograph: Ferdinand Schmutzer; restoration: Adam Cuerden

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March 15 - Wed

Caesio teres
Caesio teres is a pelagic marine fish belonging to the family Caesionidae. Widely distributed throughout the tropical waters of the Indian and western Pacific Ocean, this species feeds on zooplankton. It can grow to 40 cm (16 in) in length.Photograph: Nick Hobgood

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March 16 - Thu

Vertumnus
Vertumnus is a painting completed by the Mannerist painter Giuseppe Arcimboldo in Milan c. 1590–1591. It depicts the Holy Roman Emperor Rudolf II as Vertumnus, the Roman god of metamorphoses in nature and life. The fruits and vegetables symbolize the abundance of the Golden Age that had returned under the Emperor's rule. The painting is now held at Skokloster Castle.Painting: Giuseppe Arcimboldo

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March 17 - Fri

Roger B. Taney
Roger B. Taney (1777–1864) was the fifth Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, holding that office from 1836 until his death. Taney presided over Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857), which ruled that a "free negro of the African race, whose ancestors were brought to this country and sold as slaves" could not be a citizen under the U.S. Constitution, and thus had no rights which white men were bound to respect. Taney died during the last months of the American Civil War, on the same day that his home state of Maryland abolished slavery.Engraving: Bureau of Engraving and Printing; restoration: Andrew Shiva

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March 18 - Sat

Phelsuma grandis
Phelsuma grandis is a species of day gecko that lives in Madagascar. Found in a wide range of habitats, it can measure up to 30 centimetres (12 in) in length.Photograph: H. Krisp

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March 19 - Sun

Hermia and Lysander
Hermia and Lysander is a watercolour painting using gouache created in 1870 by the British illustrator John Simmons. Based on events in Act II, Scene II of William Shakespeare's comedy play, A Midsummer Night's Dream, it depicts Hermia and her lover Lysander lost in an enchanted wood and surrounded by fairies. Hermia and Lysander, which measures 89 by 74 centimetres (35 by 29 in), set a record sales price for a Simmons painting in 2012, when it was auctioned for £42,470 by Sotheby's.Painting: John Simmons

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March 20 - Mon

Panaeolus semiovatus var. semiovatus
Panaeolus semiovatus var. semiovatus is a medium-sized buff-colored mushroom that grows on horse dung and has black spores. It is widely distributed and is present in many temperate zones of the world. While some guides list this species as edible, a few people experience gastric upset after consumption.Photograph: Jörg Hempel

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March 21 - Tue

Montfort Castle
Montfort Castle is a ruined crusader castle in the Upper Galilee region in northern Israel, about 22 miles (35 km) northeast of the city of Haifa. The site is now a national park inside the Nahal Kziv nature reserve, and a tourist destination.Photograph: Eran Feldman

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March 22 - Wed

Moros, Zaragoza
Moros is a municipality in the province of Zaragoza, Spain. Located in the Sistema Ibérico mountain range, the village lies on a hill, with the church and former town hall at the top, the residences in the middle, and the sheep pens at the bottom. The population of Moros has been steadily decreasing in recent decades, and was 478 in 2006.Photograph: Diego Delso

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March 23 - Thu

Gilt-bronze Maitreya in Meditation
The Gilt-bronze Maitreya in Meditation is a gilt-bronze statue of Maitreya seated in meditation. It measures 83.2 centimetres (32.8 in) in height and probably dates to the middle or late 6th century. One of the best known and regarded Korean Buddhist sculptures, it was designated as the 78th national treasure of Korea in 1962.Photograph: National Museum of Korea

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March 24 - Fri

The Dance Lesson
The Dance Lesson is an oil on canvas painting by the French artist Edgar Degas created around 1879. The first of a series of paintings by Degas in a horizontal, frieze-like format, it draws some inspiration from Japanese prints in its positioning of dancers and musical instruments. It is currently kept at the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C.Painting: Edgar Degas

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March 25 - Sat

Worcester College
Worcester College is a constituent college of the University of Oxford in England. The college was founded in 1714 by the benefaction of Sir Thomas Cookes, a baronet of Worcestershire. As of July 2010, Worcester had a financial endowment of £16.7 million. Alumni include the media mogul Rupert Murdoch, television producer Russell T Davies, justice Elena Kagan, actress Emma Watson, and novelist Richard Adams.Photograph: Andrew Shiva

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March 26 - Sun

Panyembrama
Panyembrama is a secular Balinese dance form designed by I Wayan Berata and first performed in 1971. It includes movements from several sacral Balinese dances, including legong, condong, and pendet, and was intended to replace them for performance in front of tourists.

In this dance, performers come onstage carrying a metal dish with incense and flowers in it. They kneel, as if praying, before making welcoming movements to the guests. At the end of the performance, the dancers move in circles, throwing flowers at each other and the audience.Photograph: Chris Woodrich

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March 27 - Mon

Garajonay National Park
Roque Agando, a 180 m (590 ft) high stone formation in Garajonay National Park. Established in 1981, the park occupies 40 km2 (15 sq mi) of the island of La Gomera, one of the Canary Islands in Spain.Photograph: Diego Delso

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March 28 - Tue

The Submission of Prince Dipo Negoro to General De Kock
The Submission of Prince Dipo Negoro to General De Kock is an oil painting on canvas painted by Nicolaas Pieneman between 1830 and 1835. It depicts General Hendrik Merkus de Kock's capture of Prince Diponegoro in 1830, which signaled the end of the Java War (1825–1830). The painting, commissioned by De Kock, shows Diponegoro abandoning his followers and submitting peacefully, in what the art historian Werner Krauss describes as recognition that "de Kock's stern action is for the best of the Javanese".Painting: Nicolaas Pieneman

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March 29 - Wed

Drifting
Drifting is a driving technique where the driver intentionally oversteers, causing loss of traction in the rear wheels or all tires, while maintaining control for the entirety of a corner. It is caused when the rear slip angle is greater than the front slip angle, to such an extent that often the front wheels are pointing in the opposite direction to the turn. As a motoring discipline, drifting competitions were first popularized in 1970s Japan. Today they are held worldwide and judged according to speed, angle, showmanship, and line taken through a corner or set of corners.Photograph: Rowan Harrison

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March 30 - Thu

Vincent van Gogh
Vincent van Gogh (1853–1890) was a Dutch Post-Impressionist painter. As Van Gogh's work developed, he painted such subjects as still lifes, peasant labourers, landscapes, olive trees, wheat fields, and sunflowers, and over time he used increasingly brighter colours. Van Gogh sold few paintings during his lifetime, and was considered a madman and a failure. However, since the early 20th century he has attained widespread critical and popular acclaim, and his works are among the world's most expensive paintings.Painting: Vincent van Gogh

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March 31 - Fri

Palm Beach County Park Airport
Palm Beach County Park Airport is a county-owned public use airport in Palm Beach County, Florida. It is located six nautical miles (7 mi, 11 km) south of the central business district of West Palm Beach. This airport is categorized as a relief airport.Photograph: Don Ramey Logan Jr.

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Today is Sunday, September 24, 2017; it is now 12:05 UTC

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