Wikipedia:File copyright tags/Non-free

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Copyrighted media files may be used in Wikipedia articles on a limited basis, provided they satisfy both the legal test for fair use and Wikipedia's own guidelines for non-free content, found at Wikipedia:Non-free content. Each image or audio file has a file page where any fair-use concerns must be addressed.

Please note: Copyrighted images that can reasonably be replaced by free images may not be used on Wikipedia.

For non-free content, each image page must include:

  • A copyright tag to claim fair use. Wikipedia's file upload function and wizard each help editors choose an appropriate tag. A list is below. Non-free images that meet Wikipedia's policy but do not fit into any of the categories below should use the tag {{Non-free fair use in|Article}}.
  • A statement describing the source of the media.
  • A separate "non-free use rationale" for each use in a Wikipedia article. Instructions, guidelines, samples, and templates are available at Wikipedia:Non-free use rationale guideline.



  • {{Non-free 2D art}}—for low resolution images of two dimensional works of art under copyright.
  • {{Non-free 3D art}}—for images of three-dimensional works of art that are still under copyright.
  • {{Non-free architectural work}}—for images of buildings that have been proposed but not completed yet.

Audio and music

Cover art


Promotional material

Fair use on Wikipedia only applies if it is not possible to replace such promotional image with a free image.

  • {{Non-free promotional}}—for an image freely provided to promote an item, as in a promotional photo in a press packet

Publicity photos

Fair use on Wikipedia only applies if it is not possible to replace such publicity image with a free image.

  • {{Non-free AUSPIC}}—for official photographs of Australian federal politicians from AUSPIC
  • {{Non-free promotional}}—for publicity photographs of people or events, such as headshots or posed shots, from a press kit.


Stamps and currency

UK government

  • {{Non-free Crown copyright}}- For material under UK Crown copyright, which is incompatible with the terms of the Open Government Licence {{OGL}} per Section 8.2 of the OGL Framework
  • {{Non-free Parliamentary copyright}} - for material under UK Parliamentary copyright. Please note that as commercial distribution is not permitted this license is non-free for the purposes of Wikipedia, hence images uploaded under this template must still specify a rationale.


  • {{Non-free biog-pic}}—to provide visual identification of a specific individual or group for whom there is no freely-licensed content, and who is deceased, or impossible or impractical to access
  • {{Non-free character}}—for artwork depicting a character from a comic book, video game, or animated television program or film
  • {{Non-free Denver Public Library image|imgurl=image url|callno=call number}}—for photographs from the photography collection of the Denver Public Library.
  • {{Non-free Otto Perry image|imgurl=image url|callno=call number}}—for photographs from the Otto Perry collection of the Denver Public Library
  • {{Non-free ESA media}}-for images taken by the ESA ESA Multimedia Gallery
  • {{Non-free historic image}}—for unique, famous historical images
  • {{Non-free with NC}}—supplemental statement, for media with noncommercial reuse license. This tag cannot be used on its own.
  • {{Non-free Olympics media}}—for Olympic-related images, this contains a set of parameters that convey to logos, posters, mascots, et cetera.
  • {{Non-free with permission}}—supplemental tag for fair use media for which we also have permission to use on Wikipedia. This tag cannot be used on its own.
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