Wikipedia:List of online reference desks

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This page and its 10 subpages are designed to supplement Wikipedia:Reference desk and its seven subpages. These 11 pages can have a number of uses.

  • They provide a list of alternative places for Wikipedia visitors to ask questions.
  • They provide a list of resources to help Wikipedia respondents to find answers to questions.
  • They provide a means to assist Wikipedians and others in comparing the quality of reference service provided in different places.

The following points are useful to anyone consulting this list.



See also


(Questions can sometimes be given specialized attention by individual Wikipedians, or by groups of members of specific WikiProjects, especially if the questions pertain to improving Wikipedia. An editor can visit a relevant talk page to post a question, or to link to a discussion in progress on one of the subpages of Wikipedia:Reference desk.)

Additional resources

Articles about online reference desks

  • Wikipedia Reference Desk
  • The Future of Question and Answer Sites - TNW United States (by: The Next Web)
  • 20 years before Google existed, N.Y. Public Library offered a human GoogleMother Nature Network (October 25, 2016)

Change detection and notification

(See also: Change detection and notification, Category:Change detection and notification.)
  • ChangeDetection - Know when any web page changes
  • ChangeDetect - Web Page Monitoring - Free Online Service
  • dasPing: start
  • WatchThatPage - Monitor web pages extract new information

Copyright and plagiarism

(See also: Copyright, Category:Copyright law, Plagiarism, Category:Plagiarism.)
  • Stanford Copyright & Fair Use Center (by: Stanford University, Stanford, CA)
  • 10 Big Myths about copyright explained (by: Brad Templeton)
  • Public Domain Sherpa - your guide to finding copyright-free works
  • Plagiarism Today
  • Is it Plagiarism or Copyright Violation - Coaching in Writing for Internet

Digital libraries

(See also: List of digital library projects, Category:Digital libraries.)

Digital libraries of websites by Dewey Decimal number

  • Dewey Browse
  • DeweyDigger
  • MGPL Webrary® - Webrary Links Menu (by: Morton Grove Public Library, Morton Grove, IL)
  • KidsClick! Web Search
  • Ready Reference - A selection of Web resources (by: Lakewood Public Library, Lakewood, Ohio)
  • A Research Guide for Students with Virtual Library arranged by Dewey
  • Websites by Dewey number | The Foote School Perrine Library (by: Foote School, New Haven, CT)
  • Websites by Dewey Classification
  • Reference Sites (by: Rainbow City Public Library, Rainbow City, Alabama)

Digital library categories in general web directories

Directories not in English

  • Le guide des meilleurs sites
  • Annuaire francophone NEToo, le top 10.000 du web francophone
  • SegnaWeb: risorse Internet selezionate dai bibliotecari italiani - Home

Directories of alternative media

(See also: Category:Alternative media.)
  • - Best Alternative News Links
  • a directory of non-corporate journalism
  • Citizen journalism directory
  • Alltop - Top Citizen Journalism News
  • Directory -

Directories of blogs

(See also: List of blogs, Category:Blogs.)
  • Blogarama - The Blog Directory - Blogs And Blog Resources
  • Blogs Directory -
  • Blog Directory

Directories of books

(See also: Lists of books, Category:Books, Category:Lists of books, Category:Book websites, Category:E-book suppliers.)
  • Directory of FREE Online Books and FREE eBooks
  • The Online Books Page (See: Online Books Page, by John Mark Ockerbloom, University of Pennsylvania Libraries, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.)
  • The Used and Rare Books Directory
  • E-Books Directory - Categorized Books, Short Reviews, Free Downloads
  • Project Gutenberg - free ebooks (See: Project Gutenberg.)
  • - A Free Book Directory. Discover The Best Books Today.

Directories of conferences

(See also: Category:Conferences.)
  • AllConferences.Com Conventions Events Meetings
  • Academic conferences worldwide - Conference Alerts

Directories of dictionaries and glossaries

(See also: Lists of dictionaries, Category:Dictionaries, Portal:Contents/Glossaries, Category:Glossaries, Category:Wikipedia glossaries.)
  • Glossary Directory - Glossaries & Dictionaries Directory
  • ObjectGraph LLC (several dictionaries)
  • Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary (several dictionaries and encyclopedias) (See:

Directories of dissertations

(See also: Thesis.)
  • OATD – Open Access Theses and Dissertations
  • Introduction - Theses Canada - Library and Archives Canada (by: Library and Archives Canada)
  • - Academic Dissertation Book & Media Publishers
  • Education: Free Dissertations/Theses - Alcove 9: An Annotated List of Reference Websites (Main Reading Room, Library of Congress) (by: Library of Congress)
  • ndltd (NDLTD = Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations)
  • Thesis Abstract | Dissertation Abstracts Thesis Library - Thesis Abstracts Online

Directories of documentary films

(See also: List of documentary films, Category:Documentary films.)
  • Top Documentary Films - Watch Free Documentaries Online
  • Main Page - Documentary Pedia

Directories of educational videos

(See also: List of educational video websites, Category:Educational video websites.)
  • -
  • Educational Videos – The Best Educational Videos Online | Educational Videos Directory
  • WatchKnowLearn - Free Educational Videos for K-12 Students (See: WatchKnowLearn.)
  • EduTube Educational Videos | Learn something new every day
  • Teach With Movies, Lesson Plans in History, English, Science for High School, Middle School and Elementary

Directories of forums

(See also: List of Internet forums, Category:Internet forums.)
  • Directory of FORUMS
  • Online web forums directory - Forum directory
  • Forums Directory :: Forums Directory ForumsInfo.Com

Directories of libraries

(See also: List of libraries, Category:Libraries.)
  • Libweb - Library WWW Servers - World Libraries Online
  • Libdex – Worldwide index of library catalogues, libraries & books
  • lib-web-cats: an International Directory of Libraries
  • Public Libraries (United States)
  • Directory of Special Libraries and Information Centers (by: Cengage Learning, Stamford, CT)

Directories of magazines

(See also: Lists of magazines, Category:Magazines.)
  • Magazine Directory - Magazines Online
  • Magazine Directory - A National Directory of Magazines. (United States)

Directories of mobile websites

(See also: Category:Mobile Web.)
  • Mobile Websites -
  • idibidi mobile website directory
  • Mobile Directory and Mobile Website Design
  • Mobile Directory
  • Great Mobile Websites

Directories of museums

(See also: List of museums, Category:Museums, .museum.)
  • Museums: Virtual Library museums pages (VLmp)
  • MuseumRegister | an international directory of museums in all categories
  • Search result in the .museum Registry (See: Museum Domain Management Association.)
  • 1000s Of Museums Online : (United States)

Directories of newspapers

(See also: Lists of newspapers, Category:Newspapers.)
  • Thousands of newspapers on the Net
  • Sur le web: Presse en ligne
  • Newspapers - Newspaper & News Media Guide ABYZ News Links
  • 4 International Media & Newspapers - world newspapers online
  • Newseum | Today's Front Pages | Map View (See: Newseum.)
  • Newseum | Today's Front Pages | Gallery View (See: Newseum.)
  • Newspapers of the World - Newslink
  • United States Newspapers
  • Google News Archive Search (See: Google News Archive.)

Directories of open-access journals

(See also: Academic journal, Open access journal, Category:Academic journals, Category:Lists of academic journals.)

Directories of OpenCourseWare

(See also: Category:OpenCourseWare.)

Directories of photo-sharing websites

(See also: List of photo sharing websites, Category:Photo sharing.)
  • Photography Sites - Photography Websites - Photography Directory
  • FreePhotoGallery : Photography Directory and Photography Search Engine

Directories of podcasts

(See also: List of podcatchers, Category:Podcasting.)
  • | The big directory for you
  • Podcast Directory :
  • -- The place to find Podcasts

Directories of radio stations

(See also: List of radio stations, Category:Radio stations, Category:Radio spectrum.)
  • Radio-Locator
  • (See: Public Radio Fan.)
  • RadioStationWorld - Radio Broadcast Directory and Listing of Radio Stations on the Web
  • Radio Stations Streaming on the Internet (United States)
  • HamDepot - Ham Radio Clubs | Amateur Radio Clubs (United States) (See: Amateur radio.)
  • Shortwave Radio Stations and International Broadcasters (See: Shortwave radio.)
  • - The superlist of shortwave radio stations!

Directories of repositories

(See also: Repository (publishing), Category:Archival science.)
  • OpenDOAR - Home Page - Directory of Open Access Repositories
  • Welcome to the Registry of Open Access Repositories - Registry of Open Access Repositories (See: Registry of Open Access Repositories.)
  • Repositories of Primary Sources (by: University of Idaho Library, University of Idaho, Moscow, ID)

Directories of search engines

(See also: List of search engines, Category:Internet search engines.)
  • Find search engines from across the world with Search Engine Colossus
  • Search Engines Directory,Search Engine of Web Directories,Search Engines List and Web directories List
  • Comprehensive list of Search Engines - The Search Engine List

Directories of telephone numbers

(See also: Category:Telephone numbers.)
  • Free White Pages - People Search - International Phone Books
  • Country codes & international area codes -
  • Pay Phone Directory (United States, Canada, and some other places)
  • The Telephone EXchange Name Project
  • Internet 800 Directory - Directory of free toll free (tollfree), 800,866,877 and 888 listings of businesses by company, number and type of industry, regardless of long distance carrier.
  • Toll Free Directory | 800 Directory | National Tollfree Directory - Find a Toll Free Number
  • Toll Free Phone Numbers Directory 800 888 Reverse Lookup
  • Home - ("a wikified yellow pages")
  • Categories:
  • Phone Numbers, Shortcuts, Reviews & Customer Tips - Companies Worldwide -
  • Cell Phone Number |
  • Free Cell Phone Directory | Cell Phone Lookup & Reverse Cell Phone Lookup
  • Mobile Phone Directory
  • Yellow Pages Goes Green: Yellow Pages Directory Inc. (United States)

Directories of web directories

(See also: List of web directories, Category:Web directories.)
  • Web Directories List - 20,000 Up-to-date Directory Listings (free & paid).
  • Best Web Directories - Free & Paid Directory Submission Rankings
  • Web Directory List - Directory of Directories

Directories of web feeds

(See also: Web feed, RSS.)
  • Rss Feeds Directory
  • RSS feed Directory -
  • Free Feeds Directory
  • RS Feeds Directory - FREE listing -

Directories of wikis

(See also: List of wikis, Category:Wikis.)
  • Wikimedia Foundation (See: Wikimedia Foundation, Wikimedia wikis.)
  • WikiIndex
  • Wiki Directory - Wiki Spot
  • Wiki Hosting Directory - Find the Best Wiki Hosting providers here
  • Wiki Farms (See: Wiki hosting service.)

Directories of wireless access points

(See also: Hotspot (Wi-Fi), Category:Wireless access points.)
  • Fon - Find Fon Hotspots Worldwide
  • JiWire Global Wi-Fi Finder
  • Wi-Fi ZONE™ Finder
  • Wi-Fi Hotspot Directory | WLAN Hotspots - WiFi Hot Spots - Free Locations - Public Wireless Lan Internet Access
  • free wi-fi hotspots wifi cafes coffee shops hotels airports RV Parks

Directories of world records

(See also: Category:Superlatives, World record, Category:World records.)
  • Guinness World Records - Home of the Longest, Shortest, Fastest, Tallest facts and feats (See: Guinness World Records.)
  • World Records Academy: fastest world record registration services, latest world records from around the world, Book of World Records, Record Breakers Club!
  • The book of alternative records | weird, crazy, incredible and unusual world records!

Directories, miscellaneous (one of each type)

  • useAssociations | International Directory of Professional Associations
  • - Worldwide Webcam Directory
  • Social Media Websites | Social Media Directory
  • World Government Data | (See:
  • [See: Richard Nelson Bolles, What Color Is Your Parachute? (book).]
  • Main Page - Wikidweb ("the Wiki Directory of the Web")
  • International Zip Codes, Reverse Search, Fax Search, Email Search, Outlet Stores, White Pages, Area Codes, Toll-Free Search, People Finder at
  • - webinar directory. Find and Promote webinars.
  • ASL Vlog & Video Directory (See: American Sign Language, Video blogging.)
  • The largest Message Boards and Forums on the web!
  • Listorious: Twitter people search and lists directory
  • Pictures
  • AllTheUsenet.Com- Newsgroups, Usenet Provider Directory, Usenet Portal, Usenet Resources Guide, NewsGroups Servers, Newsgroups NewsReader software (See: Usenet newsgroup, Category:Newsgroups.)
  • Melissa DATA: Free Lookups
  • Newsletters - Newsletter Directory Covering Every Topic and Specializing in Investment News. (See: Category:Newsletters.)
  • How to Find Old Newspaper Articles and Magazines Online
  • CataList, the official catalog of LISTSERV lists (See: LISTSERV.)
  • Nupedia Links (compiled by Nupedia and archived by the Wayback Machine)
  • Google Public Data Explorer (See: Google Public Data Explorer.)

Distraction online

(See also: Attention, Distraction, Human multitasking.)
  • TELECOM Digest OnLine - Sorted: Aimless Workers 'Wilfing' Through Cyberspace
  • BBC NEWS | Technology | Multitaskers bad at multitasking
  • Unable to focus? Welcome to our distracted society's attention deficit
  • Review - Distracted - Anxiety & Panic

Evaluating information and sources

(See also: List of fallacies, Category:Logical fallacies, List of hoaxes, Category:Hoaxes, List of common misconceptions, Category:Error, List of cognitive biases, Category:Cognitive biases, List of memory biases, Wikipedia:Identifying reliable sources.)
  • Helpful Hints to Help You Evaluate the Credibility of Web Resources
  • Evaluating Internet Research Sources
  • The Infography ("An Expert Will Guide You to the Best Information")
  • (See: Robert H. Thouless, Straight and Crooked Thinking.)
  • Verification Handbook: homepage


(See also: List of Google products, Category:Google.)
  • Google Scholar
  • Simply Google
  • Interactive online Google tutorial and references - Google Guide
  • 101 Google tips, tricks and hacks | News | TechRadar UK (by: TechRadar)
  • Search Features
  • FGA: Google result counts are a meaningless metric. (See: Wikipedia:Search engine test.)

Internet facts

(See also: Internet, Category:Internet, World Wide Web, Category:World Wide Web.)
  • The Internet
  • About-the-web Internet Guide
  • Internet 101 » The world’s most popular guide to the Internet
  • LEARN THE NET: Your Online Guide
  • 18 Fun Interesting Facts You Never Knew About The Internet | MakeUseOf (by: MakeUseOf)
  • Eight things you didn't know about the internet - New Scientist
  • Is Google Making Us Stupid? - Magazine - The Atlantic (See: Is Google Making Us Stupid?.)

Internet statistics

(See also: Global Internet usage, Category:Internet by country, Domain Name System, Category:Domain name system.)
  • Internet World Stats - Usage and Population Statistics
  • Domain Counts & Internet Statistics
  • Network Overview /// Internet Traffic Report (See: Internet traffic.)
  • Data Tools | Pew Research Center's Internet & American Life Project (by: Pew Research Center)
  • Domain Counts provided by Domain Worldwide
  • Norid: Domain name registries around the world (See: Top-level domain.)

Lists of web resources

(See also: Lists of websites, Category:Websites.)
  • Full List - 50 Best Websites 2009 - TIME [by: Time (magazine)]
  • Lose Your Wikipedia Crutch: 100 Places to Go for Good Answers Online | Distance
  • cooltoolsforschools - Research Tools (hosted by: Wikispaces)
  • Online College Blog and School Reviews | 100 Useful Tips and Tools to Research the Deep Web
  • When Wikipedia Won't Cut It: 25 Online Sources for Reliable, Researched Facts - College
  • Research Beyond Google: 119 Authoritative, Invisible, and Comprehensive Resources | OEDb

Mirrors and forks of Wikipedia

(These links represent a brief selection of languages. Additional languages are listed in the left column on each of these pages.)
  • English: Wikipedia:Mirrors and forks
  • French: fr:Wikipédia:Sites utilisant Wikipédia
  • German: de:Wikipedia:Weiternutzung
  • Italian: it:Wikipedia:Cloni
  • Portuguese: pt:Wikipédia:Clones da Wikipédia
  • Spanish: es:Wikipedia:Espejos de Wikipedia

Miscellaneous links (one of each type)

(See also: Wikipedia:List of free online resources.)
  • Librarianchick
  • WikiPapers (a wiki about resources about wikis)
  • Internet Accuracy Project
  • Audio Books, Podcasts, Videos, and Free Downloads to Learn From
  • Library Link of the Day
  • Interval Signals Online (See: Interval signal.)

Morse code

(See also: Category:Morse code.)
  • learn morse code (See: Morse code.)
  • Just Learn Morse Code
  • Morse Code Translator
  • Morse Code: MIDI & Text Generator
  • Morse Telegraph Club
  • K6DBG streaming cw server ["CNN Breaking News in Morse (25/21/18/13 wpm)"] (Opening the web page, port 8080, downloads a file to a computer's media player, and play begins automatically.)

Praise and criticism

(See also: Corrective feedback, Category:Educational assessment and evaluation.)
  • Productive praise and constructive criticism — Faculty Development
  • Social and Cultural Foundations of American Education/Feedback/Feedback Skills - Wikibooks, open books for an open world(by: Wikibooks)
  • Giving Feedback in Medical Education

Researching online

(See also: Internet research, Category:World Wide Web.)
  • Finding Information on the Internet: Table of Contents (by: University of California, Berkeley Libraries)
  • Searching and Researching on the Internet and the World Wide Web
  • Association of Internet Researchers (See: Association of Internet Researchers.)
  • Phil Bradley:Internet search, Librarians, search engines, web search
  • How to Find Anything Online: Become an Internet Research Expert | Webdesigner Depot

Researching with Wikipedia

(See also: Reliability of Wikipedia, Wikipedia:Researching with Wikipedia, Wikipedia:Citing Wikipedia, Category:Wikipedia.)
  • How to Use Wikipedia For Research Papers
  • News: A Stand Against Wikipedia - Inside Higher Ed
  • Digital Literacy Resource - A Guide To Doing Research Online - Using Wikipedia (hosted by: Cornell University, Ithaca, NY)
  • Teaching Central Newsletter :: FaCIT News for Faculty – Using Wikipedia to Teach Critical Thinking Skills (hosted by: Central Michigan University)
  • Wikipedia as Participatory Journalism: Reliable Sources? Metrics for evaluating collaborative media as a news source (hosted by: University of Texas at Austin)
  • The Wikipedia Review (See: Wikipedia Review.)
  • Wikipediocracy (splinter group from Wikipedia Review, with a blog and a forum)
  • Offwiki (for discussion about Wikipedia and her sister projects)
  • 2008/9 Wikipedia Selection for schools (See: Wikipedia CD Selection.)
  • Google Maps meets Wikipedia
  • QRpedia - Language-detecting & mobile-friendly Wikipedia QR codes (See: QRpedia.)

Search engines (academic)

(See also: List of academic databases and search engines.)
  • RefSeek - Academic Search Engine
  • BASE (Bielefeld Academic Search Engine): Basic Search [See: BASE (search engine).]

Search engines for books

  • The Online Books Page: Search (See: Online Books Page, by John Mark Ockerbloom, University of Pennsylvania Libraries, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.)
  • 140,000 Free eBooks: SEARCH OPTIONS (165,000+ eBooks, eTexts, On-Line Books, eDocuments)
  • Just Free Books - A search engine to find only free ebooks.

Search engines for PDF files

(See also: Portable Document Format.)
  • PDF Search - Search for PDF files
  • PDF Search Engine -
  • Millions of Free PDF eBooks! Free PDF Search Engine
  • PDF Search Engine, View Download PDF Book, Search eBooks Document
  • PDF Search Engine, free search, PDF download

Search engines for similar websites

  • - The Best Place To Find Similar Websites
  • moreofit - Website Similarity Search Engine

Search engines for Twitter feeds

(See also: Twitter, Category:Twitter.)
  • Twitter Advanced Search
  • Twinitor: twitter search and monitoring.
  • monitter : real time, live twitter search and monitoring
  • Snap Bird - search twitter's history
  • Twazzup: Realtime News
  • TweetFeel Twitter Sentiment - Twitter Search with Feelings about anything popular.

Search engines for Twitter users

  • Top Twitter User Rankings & Stats |
  • Twitter Stats by Twitter Counter
  • Twitter Directory and Search, Find Twitter Followers : WeFollow
  • First Issue Blog » Blog Archive » A Directory of Book Trade People on Twitter
  • Localtweeps :: Help localize your Twittersphere! :: Home
  • My Twitter Directory :: Twitter Search, Yellow Pages : Find Followers
  • TweetFind Twitter Account Directory - TweetFind

Search engines, miscellaneous (one of each type)

(See also: List of search engines, Category:Internet search engines.)
  • Search for New & Used Books, Textbooks, Out-of-Print and Rare Books (See:
  • FindHow - The How-To Search Engine
  • TinEye Reverse Image Search (See: TinEye.)
  • Princeton 3D Model Search Engine
  • Global FTP Search Engine: Global File Search Engine (See: File Transfer Protocol.)
  • XPASE - e(X)perimental (P)assive (A)ggressive (S)earch (E)ngine (diversified)
  • Real Time Search - Social Mention (search engine for social network messages)
  • VIAF (See: Virtual International Authority File.)
  • InfoRapid Knowledge Portal
  • Infotopia--A Google Alternative Safe Search Engine for Students

Tweet analytics

  • a world of tweets

Web analytics

(See also: Web analytics, List of web analytics software, Category:Web analytics.)

Web archives

(See also: List of Web archiving initiatives, Category:Web archiving initiatives.)

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