Voiceless labiodental stop

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Voiceless labiodental stop
IPA number 101 408
Encoding
Entity (decimal) p​̪
Unicode (hex) U+0070 U+032A
X-SAMPA p_d
Kirshenbaum p[
Braille ⠏ (braille pattern dots-1234)⠠ (braille pattern dots-6)⠹ (braille pattern dots-1456)

The voiceless labiodental stop is a consonant sound produced like a [p], but with the lower lip contacting the upper teeth, as in [f]. This can be represented in the IPA as ⟨⟩. A separate symbol not recognized by the IPA that is often seen, especially in Bantu linguistics, is the qp ligature ⟨ȹ⟩[1].

The voiceless labiodental stop is possibly not phonemic in any language, though see the entry on Shubi. However, it does occur allophonically. The XiNkuna dialect of Tsonga has affricates, [p̪͡f] and [b̪͡v] (that is, [ȹ͡f] and [ȸ͡v]), which unlike the bilabial-labiodental affricate [p͡f] of German, are purely labiodental.

Features

Features of the voiceless labiodental stop:

Varieties

IPA Description
plain p̪
p̪ʰ aspirated
p̪ʲ palatalized
p̪ʷ labialized
p̪̚ p̪ with no audible release
p̪̌ voiced
p̪ʼ ejective

Occurrence

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Greek σάπφειρος [ˈsap̪firo̞s̠] 'sapphire' See Modern Greek phonology

See also

References

  1. ^ Peter, Ladefoged; Ian, Maddieson. The sounds of the world's languages. Blackwell Publishers. p. 17. ISBN 9780631198147.
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Voiceless_labiodental_stop&oldid=863264621"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_labiodental_stop
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Voiceless labiodental stop"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA