Wadjkare

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Wadjkare was an Ancient Egyptian pharaoh of the 8th dynasty who reigned c. 2150 BC during the First Intermediate Period. He is considered to be a very obscure figure in Egyptian history.[1]

Identity

Wadjkare is mentioned only once: In a royal limestone tablet known as Coptos Decree R (Cairo museum; obj. JE 41894), which is said to have been created by the king himself. It contains a list of punishments for everyone who dares to damage or plunder a shrine dedicated to the god Min-of-Coptos.[2] However, from an archaeological standpoint there is nothing else known about this king. His existence is questioned by some scholars, because he is not mentioned in any Ramesside king list.[3]

A rock inscription in Nubia mentions a king that in the past was tentatively read as Wadjkare.[4][5] It is believed nowadays that the royal name on the inscription is Menkhkare, the throne name of the 11th Dynasty local ruler Segerseni.[6]

Scholars such as Farouk Gomaà and William C. Hayes identify the Horus name Djemed-ib-taui with a ruler named Neferirkare and equate Wadjkare with an obscure ruler named Hor-Khabaw.[7] Hans Goedicke sees Wadjkare as the predecessor of Djemed-ib-taui and assigns both rulers to the 9th dynasty.[8]

References

  1. ^ Thomas Schneider: Lexikon der Pharaonen. Albatros, Düsseldorf 2002, ISBN 3-491-96053-3, p. 170 - 171.
  2. ^ Nigel C. Strudwick: Texts from the Pyramid Age. BRILL, Leiden 2005, ISBN 9004130489, p. 123 - 124.
  3. ^ Margaret Bunson: Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt. Infobase Publishing, 2009, ISBN 1438109970, p. 429.
  4. ^ Henri Gauthier, "Nouvelles remarques sur la XIe dynastie". BIFAO 9 (1911), p. 136.
  5. ^ Alan Gardiner, Egypt of the Pharaohs: an introduction, Oxford University Press, 1964, p. 121.
  6. ^ Jürgen von Beckerath, Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen (MÄS 49), Philip Von Zabern, 1999, pp. 80-81.
  7. ^ Farouk Gomaà: Ägypten während der Ersten Zwischenzeit (= Beihefte zum Tübinger Atlas des Vorderen Orients. Reihe B: Geisteswissenschaften, vol. 27). Reichert, Wiesbaden 1980, ISBN 3-88226-041-6. p. 57, 59, 127.
  8. ^ Hans Goedicke: Königliche Dokumente aus dem Alten Reich (= Ägyptologische Abhandlungen, Bd. 14). Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden 1967, p. 215.


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