Wan Waithayakon

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Wan Waithayakon
วรรณไวทยากร
Prince of Thailand
Prince Naradhip Bhongseprabhan
Waithayakon.jpg
Wan Waithayakon
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Reign 28 March 1952 – 20 October 1958
Predecessor Warakan Bancha
Successor Thanat Khoman
Prime Minister Plaek Phibunsongkhram
Born (1891-08-25)25 August 1891
Bangkok, Siam
Died 5 September 1976(1976-09-05) (aged 85)
Bangkok, Thailand
Spouse Princess Bibulaya Benchang Kitiyakara
Issue 1 son and 1 daughter
House Vorawan family (Chakri Dynasty)
Father Prince Voravanakara, Prince of Naradhip Prapanpongse
Mother Tuansri Worawan
Greater East Asia Conference, November 1943, Participants left to right: Prime Minister of Burma Ba Maw, Prime Minister of Manchukou Zhang Jinghui, President of China (Nanjing) Wang Jingwei, Prime Minister of Japan Hideki Tojo, Prince of Thailand Wan Waithayakon, President of Philippines José P. Laurel, President of Free India Subhas Chandra Bose

Wan Waithayakon (full title: His Royal Highness Prince Vanna Vaidhayakara, the Prince Naradhip Bhongseprabhan), known in the West as Wan Waithayakon (1891-1976), was a Thai diplomat. He was elected President of the Eleventh Session of the United Nations General Assembly (1956-1957), while serving as Thailand's Permanent Representative to the United Nations.[1] He was a grandson of King Mongkut (Rama IV).[2]

Early life and education

Prince Wan was born on 25 August 1891 in Bangkok. He began his education at Suan Kularb School and Rajvidyalai (King's College) before continuing his education in England where he earned a degree with honours in history from Oxford's Balliol College.[1] Wan also attended the Ecole Libre des Sciences Politiques (better known as Sciences Po) in Paris.[3]

Career

Prince Wan began his career as a foreign service officer in 1917. He was appointed advisor to his half-brother, King Rama VI, in 1922. In 1924, he was promoted to the rank of under-secretary for foreign affairs, and was responsible for negotiating several important amendments to political and commercial treaties with Western powers.

He was sent to Europe again in 1926 as minister accredited to the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, and Belgium. During that period, he also served as head of the Thai delegation to the League of Nations, where he was active in a number of important commissions as member, vice-president, and president. Prince Wan returned to Thailand in 1930, to accept a professorial chair at the Faculty of Arts, Chulalongkorn University.

For the next 30 years, Prince Wan continued to serve his country in a number of important diplomatic missions, some of the notable milestones being negotiations with Japan in 1943 during World War II, representing Thailand at the Greater East Asia Conference, participation in the SEATO Council and the Bandung Conference, where he was elected rapporteur, and negotiations leading to Thailand's admission to the United Nations.

In 1947, Prince Wan was appointed ambassador to the United States and served concurrently as ambassador to the United Nations. In 1956, he was the president of the Eleventh Session of the United Nations' General Assembly.[3] He also served as Thailand's foreign minister from 1952 to 1957 and again in 1958.[4]

Language

Prince Wan's expertise in languages ranged from English and Pali to Sanskrit. He coined Thai words from English which are in use today. They include prachathipatai (democracy), ratthathammanoon (constitution), thanakarn (bank), and songkram (war). His proficiency in languages led to his being made president of the Royal Society of Thailand, the national arbiter of the Thai language.[1] Prince Wan won many academic honours and is regarded as one of the founding fathers of philological textual criticism in Thailand.[3]

Death

Prince Wan died on 5 September 1976, aged 85.[1]

Honours

Foreign honours


References

  1. ^ a b c d Kamjan, Chananthorn (3 September 2016). "The Prince of diplomacy". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 3 September 2016. 
  2. ^ "A Rotarian in the News". The Rotarian. February 1957. Retrieved 3 September 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c "Prince Wan Waithayakon (Thailand) Elected President of the 11th Session of the General Assembly". United Nations (UN). Retrieved 3 September 2016. 
  4. ^ List of foreign ministers of Thailand Archived 2007-10-12 at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ "Senarai Penuh Penerima Darjah Kebesaran, Bintang dan Pingat Persekutuan Tahun 1964" (PDF). 
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Rudecindo Ortega
President of the United Nations General Assembly
1956–1957
Succeeded by
Leslie Munro
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