Wayne Grudem

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Wayne Grudem
Wayne Grudem Photo 2014.jpg
Born (1948-02-11) February 11, 1948 (age 70)
Chippewa Falls, Wisconsin[1]
Residence Phoenix, Arizona
Nationality American
Occupation Theologian
Years active 1981–present
Notable work Systematic Theology: An Introduction to Biblical Doctrine, Recovering Biblical Manhood and Womanhood: A Response to Evangelical Feminism, ESV Study Bible
Spouse(s) Margaret (White)
Children Elliot, Oliver, and Alexander
Theological work
Era Late 20th and early 21st centuries
Language English
Tradition or movement Reformed Calvinistic
Main interests Gender roles, systematic theology
Notable ideas Complementarianism

Wayne A. Grudem (born February 11, 1948) is a prominent evangelical theologian, seminary professor, and author.[2] He co-founded the Council on Biblical Manhood and Womanhood and served as the general editor of the ESV Study Bible.

Academic life

Grudem holds a B.A. in Economics from Harvard University, an M.Div and D.D. from Westminster Theological Seminary, and a Ph.D in New Testament studies from the University of Cambridge. In 2001, Grudem became Research Professor of Theology and Biblical Studies at Phoenix Seminary. Prior to that, he had taught for 20 years at Trinity Evangelical Divinity School, where he was chairman of the department of Biblical and Systematic Theology.[3]

Grudem served on the committee overseeing the English Standard Version translation of the Bible, and from 2005 to 2008 he served as General Editor for the 2.1 million-word ESV Study Bible (which was named "2009 Christian Book of the Year" by the Evangelical Christian Publishers Association). In 1999 he was the president of the Evangelical Theological Society.[3] Grudem announced having been diagnosed with Parkinson's Disease on December 22, 2015.[4]

On July 28, 2016, Grudem published an opinion piece on Townhall called "Why Voting for Donald Trump Is a Morally Good Choice".[5] On October 9, the piece was retracted and replaced with one entitled "Trump's Moral Character and the Election".[6] On October 19, the original piece was reinstated and another piece was published, entitled "If You Don’t Like Either Candidate, Then Vote for Trump's Policies"[7]


He is the author of multiple books, including Systematic Theology: An Introduction to Biblical Doctrine, which advocates a Calvinistic soteriology, the verbal plenary inspiration and inerrancy of the Bible, believer’s baptism, a plural-elder form of church government, and the complementarian view of gender relationships. Systematic Theology is a highly influential theology textbook that has sold hundreds of thousands of copies.[8] Grudem holds to noncessationist Charismatic beliefs and was at one time a qualified supporter of the Vineyard Movement[9] and one of the main apologists and spokesmen for reuniting Charismatic, Reformed, and Evangelical churches.

Eternal subordination

In 2016, Grudem engaged in an extended debate regarding the Trinity, particularly over the relationship of the Son to the Father. In the debate, Grudem and Bruce Ware were the primary defenders of a view they call "eternal relations of authority and submission," which says that the Son is eternally subordinate to the Father, and not merely subordinate in his incarnation.[10] Many others argued that this view is novel and not the position held by the Church Fathers as they developed Nicene Christianity.[11] The debate mostly occurred online, though a panel was convened at the Evangelical Theological Society annual meeting.[12] Others involved in this debate included Carl Trueman, Michael Bird, Liam Goligher, Fred Sanders, Scott Swain, Matthew Emerson, Brandon Smith, Aimee Byrd, and Todd Pruitt.[13] The debate was covered by major outlets including Christianity Today[14] and The Gospel Coalition.[15]


Grudem is a co-founder and past president of the Council on Biblical Manhood and Womanhood.[3] He also edited (with John Piper) Recovering Biblical Manhood and Womanhood (which was named “Book of the Year” by Christianity Today in 1992).

All of Grudem's research on gender-related issues is now contained in his major reference work Evangelical Feminism and Biblical Truth: an Analysis of over 100 Disputed Questions (Crossway, 2012, republication of 2004 Multnomah edition). (PDF)


In recent years, Grudem's publications have focused on the application of the ethical teachings of the Bible to broader areas of the culture including government and economics. His two most recent books are Politics According to the Bible (Zondervan, 2010), and The Poverty of Nations: a Sustainable Solution (Crossway, 2013; co-authored with Barry Asmus).

Grudem is the author of numerous books and a DVD discipleship course, including:

  • Biblical Foundations for Manhood and Womanhood (editor)
  • Bible Doctrine (edited by Jeff Purswell)
  • Dennis W. Jowers; H. Wayne House, eds. (2012). "Biblical Evidence for the Eternal Submission of the Son to the Father" (PDF). The New Evangelical Subordinationism? Perspectives on the Equality of God the Father and God the Son. pp. 223–261. ISBN 1-60899-852-5. 
  • Business for the Glory of God: The Bible’s Teaching on the Moral Goodness of Business
  • Christian Beliefs: Twenty Basics Every Christian Should Know
  • Christian Beliefs DVD Discipleship Course
  • Countering the Claims of Evangelical Feminism: Over 40 Biblical Responses
  • Evangelical Feminism: A New Path to Liberalism?
  • Evangelical Feminism and Biblical Truth: An Analysis of Over 100 Disputed Questions
  • Fifty Crucial Questions: An Overview of Central Concerns About Manhood and Womanhood (co-authored with John Piper)
  • Pastoral Leadership for Manhood and Womanhood (co-editor with Dennis Rainey)
  • Politics According to the Bible (2010)
  • Recovering Biblical Manhood and Womanhood: A Response to Evangelical Feminism (co-edited with John Piper)
  • Systematic Theology: An Introduction to Biblical Doctrine
  • The First Epistle of Peter
  • The Gender-Neutral Bible Controversy: Muting the Masculinity of God's Words (co-authored with Vern Poythress)
  • The Gift of Prophecy in 1 Corinthians
  • The Gift of Prophecy in the New Testament and Today
  • The Poverty of Nations: a Sustainable Solution (2013; co-authored with economics professor Barry Asmus)
  • The TNIV and the Gender-Neutral Bible Controversy (co-authored with Vern Poythress)
  • Why Is My Choice of a Bible Translation So Important?


  1. ^ Wayne Gruden, novelry.com, retrieved 12 August 2015 
  2. ^ Strachan, Owen (2015). Awakening the Evangelical Mind. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Zondervan. p. 166. ISBN 9780310520795. 
  3. ^ a b c Wayne Grudem, Phoenix Seminary, retrieved 7 December 2012 
  4. ^ "I Have Parkinson's and I Am at Peace". Desiring God. 2015-12-22. Retrieved 2015-12-26. 
  5. ^ "Why Voting for Donald Trump Is a Morally Good Choice
  6. ^ Trump's Moral Character and the Election
  7. ^ If You Don’t Like Either Candidate, Then Vote for Trump's Policies
  8. ^ Strachan, Owen (2015). Awakening the Evangelical Mind. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Zondervan. p. 167. ISBN 9780310520795. 
  9. ^ Grudem, Wayne (1993). Power and Truth: A Response to 'Power Religion' (PDF). The Association of Vineyard Churches. 
  10. ^ http://www.reformation21.org/blog/2016/06/god-the-sonat-once-eternally-g.php
  11. ^ https://secundumscripturas.com/2016/06/20/we-talkin-bout-taxis-nyssa-on-order-in-the-trinity/
  12. ^ https://swbts.edu/events/ets-panel-discussion/
  13. ^ http://www.booksataglance.com/blog/thirteenth-updated-edition-trinity-debate-bibliography/
  14. ^ http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2016/june-web-only/gender-trinity-proxy-war-civil-war-eternal-subordination.html
  15. ^ https://www.thegospelcoalition.org/article/my-top-10-theology-stories-of-2016/

External links

  • WayneGrudem.com, official website which contains many of Grudem’s published and unpublished articles, along with many video lectures and hundreds of audio lectures
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