West Wall Medal

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West Wall Medal
Shutzwall medal.jpg
The West Wall Medal
Awarded by  Nazi Germany
Type Medal
Eligibility Military and civilian personnel
Status Defunct
Statistics
Established 2 August 1939
Total awarded 800,000

The West Wall Medal (German: Deutsches Schutzwall-Ehrenzeichen) was a political decoration of Nazi Germany. It was instituted on 2 August 1939 and was given to those who designed and built the fortifications on Germany's western borders, known as the West Wall or, in English, the Siegfried Line, and to the troops who served there between 15 June 1938 to 31 March 1939.[1] In all 622,064 medals were awarded until 31 January 1941.[1] In 1944, after the allied invasion, it was again "re-instituted" and awarded to those who took part in the fortification of the western borders.[2] It awarded to over 800,000 men in total by the end of the war.[3]

Description

The medal was in one class. It was struck in bronze. Its oval shape featured on the obverse (from bottom to top) a bunker, a crossed sword and shovel, and the German Eagle.[2] On the reverse it bore the inscription "Für Arbeit zum Schutze Deutschlands" (For Work on the Defence of Germany).[2] The medal was designed by Professor Richard Klein, of Munich. The ribbon is golden brown with a white stripe towards each edge.

In 1944, a second production run was conducted to reward the workers and military personnel strengthening the Siegfried line. This version of the medal was commonly known as the "Defence Wall Honour Award", to distinguish the decoration from its 1939 counterpart, and was constructed of a bronzed zinc.[2] A bar with the date "1944" was authorized for those who already held the 1939 version, but this award was never mass-produced.[3]

Notes

  1. ^ a b Angolia 1989, p. 77.
  2. ^ a b c d Angolia 1989, p. 78.
  3. ^ a b Angolia 1989, p. 79.

References

  • Angolia, John (1989). For Führer and Fatherland: Political & Civil Awards of the Third Reich. R. James Bender Publishing. ISBN 978-0912138169. 


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