Wen Qin

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Wen Qin
文欽
Senior General Who Guards the North
(鎮北大將軍)
In office
255 (255) – February or March 258 (February or March 258)
Monarch Sun Liang
Protector-General (都護)
In office
255 (255) – February or March 258 (February or March 258)
Monarch Sun Liang
Administrator of Lujiang (廬江太守)
In office
? (?) – 255 (255)
Monarch Cao Mao
Inspector of Yang Province (揚州刺史)
In office
? (?) – ? (?)
Monarch Cao Fang
General of the Vanguard (前將軍)
In office
? (?) – ? (?)
Monarch Cao Fang
Personal details
Born Unknown
Bozhou, Anhui
Died February or March 258[a]
Shou County, Anhui
Children
Father Wen Ji
Occupation General
Courtesy name Zhongruo (仲若)
Peerage Marquis of Qiao (譙侯)

Wen Qin (died February or March 258),[a] courtesy name Zhongruo, was a military general of the state of Cao Wei during the Three Kingdoms period of China. He served as the Inspector of Yang Province during the reign of the third Wei emperor, Cao Fang. In 254, when the Wei regent Sima Shi, who effectively controlled the Wei government, deposed Cao Fang and replaced him with Cao Mao, Wen Qin was deeply displeased because his loyalty was to the Wei emperor and not the Sima family. In the following year, he and another Wei general, Guanqiu Jian, started a rebellion in Shouchun (present-day Shou County, Anhui) against Sima Shi. However, Sima Shi managed to suppress the rebellion within months; Guanqiu Jian was killed while Wen Qin and his family escaped and defected to Wei's rival state, Eastern Wu. In 257, when another Wei general Zhuge Dan started a rebellion in Shouchun against the Wei regent Sima Zhao (Sima Shi's brother and successor), Wen Qin and some Wu forces came to Shouchun to support Zhuge Dan. Sima Zhao led Wei forces to besiege Shouchun and the siege dragged on until early 258. As the situation became more dire, relations between Wen Qin and Zhuge Dan deteriorated, especially since they did not trust each other before. Zhuge Dan eventually had Wen Qin executed. Wen Qin's sons, Wen Hu and Wen Yang, fled from Shouchun and surrendered to Sima Zhao.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b Sun Liang's biography in the Sanguozhi recorded that Zhuge Dan executed Wen Qin in the 1st month of the 3rd year of the Taiping era of Sun Liang's reign.[1] This month corresponds to 20 February to 21 March 258 in the Gregorian calendar.

References

  1. ^ ([太平]三年春正月,諸葛誕殺文欽。) Sanguozhi vol. 48.
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