West Bengal Legislative Assembly election, 1952

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
West Bengal State Assembly Election of 1952
India
31 March 1952 → 1957

All 187 seats in the West Bengal state assembly
  First party Second party
  Bidhan Chandra Roy Photo.jpg Jyoti Basu - Calcutta 1996-12-21 089 Cropped.png
Leader Bidhan Chandra Roy Jyoti Basu
Party INC CPI
Leader's seat Bowbazar Baranagar
Seats won 150 28
Seat change n/a n/a
Percentage 38.82% 10.76%
Swing n/a n/a

Chief Minister before election

Bidhan Chandra Roy
INC

Chief Minister

Bidhan Chandra Roy
INC

Indian administrative divisions, as of 1951
West Bengal, India

The West Bengal State Assembly Election of 1952 was a part of the series of Legislative Assembly elections in 1952.

Alliances

On the political left, two alliances had emered the United Socialist Organisation of India (an alliance between the Communist Party of India, the Socialist Republican Party[1] and the Forward Bloc (Marxist Group)) and the People's United Socialist Front (comprising the Socialist Party, the Forward Bloc (Ruikar) and the Revolutionary Communist Party of India).[2]

Results

Alliance wise result

The election was won by the Indian National Congress, who got a majority of its own in the assembly. The communists became the largest opposition party.

USOI SEATS PUSF SEATS INC+ SEATS OTHERS SEATS OTHERS SEATS
CPI 28 SPI 0 INC 150 BJS 9 IND 19
SRP 0 FB(R) 1 ABHM 4 KMPP 15
AFBM 11 RSP 0 ABRRP 0
TOTAL (1952) 39 TOTAL (1952) 2 TOTAL (1952) 150 TOTAL (1952) 13 TOTAL (1952) 34

Party wise result

e • d Summary of results of the West Bengal Legislative Assembly election, 1952 [3]
Political party Flag Seats
Contested
Won  % of
Seats
Votes Vote %
Indian National Congress Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg 236 150 63.56 2,889,994 38.82
Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party 129 15 6.36 667,446 8.97
Communist Party of India CPI-banner.svg 86 28 11.86 800,951 10.76
Bharatiya Jana Sangh 85 9 3.81 415,458 5.58
Forward Bloc (Marxist Group) 48 11 4.66 393,591 5.29
Socialist Party 63 0 215,382 2.89
Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha 33 4 1.69 1,76,762 2.37
Forward Bloc (Ruikar) 32 2 0.85 1,07,905 1.45
Revolutionary Socialist Party 16 0 63,173 0.85
Revolutionary Communist Party of India (Tagore) 10 0 32,859 0.44
Bolshevik Party of India 8 0 20117 0.27
Akhil Bharatiya Ram Rajya Parishad 14 0 7,100 0.10
Independent 614 19 8.05 1,653,165 22.21
Total seats 238 Voters 17,628,239 Turnout 7,443,903 (42.23 %)

State Reorganization

On 1 November 1956, under States Reorganisation Act, 1956, a portion of the Purnea district east of the river Mahananda and the Purulia sub-district of the Manbhum district in the south (except Char Thana) were transferred from Bihar to West Bengal.[4] Thus, assembly constituencies in West Bengal increased from 187 (238 seats) to 195 (252 seats) during 1957 assembly elections.

See also

References

  1. ^ Contested as independents. Rao (2003) estimates that they had 19 candidates, out of whom 4 were elected.
  2. ^ M.V.S. Koteswara Rao. Communist Parties and United Front - Experience in Kerala and West Bengal. Hyderabad: Prajasakti Book House, 2003. p. 213.
  3. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1951 : To the Legislative Assembly of West Bengal" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2014-10-14. 
  4. ^ "Reorganisation of States, 1955" (PDF). The Economic Weekly. October 15, 1955. Retrieved July 25, 2015. 
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=West_Bengal_Legislative_Assembly_election,_1952&oldid=732179023"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/West_Bengal_Legislative_Assembly_election,_1952
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "West Bengal Legislative Assembly election, 1952"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA