White Day

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White Day
White Day 001.jpg
White Day cake
Observed by Japan, Taiwan, South Korea, Hong Kong, Macau, Vietnam,[1]Singapore, Thailand, Myanmar, Cambodia, Malaysia and China
Liturgical Color White
Date March 14
Next time 14 March 2020 (2020-03-14)
Frequency Annual
Related to Valentine's Day
White Day
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese 白色情人節
Simplified Chinese 白色情人节
Burmese name
Burmese အဖြူနေ့
Vietnamese name
Vietnamese Valentine Trắng[citation needed]
Korean name
Hangul 화이트데이
Japanese name
Katakana ホワイトデー

White Day is a day that is marked in Japan, Taiwan,[2] South Korea,[3] Vietnam,[1] Hong Kong, Singapore, Thailand, Myanmar, Cambodia, and China[4] on March 14, one month after Valentine's Day.

Observation

In countries which observe White Day, Valentine's Day typically entails girls and women presenting chocolate gifts (either store-bought or handmade), usually to boys or men, as an expression of love, courtesy, or social obligation.

On White Day, the reverse happens: men who received a honmei-choco (本命チョコ, 'chocolate of love') or giri-choco (義理チョコ, 'courtesy chocolate')[5] on Valentine's Day are expected to return the favor by giving gifts.[6] Traditionally, popular White Day gifts are cookies, jewelry, white chocolate, white lingerie, and marshmallows.[7] Sometimes the term sanbai gaeshi (三倍返し, 'triple the return') is used to describe the generally recited rule for men that the return gift should be two to three times the worth of the Valentine's gift.[8]

Origin

White Day was first celebrated in 1978 in Japan.[8] It was started by the National Confectionery Industry Association as an "answer day" to Valentine's Day on the grounds that men should pay back the women who gave them chocolate and other gifts on Valentine's Day. In 1977, a Fukuoka-based confectionery company, Ishimuramanseido, marketed marshmallows to men on March 14, calling it Marshmallow Day (マシュマロデー, Mashumaro Dē).[8]

Soon thereafter, confectionery companies began marketing white chocolate. Now, men give both white and dark chocolate, as well as other edible and non-edible gifts, such as jewelry or objects of sentimental value, or white clothing like lingerie, to women from whom they received chocolate on Valentine's Day one month earlier.[6] Flowers and other gifts are also given on this day. Eventually, this practice spread to the neighboring East Asian countries of China and some of its territories, such as Hong Kong, as well as Taiwan and Vietnam.[1] In those cultures, White Day is for the most part observed in a similar manner.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "Valentine's Day Part II: Filipinos and White Day | Philippine Canadian Inquirer". Retrieved September 25, 2019. but it is directly related to Valentine’s Day, that originated in Japan and is practiced in its neighboring countries such as China and some of its territories, Taiwan, South Korea, and Vietnam.
  2. ^ Adelstein, Jake. "How Japan Created White Day, East Asia's Alternate Valentine's Day". Forbes. Retrieved September 25, 2019. On March 14, in Japan, Taiwan and even South Korea, people will be celebrating a kind of second Valentine’s Day, known as White Day.
  3. ^ Cha, Frances (February 14, 2013). "In South Korea, Valentine's Day is all about the men". CNN. Retrieved March 13, 2014.
  4. ^ "White Day Triggers Consumption Enthusiasm". china.org.cn. China Internet Information Center. Retrieved March 13, 2014.
  5. ^ "Valentine's Day & White Day in Japan". Japan National Tourism Organization. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved March 13, 2014.
  6. ^ a b "White Day (March 14)". Cross Currents. University of Hawaii. Retrieved March 13, 2013.
  7. ^ "Valentine's day", Culture, Japan 101.
  8. ^ a b c ホワイトデー [White Day] (in Japanese), Japanese Culture Iroha Dictionary.
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