Voiced bilabial stop

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Voiced bilabial stop
IPA Number 102
Entity (decimal) b
Unicode (hex) U+0062
Braille ⠃ (braille pattern dots-12)
Audio sample

The voiced bilabial stop is a type of consonantal sound, used in many spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨b⟩, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is b. The voiced bilabial stop occurs in English, and it is the sound denoted by the letter ⟨b⟩ in obey.


Features of the voiced bilabial stop:


IPA Description
b plain b
b̜ʷ semi-labialised
b̹ʷ strongly labialised
breathy voiced


Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Adyghe бгъу About this sound[bʁʷə]  'nine'
Arabic Standard[1] كتب [ˈkatabɐ] 'he wrote' See Arabic phonology
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic baba [baːba] 'father'
Armenian Eastern[2] բարի About this sound[bɑˈɾi]  'kind'
Basque bero [beɾo] 'hot'
Bengali লো [bɔlo] 'say!' Contrasts with aspirated form. See Bengali phonology
Catalan[3] bèstia [ˈbɛstiə] 'beast' See Catalan phonology
Chinese Southern Min [ban] 'Fujian province' Only in colloquial speech.
Wu [bi] 'skin'
Xiang [bau] 'to float'
Czech bota [ˈbota] 'boot' See Czech phonology
Dutch[4] boer [buːr] 'farmer' See Dutch phonology
English aback About this sound[əˈbæk] 'aback' See English phonology
Esperanto batalo [baˈtalo] 'war' See Esperanto phonology
Filipino buto [buto] 'bone'
French[5] boue [bu] 'mud' See French phonology
Georgian[6] ავშვი [ˈbavʃvi] 'child'
German aber About this sound[ˈäːbɐ] 'but' See Standard German phonology
Greek μπόχα / bócha [ˈbo̞xa] 'reek' See Modern Greek phonology
Gujarati ક્રી [bəkri] 'goat' See Gujarati phonology
Hebrew בית [bajit] 'house' See Modern Hebrew phonology
Hindi बाल [bɑːl] 'hair' Contrasts with aspirated version ⟨भ⟩. See Hindi-Urdu phonology
Hungarian baba [ˈbɒbɒ] 'baby' See Hungarian phonology
Italian[7] bile [ˈbile] 'rage' See Italian phonology
Japanese[8] / ban [baɴ] '(one's) turn' See Japanese phonology
Kabardian бгъуы About this sound[bʁʷə]  'nine'
Korean 지붕 / jibung [t͡ɕibuŋ] 'roof' See Korean phonology
Kurdish Northern bav [bɑːv] 'father' See Kurdish phonology
Central باوک [bɑːwk]
Luxembourgish[9] geblosen [ɡ̊əˈbloːzən] 'blown' More often voiceless [p].[9] See Luxembourgish phonology
Macedonian убав [ˈubav] 'beautiful' See Macedonian phonology
Malay baru [bäru] 'new'
Maltese għatba [aːtˈba] 'threshold'
Marathi टाटा [bəˈʈaːʈaː] 'potato' See Marathi phonology
Norwegian bål [ˈbɔːl] 'bonfire' See Norwegian phonology
Persian خوب [xub] 'good' See Persian phonology
Pirahã pibaóí [ˈpìbàóí̯] 'parent'
Polish[10] bas About this sound[bäs]  'bass' See Polish phonology
Portuguese[11] bato [ˈbatʊ] 'I strike' See Portuguese phonology
Punjabi ਬਿੱਲੀ [bɪlːi] 'cat'
Romanian[12] bou [bow] 'bull' See Romanian phonology.
Russian[13] рыба [ˈrɨbə] 'fish' Contrasts with palatalized form. See Russian phonology
Serbo-Croatian[14] биће / biće [bǐːt͡ɕě] 'creature' See Serbo-Croatian phonology
Slovak b [bi̞c̟] 'to be'
Spanish[15] invertir [ĩmbe̞ɾˈt̪iɾ] 'to invest' See Spanish phonology
Swedish bra [ˈbɾɑː] 'good' May be an approximant in casual speech. See Swedish phonology
Turkish bulut [ˈbuɫut̪] 'cloud' See Turkish phonology
Ukrainian[16] брат [brɑt̪] 'brother' See Ukrainian phonology
Urdu بال [bɑːl] 'hair' Contrasts with aspirated version(بھ). See Hindi-Urdu phonology
West Frisian bak [bak] 'tray'
Yi / bbo [bo˧] 'mountain'
Zapotec Tilquiapan[17] bald [bal͡d] 'few'

See also



  • Carbonell, Joan F.; Llisterri, Joaquim (1992), "Catalan", Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 22 (1–2): 53–56, doi:10.1017/S0025100300004618
  • Cruz-Ferreira, Madalena (1995), "European Portuguese", Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 25 (2): 90–94, doi:10.1017/S0025100300005223
  • Danyenko, Andrii; Vakulenko, Serhii (1995), Ukrainian, Lincom Europa, ISBN 9783929075083
  • Dum-Tragut, Jasmine (2009), Armenian: Modern Eastern Armenian, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company
  • Fougeron, Cecile; Smith, Caroline L (1993), "Illustrations of the IPA:French", Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 23 (2): 73–76, doi:10.1017/S0025100300004874
  • Gilles, Peter; Trouvain, Jürgen (2013), "Luxembourgish" (PDF), Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 43 (1): 67–74, doi:10.1017/S0025100312000278
  • Gussenhoven, Carlos (1992), "Dutch", Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 22 (2): 45–47, doi:10.1017/S002510030000459X
  • Jassem, Wiktor (2003), "Polish", Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 33 (1): 103–107, doi:10.1017/S0025100303001191
  • Martínez-Celdrán, Eugenio; Fernández-Planas, Ana Ma.; Carrera-Sabaté, Josefina (2003), "Castilian Spanish", Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 33 (2): 255–259, doi:10.1017/S0025100303001373
  • Merrill, Elizabeth (2008), "Tilquiapan Zapotec" (PDF), Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 38 (1): 107–114, doi:10.1017/S0025100308003344
  • Okada, Hideo (1999), "Japanese", in International Phonetic Association (ed.), Handbook of the International Phonetic Association: A Guide to the Use of the International Phonetic Alphabet, Cambridge University Press, pp. 117–119, ISBN 978-0-52163751-0
  • Padgett, Jaye (2003), "Contrast and Post-Velar Fronting in Russian", Natural Language & Linguistic Theory, 21 (1): 39–87, doi:10.1023/A:1021879906505
  • Rogers, Derek; d'Arcangeli, Luciana (2004), "Italian", Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 34 (1): 117–121, doi:10.1017/S0025100304001628
  • Shosted, Ryan K.; Vakhtang, Chikovani (2006), "Standard Georgian" (PDF), Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 36 (2): 255–264, doi:10.1017/S0025100306002659
  • Thelwall, Robin (1990), "Illustrations of the IPA: Arabic", Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 20 (2): 37–41, doi:10.1017/S0025100300004266
  • Landau, Ernestina; Lončarić, Mijo; Horga, Damir; Škarić, Ivo (1999), "Croatian", Handbook of the International Phonetic Association: A guide to the use of the International Phonetic Alphabet, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 66–69, ISBN 978-0-521-65236-0

External links

  • List of languages with [b] on PHOIBLE
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