Wang Guan (Three Kingdoms)

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Wang Guan
王觀
Minister of Works (司空)
In office
6 July 260 (6 July 260) – November or December 260 (November or December 260)
Monarch Cao Huan
Preceded by Wang Chang
Succeeded by Wang Xiang
Right Supervisor of the Masters of Writing (尚書右僕射)
In office
254 (254) – 6 July 260 (6 July 260)
Monarch Cao Mao
Household Counsellor (光祿大夫)
In office
254 (254) – 6 July 260 (6 July 260)
Monarch Cao Mao
Chief Commandant of Escorting Cavalry (駙馬都尉)
In office
249 (249) – 254 (254)
Monarch Cao Fang
Master of Writing (尚書)
In office
249 (249) – 254 (254)
Monarch Cao Fang
Minister Coachman (太僕)
In office
? (?) – 249 (249)
Monarch Cao Fang
Minister Steward (少府)
In office
? (?) – 239 (239)
Monarch Cao Rui
Intendant of Henan (河南尹)
In office
? (?) – ? (?)
Monarch Cao Rui
Personal details
Born Unknown
Yuncheng County, Shandong
Died November or December 260[1]
Children Wang Kui
Occupation Official
Courtesy name Weitai (偉臺)
Posthumous name Marquis Su (肅侯)
Peerage Marquis of Yang District
(陽鄉侯)

Wang Guan (died November or December 260),[1] courtesy name Weitai, was an official of the state of Cao Wei during the Three Kingdoms period of China.

Life

Wang Guan lost his parents early.

Cao Cao summoned him to serve as a Writing Assistant in the Imperial Chancellor's office. Later, he was reassigned to serve as the County Prefect (縣令) of Gaotang (高唐), Yangquan (陽泉), Zan (酂) and Ren (任) counties.

When Cao Pi ascended the throne, Wang Guan was recalled to the capital to serve as a Gentleman of Writing (尚書郎) and Supervising Judge (廷尉監). Afterwards, he was appointed as the Administrator (太守) of Nanyang (南陽) and Zhuo (涿) commanderies. There he built a reputation of defending local people from invasions by Xianbei tribes.

When a government inspector came to check the state of his administration, Wang Guan volunteered to degrade his grade on the ground that his region was under the threat of the Xianbei, and endured the penalty of sending his own child to the capital as a hostage. Before long, he entered the capital and became a judge presiding over trials.

When Cao Fang ascended the throne, although Cao Shuang wielded absolute authority, Wang Guan enforced laws with rigour so that Wang Guan confronted Cao Shuang's associates several times. As Cao Shuang felt uncomfortable with Wang Guan for this reason, he demoted Wang Guan to Minister Coachman (太僕).

When Sima Yi launched a coup in 249, Wang Guan participated the coup by becoming a temporary general, the Central Commander of the Army (中領軍), the position of Cao Xi (曹羲). After Cao Shuang was executed, Wang Guan received the title of a Secondary Marquis (關內侯) and was appointed as a Master of Writing (尚書) and Chief Commandant of Escorting Cavalry (駙馬都尉).

In 254, Cao Fang was deposed. Wang Guan was promoted to Marquis of Zhongxiang Village (中鄉亭侯) and made a Household Counsellor (光祿大夫) and Right Supervisor of the Masters of Writing (尚書右僕射).

In 260, Cao Mao was killed and Cao Huan ascended the throne. Wang Guan was enfeoffed as the Marquis of Yang District (陽鄉侯) and appointed as Minister of Works (司空). He died several days later.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b ([景元元年夏六月]癸亥,以尚書右僕射王觀為司空,冬十月,觀薨。) Sanguozhi vol. 4.
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