Vladimir Demikhov

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Vladimir Demikhov
Born (1916-07-18)July 18, 1916
Novonikolayevsky District
Died Moscow
Residence Russian Empire
Soviet Union
Education Doctor of Science (1963)
Alma mater Moscow State University (1940)
Known for The founder of the transplantation of vital organs
Scientific career
Fields Transplantation
Institutions First Moscow State Medical University
Thesis The transplantation of vital organs in the experiment

Vladimir Petrovich Demikhov (Russian: Влади́мир Петро́вич Де́михов; Khutor Kulikovsky, July 18, 1916 – Moscow, November 22, 1998) was a Soviet scientist and organ transplant pioneer, who performed several transplantations in the 1930s and 1950s, such as the transplantation of a heart into an animal and a lung-heart replacement in an animal. He is also well known for his transplantation of the heads of dogs.[1] He conducted his dog head transplants during the 1950s, resulting in two-headed dogs, and this ultimately led to the head transplants in monkeys by Dr. Robert White, who was inspired by Demikhov's work.

The last dog head transplant performed by Vladimir Demikhov on January 13, 1959 in East Germany

Biography

In 1940, Demikhov graduated from the Biology Department of Moscow State University, wrote the first scientific work.

Demikhov coined the word transplantology, and his 1960 monograph Experimental transplantation of vital organs, for which he received his doctoral degree, later published in 1962 in New York,[2] Berlin[3] and Madrid,[4] became the world’s first monograph on transplantology, and was for a long time the only monograph in the field of transplantation of organs and tissues.[5] Christiaan Barnard, who performed the world's first heart transplant operation from one person to another person in 1967, twice visited Demikhov's laboratory in 1960 and 1963, and considered Demikhov his teacher.[6][better source needed]

Demikhov died as a result of an aneurysm in 1998, but he was awarded the Order of Merit for the Fatherland, 3rd class, shortly before his death. He had also received a USSR State Prize.

The Russian documentary Experiments in the Revival of Organisms depicts similar experiments carried out in the Soviet Union.

Achievements

References

  1. ^ "Transplanted Head". Time. January 17, 1955. Retrieved 2007-12-16. 
  2. ^ Demichov V.P. Experimental transplantation of vital organs. Authorized translation from the Russian by Basil Haigh / New York: Consultant’s Bureau, 1962. — 285 p.
  3. ^ Demichow W.P. Die experimentelle Transplantation lebenswichtige Organe / Berlin: Verlag Volk und Gesundheit, 1963. — 264 p.
  4. ^ Demikhov VP. Trasplante experimental de órganos vitales. / transl. by Cardenal F., Menú A.F. / Madrid Atlante, 1967. — 343 p. OCLC Number 431488355.
  5. ^ Demikhov, V.P. Experimental transplantation of vital organs. Authorized translation from the Russian by Basil Haigh. New York: Consultant’s Bureau, 1962.
  6. ^ "Vladimir Demikhov: The Two-Headed Dog Surgeon". bored-bored.com. Retrieved 11 September 2015. 

Bibliography

  • Shumacker HB., "A surgeon to remember: notes about Vladimir Demikhov", The Annals of Thoracic Surgery, Vol 58, pp. 1196—1198.
  • Cooper DKC., "Vladimir Demikhov", The Annals of Thoracic Surgery 1995, Vol. 59, p. 1628.
  • Konstantinov IE., "A Mystery of Vladimir P. Demikhov: The 50th Anniversary of the First Intrathoracic Transplantation" The Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 1998, Vol. 65, pp. 1171-1177.
  • Demichow W.P. Die experimentelle Transplantation lebenswichtige Organe / Berlin: Verlag Volk und Gesundheit, 1963. — 264 p.
  • Demichov V.P. Experimental transplantation of vital organs. Authorized translation from the Russian by Basil Haigh / New York: Consultant’s Bureau, 1962. — 285 p.

External links

  • ASMO-press biography of Vladimir Demikhov
  • Proceedings of the Athanasius Kircher Society: The 20 Most Bizarre Experiments of All Time
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