Wayne County, Kentucky

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Wayne County, Kentucky
Wayne County Kentucky courthouse.jpg
Wayne County courthouse in Monticello
Map of Kentucky highlighting Wayne County
Location in the U.S. state of Kentucky
Map of the United States highlighting Kentucky
Kentucky's location in the U.S.
Founded 1766
Named for Anthony Wayne
Seat Monticello
Largest city Monticello
Area
 • Total 484 sq mi (1,254 km2)
 • Land 458 sq mi (1,186 km2)
 • Water 26 sq mi (67 km2), 5.4%
Population
 • (2010) 20,813
 • Density 43/sq mi (17/km2)
Congressional district 5th
Time zone Eastern: UTC−5/−4
Website waynecounty.ky.gov/Pages/default.aspx

Wayne County is a county located in the U.S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 20,813.[1] Its county seat is Monticello.[2] The county was named for Gen. Anthony Wayne. It is a prohibition or dry county.

History

The first of European descent to visit the area were longhunters, arriving in the 1770s and establishing a camp near Mill Springs on the Cumberland River. Benjamin Price built a cabin in 1775 and Price's Station was one of the earliest of Kentucky's settlements.[3]

Many of the early settlers were Revolutionary War veterans - Joshua Jones who arrived in 1794, Jonathan and James Ingram arriving in 1796, Cornelius Phillips in 1798, and Isaac West in 1799.[4] Wayne County was formed December 13, 1800 from Pulaski and Cumberland Counties. It was the 43rd county and is named for General "Mad Anthony" Wayne, a hero of the American Revolution and the Northwest Indian War.[5] Wayne's victory at the Battle of Fallen Timbers virtually ended the Indian threat against Kentucky settlers.[6]

Confederate army headquarters of General Felix Zollicoffer were located in the Brown-Lanier House at Mill Springs early in the Civil War. Zollicoffer was killed in the Battle of Mill Springs in the community of Logan's Cross Roads, today known as Nancy, across the Cumberland River from his headquarters. The Confederates were defeated January 19, 1862.[4] During the winter of 1861, an act was passed by the Confederate government of Kentucky to rename Wayne County to Zollicoffer County in honor of Felix Zollicoffer.[7]

Geography

Farmland in Wayne County

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 484 square miles (1,250 km2), of which 458 square miles (1,190 km2) is land and 26 square miles (67 km2) (5.4%) is water.[8]

The county's elevation ranges from 723 feet (220 m) to 1,788 feet (545 m), at the Monticello/Wayne County Airport the elevation is 963 feet (294 m). Wayne County is located in the Pennyrile Plateau (image) and Eastern Coal Field (image) regions of Kentucky.

Adjacent counties

National protected area

Time zone boundary

Along KY 90

Wayne County is on Eastern Time; however, its western border, shared with Clinton and Russell Counties, is part of the Eastern/Central time zone boundary, as is its southern border with Pickett County, TN. Wayne County was on Central time until October 2000; an account of this change is documented in an article by Dr. Stanley Brunn of the University of Kentucky.[9]

It has the tz database zone identifier America/Kentucky/Monticello.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 5,430
1820 7,951 46.4%
1830 8,685 9.2%
1840 7,399 −14.8%
1850 8,692 17.5%
1860 10,259 18.0%
1870 10,602 3.3%
1880 12,512 18.0%
1890 12,852 2.7%
1900 14,892 15.9%
1910 17,518 17.6%
1920 16,208 −7.5%
1930 15,848 −2.2%
1940 17,204 8.6%
1950 16,475 −4.2%
1960 14,700 −10.8%
1970 14,268 −2.9%
1980 17,022 19.3%
1990 17,468 2.6%
2000 19,923 14.1%
2010 20,813 4.5%
Est. 2016 20,453 [10] −1.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]
1790-1960[12] 1900-1990[13]
1990-2000[14] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[15] of 2000, there were 19,923 people, 7,913 households, and 5,808 families residing in the county. The population density was 43 per square mile (17/km2). There were 9,789 housing units at an average density of 21 per square mile (8.1/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.98% White, 1.49% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.11% Asian, 0.47% from other races, and 0.78% from two or more races. 1.46% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 7,913 households out of which 33.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.90% were married couples living together, 10.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.60% were non-families. 23.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.30% under the age of 18, 8.90% from 18 to 24, 28.10% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, and 13.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 97.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $20,863, and the median income for a family was $24,869. Males had a median income of $24,021 versus $18,102 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,601. About 24.60% of families and 29.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.90% of those under age 18 and 31.50% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[16]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 79.7% 6,371 17.9% 1,431 2.4% 190
2012 73.4% 5,289 25.7% 1,855 0.9% 66
2008 67.7% 4,868 30.6% 2,201 1.8% 127
2004 65.4% 5,027 34.0% 2,616 0.6% 42
2000 62.9% 4,069 35.7% 2,312 1.4% 93
1996 51.6% 3,122 40.0% 2,422 8.4% 511
1992 52.4% 3,412 38.7% 2,516 8.9% 579
1988 63.9% 3,672 35.8% 2,057 0.3% 18
1984 66.0% 4,449 33.8% 2,277 0.2% 15
1980 59.1% 3,972 39.8% 2,673 1.1% 71
1976 55.8% 3,243 43.6% 2,537 0.6% 37
1972 64.8% 3,514 34.2% 1,853 1.0% 53
1968 61.1% 3,055 29.3% 1,467 9.6% 480
1964 46.4% 2,737 53.2% 2,389 0.4% 18
1960 66.9% 3,973 33.1% 1,964 0.0% 0
1956 61.2% 3,609 38.3% 2,263 0.5% 30
1952 57.9% 3,396 42.0% 2,461 0.1% 4
1948 54.1% 2,480 44.2% 2,029 1.7% 78
1944 60.1% 3,048 39.9% 2,022 0.0% 0
1940 55.7% 3,177 44.2% 2,519 0.1% 6
1936 53.4% 2,924 46.5% 2,546 0.2% 10
1932 47.5% 2,682 51.9% 2,929 0.6% 35
1928 63.9% 2,907 35.9% 1,635 0.2% 8
1924 54.3% 2,436 45.0% 2,020 0.7% 29
1920 61.7% 2,992 37.7% 1,827 0.6% 30
1916 54.0% 1,638 45.3% 1,373 0.8% 23
1912 28.8% 1,096 57.0% 2,168 14.2% 538

Communities

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 6, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Price's Meadow", Kentucky Historical Marker #988, Wayne County, 10 miles north of Monticello on Ky Highway 90.
  4. ^ a b Kleber, John, Editor (1992). The Kentucky Encyclopedia. University of Kentucky Press. pp. 938–39. ISBN 0813117720. 
  5. ^ The Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society, Volume 1. Kentucky State Historical Society. 1903. p. 37. 
  6. ^ ^ Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved on 2008-01-31.
  7. ^ source unknown
  8. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on August 12, 2014. Retrieved August 20, 2014. 
  9. ^ Brunn, Stanley D. 2001. "Citizen reaction to a proposed time zone change in Kentucky: Juxtaposing boundaries on the land / in the mind." Southeastern Geographer 41 (2): 246-258.
  10. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  11. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 20, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 20, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 20, 2014. 
  14. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 20, 2014. 
  15. ^ American Fact Finder, U.S. Bureau of the Census.
  16. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. 

External links

  • Wayne County History
  • [ County History]
  • Wayne County Historical Museum
  • Battle of Mill Springs
  • Wayne County KYGenWeb Site
  • General
    • City of Monticello, Kentucky Website
    • Monticello/Wayne County Chamber of Commerce
    • My Kentucky World (Harlan Ogle)
  • School Systems
    • Monticello Independent School
    • Wayne County School District

Coordinates: 36°49′N 84°50′W / 36.81°N 84.83°W / 36.81; -84.83

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