Vulnicura

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Vulnicura
Björk - Vulnicura (Official Album Cover).png
Studio album by Björk
Released 20 January 2015 (2015-01-20)
Genre
Length 58:36
Label
Producer
Björk chronology
Björk: Biophilia Live
(2014)Björk: Biophilia Live2014
Vulnicura
(2015)
Vulnicura Strings
(2015)Vulnicura Strings2015

Vulnicura is the eighth[nb 1] studio album by Icelandic musician and singer Björk. It was produced by Björk, Arca and The Haxan Cloak, and released on 20 January 2015 by One Little Indian Records. Björk said the album expresses her feelings before and after her breakup with American contemporary artist Matthew Barney and the healing process.[5]

Vulnicura was originally scheduled for release in March 2015, in conjunction with the Björk: Archives book and an exhibition about Björk's career at the Museum of Modern Art in New York City; following an internet leak, it was released digitally two months early. No singles were released to promote the album but a series of innovative music videos were created, culminating in the 360-degree virtual reality exhibit Björk Digital. Vulnicura received widespread acclaim from critics, with many considering it one of her most honest and personal albums as well as her best output in a decade.[6][7][8]

The companion album Vulnicura Strings was released on 6 November 2015. It features strings-only interpretations of the Vulnicura tracks and utilizes an instrument designed by Leonardo da Vinci called the viola organista.[9] As of October 2015, the album has sold 250,000 copies worldwide.[10]

Background and recording

After completing the tour for her previous project Biophilia (2011), which featured a series of apps and instruments created especially for the live show, Björk expressed interest in using the same instruments for her next project.[11] She told The Independent: "I happen to know some of the best app programmers in the world, and I have the instruments I can just plug straight into the iPad and play whatever I have. So it seems kind of natural to work on an album where I don't have three years of prepping. But at the same time, it is a kind of extreme project."[12]

In May 2013, Björk told the San Francisco Bay Guardian that she was in the early stages of a new album.[13] In the same month, she told the San Francisco Chronicle she had "enough songs that I'm ready to see the next thing".[14]

Venezuelan artist Arca co-produced the album with Björk.

Venezuelan producer Arca co-produced Vulnicura.[15] Björk approached Arca after his manager sent her Arca's mixtape &&&&& (2013);[16] Arca then DJ'ed at Björk's Biophilia Tour afterparty and the two started working together afterwards.[16] Björk was not aware of Arca's work with Kanye West and FKA twigs (on Yeezus and EP2, 2013) but she soon appreciated it along with Arca's knowledge of her own discography.[17] Arca described working with Björk, which he refers as a musical inspiration, as "healing", and said: "The way she exists as a human is a big influence on the way I exist as a human."[16][18]

On 7 October 2014, Björk announced on her Facebook page that she would not attend the British premiere of her concert film Björk: Biophilia Live at the BFI London Film Festival because she was too busy working on the album, and confirmed a 2015 release date.[19][20] British musician and producer The Haxan Cloak announced on Twitter on 6 January 2015[21] that he had worked on the album, calling the collaboration "an honour".[22][23]

On 14 January 2015, Björk posted a handwritten note on her Facebook page announcing the album's title, Vulnicura, its track list and a March 2015 release date.[24][25] Vulnicura means "Cure for Wounds" (Vulnus + Cura) in Latin, and Björk described it as "a more traditional album than Biophilia for what concerns songwriting. It's about what may come to a person at the end of a relationship. It talks about the dialogues we may have in our heads and in our hearts, the healing processes."[17]

Björk performing with Anohni (right), who performs guest vocals on "Atom Dance".

The music on Vulnicura has been described by critics as incorporating elements of electronic,[26][27] avant-garde,[28][29][30] and ambient[31][32] music.

The album is primarily composed of string arrangements and electronic beats, as a return to the sound Björk pursued on her 1997 album Homogenic. In an interview with Pitchfork, Björk exposed how working on string arrangements served as a way to keep her mind busy after her breakup: "The only way I could deal with that was to start writing for strings; I decided to become a violin nerd and arrange everything for 15 strings and take a step further."[33]

The involvement of Arca came in late stages of the writing process, which Björk described as "such a contrast, the most fun music-making I've ever had, with the most tragic subject matter [...] I just sat next to [Arca] for weeks, and we did the whole album. It's the quickest I've ever worked [...] It's one of those crazy things in life where people from opposite ends meet, and you've got so much to teach each other."[33]

Release and artwork

On 18 January 2015, just days after being publicly announced, and two months ahead of its scheduled release, a supposed full version of the album leaked online.[34][35] At the time, no official release date or cover art was confirmed, neither was announced the featuring of Anohni on "Atom Dance".[35][36] The illegal leak was compared to the one that happened to Madonna and her album Rebel Heart, whose several songs in their demo form were leaked online during late 2014.[37]

The album's release date was pushed up to 20 January, becoming available as a digital download.[38]

After release, Vulnicura has topped the iTunes charts in over 30 countries and spent seven days at the no. 1 spot in worldwide iTunes album chart.[39][40]

The artwork was designed by longtime collaborators M/M (Paris). The digital cover, was photographed by also longtime collaborators Inez and Vinoodh: "She said she wanted to have a wound on her body, on her heart area, in an abstract way [...] Imagine you're Mata Hari, a seductress, but you're wounded, and there is an incredibly alluring softness around you."[41] On the cover, Björk wears a black latex suit, a wound on her chest and a headpiece made of quills, which she already wore during the last stages of her Biophilia Tour. Björk clarified that, during the time in between the two albums, the Vulnicura cover character started surfacing.[42] The main color of the artwork is yellow, since Björk links this color to the "healing" process.[43] The photo shoot was filmed and transformed into a music video to accompany the album track "Lionsong".

For the physical release, a second cover art was made by Andrew Thomas Huang. In the deluxe edition, the artwork comes in the shape of an acetate slipcase.[44] This artwork was also transformed into a short music video for the track "Family".

To coincide with all of Björk's previous albums being reissued on limited edition colored vinyl for the MoMA retrospective, Vulnicura was later issued in a limited run of double neon yellow LPs.

Promotion

Media coverage

Being the follow-up to Biophilia after more than three years, Vulnicura's release was highly anticipated. Online music publications like Music Times,[45] Time Out,[46] FasterLouder,[47] Gigwise,[48] FACT,[49] Dazed Digital,[50] Pitchfork[51] and Billboard included it in their list of the most anticipated albums of 2015,[52] with Stereogum and Diffuser.fm ranking it as the tenth and seventh most anticipated album of 2015, respectively.[53][54] DIY listed the upcoming release as one of the eleven reasons to get excited about 2015,[55] while NME included Björk in their list of 40 most anticipated comebacks for 2015.[56]

Although not initially intended, the album was included in the Björk retrospective exhibition at the MoMA. Music videos for the tracks "Lionsong" and "Black Lake" were premiered there. The video for "Stonemilker" premiered at MoMA PS1 on 22 March.

On 17 December 2015, Björk appeared on the podcast Song Exploder (Episode 60) where she detailed the creation of Vulnicura's opening track, "Stonemilker".[57] "It's about someone who's trying to get emotions out of another person," she said. "I think it's equally hard for all of us and we're just all doing our best but I think there's also a choice. Do you want to try and then maybe fail half of the time and then succeed half of the time or whatever your odds are? Or is it your choice to not even try?" On the creation of the song: "I was walking on a beach, and I was kind of walking back and forth and the lyrics kind of came along kind of without me really editing them.... (They're) probably the most obvious lyrics I've ever written. I actually wrote a whole other lyric to this song, which was really maybe a bit too clever for its own good but something in me said, 'No, don't touch it. It has to be, like, almost clumsy or naive.' That's sort of the strength and weakness of the song at the same time." When talking about the string arrangements for "Stonemilker", Björk said, "For me it was very important... that the strings were kind of cyclical; this chord cycle that kind of gives you this feeling it can go on and on in circles and gives you this feeling of equilibrium. Like the person who's singing this song is showing some sort of harmony to someone as an example... I had 30 players, and then I would do 2 sets of arrangements so basically there are, in theory, 60 because it needed that sort of panoramic feeling to have that sort of smooth, cream-like perfection." On her collaboration with beat maker and co-producer Arca, "... it was very obvious that song was very simple so we didn't really need a crazy beat thing going on. It just had to be really supportive of the song, and almost acoustic like it's a symphony orchestra playing and the beat would come from the kettledrum or something. You know? Like a very soft support which Alejandro (Arca) provided."

Music videos

The first video produced for Vulnicura was "Black Lake", directed by Andrew Thomas Huang who previously collaborated with Björk on Biophilia's "Mutual Core" video in 2012. It was announced that the video would debut at MoMA's Björk retrospective in March 2015 in an elaborate video installation. A trailer for the retrospective premiered on the MoMA's YouTube channel on 13 February 2015.[58] The trailer is a single shot of a nude Björk lying on a black dirt field with her body literally split in half, while the official video has the singer walking through a black Icelandic cave in an original Iris Van Herpen dress. In explaining the evolution of the "Black Lake" video project, Björk said, "I think me and Andrew kept wanting the song to be rawer and rawer and more and more without special effects: to go totally "Ingmar Bergman" on it. So the "book cover" ended up being a book cover....." While the MoMA "Black Lake" installation consisted of 2 screens showcasing complementary edits of the 10-minute video, the final music video version, which debuted on Dazed Digital on 10 June 2015, is a composite of both videos.[59] The Haxan Cloak, who co-produced the Vulnicura track "Family", created a special mix of the song to accompany the video.

To celebrate the opening of the MoMA show and the upcoming physical release of the album, Björk announced on Facebook the "Stonemilker" 360-degree virtual reality music video. It utilized the Oculus Rift, a VR head-mounted display, and featured the singer on the same Icelandic beach where she originally wrote the song. The video premiered at MoMA's sister location, the MoMA PS1 on 22 March and was briefly made available to customers of the record shop Rough Trade in London and Brooklyn, NY who purchased the physical album. The VR head-set version of the video featured a strings only mix of the song. Bjork explained, "I had recorded the strings with a clip-on mike on each instrument. We have made a different mix where we have fanned this in an intimate circle around the listener."[60] It was later released as a 360-degree YouTube video on 6 June 2015 featuring the original album mix.

Also, at the Cinema room of the MoMA retrospective, as part of Björk's videography, the "Lionsong" video was premiered by surprise. The video, directed by the Dutch creative duo Inez & Vinoodh, directors of Björk's "Hidden Place" and "Moon" videos, was later made available to the general public through Noisey.[61] "Lionsong" was conceived of spontaneously during the Vulnicura album cover photo shoot.

On 16 March 2015, the day of Vulnicura's physical release, a "moving album cover" video premiered online featuring the CGI character of the deluxe edition artwork created by Huang. Björk conceived of the video, which is set to a condensed edit of the track "Family", as the completion of the "Black Lake" video. Huang explained, "She came back to me because she (felt) that (what was shown in Black Lake) was only 50% of that character, and that there's another 50% of this persona that she's been in for this past year-and-a-half to two years, that is much more positive and resolved in itself."[62]

In December 2015, the music video for "Mouth Mantra" - directed by Arca's longtime collaborator Jesse Kanda - was revealed. Much of the video takes place inside Björk's mouth with the help of hi-tech mouth models and a special camera. And, like "Stonemilker", the video will soon be made available for 360-degree viewing.[63]

On 4 June 2016, the virtual reality video for the song "Notget" debuted at the Carriageworks Festival in Sydney, Australia for the premiere of the VR exhibition Björk Digital. As Björk Digital traveled the world, new videos would debut, such as "Quicksand" in October 2016 at Montreal[64] and a full VR version of "Family" in November 2016 in Reykjavik.[65]

On 3 April 2017, the 2D version of the VR video for "Notget" debuted on YouTube.[66] "Quicksand" and the full version of "Family" have not premiered in 2d or VR online and are only available to view at Björk Digital though in an interview with Starpro in Mexico, Björk revealed there are still plans to offer the full "Vulnicura VR" experience for download on mobile devices. She also revealed no further VR videos are being planned, meaning the songs "History of Touches" and "Atom Dance" will not receive accompanying music videos.[67]

On 20 May 2017, Björk upload a 10-second preview clip to Facebook of surprise brand new 2d music video for "Notget" , directed by long-time collaborators Warren du Preez and Nick Thornton, which debuted in full in the cinema room of Björk Digital in Los Angeles.[68] The full video was made available 2 days after the VR exhibit closed in LA, debuting online at Creators, VICE's arts and culture platform, on 6 June 2017. Speaking to the website, co-director Thornton said, "Björk definitely wanted more of a claustrophobic, confined environment, and to then be able to switch that up. The switch to elation was very much driven by how she wants to see things." Added du Preez, "We made the decision to submerge it into almost what we almost call an inner earth or into a place that could house that decay and bruising."[69]

While videos were made for the above songs to promote the album, no official single was released.

Vulnicura remix series

On 9 July 2015, Dazed Digital unveiled the first of a 3 part series of Vulnicura remixes.[70] Series 1 features the first of two Lotic remixes of the track "Notget" (the Keptsafe version), a "Family" remix by Katie Gately, a remix of "History of Touches" by Krampfhaft, and a remix of "Lionsong" by Mica Levi. Levi explained her karaoke-inspired version: "I did a karaoke version more than a remix, because I love her string arrangements and thought it would be an opportunity to draw attention to them."

The second series debuted on 22 July[71] and features a Choral mix of "Lionsong" created by Björk herself. She sampled an early track by UNTOLD and utilized the Icelandic female choir Graduale Nobili, which had previously performed on Björk's Biophilia. The 2nd wave also includes "History of Touches", the Rabit Naked Mix, and The Haxan Cloak's remix of "Mouth Mantra". The Haxan Cloak co-produced and mixed Vulnicura, and stated, "When it came time to start thinking about prepping for the live shows, Björk asked me if there were any songs I'd like to remix for playing live – instantly I thought of (Mouth Mantra). I wanted to keep the core of the song but just really amp up the drama and intensity to 11... I then decided to refine the live remix for a more studio/headphone listening environment, so that's what you hear now." A fourth remix, Lotic's Fromdeath version of "Notget" was later released as a vinyl exclusive mix.

The final Vulnicura remix series debuted on 2 October[72] and features 4 new remixes: "Black Lake" and "Family" remixes by Bloom, "Lionsong", the Juliana Huxtable Remix, and "Stonemilker", the Patten Rework. Björk capped off the Vulnicura remix series by stating, "I would like to thank especially Robin Carolan for co-curating this with me. Its been such a pleasure!!!" in a note published on Dazed with the 3rd wave's digital release.

Eventually all 12 remixes were released on vinyl through One Little Indian in 12 limited edition single-sided etched translucent 12" records in die-cut sleeves. The 3rd vinyl remix series was released on 20 November 2015. Each vinyl single managed to chart on the Official Charts Company Physical Singles and Vinyl Singles Sales in the UK. On the physical single chart "History of Touches" peaked at #20, "Mouth Mantra" peaked at #30, "Black Lake" peaked at #31, "Stonemilker" at #35, "Family" at #18 and the highest peaking "Lionsong" at #12.[73] On the vinyl singles chart "History of Touches" peaked at #12, "Mouth Mantra" at #16, "Black Lake" at #17, "Stonemilker" at #21, "Lionsong" at #10, and "Family" at #13.[74]

Vulnicura Strings

On 6 November 2015, Vulnicura Strings (Vulnicura: The Acoustic Version – Strings, Voice and Viola Organista Only), or simply Vulnicura Strings,[75] was released, featuring eight of Vulnicura's nine tracks in strings only renditions in what has been described as a more uncompromising and intimate take on Vulnicura. It features the same vocals as the studio album but without the beats of co-producers Arca and The Haxan Cloak. The album includes additional string arrangements by Una Sveinbjarnardóttir, who was a part of the Icelandic String Octet that joined Björk on stage for her 1998 Homogenic Tour, as well as alternate takes of string arrangements recorded during Vulnicura's original recording sessions that Björk felt were more appropriate for the far more delicate atmosphere of Vulnicura Strings. Additionally, several songs utilize the Viola Organista, a unique instrument designed by Leonardo da Vinci but built for the first time centuries later by the Polish musician Sławomir Zubrzycki.[76]

Björk stated on her Facebook page, "While I was working on Vulnicura, it became one of the most magical thing(s) both musically and spiritually to unite the electronics and the acoustic instruments in an almost romantic way: to prove they can coexist!!... But while working on it I felt somehow for the first time, this was an album that could take another version: a reveal, to simply have the acoustics stand on their own for the folks who wanna indulge even further into the wooden timeless side of this music. With no techno."[77] This project is Björk's first completely acoustic studio album.[78]

Live performances

Björk performing at the New York City Center, accompanied by Alarm Will Sound, Arca and Manu Delago

On 7 January 2015, Björk was announced as one of the performers of the 2015 Governors Ball.[79] It was her first confirmed appearance since the conclusion of the Biophilia Tour and her first concert in New York City since 2012.[80][81] On 16 January 2015, the singer confirmed the upcoming Vulnicura Tour by announcing six dates through March and April in New York, where she performed at the Stern Auditorium at Carnegie Hall and the New York City Center.[82][83] She later added 2 shows at Brooklyn's Kings Theatre sandwiched in between the Carnegie Hall and City Center shows.

On 8 August 2015, Björk officially announced the abrupt end of the Vulnicura Tour, stating, "These have truly been some of my most sublime moments!! Singing this album has been intense and the internal clock of it different to the other ones. It has sort of had to behave in its own little way. Both the urgency of the leak and now this sudden closure for reasons beyond my control is characteristic of that. I hope through the years I have earned enough tourkarma points to get your support for this."[84] She added, "I have started writing new songs and feel the best most natural pathway to go is to let this beast flow its natural course and start anew." Four upcoming shows were cancelled, making the Vulnicura Tour her first concert not to travel to her native Iceland.

Björk did not do any televised or radio performances to promote Vulnicura and none of the 16 Vulnicura Tour shows are known to have been taped, marking it the only tour of her career not be documented visually.

On 21 September 2016 Björk gave her first of 6 acoustic-only live concerts, beginning at the Royal Albert Hall in London and ending at the Walt Disney Concert Hall in Los Angeles. These shows follow the format of the original Vulnicura Tour with the first six songs from the album performed uninterrupted with the second half of the show featuring mostly songs from her back catalogue. Other stops on the brief acoustic tour included Iceland and Mexico City. She performed electronic sets at festivals at the same time, including FYF Fest in Downtown LA and Ceremonia in Toulca, Mexico.[85]

Björk Digital

On 31 May 2016, Björk announced on her official Facebook page Björk Digital,[86] an 18-month world traveling VR experience that debuted at Carriageworks in Sydney, Australia, on 3 June 2016. The VR music video for Vulnicura's final narrative track, "Notget" debuted at the festival, which also showcased the VR videos for "Stonemilker" and "Mouth Mantra", the latter of which also debuting in VR after premiering months earlier in 2D on YouTube in December 2015.

In addition to the VR experience, attendees of Björk Digital will experience a recreation of the "Black Lake" installation, which debuted at MoMA's Björk retrospective in March 2015. Other carryovers from MoMA include the Cinema Room showcasing the majority of the singer's music videos in HD and elements from Biophilia although Björk Digital will feature touch screens enabling patrons to experiment with the Biophilia apps rather than having the Biophilia instruments programmed by the venue on a fixed schedule.

The opening nights of Björk Digital in Sydney saw Björk DJ for 5 hours. This opening night party continued at the Miraikan in Tokyo, Japan, for the second leg of the Björk Digital VR experience. The exhibit is expected to travel the globe with dates and locations to be announced though it has not been confirmed that the Icelandic singer will DJ at every opening party.

On 27 June 2016, Björk made history by appearing in the first ever virtual reality live stream.[87] Broadcast on YouTube, she performed Vulnicura's final song, "Quicksand", before a small audience and the footage will be incorporated into the "Quicksand" VR music video, which according to her Facebook announcement is the final video for the Vulnicura VR experience. The video was available to view in full 360-degrees after the live stream but was made private shortly thereafter with the promise by its creators that the footage will resurface in the completed video in the near future.

In June 2017, "Notget VR" won Cannes Lions Grand Prix Award for its "Real Time Virtual Reality Experience".[88]

Vulnicura Live

On 22 October 2015, record shop Rough Trade announced an exclusive release entitled Vulnicura Live, a collection of 14 songs selected and mixed by Björk that were recorded throughout her 2015 Vulnicura Tour. The 2xCD and 2xLP sets are limited to 1000 copies per format and available exclusively through Rough Trade. The CD edition was released on 13 November 2015 and comes with 4 photo prints in a clear plastic sleeve. The LP set consisted of 2 picture discs and was released on 20 November 2015, 2 weeks ahead of its originally announced date of December 4.[89][90][91]

Both sets sold out online in less than a week but limited quantities of both formats were available at Rough Trade shops throughout London and Brooklyn, NY on release date. The first 100 people to preorder the vinyl received a wristband that got them into a special DJ set with Björk and Arca at the Rough Trade East store in London. The event took place on Halloween night, 2015.[92]

On 15 July 2016, a standard "commercial" release of Vulnicura Live was released by One Little Indian featuring 13 of the same tracks as the Rough Trade exclusive (excluding "All Neon Like") on both CD and 2xLP sets, as well as a Luxury Edition Boxset featuring both formats and extras in September 2016.

Critical reception

Professional ratings
Aggregate scores
Source Rating
Metacritic 87/100[93]
Review scores
Source Rating
AllMusic 4.5/5 stars[94]
The A.V. Club B+[95]
Chicago Tribune 3.5/4 stars[96]
The Daily Telegraph 4/5 stars[97]
The Guardian 4/5 stars[98]
Los Angeles Times 3.5/4 stars[99]
NME 8/10[100]
Pitchfork 8.6/10[3]
Rolling Stone 4/5 stars[101]
Spin 8/10[102]

Vulnicura received widespread acclaim from music critics. At Metacritic, which assigns a normalized rating out of 100 to reviews from mainstream critics, the album has an average score of 87 out of 100, which indicates "universal acclaim" based on 40 reviews.[93] Many critics have referred to it as her best work in the last decade and the boldest move after 2011's Biophilia. It has also been compared stylistically to her critically acclaimed albums Homogenic and Vespertine.

Praise has centered around the "emotional honesty and musical daring" used to portray the album's deeply personal themes.[97] The lyrics have been described as some of her "strongest and most moving"[103] and Björk's voice "miraculously expressive".[99] On the less positive side, longtime music critic Robert Christgau claimed, "I always thought she was too lifelike for him anyway." He cited "Stonemilker" and "Atom Dance" as standout tracks.[104]

Accolades

Rough Trade named it their album of the year for 2015, calling it "a truly extraordinary work of art" and describing Björk herself as "an inspirational game-changer, someone we hugely respect and admire."[105]

Rolling Stone also included it in their list of favourite albums of the year, describing it as "the most heart-rending music she's ever made."[106]

Consequence of Sound named it in their list, "Highest Rated Albums of 2015", at number twenty-one,[107] whilst Vice named Vulnicura the 38th best album of 2015, calling it an "interactive art piece".[108]

It placed fifth in a countdown of the year's best albums in The Guardian, who praised Björk's "harrowingly expressive compositions".[109]

The album was described as "brave, beautiful and affecting" by NME and was positioned at number twenty-five on their "Albums of the Year 2015" list.

Cosmopolitan ranked it at number eight on their "The 15 Best Albums of 2015" year-end survey, commenting that the album is "downright uplifting".

Newsday called the album "a singular artistic work to stand against other 'breakup albums' for years to come" and it made it to number thirteen on their "Best Albums of 2015" list.

It also appeared on the "Albums That Defined 2015" list by Chart Attack.

Björk won the International Female Solo Artist at the Brit Awards; this was her 5th prize at the annual ceremony.

Vulnicura was nominated for the Best Alternative Music Award at the 58th Annual Grammy Awards; this is Björk's seventh nomination in the category.

It was also nominated for the Album of the Year Award at the AIM Independent Music Awards.[110]

Björk was nominated for the International Producer Of The Year for Vulnicura by The Music Producers Guild.[111]

Moreover, Vulnicura was nominated for the Best Album of 2015 for The Phonofile Nordic Music Prize.[112]

At the Icelandic Music Awards, Vulnicura won Best Album while Björk was named Best Female Artist, Best Songwriter and Best Producer.[113]

Publication Accolade Year Rank Ref.
The 405 The 30 Best Albums of 2015 2015
3
[114]
ABC News 50 Best Albums of 2015 2015
1
[115]
Bleep Albums of the Year 2015 2015
4
[116]
Clash Albums Of The Year 2015 2015
4
[117]
Consequence of Sound Top 50 Albums of 2015 2015
16
[118]
Cosmopolitan The 15 Best Albums of 2015 2015
8
[119]
Crack Magazine Albums Of The Year 2015 2015
2
[120]
Dazed The top 20 albums of 2015 2015
5
[121]
Double J The 50 best albums of 2015 2015
4
[122]
Drowned in Sound Albums Of The Year: 2015 2015
3
[123]
Exclaim! Top 20 Pop & Rock Albums 2015
6
[124]
Fopp The best albums of 2015 2015
5
[125]
Gigwise Albums Of The Year 2015
15
[126]
The Guardian Best Albums of 2015 2015
5
[127]
The Irish Times 50 Best Albums of 2015 2015
5
[128]
Mashable The 30 best albums of 2015 2015
20
[129]
musicOMH Top 50 Albums Of 2015 2015
5
[130]
The New York Times Best Albums of 2015 2015
5
[131]
Newsday Best Albums of 2015 2015
13
[132]
NME NME'S Albums of the Year 2015 2015
25
[133]
Pitchfork The 50 Best Albums of 2015 2015
15
[134]
Resident Advisor Top 20 albums of 2015 2015
5
[135]
Reverb The ten best albums of 2015 2015
9
[136]
Rough Trade Albums of the Year 2015 2015
1
[137]
The Skinny The 50 Best Albums of 2015 2015
10
[138]
Slant Magazine The 25 Best Albums of 2015 2015
19
[139]
Slate Best of 2015: Top 25 Albums 2015
n/a
[140]
Spin The 50 Best Albums of 2015 2015
28
[141]
StarPulse 25 Best Albums Of 2015 2015
9
[142]
Stereogum The 50 Best Albums of 2015 2015
38
[143]
Sydney Morning Herald Top 10 albums of 2015 2015
5
[144]
Time Out New York 25 best albums of 2015 2015
2
[145]
Tiny Mix Tapes 2015: Favorite 50 Music Releases 2015
9
[146]
Uncut The Best Albums Of 2015 2015
11
[147]
The Vinyl Factory The 50 best LPs of 2015 2015
7
[148]
The Wire 2015 Rewind: Best Records of the Year 2015
13
[149]

Track listing

All lyrics written by Björk, except where noted; all music composed by Björk, except where noted.

No. Title Producer(s) Length
1. "Stonemilker"
  • Björk
6:49
2. "Lionsong"
6:08
3. "History of Touches"
  • Björk
  • Arca
2:53
4. "Black Lake"
  • Björk
  • Arca
10:08
5. "Family" (music: Björk, Arca)
8:02
6. "Notget" (music: Björk, Arca)
  • Björk
  • Arca
6:26
7. "Atom Dance" (featuring Anohni; lyrics: Björk, Oddný Eir Ævarsdóttir)
  • Björk
  • Arca
8:09
8. "Mouth Mantra"
  • Björk
  • Arca
6:09
9. "Quicksand" (music: Björk, Spaces)
  • Björk
3:45
Total length: 58:36

Sample credits

  • "Quicksand" samples "Apologies" written and performed by John Flynn, a.k.a. Spaces.[150]

Personnel

Credits adapted from the album's liner notes.[151]

  • Björk – vocals, songwriter, producer, string arrangements, vocal arrangements, programming, cover character
  • Arca – songwriter, producer, programming
  • The Haxan Cloak – producer, mixer, programming
  • John Flynn (aka Spaces)[152] – songwriter, programming
  • Oddný Eir – songwriter
  • Antony Hegarty – vocals on track 7
  • Chris Elms – mixer, recording, engineering
  • Frank Arthur Blöndahl Cassata – recording, engineering
  • Bart Migal – engineering
  • Michael Pärt – recording supervisor on tracks 4, 7 and 8
  • Mandy Parnell – mastering
  • James Merry – album coordinator, research, personal assistant
  • U Strings – strings
  • Mani Þorkelsson – string recording assistant
  • Biggi – string recording assistant
  • Joel Davies – string mix session assistant
  • Graeme Baldwin – string mix session assistant
  • Inez van Lamsweerde and Vinoodh Matadin – photography
  • M/M Paris – design
  • Mel Ottenberg – styling
  • Christiaan – hair
  • Dick Page – makeup
Choir
  • Ásta Ægisdóttir
  • Auður Albertsdóttir
  • Ásdís Björg Gestsdóttir
  • Ásdís Eva Ólafsdóttir
  • Bergljót Rafnar Karlsdóttir
  • Drífa Örvarsdóttir
  • Elín Edda Sigurðardóttir
  • Erla María Markúsdóttir
  • Fífa Jónsdóttir
  • Gígja Gylfadóttir
  • Gígja Haraldsdóttir
  • Guðrún Matthildur Sigurbergsdóttir
  • Sigrún Ósk Jóhannesdóttir
  • Unnur Sigurðardóttir

Charts

Chart (2015) Peak
position
Australian Albums (ARIA)[153] 26
Austrian Albums (Ö3 Austria)[154] 19
Belgian Albums (Ultratop Flanders)[155] 12
Belgian Albums (Ultratop Wallonia)[156] 4
Canadian Albums (Billboard)[157] 12
Croatian Albums (IFPI)[158] 42
Croatian International Albums (IFPI)[159] 4
Czech Albums (ČNS IFPI)[160] 8
Dutch Albums (MegaCharts)[161] 10
Danish Albums (Hitlisten)[162] 3
French Albums (SNEP)[163] 10
Finnish Albums (Suomen virallinen lista)[164] 14
German Albums (Offizielle Top 100)[165] 11
Hungarian Albums (MAHASZ)[166] 22
Icelandic Albums (Tónlist)[167] 1
Irish Albums (IRMA)[168] 12
Irish Independent Albums (IRMA)[169] 2
Italian Albums (FIMI)[170] 25
Japanese Albums (Oricon)[171] 30
New Zealand Albums (RMNZ)[172] 30
Norwegian Albums (VG-lista)[173] 4
Polish Albums (ZPAV)[174] 48
Russian Albums (2M)[175] 3
Scottish Albums (OCC)[176] 22
South Korean International Albums (Gaon)[177] 50
Spanish Album Chart (PROMUSICAE)[178] 16
Swedish Albums (Sverigetopplistan)[179] 26
Swiss Albums (Schweizer Hitparade)[180] 6
UK Albums (OCC)[181] 11
UK Independent Albums (OCC)[182] 3
US Billboard 200[183] 20
US Alternative Albums (Billboard)[183] 5
US Independent Albums (Billboard)[183] 3
US Rock Albums (Billboard)[183] 6
US Digital Albums (Billboard)[183] 8

Certifications

Region Certification Certified units/Sales
France 30,000[184]*

^shipments figures based on certification alone

Release history

List of release dates, showing region, release format, and label
Region Date Format(s) Label Ref
Worldwide 20 January 2015 (2015-01-20) Digital download
[185]
16 March 2015 (2015-03-16)
[185][186]
24 July 2015 (2015-07-24) Limited edition yellow LP
[187]

Notes

  1. ^ Vulnicura is officially considered to be her eighth album.[1] However, it is considered her ninth album by sources which include her self-titled 1977 album in this number.[2][3][4] It can be also her tenth album, counting in her 1990 jazz output Gling-Gló.

References

  1. ^ "Björk - Vulnicura". One Little Indian. Retrieved 16 February 2016. 
  2. ^ "Björk announces Vulnicura, her ninth studio album". The Guardian. 14 January 2015. Retrieved 26 July 2017. 
  3. ^ a b St. Asaph, Katherine (23 January 2015). "Björk: Vulnicura". Pitchfork. Retrieved 23 January 2015. 
  4. ^ "Björk: Vulnicura (Take 1)". PopMatters. 26 January 2015. Retrieved 26 July 2017. 
  5. ^ Pareles, Jon (21 January 2015). "Björk's 'Vulnicura,' From Deep Within". The New York Times. 
  6. ^ Kaill, Gary (1 December 2015). "Albums of 2015 (#10): Björk – Vulnicura". The Skinny. Radge Media. Retrieved 17 December 2015. 
  7. ^ Saunders, Hilary (3 February 2015). "Björk: Vulnicura Review". Paste Magazine. Wolfgang's Vault. Retrieved 17 December 2015. 
  8. ^ Breihan, Tom (21 January 2015). "Premature Evaluation: Björk Vulnicura". Stereogum. Spin Media. Retrieved 17 December 2015. 
  9. ^ Gibsone, Harriet (6 October 2015). "Björk to release acoustic strings version of Vulnicura". The Guardian. Guardian News and Media. Retrieved 17 December 2015. 
  10. ^ "Björk de retour dans les bacs le 6 novembre avec "Vulnicura Strings"" (in French). Charts In France. Archived from the original on 25 October 2015. Retrieved 7 November 2015. 
  11. ^ Jones, Lucy (17 November 2012). "To Infinity and B-jork!". NME. p. 35. 
  12. ^ Mackay, Emily (16 November 2012). "Exclusive interview: The mistress of reinvention Björk remixes herself yet again (for her new album called... Bastards)". The Independent. London: Independent Print Limited. Retrieved 22 April 2013. 
  13. ^ Savage, Emily (21 May 2013). "Björkphilia". San Francisco Bay Guardian. Retrieved 26 May 2013. 
  14. ^ Vaziri, Aidin (19 May 2013). "Björk takes theatricality up a notch". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 26 May 2013. 
  15. ^ Michaels, Sean (1 October 2014). "Björk working with Kanye producer Arca on next album". The Guardian. Guardian News and Media Limited. Retrieved 10 October 2014. 
  16. ^ a b c Battan, Carrie (16 October 2014). "Arca". Pitchfork. Pitchfork Media Inc. Retrieved 15 January 2015. 
  17. ^ a b "Björk annonce "Vulnicura", un nouvel album "plus traditionnel"". Les Inrockuptibles (in French). 18 January 2015. Retrieved 18 January 2015. C'est un album plus traditionnel que Biophilia d'un point de vue du songwriting. (…) Il parle de ce qui peut arriver à une personne à la fin d'une relation. Il raconte les dialogues qu'on peut avoir dans la tête et dans le cœur, le processus de guérison, ce genre de choses. 
  18. ^ Gorton, Thomas (20 December 2014). "Arca: Xen master". Dazed Digital. Retrieved 15 January 2015. 
  19. ^ Earls, John (9 October 2014). "Björk cancels appearance at premiere of her film to work on new album". NME. Time Inc. (UK) Ltd. Retrieved 10 October 2014. 
  20. ^ Young, Alex (9 October 2014). "Björk to release new album in 2015". Consequence of Sound. Consequence of Sound • A Member of Townsquare Music. Retrieved 10 October 2014. 
  21. ^ "Haxan Cloak tweet". twitter.com. 6 January 2015. 
  22. ^ "The Haxan Cloak is working on the new Bjork album – and possibly Total Freedom too". Factmag.com. The Vinyl Factory. 6 January 2015. Retrieved 9 January 2015. 
  23. ^ Milton, Jamie (6 January 2015). "The Haxan Cloak confirms that he's been working on the new Björk album". Diymag.com. Retrieved 9 January 2015. 
  24. ^ Camp, Zoe; Minsker, Evan (13 January 2015). "Björk Announces New Album Vulnicura". Pitchfork. Retrieved 13 January 2015. 
  25. ^ Brandle, Lars (14 January 2015). "Bjork Shares Details on New Album 'Vulnicura'". Billboard. Billboard. Retrieved 14 January 2015. 
  26. ^ "Björk - Vulnicura". Critic Te Ahori. Retrieved 1 March 2015. 
  27. ^ "Björk – Vulnicura". musicOMH. Retrieved 22 January 2015. 
  28. ^ "Björk: Vulnicura". Slant. Retrieved 20 January 2015. 
  29. ^ "Björk's avant-garde album 'Vulnicura' impressive and strange". Michigan Daily. Retrieved 25 January 2015. 
  30. ^ "Review: Björk - Vulnicura". Cherwell. Retrieved 30 January 2015. 
  31. ^ "Björk - Vulnicura". The 405. Retrieved 28 January 2015. 
  32. ^ "Bjork - Vulnicura (album review 3)". Sputnik. Retrieved 29 January 2015. 
  33. ^ a b Hopper, Jessica: "The Invisible Woman: A Conversation with Björk" Pitchfork. Retrieved 22 January 2015.
  34. ^ Hughes, Josiah. "Björk's 'Vulnicura' Leaks Online Two Months Early". Exclaim.ca. 
  35. ^ a b DeVille, Chris (18 January 2015). "Björk's Vulnicura Leaks Days After Being Announced". Stereogum. SpinMedia. Retrieved 21 January 2015. 
  36. ^ Kellmurray, Beth. "Bjork's 'Vulnicura' Leaks Online Two Months Ahead of Its Official Release". Diffuser.fm. Loudwire Network. Retrieved 18 January 2015. 
  37. ^ "Björk's new album Vulnicura leaks months before its scheduled release". Consequence of Sound. Consequence of Sound. Retrieved 18 January 2015. 
  38. ^ Björk's post. Facebook. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
  39. ^ "Björk's Vulnicura Number 1 In 30 Countries - The Reykjavik Grapevine". The Reykjavik Grapevine. Retrieved 2016-01-26. 
  40. ^ "Worldwide iTunes Album Chart 2015/01/27". Retrieved 2016-01-26. 
  41. ^ Artsy Editorial: As Björk Opens at MoMA, Behind the Scenes of Her Most Iconic Images. Artsy.net. Retrieved 8 March 2015
  42. ^ Guzmán, Isaac: Björk Is Your Tour Guide: An Exclusive TIME Interview for Her MOMA Retrospective. Time. Retrieved 8 March 2015
  43. ^ Witt, Emily: The Peculiar Genius of Björk. The New York Times. T Magazine. Retrieved 8 March 2015
  44. ^ Björk's post. "The deluxe CD will include both Vulnicura covers in a beautiful foldout CD slipcase situation." Instagram. Retrieved 6 March 2015
  45. ^ "15 Most Anticipated Albums of 2015; Kendrick Lamar, Mark Ronson, Rihanna & Others". Music Times. Music Times. Retrieved 26 December 2014. 
  46. ^ DiCrescenzo, Brent (12 December 2014). "The most anticipated albums of 2015". Time Out Chicago. Time Out. Retrieved 26 December 2014. 
  47. ^ "The most anticipated albums of 2015". FasterLouder. FasterLouder Pty Ltd. Retrieved 26 December 2014. 
  48. ^ Pollard, Alex; Mitchell, Elliot; Trendell, Andrew. "75 massive albums set for release in 2015". Gigwise. Entertainmentwise. Retrieved 26 December 2014. 
  49. ^ "20 albums coming out in 2015 that we actually give a shit about". Factmag.com. The Vinyl Factory. Retrieved 8 January 2015. 
  50. ^ Jones, Daisy. "Twenty albums to look out for in 2015". Dazed Digital. Retrieved 9 January 2015. 
  51. ^ Sherburne, Philip (6 January 2015). "The Most Anticipated Releases of 2015". Pitchfork. Pitchfork Media. Retrieved 9 January 2015. 
  52. ^ Billboard Staff. "30 Most Anticipated Albums of 2015". Billboard. Billboard. Retrieved 30 December 2014. 
  53. ^ "The 101 Most Anticipated Albums of 2015". Stereogum. Spin Music. 22 December 2014. Retrieved 26 December 2014. 
  54. ^ Karan, Tim. "The 100 Most Anticipated Albums of 2015". Diffuser.fm. Loudwire Network. Retrieved 18 January 2015. 
  55. ^ Milton, Jamie. "Get Excited About… 2015". DIY. Retrieved 8 January 2015. 
  56. ^ "40 Artists We Can't Wait To See Come Back in 2015". NME. Time Inc. 29 June 2014. Retrieved 9 January 2015. 
  57. ^ "Song Exploder - Björk". 17 December 2015. Retrieved 26 July 2016. 
  58. ^ "Björk – "Black Lake" Trailer". Stereogum. 
  59. ^ Dazed. "Björk – Black Lake". Dazed. 
  60. ^ "Björk Debuts Virtual Reality Music Video for "Stonemilker"". The Creators Project. 
  61. ^ "Björk Premieres the Video For "Lionsong" on Noisey". NOISEY. 
  62. ^ "Creative Review". Björk.fr. 
  63. ^ YouTube. "Björk - mouth mantra". Retrieved 4 December 2015
  64. ^ Farber, Jim. ""Björk Digital" Virtual Reality Art Exhibit Opens in Montreal". cntraveler.com. Retrieved 5 April 2017. 
  65. ^ grapevine.is (2 November 2016). "Björk Digital Opens Today! - The Reykjavik Grapevine". grapevine.is. Retrieved 5 April 2017. 
  66. ^ "Watch Björk's Beautiful New "Notget" Video - Pitchfork". pitchfork.com. Retrieved 5 April 2017. 
  67. ^ "Björk presenta en conferencia virtual su exhibición en México". facebook.com. Retrieved 5 April 2017. 
  68. ^ "Björk". www.facebook.com. Retrieved 2017-06-07. 
  69. ^ "[Premiere] New Björk Music Video "notget" Is a Stunning Bio-Goth Masterpiece". Creators. Retrieved 2017-06-07. 
  70. ^ Dazed. "Björk's Vulnicura remixed – part 1". Dazed. 
  71. ^ Dazed. "Björk's Vulnicura remixed – part 2". Dazed. 
  72. ^ Dazed. "Björk's Vulnicura remixed – part 3". Dazed. 
  73. ^ "Official Physical Singles Chart Top 100". 
  74. ^ "Official Vinyl Singles Chart Top 40". 
  75. ^ "Björk to Release All-Strings Version of Vulnicura, Shares New Take on "Lionsong"". Pitchfork. 
  76. ^ "Polish Concert Pianist Builds a 'Viola Organista' Based on a 500-Year-Old Leonardo Da Vinci Sketch". Retrieved 7 October 2015. 
  77. ^ "One Little Indian | News". www.indian.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-01-10. 
  78. ^ Gibsone, Harriet. "Björk to release acoustic strings version of Vulnicura". the Guardian. Retrieved 2016-01-10. 
  79. ^ "Black Keys, Drake, Bjork to Headline 2015 Governors Ball". Rolling Stone. Rolling Stone. 7 January 2015. Retrieved 8 January 2015. 
  80. ^ Brandle, Lars (7 January 2015). "Drake, Black Keys & Deadmau5 Lead Governors Ball Line-up". Billboard. Billboard. Retrieved 8 January 2015. 
  81. ^ Lipshutz, Jason (7 January 2015). "Governors Ball Lineup Takeaways: Lana Del Rey's NYC Return, Drake Is Festival King & Björk Is Back". Billboard. Billboard. Retrieved 8 January 2015. 
  82. ^ "vulnicura tour dates". bjork.com. 16 January 2015. Archived from the original on 5 March 2007. Retrieved 17 January 2015. 
  83. ^ DeVille, Chris (16 January 2015). "New Björk, New Björk: She's Playing Intimate NYC Shows Throughout March & April". Stereogum. Spin Music. Retrieved 17 January 2015. 
  84. ^ "Björk Canceled Tour Dates Because Singing Vulnicura Songs Was Too Hard And Because She's Working On New Music". Stereogum. Retrieved 7 October 2015. 
  85. ^ "Björk, M.I.A., Underworld to headline Mexico's Ceremonia Festival". consequenceofsound.net. 16 January 2017. Retrieved 5 April 2017. 
  86. ^ "Björk - Timeline - Facebook". Retrieved 26 July 2016. 
  87. ^ "Björk - Timeline - Facebook". Retrieved 26 July 2016. 
  88. ^ https://mobile.twitter.com/Cannes_Lions/status/878302775674675200
  89. ^ "Rough Trade". 
  90. ^ "Björk Announces Limited Edition Vulnicura Live Album". Pitchfork. Retrieved 22 October 2015. 
  91. ^ "Björk announces limited edition Vulnicura live album". Consequence of Sound. Retrieved 22 October 2015. 
  92. ^ "Nothing to see here. Just a Bjork DJ set announced. At Rough Trade. On Halloween. | Gigwise". gigwise.com. Retrieved 22 October 2015. 
  93. ^ a b "Reviews for Vulnicura by Björk". Metacritic. Retrieved 23 January 2015. 
  94. ^ Phares, Heather. "Vulnicura – Björk". AllMusic. Retrieved 27 January 2015. 
  95. ^ Cosores, Philip (22 January 2015). "Love hurts on Björk's Vulnicura". The A.V. Club. Retrieved 22 January 2015. 
  96. ^ Kot, Greg (22 January 2015). "Bjork attempts to mend her heart in 'Vulnicura'". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 23 January 2015. 
  97. ^ a b Brown, Helen (21 January 2015). "Björk, Vulnicura, review: 'raw exhileration'". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 21 January 2015. 
  98. ^ Petridis, Alexis (22 January 2015). "Björk: Vulnicura review – a sucker punch of a breakup album". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 22 January 2015. 
  99. ^ a b Roberts, Randall (22 January 2015). "Review: On 'Vulnicura,' Bjork is heavy and at her most personal". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 22 January 2015. 
  100. ^ Hebblethwaite, Phil (22 January 2015). "Björk – Vulnicura". NME. Archived from the original on 14 December 2015. Retrieved 22 January 2015. 
  101. ^ Hermes, Will (23 January 2015). "Vulnicura". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 23 January 2015. 
  102. ^ Tedder, Michael (26 January 2015). "Review: Bjork Breaks Our Hearts Anew on 'Vulnicura'". Spin. Retrieved 26 January 2015. 
  103. ^ St. Asaph, Katherine (23 January 2015). "Björk: – Vulnicura". Retrieved 30 January 2015. 
  104. ^ Christgau, Robert (2015). "Bjork - Vulnicura". 
  105. ^ "Bjork's Vulnicura named Rough Trade's album of the year 2015". Gigwise. 16 November 2015. Retrieved 16 November 2015. 
  106. ^ "45 Best Albums of 2015 So Far". Rolling Stone. 16 June 2015. Retrieved 16 November 2015. 
  107. ^ "4Consequence of Sound's Highest Rated Albums of 2015". Consequence of Sound. 2 December 2015. Retrieved 2 December 2015. 
  108. ^ "The 50 Best Albums of 2015 | NOISEY". NOISEY. Retrieved 2015-12-04. 
  109. ^ "Best albums of 2015: No 5 – Vulnicura by Bjork". The Guardian. Retrieved 12 December 2015. 
  110. ^ "Alt-J, FKA Twigs and Bjork Nominated for AIM Independent Awards". Billboard. Retrieved 2015-12-09. 
  111. ^ "The Shortlists for the MPG Awards 2016!". The Music Producers Guild. 8 November 2015. Retrieved 11 January 2016. 
  112. ^ "Announcing the nominees for The Phonofile Nordic Music Prize!". 20 January 2016. Archived from the original on 27 January 2016. Retrieved 21 January 2016. 
  113. ^ "Björk sweeps Icelandic Music Awards". Iceland Monitor. 7 March 2016. Retrieved 17 March 2016. 
  114. ^ "The 30 Best Albums of 2015". The 405. 7 December 2015. Retrieved 10 January 2016. 
  115. ^ "50 Best Albums of 2015". ABC News. 22 December 2015. Retrieved 11 January 2016. 
  116. ^ "Albums of the Year 2015". Bleep Limited. Retrieved 11 January 2016. 
  117. ^ "Clash Albums Of The Year 2015: 5 - 1". Clash. 18 December 2015. Retrieved 10 January 2016. 
  118. ^ "Top 50 Albums of 2015". Consequence of Sound. 2 December 2015. Retrieved 10 January 2016. 
  119. ^ "The 15 Best Albums of 2015". Cosmopolitan. 16 December 2015. Retrieved 11 January 2016. 
  120. ^ "Albums Of The Year 2015". Crack. 1 December 2015. Retrieved 10 January 2016. 
  121. ^ "The top 20 albums of 2015". Dazed. 16 December 2015. Retrieved 10 January 2016. 
  122. ^ "The 50 best albums of 2015". Double J. 7 December 2015. Retrieved 11 January 2016. 
  123. ^ "DIS' ALBUMS OF THE YEAR: 2015". Drowned in Sound. 17 December 2015. Retrieved 10 January 2016. 
  124. ^ "Exclaim!'s Top 20 Pop & Rock Albums, Part Two". Exclaim!. 3 December 2015. Retrieved 11 January 2016. 
  125. ^ "The best albums of 2015". Fopp. 31 December 2015. Retrieved 11 January 2016. 
  126. ^ "Gigwise's albums of the year". Gigwise. 19 December 2015. Retrieved 10 January 2016. 
  127. ^ "Best albums of 2015: No 5 – Vulnicura by Bjork". The Guardian. Retrieved 12 December 2015. 
  128. ^ "The 50 best albums of 2015". The Irish Times. 22 December 2015. Retrieved 20 January 2016. 
  129. ^ "The 30 best albums of 2015". Mashable. Retrieved 11 January 2016. 
  130. ^ "musicOMH's Top 50 Albums Of 2015". musicOMH. 18 December 2015. Retrieved 10 January 2016. 
  131. ^ Pareles, Jon; Ratliff, Ben; Caramanica, Jon; Chinen, Nate. "The Best Albums of 2015 - NYTimes.com". Retrieved 26 July 2016. 
  132. ^ "Best albums of 2015". Newsday. 14 December 2015. Retrieved 20 January 2016. 
  133. ^ "NME'S Albums of the Year 2015". nme.com. Retrieved 2015-12-10. 
  134. ^ "The 50 Best Albums of 2015". Pitchfork. December 16, 2015. Retrieved December 16, 2015. 
  135. ^ "RA Poll: Top 20 albums of 2015". Resident Advisor. 14 December 2015. Retrieved 10 January 2016. 
  136. ^ "The ten best albums of 2015". Reverb. 1 December 2015. Retrieved 10 January 2016. 
  137. ^ "Albums of the Year 2015". roughtrade.com. Archived from the original on 20 December 2015. Retrieved 2015-12-10. 
  138. ^ "The 50 Best Albums of 2015". The Skinny. 7 December 2015. Retrieved 10 January 2016. 
  139. ^ "The 25 Best Albums of 2015". Slant Magazine. 10 December 2015. Retrieved 10 January 2016. 
  140. ^ "Top 25 Albums (in alphabetical order by artist)". Slate. 16 December 2015. Retrieved 11 January 2016. 
  141. ^ "The 50 Best Albums of 2015". Spin. 1 December 2015. Retrieved 10 January 2016. 
  142. ^ "25 Best Albums Of 2015 Hand Picked By Our Music Critic". StarPulse. 19 December 2015. Retrieved 11 January 2016. 
  143. ^ "The 50 Best Albums Of 2015". stereogum.com. 2015-12-01. Retrieved 2015-12-10. 
  144. ^ "Returning voices with power to spare: Top 10 albums of 2015". The Sydney Morning Herald. 20 December 2015. Retrieved 11 January 2016. 
  145. ^ "The 25 best albums of 2015". Time Out New York. 10 December 2015. Retrieved 10 January 2016. 
  146. ^ "2015: Favorite 50 Music Releases". Tiny Mix Tapes. 23 December 2015. Retrieved 20 January 2016. 
  147. ^ "The Best Albums Of 2015 – The Uncut Top 50". Uncut. 18 December 2015. Retrieved 10 January 2016. 
  148. ^ "The 50 best LPs of 2015". The Vinyl Factory. 11 December 2015. Retrieved 10 January 2016. 
  149. ^ "The Wire's Top 50 Releases of 2015". The Wire. December 2015. Retrieved 20 January 2016. 
  150. ^ SoundCloud. "Apologies" by Spaces. Retrieved 6 September 2016
  151. ^ Björk: Vulnicura (2015). Digital booklet.
  152. ^ "Happy to be announced on @bjork 's new album (John Flynn)". Twitter. Retrieved 14 January 2015. 
  153. ^ "Björk – Vulnicura". australian-charts.com. Hung Medien. Retrieved 20 May 2016. 
  154. ^ "Björk – Vulnicura". austriancharts.at. Hung Medien. Retrieved 20 May 2015. 
  155. ^ "Björk – Vulnicura". ultratop.be (in Dutch). Ultratop. Hung Medien. Retrieved 20 May 2016. 
  156. ^ "Björk – Vulnicura". ultratop.be. Ultratop. Hung Medien. Retrieved 20 May 2016. 
  157. ^ "Bjork Chart History (Canadian Albums)". Billboard. Retrieved 29 January 2015.
  158. ^ "TOP KOMBINIRANIH - TJEDAN 13. 2015". hdu-toplista.com. HDU. Retrieved 9 April 2015. 
  159. ^ "TOP STRANIH - TJEDAN 13. 2015". hdu-toplista.com. HDU. Retrieved 9 April 2015. 
  160. ^ "Czech Albums – Top 100". ČNS IFPI. Note: On the chart page, select 201513 on the field besides the word "Zobrazit", and then click over the word to retrieve the correct chart data. Retrieved 9 April 2015.
  161. ^ "Björk – Vulnicura". Dutchcharts.nl (in Dutch). Hung Medien. Retrieved 24 January 2015. 
  162. ^ "Danishcharts.com – Björk – Vulnicura". Hung Medien. Retrieved 29 January 2015.
  163. ^ "Lescharts.com – Björk – Vulnicura". Hung Medien. Retrieved 1 February 2015.
  164. ^ "Suomen virallinen lista - Albumit 5/2015". Ifpi.fi. Retrieved 1 February 2015. 
  165. ^ "Officialcharts.de – Björk – Vulnicura". GfK Entertainment Charts. Retrieved 2 February 2015.
  166. ^ "Top 40 album DVD és válogatáslemez-lista – 2015. 4. hét" (in Hungarian). MAHASZ. Retrieved 29 January 2015.
  167. ^ "Plötulistinn". Tónlist.is (in Icelandic). 365 Miðlar ehf. Archived from the original on 31 January 2015. Retrieved 31 January 2015. 
  168. ^ "GFK Chart-Track Albums: Week 4, 2015". Chart-Track. IRMA. Retrieved 24 January 2015.
  169. ^ "Week 4 2015 Week Ending 23 Jan 2015". Irma.ie. Retrieved 1 February 2015. 
  170. ^ "Album - Classifica settimanale WK 12 (dal 16-03-2015 al 22-03-2015)" (in Italian). Federazione Industria Musicale Italiana. Retrieved 26 March 2015. 
  171. ^ "オリコン週間 CDアルバムランキング 2015年03月30日~2015年04月05日 21~30位" (in Japanese). Oricon. Retrieved 9 April 2015. 
  172. ^ "Björk – Vulnicura". charts.org.nz. Hung Medien. Retrieved 20 May 2016. 
  173. ^ "Björk – Vulnicura". norwegiancharts.com. Hung Medien. Retrieved 20 May 2016. 
  174. ^ "Oficjalna lista sprzedaży :: OLiS - Official Retail Sales Chart". OLiS. Polish Society of the Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 7 April 2015.
  175. ^ "Новый альбом Бьорк попал в российские чарты iTunes". Lenta.ru. 26 January 2015. Retrieved 1 February 2015. 
  176. ^ "2015 Top 40 Scottish Albums Archive". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 2 February 2015. 
  177. ^ "Gaon International Albums April 2015". Gaon Chart. Retrieved 14 May 2015. 
  178. ^ "Spanish Album Chart". PROMUSICAE. Archived from the original on 23 April 2014. Retrieved 29 January 2015. 
  179. ^ "Björk – Vulnicura". swedishcharts.com. Hung Medien. Retrieved 20 May 2016. 
  180. ^ "Björk – Vulnicura". hitparade.ch. Hung Medien. Retrieved 20 May 2016. 
  181. ^ "Official Albums Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 26 January 2015.
  182. ^ "2015 Top 40 Independent Albums Archive". Officialcharts.com. The Official UK Charts Company 2014. Retrieved 1 February 2015. 
  183. ^ a b c d e "Björk Chart History (Billboard 200)". Billboard. Retrieved 29 January 2015.
  184. ^ "Björk de retour dans les bacs le 6 novembre avec "Vulnicura Strings"" (in French). Charts in France. Archived from the original on 8 October 2015. Retrieved 7 October 2005. 
  185. ^ a b All references regarding the worldwide release of Vulnicura onto iTunes:
  186. ^ One Little Indian (9 March 2015). "Bjork - Vulnicura". United Kingdom: indian.co.uk. 
  187. ^ One Little Indian - Shop. Vulnicura. Limited Edition Coloured Vinyl. Retrieved 7 July 2015

External links

  • Vulnicura at bjork.com
  • Vulnicura at 77island discography
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Vulnicura&oldid=821662200"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vulnicura
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Vulnicura"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA