Wikipedia:Edit summary legend

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Edit summary legend

This is a list of commonly used edit summary abbreviations. A more concise list is available at quick reference.

You can find other Wikipedia terms in the Wikipedia:Glossary. See also Wikipedia abbreviations. For other useful directories and indexes, see Wikipedia:Directory.

Note: This page does not lay down any official guidelines on how to fill out an article's edit summary. Wikipedians are encouraged to write accurate and detailed summaries. For more information, see Help:Edit summary.

Addition of category

cat, +cat
Meaning: I added a category to the page
[[Category:Whatever]] will put a link to the appropriate category page into the edit summary

Addition of comment

cm, cmt or re followed by either the comment itself or the topic. Also +com.
Meaning: I added a comment to this page
  • cm rattlesnake
  • re : rattlesnake

Addition of navigational template

Meaning: I added a navigational template to this page

Addition or rephrasing of a short text

ft followed by the full text that has been added (perhaps with a little context), or the new version of what was changed.
Thus the edit summary fully informs about the edit; there's no need to open the article unless you want to read the text in the context of the article.

Addition of text

+, add, addition, expand
Meaning: I have added text to the article, and here's a summary.
  • +Future expeditions or add:Future Expeditions
May also be used to indicate that the user has added his support/opposition on consensus building; it is then usually preceded by the section name
  • → Support: +
  • → Oppose: +me


alpha, abc
Meaning: I have put this list in alphabetical order.


cap, caps, capital, cpt, lc, lcase, uc, ucase
Wikipedia's article titles are case-sensitive, except for the first letter of the article, which always appears as a capital. Also, according to Wikipedia:Manual of Style, except for compound proper nouns (such as "New York Fire Department") only the first letter of the first word in section headings should be capitalized. The above abbreviations indicate fixing of capitalization mistakes, or lowercasing or uppercasing specific words. cap, capital, cpt indicate general fixing of capitalization. caps is for those instances when every letter of a word is capitalized, when the word is to be made ALL CAPS. lc and lcase mean lowercasing the first letter of some word, and uc and ucase mean uppercasing the first letter of some word.


cl, cleanup, cu
Meaning: "I have made some general 'tidying-up edits.'" These may include reformatting, spelling and grammar fixes, markup fixes, and other such minor edits. Useful if you make many different kinds of small changes in a single edit.

Copy edit

copyedit, cpyed, ced, c/e, ce, mce
Miscellaneous copy editing.
It is encouraged that you specify the changes.
  • copyedit: major reorganization, left original text
  • cpyed: from 'Tell Joe and I to ...' to 'Tell Joe and me to ...'
  • 'It took 4 years to build...' -> 'It took four years to build...'


Miscellaneous copy editing.
Often used when correcting one's own edits, or when correcting obvious mistakes.
  • cr
  • cr after session failed
  • cr were -> where

Creation of a new article

creation, new
Meaning: I have created a new article.
If there are remarks you wish to make, add them after two single dashes (-).
No other abbreviations need to be used since the article is new.
  • creation
  • new
  • creation – NPOV check please
  • new – NPOV check please


See Removal of ambiguity (on this page)

Edit that is explained on the article's talk page

see Talk, see talk
Meaning: I have discussed / explained this edit on the article's talk page.
If possible, combine with other text, e.g rephrased, see Talk.

External links

EL, xl, ext lk, ext lks, ext lnk, ext lnks, ext link, ext links, rm el, URL, http
Meaning: I have added or removed an external link.
If there is possibility for confusion, name the link specifically.
  • ext lk: filipino strategy guide


fm, fmt, frmt, formatting, MoS, mos, MOS, wf, wfy
Meaning: "I have applied formatting to this article". For example, to adhere to Wikipedia's Manual of Style, or to make the article look consistent, etc.
There is no need to specify the formatted text.


gm, gr, grmr
Meaning: I have fixed the grammar of a sentence or sentences.


head, h2, h3, h4, h5, h6
Meaning: I have fixed header markup or changed header wording. Often seen when a page has been incorrectly laid out with level 3 headers at the top level (=== text ===) instead of level 2 headers (== text ==).

Internal links

lk, lks, link, links, lnk, ln, wikilink, wl, dl
Meaning: I have created a link from this Wikipedia article to another one, or removed a link from this article to another.
In the summary, put the link between single apostrophes ('), or copy it from the edit box so that it appears in double brackets [[ ]]
This is especially useful when the link is to a new article: people watchlisting the current page are likely to be interested in the new page.
  • link: 'Train'
  • [[train]]
  • lks: 'snow', 'hail'
  • +wl


iwk, iw
Meaning: I added one or more interwiki links to this page.


mrg, mrgd, merged in
Meaning: I have merged some other article(s) into this article.
All the articles merged should be specified.
  • mrgd: USA & United States of America

Last good version

LGV, lgv
Meaning: I have restored the article to the last good version.


Miscellaneous edits
Use only when a more specific and more useful edit summary is not practical.

Manual of Style

Meaning: I have made minor edits in conformance with WP:MOS, the English Wikipedia Manual of Style.
Compare with: Formatting


Meaning: I have moved the article or part of it to another location. (The new location should be specified.)
Or: I have added some material which comes from another article.

(Where it comes from should be specified)

  • mv to 'United States' (mrgd)
  • mv from 'America'


Not noteworthy; usually removal of non-noteworthy addition, e.g. rv nn (reverting non-noteworthy [insertion])

Null edit

null, nx, ø
The edit window has been opened and the page re-saved with no change of text (occasionally necessitated by non-automated changes, like those to templates included in the page).


org, reorg, order
Meaning: I have changed the order of sections or otherwise altered the organization of the page.

Original research

Meaning: I believe something to be in conflict with the no original research policy.

Point of view

Meaning: I believe something to be in conflict with the neutral point of view policy.


punc, punct, pct
Meaning: I have made edits to rectify punctuation. (Elaborate as needed).


re-cat, recat
Meaning: I have made changes to a pre-existing category link or links.
If the change is specified, put the category link(s) between single apostrophes (') or double brackets (e.g., [[Category:Category name]]).
  • re-cat
  • recat 'Old category' to 'New category'
  • recat [[Category:Old category]] to [[Category:New category]]


REDIRECT 'Article Name', rd 'Article name', redir 'Article name'
Meaning: I have made the page redirect to another place.
The page that the article redirects to should be specified.


ref, refs
Meaning: adding or fixing source citation(s)
  • +refs
  • fixd ref

Removal of ambiguity

disambiguation, disambig, disamb, disam, dab, byp disambig
Changing a wiki link to a disambiguation page to point to the appropriate page.
There is no need to specify any disambiguation changes.

Removal of text

-, rm, rmv, remove, del
Meaning: I have removed some text from the article.
  • -unnecessary sentence
  • remove: unnecessary sentence


r, re
Meaning: I have replied to another editor's comment.
Note that r is also listed in Revert to a previous edit.

Revert to a previous edit

revert, rv, r
Reverted to a previous edit.
This short summary is insufficient on its own—you should always briefly explain the reason for reverting.
  • rv: accident
  • rv: vandalism
  • revert blanking
  • rv unexpl del—revert unexplained deletion
  • rv changes by User:Second user to last version by User:First user; see talk
  • rvv or rv/v = revert vandalism
  • rvs or rv/s = revert spam
  • rvt or rvte = revert test edit
Note that r is also listed in Reply, so rv is preferred.
Note that rvv in some fonts reads as rw, so rv/v is preferred.


sandbox, Sandbox
Edit to the Sandbox.
This is especially useful for Wikipedians checking the Recent changes as it lets them know that they should ignore it.

Snap double redirect

snap dbl rdr, fix redir
Turned a double redirect into a single redirect


sp, spl, spelling
Meaning: Correcting spelling mistakes.
It is not usually necessary to specify the spelling change but if you must, format it like this:
desparate -> desperate


tweak, twk, tw, technicals, techs
Meaning: A wide range of minor changes (rather than a specific one).
  • Making article conform to the Manual of style and to consensus
  • Removing stub messages
  • Adjusting categories
  • Fixing typos
  • Rationalising, adding and fixing links
  • Adjusting article layout
  • Using {{Reflist|30em}} if appropriate


typo, typos, tpyo, tpyos, ty, tyop, tyops
Fixed typos.
There is no need to specify the corrected typos.

User experienced edit conflict

(ec), e/c, or (e/c)


Changes to whitespace
Retrieved from ""
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia :
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Wikipedia:Edit summary legend"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA