Wikipedia:Picture of the day/July 2016

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These featured pictures previously appeared (or shall appear) as Picture of the day as scheduled below. You can add the automatically updating Picture of the day to your userpage or talk page using {{pic of the day}} (text version) or {{POTD}} (short version). For instructions on how to make custom POTD layouts, see Wikipedia:Picture of the day.


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July 1 - Fri

Map of the Battle of the Somme
The Battle of the Somme was a battle of the First World War fought between 1 July and 18 November 1916 by the armies of the British and French empires against the German Empire. The largest battle of World War I on the Western Front, it was fought on both sides of upper reaches of the River Somme in France. More than one million men were wounded or killed, making it one of the bloodiest battles in human history.

This map shows the situation on the first day on the Somme, as well as Allied gains up to 19 November 1916.Map: Grandiose

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July 2 - Sat

Pont du Gard
The Pont du Gard is an ancient Roman aqueduct bridge that crosses the Gardon River in southern France. Located near the town of Vers-Pont-du-Gard, the bridge is part of the Nîmes aqueduct built in the first century AD to carry water from a spring at Uzès to the Roman colony of Nemausus (Nîmes). Because of the uneven terrain between the two points, the mostly underground aqueduct followed a long, winding route that called for a bridge across the gorge of the Gardon River. The Pont du Gard is the highest of all elevated Roman aqueducts, and, along with the Aqueduct of Segovia, one of the best preserved.Photograph: Benh Lieu Song

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July 3 - Sun

Geisha
Profile of Kimiha, a geisha from Miyagawa-chō, a hanamachi or geisha district in Kyoto. She is wearing a formal black kimono and a Shimada-styled nihongami wig. Her obi is tied in the "taiko" style. These details distinguish her from an apprentice, or maiko. Geisha are traditional Japanese female entertainers who act as hostesses and perform classical music, dance, games and conversation, mainly to entertain male customers.Photograph: JPNEX

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July 4 - Mon

Liberty Island
Liberty Island is a federally owned island in Upper New York Bay in the United States, best known as the location of the Statue of Liberty. Though surrounded by the waters of Jersey City, New Jersey, the island is an exclave of the New York City borough of Manhattan. Long known as Bedloe's Island, Liberty Island was renamed by an act of the United States Congress in 1956. In 1937 it became part of the Statue of Liberty National Monument and in 1966 it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places as part of Statue of Liberty National Monument, Ellis Island and Liberty Island.Photograph: D Ramey Logan

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July 5 - Tue

Indian chameleon
The Indian chameleon (Chamaeleo zeylanicus) is a species of chameleon found in Sri Lanka, India, and other parts of South Asia. Like other chameleons, this species has a long tongue, feet that are shaped into bifid claspers, a prehensile tail, independent eye movement, and the ability to change skin colour. They move slowly with a bobbing or swaying movement and are usually arboreal. They are usually in shades of green or brown or with bands, but can change colour rapidly.Photograph: M. Arunprasad

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July 6 - Wed

Hercules
Hercules is a constellation named after Hercules, the Roman mythological hero adapted from the Greek hero Heracles. Here he is shown holding Cerberus, a former constellation now included within Hercules. One of the 48 constellations listed by the 2nd century astronomer Ptolemy, Hercules is the fifth largest of the 88 modern constellations.

This illustration comes from Urania's Mirror, a set of 32 astronomical star chart cards first published in November 1824. The figure of Hercules appears upside down in the sky relative to neighbouring constellations, such as Corona Borealis.Lithograph: Sidney Hall; restoration: Adam Cuerden

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July 7 - Thu

Spotted redshank
The spotted redshank (Tringa erythropus) is a wader in the large bird family Scolopacidae. First described by German zoologist Peter Simon Pallas in 1764, the spotted redshank measures 29–31 cm (11–12 in) long, with a wingspan of 61–67 cm (24–26 in) and a weight ranging from 121 to 205 g (4.3 to 7.2 oz). It breeds across northern Scandinavia and northern Asia and migrates south to the Mediterranean, the southern British Isles, France, tropical Africa, and tropical Asia for the winter.Photograph: JJ Harrison

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July 8 - Fri

American Polyconic projection
The American Polyconic projection is a map projection conceptualized as "rolling" a separate cone tangent to the Earth at each parallel of latitude, rather than a single cone as in a normal conic projection. Each parallel is a circular arc of true scale. The scale is also true on the central meridian of the projection. This projection was in common use by many map-making agencies of the United States from the time of its proposal by Ferdinand Rudolph Hassler in 1825 until the mid-20th century.Map: Strebe, using Geocart

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July 9 - Sat

Interest bearing note
Interest bearing notes are the American Civil War-era paper money-related emissions of the treasury. This includes the one- and two-year notes authorized by the Act of March 3, 1863, which bore interest at five percent, were a legal tender at face value, and were issued in denominations of $10, $20, $50, $100, $500 and $1000. Extant circulated interest bearing notes are rare, and none of the $1000 denomination are known to exist.

Shown here is an interest bearing note in the denomination of $50, issued in 1864. Upon maturity of the note two years after issue, 5% interest was payable. The note features vignettes of Caduceus, Justice with Shield, and America on its obverse.

See another denomination: $10, $20, $100Banknote: American Bank Note Company and National Bank Note Company; image courtesy of the National Numismatic Collection at the National Museum of American History (Smithsonian Institution)

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July 10 - Sun

Exeter Cathedral
The lady chapel of Exeter Cathedral, an Anglican cathedral in the city of Exeter, Devon, in South West England. Though the founding of the cathedral, dedicated to Saint Peter, dates from 1050, the present building was completed by about 1400. Exeter Cathedral is noted for its early set of misericords and its astronomical clock, and for having the longest uninterrupted vaulted ceiling in England.

See another feature: Quire, NavePhotograph: David Iliff

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July 11 - Mon

Gabrielle et Jean
Gabrielle et Jean, an 1895–1896 painting by Pierre-Auguste Renoir. It depicts the artist's son, Jean Renoir, as an infant, with his nanny Gabrielle Renard. Renard (1878–1959) moved to the Renoir household at the age of sixteen, shortly before Jean's birth, and remained with the family until after all three of the Renoir children were adults. Over the years, Renard developed a bond with Jean which lasted the remainder of her life, and she frequently served as a model for Pierre-Auguste.Painting: Pierre-Auguste Renoir

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July 12 - Tue

Halftone
Halftone is the reprographic technique that simulates continuous tone imagery through the use of dots, varying either in size or in spacing, thus generating a gradient-like effect. Shown here are three examples of color halftoning with CMYK separations. From left to right: The cyan separation, the magenta separation, the yellow separation, the black separation, the combined halftone pattern, and finally how the human eye would observe the combined halftone pattern from a sufficient distance.Illustration: Pbroks13; SVG: Slippens

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July 13 - Wed

Epirus water frog
The Epirus water frog (Pelophylax epeiroticus) is a species of frog in the family Ranidae. It is found in western Greece, including Corfu, and the southern areas of Albania. The species is collected from the wild for human consumption.Photograph: Benny Trapp

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July 14 - Thu

Francisco de Miranda
Francisco de Miranda (1750–1816) was a Venezuelan revolutionary who unsuccessfully fought for the independence of the Spanish American colonies. Miranda was directly involved in the French Revolution for which he was awarded the title Hero of the Revolution and Marshal of France. He is the only American engraved on the Arc de Triomphe in Paris. In 1812, he was handed over to the Spanish, dying four years later in a Cádiz prison. His imprisonment is depicted in this 1896 oil painting on canvas by Arturo Michelena.Painting: Arturo Michelena

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July 15 - Fri

Wiesen Viaduct
The Wiesen Viaduct is a single-track railway viaduct (concrete blocks with dimension stone coverage) which spans the Landwasser southwest of the hamlet of Wiesen, Switzerland. Designed by Henning Friedrich, then the chief engineer of the Rhaetian Railway, it was built between 1906 and 1909 by the contractor G. Marasi (Westermann & Cie, Zürich) under the supervision of P. Salaz and Hans Studer (RhB). The Rhaetian Railway still owns and uses the viaduct today for regular service with 29 passenger trains per day. An important element of the Davos–Filisur railway, the viaduct is 88.9 metres (292 ft) high, 210 metres (690 ft) long, and has a main span of 55 metres (180 ft). In 1926, the viaduct was the inspiration for Ernst Ludwig Kirchner's painting Brücke bei Wiesen.Photograph: David Gubler

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July 16 - Sat

Painted stork
The painted stork (Mycteria leucocephala) is a large wading bird in the stork family. It is found in the wetlands of the plains of tropical Asia. Its distinctive pink tertial feathers give it its name. This stork forages in flocks in shallow waters along rivers or lakes, immersing its half open beak in water and sweeping it from side to side to snap up its prey. The painted stork nests colonially in trees, often along with other waterbirds. The only sounds it produces are weak moans or bill clattering at the nest. This bird is not migratory and only makes short distance movements in some parts of its range.Photograph: JJ Harrison

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July 17 - Sun

Ty Cobb
Ty Cobb (1886–1961), shown here sliding into third base on August 16, 1924, was an American Major League Baseball (MLB) outfielder. He spent twenty-two seasons with the Detroit Tigers, including six as the team's player-manager, and finished his career with the Philadelphia Athletics. During this time Cobb set ninety MLB records, though his abilities were sometimes overshadowed by his surly temperament and aggressive playing style. In 1936 Cobb was made an inaugural member of the Baseball Hall of Fame, and in 1999 editors at the Sporting News ranked him third on their list of "Baseball's 100 Greatest Players".Photo: National Photo Company; restoration: Lise Broer; crop: jjron

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July 18 - Mon

God Speed
God Speed is a painting by British artist Edmund Leighton which was completed in 1900. It depicts an armored knight leaving for war and leaving his beloved, who ties a red sash around his arm. A griffin on the banister of the stairs is a symbol of strength and military courage. The painting was exhibited in the Royal Academy of Arts in 1900. It is now held in a private collection.Painting: Edmund Leighton

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July 19 - Tue

Great Mosque of Central Java
The Great Mosque of Central Java is a mosque in the city of Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia. Dedicated in 2006, the mosque complex covers 10 hectares (25 acres). It can hold up to 15,000 worshipers in the mosque interior and the central courtyard. This photograph was taken from the viewing deck of the 99-metre (325 ft) tall Asmaul Husna Tower, which also houses a museum and a radio station for dakwah.Photograph: Chris Woodrich

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July 20 - Wed

Pennsylvania pound
A banknote for three pence, or 1/80 of a Pennsylvania pound, the currency of colonial Pennsylvania. Created as a response to the global economic downturn caused by the 1720 collapse of the South Sea Company, the currency was worth 25% less than sterling. It was discontinued in 1793 in favor of the United States dollar. This note was signed by Thomas Wharton and printed by Benjamin Franklin and David Hall.Banknote: Benjamin Franklin and David Hall (printers); image courtesy of the National Numismatic Collection at the National Museum of American History (Smithsonian Institution)

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July 21 - Thu

Landsort Lighthouse
The Landsort Lighthouse as viewed from the east. The tower was built in 1689 on Öja Island, Stockholm archipelago's most southern point, with the conical upper section added in 1870. During World War II and the Cold War, Landsort was a military base for the Swedish coastal artillery.Photograph: Arild Vågen

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July 22 - Fri

Vimy Memorial Bridge
The Vimy Memorial Bridge is a bridge in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Completed in 2014, it crosses the Rideau River, connecting Strandherd Drive in Barrhaven and Earl Armstrong Road in Riverside South. The bridge has three vehicle lanes, a dedicated bus lane and a bike lane in each direction. It is named after the Battle of Vimy Ridge.Photograph: Saffron Blaze

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July 23 - Sat

Gall stereographic projection
The Gall stereographic projection is a cylindrical map projection first presented by James Gall in 1855. It is neither equal-area nor conformal but instead tries to balance the distortion inherent in any projection.Map: Strebe, using Geocart

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July 24 - Sun

Alexandre Dumas
Alexandre Dumas (1802–1870) was a French writer. His works have been translated into nearly 100 languages, and he is one of the most widely read French authors. Many of his historical novels of high adventure were originally published as serials, including The Count of Monte Cristo, The Three Musketeers, Twenty Years After, and The Vicomte de Bragelonne: Ten Years Later.Photograph: Nadar

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July 25 - Mon

Glassy carbon
Glassy carbon is a non-graphitizing, or nongraphitizable, carbon which combines glassy and ceramic properties with those of graphite. The most important properties are high temperature resistance, hardness (7 Mohs), low density, low electrical resistance, low friction, low thermal resistance, extreme resistance to chemical attack and impermeability to gases and liquids. Glassy carbon is widely used as an electrode material in electrochemistry, as well as for high temperature crucibles and as a component of some prosthetic devices, and can be fabricated as different shapes, sizes and sections.Photograph: Heinrich Pniok

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July 26 - Tue

SMS Gazelle
SMS Gazelle was the lead ship of the ten-vessel Gazelle class, built by the Imperial German Navy. Armed with a main battery of ten 10.5 cm (4.1 in) guns and two 45 cm (18 in) torpedo tubes, Gazelle was capable of a top speed of 19.5 knots (36.1 km/h; 22.4 mph). She was commissioned into the High Seas Fleet in 1901 and participated in the Venezuela Crisis. She served with the fleet until 1914, when she was employed as a coastal defense ship after the outbreak of World War I. After hitting a mine, she was reduced to a mine storage hulk. In 1920, she was stricken from the naval register and sold for scrap.Lithograph: Hugo Graf; restoration: Adam Cuerden

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July 27 - Wed

Red-kneed dotterel
The red-kneed dotterel (Erythrogonys cinctus) is a long-legged, medium-sized plover in the subfamily Vanellinae. It is often gregarious and will associate with other waders of its own and different species, even when nesting. It is nomadic and sometimes irruptive.Photograph: JJ Harrison

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July 28 - Thu

St John's College, Cambridge
The interior of the chapel at St John's College, Cambridge. Constructed between 1866 and 1869, to replace a smaller chapel which dated back to the 13th century, this chapel was designed by George Gilbert Scott in a style similar to that of Exeter College, Oxford. It is home to the Choir of St John's College, which has sung daily services since the 1670s.Photograph: David Iliff

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July 29 - Fri

Chequered skipper
The chequered skipper (Carterocephalus palaemon) is a butterfly of the family Hesperiidae named for its uppersides, which are dark brown with a dusting of orange scales at the base of the wings and golden spots. It is widely distributed in northern and central Europe, and its range extends across Asia and Japan, and into North America.Photograph: Haeferl

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July 30 - Sat

Almond Blossoms
Almond Blossoms is an 1890 painting by Vincent van Gogh of blossoming almond trees made to celebrate the birth of his nephew and namesake, son of his brother Theo and sister-in-law Jo. It is part of a series of similar paintings completed in Arles and Saint-Rémy, southern France. The works reflect impressionist, divisionist and Japanese woodcut influences.Painting: Vincent van Gogh

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July 31 - Sun

Flakstadøya
A mountain massif on Flakstadøya Island overlooking Norwegian County Road 807 to Nusfjord, Lofoten, Nordland, as seen in September 2010. On either side of the road, coastal conifer forests can be seen.Photograph: Simo Räsänen

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