White House Office

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White House Office
US-WhiteHouse-Logo.svg
Agency overview
Formed 1857; 161 years ago (1857)
Headquarters West Wing of the White House
Employees 377
Agency executive
Parent agency Executive Office of the President of the United States
Website White House Office
President Barack Obama (in the foreground, facing away) meeting April 29, 2009 with senior White House staff.
Individuals present (l–r): David Axelrod (Senior Advisor), Jim Messina (Deputy Chief of Staff), Pete Rouse (Senior Advisor), Rahm Emanuel (Chief of Staff), Robert Gibbs (Press Secretary), Phil Schiliro (Director of Legislative Affairs), Mona Sutphen (Deputy Chief of Staff), Alyssa Mastromonaco (Director of Scheduling and Advance) and Valerie Jarrett (Senior Advisor).

The White House Office is an entity within the Executive Office of the President of the United States. The White House Office is headed by the White House Chief of Staff, who is also the head of the Executive Office of the President.[1] The staff of the various offices are based in the West Wing and East Wing of the White House, the Eisenhower Executive Office Building, and the New Executive Office Building. Almost all of the White House Office staff are political appointees of the President. These aides oversee the political and policy interests of the President and do not require Senate confirmation for appointment. They can be removed at the discretion of the President.

History

Established in the Executive Office of the President by Reorganization Plan 1 of 1939 and Executive Order 8248 to provide assistance to the President in the performance of his many detailed activities incident to his immediate office. The White House Office is organized in accordance with the wishes of each incumbent President and is directed by staff chosen by the President. A staff authorization was initially established in 1978 (92 Stat. 2445). Some presidential boards, committees, and commissions function organizationally as subunits of the White House Office.[2]

Although still a subunit of the EOP, the White House Office remains the centerpiece of the presidential staff system. In many ways it is closest to the President both in physical proximity, its top aides occupy most of the offices in the West Wing, and in its impact on the day-to-day operations, deliberations, policy agendas, and public communications of a presidency. During the transition to office and continuing throughout an administration, the President enjoys a great deal of discretion in terms of how the White House Office is organized.[1]

Mission

The issues that confront the United States at any one time can not be dealt with by the President alone, and therefore he (or she) must draw on the expertise to administration and even within an administration as one chief of staff may differ from a predecessor or successor. While Chiefs of Staff may differ in the degree of policy advice they provide a President, they are at base the managers of the White House staff system. At least in theory, they are the coordinators bringing the pieces together; they are the tone-setters and disciplinarians making for good organizational order, and often act as the gatekeeper for the President, overseeing every person, document and communication that goes to the President.[1]

Organization

Office of the Chief of Staff

Domestic Policy Council

National Economic Council

  • Assistant to the President and Director of the National Economic Council: Larry Kudlow[6]
    • Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of the National Economic Council and International Economic Affairs: Everett H. Eissenstat[6]
    • Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of the National Economic Council and Economic Policy:

Office of Cabinet Affairs

Office of Communications

  • Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff for Communications/White House Communications Director: Bill Shine
    • Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Communications for Implementation: Jessica Ditto[6]
    • Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Communications for Research:
  • Assistant to the President and Director of Social Media: Dan Scavino[6]
  • Office of the Press Secretary
    • Assistant to the President and Press Secretary: Sarah Huckabee Sanders
      • Deputy Assistant to the President and Principal Deputy Press Secretary: Raj Shah
      • Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary: Lindsay Walters
      • Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary: Hogan Gidley
  • Office of Speechwriting

Office of Digital Strategy

  • Interim Chief Digital Officer: Ory S. Rinat[6]

Office of the First Lady

Office of Information Technology

  • Special Assistant to the President and Director of White House Information Technology: Chris Herndon

Office of Intergovernmental Affairs

  • Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Intergovernmental Affairs: Douglas Lynn Hoelscher

Office of Legislative Affairs

  • Assistant to the President and Director for Legislative Affairs: Shahira Knight
    • Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs and House Liaison: Joyce Meyer[6]
    • Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs and Senate Liaison: Amy Swonger[6]

Office of Management and Administration

Office of the National Security Advisor

Office of Political Affairs

  • Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Political Affairs: Bill Stepien[6]
    • Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Political Affairs: Brian Jack[6]

Office of Presidential Personnel

  • Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential Personnel: Sean E. Doocey[8]
    • Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Presidential Personnel: John M. Roscoe[6]
    • Associate Director of Presidential Personnel: Jana C. Toner[6]

Office of Public Liaison

Office of Scheduling and Advance

  • Assistant to the President and Director of Scheduling and Advance:
    • Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Advance:
    • Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Scheduling:

Office of the Staff Secretary

Office of Trade and Manufacturing Policy

  • Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Trade and Manufacturing Policy: Peter Navarro[6]
    • Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Trade and Manufacturing Policy: Alexander B. Gray[6]

Office of the White House Counsel

  • Assistant to the President and Counsel to the President: Don McGahn[6]
    • Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Counsel to the President: Stefan C. Passantino[6]
    • Deputy Assistant to the President, Special Counsel to the President, and Chief of Staff to the White House Counsel: Ann M. Donaldson[6]

Oval Office Operations

  • Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Oval Office Operations: Jordan Karem
  • Special Assistant to the President and Executive Assistant to the President: Madeleine Westerhout[6]
  • Special Assistant to the President and Personal Aide to the President: Vacant

White House Fellows

  • Director, President's Commission on White House Fellowships

White House Military Office

References

  1. ^ a b c John P. Burke. "Administration of the White House". Miller Center of Public Affairs, University of Virginia. Retrieved June 6, 2009. 
  2. ^ Harold C. Relyea (March 17, 2008). "The Executive Office of the President: An Historical Overview" (PDF). Congressional Research Service. Retrieved April 14, 2008. 
  3. ^ Merica, Dan (July 31, 2017). "Kelly sworn in as Trump's second chief of staff". CNN. Retrieved 15 November 2017. 
  4. ^ White House (June 6, 2018). "President Donald J. Trump Announces Appointments for the Executive Office of the President". Retrieved June 23, 2018. 
  5. ^ The White House (July 6, 2018). "President Donald J. Trump Announces White House Appointments". The White House. Retrieved July 14, 2018. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai White House Office of Personnel (June 30, 2017). "Annual Report to Congress on White House Office Personnel" (PDF). WhiteHouse.gov. Retrieved July 1, 2017. 
  7. ^ Jenna Johnson (19 March 2018). "Christopher Liddell named White House deputy chief of staff for policy coordination". The Washington Post. Retrieved 19 March 2018. 
  8. ^ a b c "Annual Report to Congress on White House Office Personnel, 2018" (PDF). WhiteHouse.gov. June 29, 2018. Retrieved July 2, 2018. 
  9. ^ Svitek, Patrick (February 16, 2018). "Texas Public Policy Foundation head Brooke Rollins to join White House". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved 15 March 2018. 
  10. ^ Office of the Press Secretary (February 1, 2017). "First Lady Melania Trump Announces Chief of Staff" (Press release). WhiteHouse.gov. Retrieved February 5, 2017. 
  11. ^ Betsy Klein (February 8, 2017). "Melania Trump hires White House social secretary". CNN. Retrieved February 8, 2017. 
  12. ^ "Trump taps Army Lt. Gen. H.R. McMaster as his new national security adviser". The Washington Post. February 20, 2017. Retrieved February 20, 2017. 
  13. ^ Josh Rogin (April 23, 2018). "John Bolton's new deputy is a hawk with sharp elbows, just like him". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 11, 2018. 
  14. ^ Abigail Hauslohner (May 30, 2018). "New NSC chief of staff is from group that believes Muslims are plotting to take over U.S." The Washington Post. Retrieved June 1, 2018. 
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