Warwick, Rhode Island

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City of Warwick
City
Warwick City Hall
Warwick City Hall
Location in Kent County and the state of Rhode Island.
Location in Kent County and the state of Rhode Island.
Coordinates: 41°43′N 71°25′W / 41.717°N 71.417°W / 41.717; -71.417Coordinates: 41°43′N 71°25′W / 41.717°N 71.417°W / 41.717; -71.417
Country United States
State Rhode Island
County Kent
Incorporated (town) 1642
Incorporated (city) 1931
Government
 • Type Mayor-council
 • Mayor Joseph J. Solomon (D)
 • City Council Richard Corley (D)
Jeremy M. Rix (D)
Timothy Howe (D)
Edgar N. Ladouceur (D)
Donna M. Travis (D)
Steven McAllister (D)
Joseph E. Gallucci (D)
Steve Merolla (D)
Area
 • Total 49.62 sq mi (128.52 km2)
 • Land 35.50 sq mi (91.94 km2)
 • Water 14.1 sq mi (36.6 km2)
Elevation 36 ft (11 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 82,672
 • Density 2,328.8/sq mi (899.2/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC−4)
ZIP code 02886, 02888, 02889
Area code(s) 401
FIPS code 44-74300[1]
GNIS feature ID 1220018[2]
Website www.warwickri.gov

Warwick (locally /ˈwɔːrwɪk/) is a city in Kent County, Rhode Island, the second largest city in the state with a population of 82,672 at the 2010 census. Warwick is located approximately 12 miles (19 km) south of downtown Providence, Rhode Island, 63 miles (101 km) southwest of Boston, Massachusetts, and 171 miles (275 km) northeast of New York City.

Warwick was founded by Samuel Gorton in 1642 and has witnessed major events in American history. It was decimated during King Philip's War (1675–76) and was the site of the Gaspee Affair, a significant prelude to the American Revolution. Warwick is also the home of Revolutionary War General Nathanael Greene, George Washington's second-in-command, and Civil War General George S. Greene, hero of the battle of Gettysburg. Today, it is home to Rhode Island's main airport T. F. Green Airport, which serves the Providence area and also functions as a reliever for Logan International Airport in Boston, Massachusetts.

Early history

Warwick was founded in 1642[3] by Samuel Gorton when Narragansett Indian Sachem Miantonomi sold him the Shawhomett Purchase for 144 fathoms of wampum. This included the towns of Coventry and West Warwick, Rhode Island. However, the purchase was not without dispute. Sachems Sacononoco and Pumham claimed that Miantonomi had sold the land without asking for their approval. They took their case to Boston, where they placed their lands under Massachusetts rule. In 1643, Massachusetts Bay Colony sent a militia force to Shawomett to arrest Gorton and his followers. After a tense standoff, all but three of the Gortonists surrendered to the Massachusetts force. This event caused the other three settlements on Narragansett Bay (Providence Plantations, Portsmouth, and Newport) to unite and get a royal charter allowing them to form the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations.[4]

In 1648, Gorton was granted a Charter by Robert Rich, 2nd Earl of Warwick, Lord Admiral and head of the Parliamentary Commission on Plantation Affairs. Because of this, the name of the settlement was changed from Shawhomett to Warwick. Massachusetts continued to lay claim to the area, but it made no further effort to enforce it.[4]

In 1772, Warwick was the scene of the first violent act against the British Crown in the Gaspee Affair. Local patriots boarded the Gaspee,[5] a revenue cutter that enforced the Stamp Act 1765 and Townshend Acts in Narragansett Bay. It was here that the first blood was spilled in the American Revolution when Gaspee's commanding officer Lt. Dudingston was shot and seriously wounded during the struggle for the ship. The Gaspee was stripped of all cannon and arms, then burned.[6]

During the Revolution, Warwick militiamen participated in the battles of Montreal, Quebec, Saratoga, Monmouth, and Trenton, and they were present for the British surrender at Yorktown in 1781.

Transportation

Major traversing highways include:

Interstate 95 is the major thoroughfare of Rhode Island, with the first southbound exit in Warwick at Jefferson Boulevard, and ending with the Route 117 interchange, near the Apponaug rotaries. Interstate 295 connects to the main highway at exit 11, providing direct travel to Woonsocket and Massachusetts. Smaller routes include Route 37 (Lincoln Avenue Freeway) connecting 295 to U.S. Route 1, and the Airport Connector Road.

T. F. Green Airport is a station on the Providence/Stoughton Commuter Rail Line, providing weekday service to Providence Station and Boston's South Station.[7]

Climate

Climate data for Warwick, Rhode Island (T.F. Green Airport), 1981–2010 normals
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 69
(21)
72
(22)
90
(32)
98
(37)
96
(36)
98
(37)
102
(39)
104
(40)
100
(38)
88
(31)
81
(27)
77
(25)
104
(40)
Average high °F (°C) 37.4
(3)
40.3
(4.6)
47.8
(8.8)
58.6
(14.8)
68.4
(20.2)
77.5
(25.3)
82.8
(28.2)
81.4
(27.4)
74.2
(23.4)
63.3
(17.4)
53.2
(11.8)
42.3
(5.7)
60.6
(15.9)
Average low °F (°C) 21.0
(−6.1)
23.6
(−4.7)
30.0
(−1.1)
39.6
(4.2)
48.6
(9.2)
58.4
(14.7)
64.2
(17.9)
63.2
(17.3)
55.3
(12.9)
43.9
(6.6)
35.7
(2.1)
26.3
(−3.2)
42.5
(5.8)
Record low °F (°C) −13
(−25)
−17
(−27)
1
(−17)
11
(−12)
29
(−2)
39
(4)
48
(9)
40
(4)
32
(0)
20
(−7)
6
(−14)
−12
(−24)
−17
(−27)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.76
(95.5)
3.34
(84.8)
5.00
(127)
4.36
(110.7)
3.55
(90.2)
3.64
(92.5)
3.28
(83.3)
3.60
(91.4)
3.92
(99.6)
3.92
(99.6)
4.51
(114.6)
4.21
(106.9)
47.09
(1,196.1)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 10.3
(26.2)
8.6
(21.8)
5.6
(14.2)
0.7
(1.8)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1.4
(3.6)
7.3
(18.5)
33.8
(85.9)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 11.0 9.7 11.9 11.3 12.0 10.9 9.4 9.0 8.7 9.4 10.1 11.6 125.0
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 5.6 4.7 3.4 0.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.6 3.4 18.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 170.5 175.2 217.0 225.0 254.2 273.0 291.4 263.5 234.0 207.7 147.0 148.8 2,607.3
Source #1: NOAA (extremes 1904–present),[8] The Weather Channel[9]
Source #2: HKO (sun only, 1961–1990)[10]

Geography

Warwick is located at 41°43′N 71°25′W / 41.717°N 71.417°W / 41.717; -71.417 (41.7181, −71.4152).[11]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 49.6 square miles (128 km2), of which, 35.5 square miles (92 km2) of it is land and 14.1 square miles (37 km2) of it (28.46%) is water.

The following villages are located in Warwick:

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 5,529
1840 6,726 21.6%
1850 7,740 15.1%
1860 8,916 15.2%
1870 10,453 17.2%
1880 12,164 16.4%
1890 17,761 46.0%
1900 21,316 20.0%
1910 26,629 24.9%
1920 13,481 −49.4%
1930 23,196 72.1%
1940 28,757 24.0%
1950 43,028 49.6%
1960 68,504 59.2%
1970 83,694 22.2%
1980 87,123 4.1%
1990 85,427 −1.9%
2000 85,808 0.4%
2010 82,672 −3.7%
Est. 2016 81,579 [13] −1.3%
U.S. Decennial Census

Warwick is officially a part of the Providence metropolitan area, which has a population of 1,600,852 in 2010 census. As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 85,808 people, 35,517 households, and 22,979 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,417.2 people per square mile (933.3/km²). There were 37,085 housing units at an average density of 1,044.7 per square mile (403.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.21% White, 1.16% African American, 0.25% Native American, 1.49% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.59% from other races, and 1.28% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.60% of the population.

There were 35,517 households out of which 27.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.7% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.3% were non-families. 29.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the city, the population was spread out with 21.9% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 30.1% from 25 to 44, 24.3% from 45 to 64, and 17.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $46,483, and the median income for a family was $56,225. Males had a median income of $39,455 versus $28,946 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,410. About 4.2% of families and 5.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.4% of those under age 18 and 7.5% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Warwick town vote
by party in presidential elections
[14]
Year GOP DEM Others
2016 44.25% 18,338 48.35% 20,038 7.39% 3,064
2012 37.21% 15,027 60.54% 24,448 2.24% 905
2008 38.37% 16,541 59.85% 25,802 1.79% 770
2004 41.02% 16,640 57.10% 23,164 1.87% 760
2000 32.37% 12,741 60.85% 23,948 6.78% 2,669
1996 26.83% 10,414 59.64% 23,152 13.53% 5,254
1992 29.88% 13,348 45.90% 20,504 24.22% 10,822
1988 45.29% 18,052 54.34% 21,662 0.37% 149

Warwick is split into three districts in the Rhode Island Senate which are currently held by Democrats Michael McCaffrey (District 29), Jeanine Calkin (District 30), and Erin Lynch-Prata. The town is a part of Rhode Island's 2nd congressional district, which is currently represented by Democrat James Langevin. It is traditionally Democratic in presidential elections; no Republican has carried it in over three decades, although Donald J. Trump came close in 2016 when he lost the municipality by just over four points.

Economy

Before its dissolution, Eckerd Corporation had its headquarters in Warwick.[15]

The ten largest employers in Warwick are Kent Memorial Hospital, Citizens Bank- Warwick Call Center, UPS, MetLife, City of Warwick, Leviton Manufacturing, Wal-Mart, Community College of Rhode Island, J.C. Penney, Kenney Manufacturing, and Inskip Automall.[citation needed]

Notable people

Education

The Knight Campus building of the Community College of Rhode Island

Local public schools are operated by Warwick Public Schools.[20] Toll Gate High School and Pilgrim High School are the two comprehensive public high schools located in Warwick. The two public middle schools are Winman Junior High School and Warwick Veterans Junior High School. Aldrich Junior High School and Gorton Junior High School have recently closed in 2016 as part of the school consolidation project.[21] The school department is headed by superintendent Philip Thornton.[22]

Bishop Hendricken High School is an all-male college preparatory Catholic high school located in Warwick.[23] Rocky Hill School is a P–12 coed secular country day school located on Warwick's isolated Potowomut peninsula. The school lists an East Greenwich address, despite being geographically included as part of the city of Warwick.[24]

The Community College of Rhode Island Knight Campus is also located in Warwick on the former Knight Estate.[25]

References

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ Admin. "Welcome to Warwick History". www.warwickhistory.com. Retrieved 2018-01-30. 
  4. ^ a b Austin 1887, p. 302.
  5. ^ This version of the story is told by Ephraim Bowen and John Mawney in Staples, William R., The Documentary History of the Destruction of the Gaspee, (Providence, R.I.: Knowles, Vose, and Anthony, 1845), p. 14–16. These men had taken part in burning Gaspee and made these statements in 1826.
  6. ^ "Joseph Bucklin V Biography". Joseph Bucklin Society. Retrieved 3 December 2016.
  7. ^ Authority, Massachusetts Bay Transportation. "Providence/Stoughton Line . mbta.com. Retrieved 2018-01-30. 
  8. ^ "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 28, 2012. 
  9. ^ "Monthly average temperatures and precipitation". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2009-08-30. 
  10. ^ "Climatological Normals of Providence". Hong Kong Observatory. Retrieved 2013-05-04. 
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj RI.gov: Cities & Towns
  13. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  14. ^ http://www.elections.state.ri.us/elections/preresults/
  15. ^ "Contacting Us." Eckerd Corporation. Retrieved on June 19, 2010. "Mail: 50 Service Ave., Warwick, RI 02886."
  16. ^ Rhode Island. Dept. of State (1916). Manual, with Rules and Orders, for the Use of the General Assembly of the State of Rhode Island. Rhode Island. Dept. of State. p. 393. 
  17. ^ Derewicz, Mark. "Costantino's hitting streak breaks record", Warwick Veterans Memorial High School Baseball America, March 11, 2003. Accessed June 6, 2010.
  18. ^ "1965 Pilgrim High School Yearbook". www.classmates.com. Retrieved 2018-01-30. 
  19. ^ Botelho, Jessica A. "James Woods recently retires from acting, now selling RI home". WJAR. Retrieved 2018-01-30. 
  20. ^ Warwick Public Schools website
  21. ^ "Warwick Public Schools Consolidation". sites.google.com. Retrieved 2018-01-30. 
  22. ^ "Office of the Superintendent". Warwick Public Schools. Retrieved 2018-01-30. 
  23. ^ "Bishop Hendricken Catholic High School - Rhode Island". Bishop Hendricken High School. Retrieved 2018-01-30. 
  24. ^ "RI Private School- Pre-School, Prep School, Rhode Island". Rocky Hill School. Retrieved 2018-01-30. 
  25. ^ "Home Page – Community College of Rhode Island". www.ccri.edu. Retrieved 2018-01-30. 

External links

  • Official website
  • Macaroni Kid - Cranston/Kent County - A family friendly events calendar
  • Warwick Museum of Art
  • Warwick Public Library
  • Pawtuxet Cove
  • City Of Warwick Police Department
  • City of Warwick Fire Department
  • Affair of the Gaspee
  • Gaspee Days
  • Warwick's Dept. of Tourism
  • Quahog.org
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